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Relative clauses 1

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  • Relative clauses

Worksheets - pdf exercises

  • Relative clauses - pdf quiz
  • Relative pronouns - pdf exercises 
  • Relative clauses - worksheets
  • Relative clauses - worksheet
  • Relative clauses - pdf exercises
  • Relative clauses 
  • Relative clauses - pdf handout
  • Relative clauses - exercises
  • Defining relative clauses - 1
  • Defining relative clauses - 2
  • Defining relative clauses - 3
  • Defining relative clauses - 4
  • Combine the two sentences 1  
  • Combine the two sentences 2 
  • Relative clauses - sentences 
  • Defining relative clauses
  • Defining / non-defining clauses
  • Defining and non-defining relative clauses
  • Defining and non-defining clauses
  • Who / whom - worksheets
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Grammar lessons / rules

  • What is a relative clause ?
  • Relative pronouns in English

Relative Clauses + Exercises

Relative Clauses + Exercises Espresso English

Learn Relative Clauses with Examples and Exercises

What is a Relative Clause?

A relative clause is a phrase that adds information to a sentence. All relative clauses describe a noun, and they begin with one of these relative pronouns or relative adverbs.

Relative Pronouns

  • who (to describe people – subject) The woman who works in the bank is my neighbor.
  • whom (to describe people – object) My cousins, one of whom is a doctor, live in England.
  • whose (to describe possession) The man whose car was stolen went to the police station.
  • that (to describe things – defining relative clauses) I’m selling the computer that I bought in the U.S.
  • which (to describe things – non-defining relative clauses) I’m selling this computer, which has a 250-GB hard drive, for $500.

Relative Adverbs

  • when (to describe times) My favorite season is fall, when all the leaves change color.
  • where (to describe places) I visited the neighborhood where I grew up
  • why (to give a reason) Do you know the reason why the stores are closed today?

Relative Clauses + Exercises Espresso English

Relative Clauses = Better Sentences in English

Here is an example of some English sentences without relative clauses:

  • Yesterday I met a man. He works in the circus.
  • I bought a cell phone. It has internet access.
  • There’s the restaurant. I ate at that restaurant last night.

These sentences are correct, but they are very short and simple. You can use relative clauses to make your sentences in English sound more fluent and natural:

  • Yesterday I met a man who works in the circus.
  • I bought a cell phone that has internet access.
  • There’s the restaurant where I ate last night.

Defining and Non-Defining Relative Clauses

Non-defining relative clauses add EXTRA information to the sentence.

Defining relative clauses add ESSENTIAL information to the sentence.

You can see if a relative clause is defining or non-defining by removing it from the sentence. If you remove a non-defining relative clause, the sentence still has the same meaning. If you remove a defining relative clause, the sentence has a different meaning or is incomplete.

Example of a sentence with a NON-DEFINING relative clause:

  • My brother, who lives in California, is an engineer.

If you remove “who lives in California,” the sentence still has the same meaning:

  • My brother is an engineer.

Example of a sentence with a DEFINING relative clause:

  • That’s the student who failed English class three times.

If you remove “who failed English class three times,” the sentence is incomplete:

  • That’s the student.

Therefore, the relative clause “who failed English class three times” is essential information, because it defines which student, specifically, we are talking about.

In written English, use a comma before and after non-defining relative clauses.

Which or That?

Use which for non-defining relative clauses, and use a comma before it.

Use that for defining relative clauses, and don’t use a comma before it.

  • The bananas that I bought on Monday are rotten.
  • The bananas, which I bought on Monday, are rotten.

In the first case, it’s possible that we have two types of bananas in the house:

  • Older bananas that I bought on Monday
  • Newer bananas that I bought on Wednesday

…and that only the first bananas are rotten, but the second bananas are not rotten.

In the second case, all the bananas in the house were bought on Monday, and they are all rotten.

Again, to decide if a clause is defining or non-defining, try removing it from the sentence:

  • I read all the books that I borrowed from the library. Without clause: I read all the books. (sentence is incomplete – WHAT books?)
  • The new Stephen King book, which I borrowed from the library, is very good. Without clause: The new Stephen King book is very good. (sentence is complete. The “library” part was only an extra detail)

Relative Clause Exercise

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Relative Clause Exercises

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homework for relative clauses

  • Defining Relative Clauses 1 ( in PDF here )
  • Defining Relative Clauses 2 ( in PDF here )
  • Defining Relative Clauses 3 ( in PDF here )
  • Defining Relative Clauses 4 ( in PDF here )

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  • English Grammar Exercises for B1- Defining relative clauses

English Grammar Exercises for B1

1. Complete the sentences with who, which, where, or whose .

1   That’s the hospital ……………………….. my dad works.

2   He is someone ……………………….. face is familiar, but I can’t remember his name.

3   Do you know a shop ……………………….. I can buy printer paper?

4   The essay ……………………….. Tom wrote got top marks.

5   The boy ……………………….. sits next to me in class is from Warsaw.

6   I know a girl ……………………….. plays tennis six times a week.

1 where   2 whose   3 where   4 which   5 who   6 who

2. Circle the correct relative pronouns. If both answers are correct, circle both.

Amelia Humfress is a young entrepreneur 1 who / which has just turned 24, and 2 whose / who aim is to make her company, Steer, the best in the world for teaching people how to make their own websites. The courses 3 which / that she offers vary from web design to computer coding. The idea for the company came to her when she was looking for a course 4 where / which she could learn about web design. It was a plan 5 that / which grew slowly, and at first she lacked the confidence to start the company. But she found an office 6 where / that she could start the business, and the business grew quickly. She thinks that more young people should set up their own businesses and that it’s often a lack of confidence 7 that / who holds them back.

1 who   2 whose   3 which / that   4 where

5 that / which   6 where   7 that

3. Some of the sentences are incorrect. Rewrite them correctly. Tick the correct sentences.

1   A computer is a machine that can perform calculations.

     ……………………………………………

2   This is the town where I was born there.

3   That’s the woman who she dropped her handbag.

4   The cheese which I bought smell really bad.

5   That’s the boy who his dad is a newsagent.

6   Where’s the book which I left it on the table?

     ……………………………………………

2    This is the town where I was born.

3    That’s the woman who dropped her handbag.

4    The cheese which I bought smells/smelt really bad.

5    That’s the boy whose dad is a newsagent.

6    Where’s the book which I left on the table?

4. Join the two sentences with a relative pronoun ( who, which, where, or whose ).

1   I’ve lost the DVD. You gave it to me.

      I’ve lost the DVD which you have me.

2   Jo has an expensive car. She keeps it in the garage.

     …………………………………………

3   Who’s that man? He’s looking at us.

4   I opened the cupboard. We keep the glasses there.

5   That’s the girl. I saw you with her.

6   Who is the boy? You copied his homework.

7   Website designer is a job. It attracts young people.

     …………………………………………

2    Jo has an expensive car which she keeps in the garage.

3   Who’s that man who’s looking at us?

4   I opened the cupboard where we keep the glasses.

5   That’s the girl who I saw you with.

6   Who is the boy whose homework you copied?

7   Website designer is a job which attracts a lot of young people.

5. Complete questions 1-8 with clauses a-h. Add a relative pronoun only where necessary.

1   Is this the phone you used to text me ?

2   What’s the name of the hotel ……………………………………….

3   Is Jake the boy ……………………………………….

4   This is the jacket ……………………………………….

5   Do you like people ……………………………………….

6   Can you fetch the DVD ……………………………………….

7   Is that the woman ……………………………………….

8   Is that the café ……………………………………….

a   I wore to Beth’s party.

b   show lots of initiative?

c    you used to text me?

d   you introduced me to a few days ago?

e   husband works in France?

f   is on the shelf in the living room?

g   we stayed last summer?

h   you met Sam?

2    where we stayed last summer?

3   who you introduced me to a few days ago?

4    I wore to Beth’s party.

5   who shows lots of initiative?

6    which is on the shelf in the living room?

7    whose husband works in France?

8    where you met Sam?

6. Complete the dialogues with who, which, where and whose . Where it is possible to omit the pronoun, write ‘no pronoun’.

1   A   Who were you talking to on the high street?

     B   The woman ……………………… owns the English Academy.

2   A   What’s in that package?

     B   It’s the book ……………………… I ordered online.

3   A   Which restaurant are we going to tonight?

     B   The one ……………………… we celebrated your birthday.

4   A   Who’s that?

     B   She’s the girl ……………………… mother works in the post office.

5   A   Where are your notes?

     B   I lent them to the student ……………………… I sit next to.

6   A   Who is that letter from?

     B   It’s from a company ……………………… might give me a summer job.

1 who   2 no pronoun   3 where   4 whose

5 no pronoun   6 which

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Relative Clauses

Relative Clauses

Subject: English

Age range: 7-11

Resource type: Worksheet/Activity

Inspire and Educate! By Krazikas

Last updated

18 November 2023

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homework for relative clauses

This resource contains two worksheets on relative clauses. Tasks include identifying relative clauses in sentences, correctly punctuating sentences containing relative clauses and composing sentences containing relative clauses.

You may also be interested in:

[Relative Clauses - 80 Slide PowerPoint Lesson] https://www.tes.com/teaching-resource/relative-clauses-12357365 )

This resource contains an editable, 80-slide PowerPoint lesson on relative causes. It explains what relative clauses are, the difference between defining and non-defining relative clauses and how relative clauses for objects can have the pronoun omitted .

Opportunities are provided for pupils to identify both defining and non-defining relative clauses.

Relative Clauses - Set of 11 Worksheets/ Workbook

This resource contains an 11-page workbook and 6 revision/explanation sheets on relative pronouns. Tasks include:

Identifying relative clauses Distinguishing between defining and non-defining relative clauses Choosing the correct pronoun for a relative clause Expanding a noun phrase with a relative pronoun Punctuating non-defining relative clauses Identifying relative clauses that do not need a relative pronoun or adverb Combining sentences with a relative pronoun to make a relative clause Deciding whether the relative pronoun can be omitted in a sentence Writing using relative clauses

Relative Clauses - Revision/Memo Mat

This is a succinct and handy memo/revision mat on relative clauses. Understanding relative clauses can be a bit tricky.

This mat includes:

a definition of relative clauses the difference between defining relative clauses and non-defining relative clauses how to punctuate relative clauses how to determine when a relative pronoun can be omitted from a relative clause

The mat contains clear examples. It is available in five different fonts.

Save money and buy both all the resources together in a bundle at a discounted rate:

Relative Clauses - PowerPoint Lesson, Worksheets and Memo Mat

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  1. Relative Clauses Homework Sheet

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  3. Answer Key For Homework Relative Clauses Classroom

    homework for relative clauses

  4. RELATIVE CLAUSES: English ESL worksheets pdf & doc

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  5. Relative Clauses Homework Year 6

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  6. Relative Clauses Homework Year 6

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  1. IF CLAUSES + Eselbrücke

  2. Relative Clauses Examples

  3. 11 Relative clauses and other types of clause

  4. College Algebra Homework

  5. Relative clauses / الأسماء الموصوله /ثانوية عامه

  6. Relative clauses part 2 ضمائر الوصل

COMMENTS

  1. Relative clauses

    Relative clauses - pdf handout. Relative clauses. Relative clauses - exercises. Defining relative clauses - 1. Defining relative clauses - 2. Defining relative clauses - 3. Defining relative clauses - 4. Combine the two sentences 1. Combine the two sentences 2.

  2. Relative Clauses

    Here we need the relative pronoun which, because it is a non-defining relative clause and the first word after the pronoun is a verb. I told you about a friend. There she is. → There is the friend . We don't need a relative pronoun, because the first word in the relative clause is not a verb. We can use who or that, though.

  3. Relative Clauses + Exercises

    A relative clause is a phrase that adds information to a sentence. All relative clauses describe a noun, and they begin with one of these relative pronouns or relative adverbs. Relative Pronouns. who (to describe people - subject) The woman who works in the bank is my neighbor. whom (to describe people - object)

  4. Relative Clauses

    1: The relative pronoun is the subject: First, let's consider when the relative pronoun is the subject of a defining relative clause. We can use 'who', 'which' or 'that'. We use 'who' for people and 'which' for things. We can use 'that' for people or things. The relative clause can come after the subject or the object of the sentence.

  5. 258 Relative clauses English ESL worksheets pdf & doc

    Relative Clause Work. A variety of sentenc. 41359 uses. muse. relative pronouns. Defining and Non - d. 36155 uses. marron. Thre Mystery of the . Again- the same text. 22479 uses. ummubarak. Relative Clauses. A worksheet with mul. 19977 uses. anarti. RELATIVE PRONOUNS. A ws for your studen. 18181 uses. cartes. relative clauses. exercises about rela.

  6. Relative Clauses Worksheets

    The 15 worksheets in this series vary in difficulty to give your kids an idea about how much progress they are making. One lesson teaches students how to use relative clauses as adjectives to spice up sentences. Practice makes perfect when your class downloads PDF files to work on with these worksheets after the last school bell of the day rings.

  7. Relative Clause Exercises

    Relative Clause Exercises. Perfect English Grammar. Here's a list of all the relative clause exercises on the site. Defining Relative Clauses 1 ( in PDF here) Defining Relative Clauses 2 ( in PDF here) Defining Relative Clauses 3 ( in PDF here) Defining Relative Clauses 4 ( in PDF here) Go to the main relative clauses explanation page here.

  8. Printable Relative Clauses Year 5 Worksheet (teacher made)

    Our Relative Clauses Year 5 worksheet is designed to help your child do just that. Good grammar, spelling, and punctuation will make your child's work easier to read, as well as more interesting. Being able to use complex sentence structures will add to the overall quality of your little's one writing. As your child's literacy skills advance ...

  9. Relative Clauses

    Free English grammar exercise. Greetings! Today's English language exercise is focused on the use of relative clauses. Relative clauses are clauses that provide additional information about a noun in a sentence. Your task is to fill in the blanks in a short text with the correct relative clause. To complete this exercise, you will need to pay ...

  10. Relative Clauses online worksheet

    Country: Argentina. School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) (1061958) Main content: Relative clauses (2012963) From worksheet author: Fill in the blanks, complete the sentences and choose the correct option. Other contents: Relative pronouns/adverbs - Defining and Non-defining Relative Clauses.

  11. Relative Clauses

    docx, 19.89 KB. Relative Clause worksheet based on a Bloom's Taxonomy stepped-approach to teaching grammar. Starts by giving a description of what the grammatical target looks like, before working through increasingly complex levels of difficulty to support children internalising and using the grammar skill independently.

  12. PDF B1 Relative Clauses RC001

    B1 Relative Clauses RC001 Complete the sentences with relative pronouns from the box. THAT - WHEN - WHERE - WHICH - WHO - WHOM - WHOSE - WHY 1. Is he the person _____ lives with you? 2. The man, _____ wife is a famous violinist, can play the piano himself. 3.

  13. PDF GPS Year 5 Using Relative Clauses HW-EXT

    Greater Depth Complete a relative clause to match the main clause. Uses the relative pronouns whom, whomever and which, and clauses are embedded in the middle of the sentences. Questions 2, 5 and 8 (Varied Fluency) Developing Choose the most appropriate relative pronoun to insert into given sentences. Choice of who and which.

  14. What are relative clauses?

    Relative clauses can be used to create complex sentences as they are a type of subordinate clause. A subordinate clause is a part of a sentence that adds additional information to the main clause.

  15. English Grammar Exercises for B1- Defining relative clauses

    6 Who is the boy whose homework you copied? 7 Website designer is a job which attracts a lot of young people. 5. Complete questions 1-8 with clauses a-h. Add a relative pronoun only where necessary. 1 Is this the phone you used to text me? 2 ...

  16. Relative Clauses KS2 Worksheet (teacher made)

    Relative clauses give extra information about a noun. They start with a relative pronoun, for example: who, which, where, when, whose, that. This worksheet uses sentences from 'Code-Cracking for Beginners' by Twinkl Originals and asks children to first underline the relative clauses in each sentence then choose the most appropriate relative pronoun to complete the example sentences. Finally ...

  17. Printable Relatives Clauses Year 5 Worksheet (Teacher-Made)

    Our Relative Clauses Year 5 worksheet is designed to help your child do just that. Good grammar, spelling, and punctuation will make your child's work easier to read, as well as more interesting. Being able to use complex sentence structures will add to the overall quality of your little's one writing. As your child's literacy skills advance ...

  18. Relative clauses

    Relative pronouns. Relative pronouns are the words that introduce relative clauses. They can act as the subject or the object of the relative clause. Note that that can be used in informal English instead of who/whom/which but it is never used after commas, i.e. in non-defining relative clauses, or after prepositions.

  19. Year 5 & 6: Relative Clauses Activity Booklet

    Relative clauses. Relative clauses are taught at year 5 & year 6 literacy levels to help students add more depth to their writing. The types of relative clause used in this activity booklet start with a relative pronoun such as who, which, where, when and whose. For example, using a relative pronoun, we can add more information to the sentence ...

  20. HOMEWORK

    HOMEWORK - Relative clauses HOMEWORK - Relative clauses. Loading ad... Maria Igounet. Member for 4 years Age: 15-16. ... (ESL) (1061958) Main content: Relative clauses (2012963) Practse relative clauses. Other contents: DEF AND NON-DEF Loading ad... Share / Print Worksheet. Google Classroom Microsoft Teams Facebook Pinterest

  21. Relative Clauses

    Relative Clauses - Set of 11 Worksheets/ Workbook. This resource contains an 11-page workbook and 6 revision/explanation sheets on relative pronouns. Tasks include: Relative Clauses - Revision/Memo Mat. This is a succinct and handy memo/revision mat on relative clauses. Understanding relative clauses can be a bit tricky.

  22. What is a Relative Clause?

    Relative Clause Definition: A relative clause is a type of subordinate clause that gives extra information about a noun. It's connected to the main clause of a sentence using a relative pronoun - words like who, whom, which, that, or whose. Because it's a subordinate clause, it's dependent, which means it doesn't make sense on its own, it has ...