• Write my thesis
  • Thesis writers
  • Buy thesis papers
  • Bachelor thesis
  • Master's thesis
  • Thesis editing services
  • Thesis proofreading services
  • Buy a thesis online
  • Write my dissertation
  • Dissertation proposal help
  • Pay for dissertation
  • Custom dissertation
  • Dissertation help online
  • Buy dissertation online
  • Cheap dissertation
  • Dissertation editing services
  • Write my research paper
  • Buy research paper online
  • Pay for research paper
  • Research paper help
  • Order research paper
  • Custom research paper
  • Cheap research paper
  • Research papers for sale
  • Thesis subjects
  • How It Works

100 Best Literature Research Paper Topics For Students

literary research paper topics

Literary research paper topics are among the most interesting to write about. Books are the best teachers for most learners. And, students love reading interesting literature books. But, when asked to write research papers, most students have difficulties choosing their topics. That’s because many issues can be investigated and written about.

For instance, literary topics can be about characters’ personalities in certain works. They can also be about particular characteristics of specific literary genres. Learners can also choose literary analysis topics that focus on the life story of famous writers or poets. But, regardless of what a learner opts to write about, they should choose interesting topics.

What are Interesting Literary Research Paper Topics?

Several factors make a topic interesting to write about. A topic for a research paper or a graduate thesis should generally be definite, specific, and innovative. Also, it should be interesting to research and write about. Here’s how to select interesting literature topics:

Think about something. Explore the idea to select a topic for which you can find sufficient research data from credible sources. Narrow down your subject if you find it too broad.

English literature topics can be classified into different categories. Here some of these categories and topics can be considered in each category.

Great World Literature Research Topics

Perhaps, you’ve been asked to write a literature research paper with a global perspective. Here are some of the literary analysis research paper topics that you can consider.

  • Explain how the supernatural and spirituality help in furthering the development of the plot in the Latin American literature of the early 20th century.
  • What themes are common in the Japanese poems of the early 20th century? How do they differ from those of the early 19th century?
  • Compare the early Chinese literary works and European literary works of the middle ages. How different or alike are they?
  • How were European literary works in the early 20th century shaped by the revolutionary works of Engels and Marx? What examples can demonstrate this influence?
  • Explain how the Muslim philosophers’ work of the 15th century led to new ideas and inventions across the globe.
  • Compare and contrast different anti-British works that originated in India in the 19th century with pro-colonialist works that came from England at the same time.
  • How did the nightmarish utopian future ideas of Aldous Huxley influence modern-day science fiction writers across the world?
  • Explain how the Antigone play by Sophocles deals with the conflict between the central characters while relating to the state laws and individual conscience.
  • How are the sentiments of the authors reflected in Animal Farm by George Orwell and concerns about the October Revolution?
  • Explain some of the examples of literary fiction pieces that have shaped cultures in the world. Have historic, societal, and cultural factors played some roles in shaping these literature pieces?
  • Being a prolific writer in the early and mid-19th century, Charles Dickens’s works were published in serialized forms. How and why has this approach become less fashionable?
  • Compare and contrast the early Japanese literature works and the early Chinese literature works. How do they differ in terms of values and culture?
  • Explain how comedy differs in literature across cultures. What comedy appeared in the early theatrical performances and it’s still present in modern literature?
  • Analyze chivalry and honor critically in the Green Knight and Sir Gawain. What are the qualities of these works from a similar period?
  • Compare and contrast the Odyssey and Iliad by Homer the Ancient Greek. Explain how cultures across the world have adapted the themes presented in the poem.

Top Literary topics for Research Paper

Some topics for literary analysis stand out among students. These are topics that educators recommend for students across the study levels.

  • How is literature an aspect of modern culture?
  • Explain how feminism has influenced modern literature
  • How is psychology utilized in literature?
  • Explain the major social issues that have been exposed by literary works
  • Explain the philosophical tradition of Daoism in the Chinese literature
  • Explain the roles played by death and honor in Japanese literature in the 20th century
  • Explain how the European culture influences the Mid-West literature
  • How has European culture affected modern literature?
  • Analyze the personality of Don Quixote
  • Explain how literature differs between countries.
  • Discuss poetry in the innovative ear of the 21st century
  • Examine racism in the novels of the 1960s and 1970s
  • Explain the exile’s perception in literature
  • Literature and culture? Which one affects the other?
  • How has literature addressed homosexuality?

These can also be great literary debate topics. That’s because learners can have varying opinions about them.

British Literature Research Paper Topics

Students have many topics to choose from when it comes to British literature essay topics. Here are some of the best literature topics from the works of British authors.

  • Discuss Victorian England’s picture with the works of Charles Dickens in mind
  • Discuss the theme of Orphans with the Oliver Twist character in mind
  • Explain how British Literature has influenced different cultures
  • Explain how British literature has addressed gender issues
  • Explain how King Lear highlights the differences between anti-heroes and villains
  • Explain William Shakespeare’s personality- Highlight facts and myths
  • Choose two famous British novels and then compare the characters in them
  • Explain the viewpoint of different writers about the Utopian civilization idea
  • With Harry Potter books in mind, explain why some literature books are considered classics
  • Explain how love and romantic love are presented in Charlotte Bronte’s works
  • Explain how modern literary works have been affected by the Victorian period works
  • Discuss the adultery theme in Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • Who are the main characters in Lake Poets’ works?
  • Explain how violent imagery was used in World War I poetry
  • Explain talent as a theme in Milton’s on His Blindness
  • Explain innocence loss in William Golding’s Lord of the Flies
  • Explain the theme of individualism versus collectivism in Oliver Twist
  • Explain why the popularity of detective novels increased in the XIX century
  • What role did the supernatural play in Macbeth: a case study of three witches
  • Class demarcation in XVII century- The vengeance theme

American Literature Topics

Some teachers ask students to choose American literature research topics for certain reasons. If asked to write on such topics, here are some of the American literature research paper topics to consider.

  • Analyze key aspects of American ideology, particularly in the literature written before the 20th century.
  • Determine thematic concerns and literary styles of the major historical period of American literature between the colonial period and post-modernism.
  • Show the American identity uniqueness of texts
  • Propose connections between the American literature concerns and themes in the larger historical development and social issues that face the present world
  • Examine major concerns and themes that reappear across the American literature
  • Highlight the major themes in Absalom, Absalom by William Faulkner
  • Explain the African American Experience with female authors like Alice Walker, Zora Neal Hurston, and Toni Morrison
  • Explain the predominant theme in The Age of Innocence by Edith Wharton
  • Explain how Jonathan Edwards epitomizes Puritan definitions in his sermons
  • Explain the use of historical personalities and events by Washington Irving as the background for his works
  • The Crucible demonstrates how a community can be torn apart by hysteria. Explain
  • Explain how Sylvia Plath demonstrates the social pressure faced by women in the 1960s in the Bell Jar.
  • Explain how John Knowles demonstrates the impact of war on everyone
  • Explain the strong belief in the education power by Maya Angelou as depicted in I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings
  • Explain how Thornton Wilder conveys life as a gift in Our Town
  • Discuss the themes of anger and pity in the Grapes of Wrath
  • Explain how Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck portrays the Great Depression struggles
  • Discuss the portrayal of the unconquerable spirit in Old Man and the Sea by Ernest Hemingway.
  • Plays by Eugene O’Neil are tragically realistic. Explain
  • God is humanized in The Creation poem by James Weldon Johnson. Explain

Some of the ideas here are great poetry topics. Nevertheless, they require careful research and analysis to write about.

High School Literary Essay Topics

Some topics in literature are ideal for high school essays. Here are examples of literary analysis paper topics for high school students.

  • Compare and contrast the major characters in your preferred book
  • Choose your favorite character in a book and explain your reasons for liking it
  • Please explain why the quality of a literature book is not determined by its length
  • Highlight the similarities of your favorite books
  • Discuss the top 4 authors in horror books
  • Explain why reading some books is more difficult than reading others
  • Explain what it takes to write a high-quality poem
  • Who is your favorite poet and why?
  • Explain what makes your favorite book interesting
  • Who is your favorite character in literary works and why?
  • What makes some literature books difficult to read?
  • Who are your favorite top 5 authors and why?
  • Should the age of readers be restricted to some books?
  • What is your favorite literary genre?
  • Explain why the author determines the quality of a book more than the story
  • Discuss the literary works of your favorite authors
  • Why is it important to captivate readers with the introductory chapter of a book?
  • Which book genre makes great movies?
  • Why is the work of Harry Potter so popular?
  • Explain why your favorite horror book is scary

Unique Research Topics in English Literature

Some literature research topics are unique and can be written about by learners at different study levels. Here are examples of such topics.

  • Analyze the use of literary devices in novels
  • Discuss the author’s autobiography
  • Analyze literary genres and the role played by an artist in them
  • Compare the works of a similar genre
  • Highlight the gender roles of characters in literary works
  • Social stratification and Harry Potter- Discuss
  • With Charles Dickens’ work in mind, explain the peculiarity of the bildungsroman genre.
  • Explain how The Lord of the Rings uses artificial language
  • Explain how the Sherlock Holmes image influences the world of detective fiction
  • Explain the war theme in the world literature

These are also great literary journalism topics. Nevertheless, they require extensive research to write about.

In a nutshell, students have many literary argument topics to consider. The most important thing is to choose an interesting topic that you can find sufficient data to write about. Also, don’t hesitate to check our history topics .

Leave a Reply Cancel reply


  • Research Paper Guides
  • Research Paper Topics

Literature Research Paper Topics: 250 Top Ideas

  • Speech Topics
  • Basics of Essay Writing
  • Essay Topics
  • Other Essays
  • Main Academic Essays
  • Basics of Research Paper Writing
  • Miscellaneous
  • Chicago/ Turabian
  • Data & Statistics
  • Methodology
  • Admission Writing Tips
  • Admission Advice
  • Other Guides
  • Student Life
  • Studying Tips
  • Understanding Plagiarism
  • Academic Writing Tips
  • Basics of Dissertation & Thesis Writing


  • Essay Guides
  • Formatting Guides
  • Basics of Research Process
  • Admission Guides
  • Dissertation & Thesis Guides


Table of contents


Use our free Readability checker

Are you looking for an engaging literary research paper topic? Whether you're writing a college-level essay or a master's thesis, the right literature research paper topics can make all the difference. They range from exploring particular genres or authors to examining the use of language in literary works. By researching these topics, you will gain a greater understanding of the ideas, improve your critical thinking skills, and learn to appreciate the nuances. This article will explore such literature topics for research and open up endless possibilities for analysis and interpretation, ranging from classic to modern-day texts. Are you ready to choose a trending topic and write a paper that will win your professor’s heart? 

What Are Literary Research Paper Topics?

Literary research paper topics focus on a particular literary work, such as a book, poem, novel, play, or story. They provide a great starting point for researching the specific aspect you're planning to explore for a better perception of the idea and help to eliminate any artificial facet. Literary research topics may analyze a single text, compare different writings by the same author, or contrast different authors' styles.  Common literature topics for research papers comprise symbolism, characterization, themes, plot structure, historical context, point-of-view analysis, biographical contexts, and intertextual connections. These research paper topics may also focus on how an author has been interpreted or evaluated over time, analyzing the critical reception of their works and examining any changes within literary canonization. Additionally, these topics can explore how literary works intersect with other disciplines, such as philosophy, psychology, sociology, politics, or economics.

Characteristics of Good Literature Research Paper Topics

Literary research paper topics are usually considered good when they are:

  • Relevant They should be engaging, thought-provoking, and appropriate to the academic work.
  • Specific Similarly, good literature research topics must have a narrow focus and not be overly broad.
  • Interesting They should pique your interest and encourage you to explore and aspire to know more about the literary work.
  • Challenging Deep analysis, thoughtful reflection, and creative thinking are also vital.
  • Unique They should be memorable and offer new insights into academic work.

With these important characteristics of literary topics for research papers in mind, you're ready to start writing!

How to Choose a Literature Research Paper Topic?

Choosing a literature research paper topic can be daunting, but with careful thought and planning, you're sure to find the perfect one. In order to do this, you need to complete the following:

  • Brainstorm: First, start by brainstorming topics that interest you. Think about the works you've been studying, authors and genres you enjoy reading, and themes that have resonated with you.
  • Narrow it down: Once you've identified a few research topics that intrigue you, narrow them down to one that is most relevant and specific.
  • Research: Explore if it is relevant. This will guarantee that you have enough material to work with.
  • Refine: Once you have researched, refine your topic to ensure it is specific and engaging. Consider the most interesting aspects and how they can be explored further.
  • Choose: Finally, choose the title that best reflects your interests and passions for an enjoyable research experience!

With these tips, you can find the perfect literary research paper topic! Don’t have time for reading piles of books? Get professional help with research paper writing from StudyCrumb and have your study completed by a real pro.

List of Literature Research Paper Topics

A list of literature topics for research offers a wide range of literary-related issues that can be explored and studied for your project. It includes ideas that could spark your creativity and help you choose the best title. Whether you're interested in exploring the works of Shakespeare or examining modern literature, this list of literary research paper topics has something for everyone!

  • Use of symbolism in romantic poetry.
  • Importance of technology within cyberpunk genres.
  • Impact of fantasy on contemporary culture.
  • Representation of male or female authors as represented by classic literary works.
  • Postmodernist views of time and space in literature.
  • Representation of race and ethnicity within contemporary fiction.
  • Representation of LGBTQ characters in literary works.
  • The role of mythology during the era of ancient works.
  • Social media impact on modern texts.
  • Classic and contemporary literary criticism.

Interesting Literary Research Paper Topics

If you are interested in classic books or modern trends, these ideas can be a fascinating starting point for your project. They include theories, criticism, comparison, and specific authors or genres. Besides providing an analysis of the work, a literary research paper topic could also comprise examining different themes. Explore the following interesting literature topics for your project:

  • Literary influences of Jane Austen's works.
  • Symbolism as represented by gothic texts.
  • Relevance of classic mythology within contemporary fiction.
  • The role of magic or fantasy in children's literature.
  • The role of women in Victorian literature.
  • Representation of race and ethnicity in early 20th-century literature.
  • Themes of love and loss in romantic poetry.
  • The use of horror genres in contemporary fiction.
  • Postcolonialism's impact on literary works.
  • Nature in 19th-century literature .
  • Representation of LGBTQ characters as represented by contemporary fiction.
  • Technology's impact on modern literary works.
  • Classic and contemporary interpretations of gothic texts.
  • The role of magic and fantasy in modern literary works.
  • Representation of death and loss in 20th-century works.

Great Literature Research Paper Topics

A list of great literature research topics provides a variety of ideas related to literary works. These research topics in literature can offer an exciting starting point for your English paper:

  • Rebellion themes in Shakespeare's tragedies.
  • Class and economic status in Victorian texts.
  • Symbolism in romantic poetry.
  • Impact of British imperialism on literary fiction worldwide.
  • Gender and sexuality representation in early 20th-century writings.
  • Postcolonialism in 19th-century fiction.
  • The literary influence of WWII on modern writings.
  • Vampires' role in gothic literary texts.
  • Use of fantasy in childhood writings.
  • Technology's impact on contemporary literary works.
  • Race and ethnicity as represented by postmodern fiction.
  • Religion in romantic poetry.
  • Themes of love and loss in 20th-century texts.
  • Horror genres in literary fiction.
  • Postmodernism's impact on contemporary literary works.

Unique Literature Research Paper Topics

Unique literature topics for research papers can help students explore new concepts and gain a deeper understanding of their subject. Below are rare literature paper topics for you to review:

  • The role of jealousy in 17th-century literary works.
  • Gender identity as represented by reformist fiction.
  • Mythological figures as portrayed by Greek and Roman poetry.
  • The relationship between gender and power in Shakespeare's plays.
  • Themes of isolation in 20th-century British poetry.
  • Metaphors in the works of Gabriel García Márquez .
  • Themes of rebellion and revolution in African American literary texts.
  • The role of women in medieval romance literature.
  • Poverty representation in Victorian novels.
  • Themes of oppression and freedom in colonial Latin American texts.
  • Use of metaphor and allegory in Dante's divine comedy.
  • Influence of industrialization on 19th-century fiction.
  • Dystopian settings within modern literature.
  • Religion in contemporary fiction.

Spotted any ideas for your literature research paper? Now it’s time to compose your study. Leave us ‘ do my research paper ’ notice and get a professional writer to work on your project. 

Controversial Literary Research Paper Topics

Controversial literary research topics can provide students with an opportunity to explore complex and sometimes contentious issues related to literary texts. Find below a controversial literary research paper topic for your dream English project!

  • Racial stereotypes during 19th-century English literature.
  • Themes of sexuality and desire in ancient Greek poetry.
  • The relationship between political power and language in Shakespeare's plays.
  • Conflict representation during 20th-century English fiction.
  • English role in colonial Indian literature.
  • Gender and racial representations within African American autobiographies.
  • Themes of justice and control in Victorian English novels.
  • Themes of oppression and resistance in feminist texts.
  • The role of English in modern Japanese fiction.
  • Themes of identity and belonging in postcolonial Indian literature.
  • Censorship, free speech, and social responsibility in 19th-century English novels.
  • Politics and power representations in Latin American poetry.
  • Gender, race, and class representations in English renaissance drama.
  • English as a tool for political ideology within the works of George Orwell.
  • Language used to defy authority during modern fiction writing.

Fresh Literature Research Paper Ideas

Coming up with fresh ideas for literature research topics can be daunting. Students may want to look at the works they have studied or venture outside the traditional reading list and explore different authors and genres. Some literature research paper ideas comprise studying how certain authors influenced the literary movement, analyzing how language has been used throughout history, or examining gender, race, and class representations from a literary text. Here is a perfect list of fresh ideas!

  • Aesthetics as presented by postmodern fiction.
  • The theme of loss as portrayed by African authors .
  • Use of language throughout history.
  • Identity and belonging representation in contemporary young adult fiction.
  • The intersection between art and literature in modern poetry.
  • Themes of authority, rebellion, and revolution in medieval epic poetry.
  • Role of fantasy in horror fiction.
  • Gender, race, and class representations within British romanticism.
  • American literary realism and naturalism.
  • Influence of symbolism on French modernist poetry.
  • Construction of memory within African American autobiographies.
  • Representation of narrative time in Latin American fiction.
  • Social injustice theme during early 20th-century American drama.
  • The relationship between social identity and language during postcolonial fiction.
  • Values and beliefs representations as presented by ancient Greek mythology.

Literature Research Paper Topics for Students

For students looking for research topics in literature for study, there is a wide variety of options available. Depending on the level and course, they might focus on analyzing particular authors, literary movements, or genres, exploring the use of language throughout history, or examining representations of gender, race, and class in books. You also need to study literary devices and their effects on readers when exploring literary topics for a research paper . Below are examples of literature topics for different students:

Literature Research Paper Topics for High School

These are literature topics to research, specifically tailored to high school students. They involve exploring the influence of literary work on culture, analyzing a single author's literary movement or genre, or investigating language use throughout history. This list of research topics in literature for high school provides an original starting point for your literary project!

  • Racism as presented during early 20th-century works.
  • Social criticism within contemporary dystopian young adult fiction.
  • Folklore's impact on contemporary poetry.
  • Representation of nature in modern literature.
  • Spirituality as portrayed by reformist literature.
  • Social class representation within postmodern novels.
  • The theme of environment in romantic works.
  • Colonialism representation during postcolonial works.
  • Effects of pop culture on modern fiction.
  • Mental illness representation during 19th-century poetry.
  • The role of music and art in early 20th-century literary texts.
  • Literature's influence on identity building in minority cultures.
  • Family dynamics in postmodern poetry.
  • Family and community representations during gothic fiction.
  • Literature as a tool for social change.

Literature Research Paper Topics for College Students

These titles entail more serious and in-depth scrutiny than a high school literary paper. A college-level literary research paper topic provides students with a broader range of analysis. It encompasses looking at literature as a form of political commentary to get its relationship with other art forms. Below are literature research paper topics for college students:

  • Identity construction during postmodern poetry.
  • Alienation themes within modern fiction.
  • Gender role representations in Shakespearean tragedies.
  • The relationship between narrative and memory within Holocaust literature.
  • Nature's role in contemporary American fiction.
  • Authority and subversion themes during the early 20th-century drama.
  • Race, class, and gender representation within African American autobiographies.
  • Social media influence the literary language.
  • The relationship between social identity and language in postcolonial fiction.
  • Values as presented by ancient Greek mythology .
  • Psychological distress during 20th-century war narratives.
  • Attitudes towards mental illness as portrayed by gothic texts.
  • The relationship between science and literary imagination.
  • Social hierarchy within Victorian novels.
  • Religion's role in southern American literature.

Literary Research Paper Topics by Categories

Research paper topics for literature by category offer an exclusive and stimulating perspective on literary analysis worldwide. They can be grouped into literary movements, authors, and genres, as well as topics related to language and history. If you are interested in European, American, and English literature topics, these ideas will help you find the perfect literary research paper topic for your project.

World Literature Research Paper Topics

Research paper topics for world literature allow students to explore literary works from any part of the world, including texts written in English, Spanish, and other languages. Below is a list that provides original world literature research topics for any project:

  • Impact of colonialism on native literary traditions.
  • Gender representation within French literature.
  • Religion's role within literary works from Latin America.
  • Symbolism in English poetry from the 19th century.
  • Themes of nationalism within modern Russian fiction.
  • Power and politics in Spanish plays.
  • Conflict as portrayed by African literature.
  • The role of folklore within Chinese fiction.
  • Themes of cultural identity in Japanese drama.
  • Family ties in Italian poetry.
  • Symbolism in Arabic literature.
  • Social class representation in Indian novels.
  • Impact of globalization on middle eastern fiction.
  • Human rights themes by contemporary Australian poets.
  • Western representations of other cultures in modern literature.

American Literature Research Paper Topics

In research paper topics for American literature, you examine the works of early American writers and poets, as well as those from later periods. Here is a list of American literature topics for your paper!

  • Attitudes towards race in early American novels.
  • Colonialism during 19th-century poetry.
  • Freedom and rebellion themes within revolutionary literature.
  • The emergence of gothic horror in American fiction.
  • Impact of transcendentalism on American writing.
  • Gender representation during pre-civil war literature .
  • Themes of morality in post-World War II American fiction.
  • Role of religion during 19th-century American novels.
  • Slavery and its abolition by American poets.
  • Social class representation during early American drama.
  • Themes of identity in postmodern American fiction.
  • Industrialization of 20th-century literature.
  • War and conflict representation by contemporary American playwrights.
  • Racism in 20th-century American novels.
  • Assimilation and immigration themes in post-World War II American literature.

British Literature Research Paper Topics

In British literature research topics, you explore works from early British writers to contemporary authors. Ideally, research topics for British literature should encompass works written by authors from all eras, including Medieval, Renaissance, and modern. Here is a list of English literature research paper topics for your perfect essay!

  • Gender representation during medieval English literature.
  • Colonialism's effects on British literary works during the 18th century.
  • Influence of British writers on modern literature.
  • The role of nature in 18th-century British novels.
  • Interpretations of classic British literary works.
  • Social class representations during 19th-century British fiction.
  • Themes of love and romance within Victorian literature.
  • Industrialization's impact on 20th-century British novels.
  • Patriotism and nationalism during post-World War II literary work.
  • Multiculturalism representations in postmodern British fiction.
  • Effects of censorship on British authors during the 20th century.
  • Mental health representation in modern British poetry.
  • Representation of historical events in British works throughout time.
  • Technological representations in 21st-century British Novels.
  • Intersectionality by contemporary British playwrights.

Did you know that you can generate a bunch of title ideas using our Research Paper Topic Generator ?

European Literary Research Paper Topics

European literature research paper topics offer an excellent opportunity to explore the works of European authors. They allow you to study and analyze the academic traditions and cultures of some of Europe's most influential writers. You can find such literary research paper topic ideas in the list below:

  • Representations of the European monarchy in classic novels.
  • Censorship effects on European authors during the 20th century.
  • Impact of World War II on European authors.
  • Gender representations within Victorian poetry.
  • Literary works from different countries and cultures in Europe.
  • Use of language, symbolism, and imagery to explore themes in European texts.
  • Themes of nature and environment within German short stories.
  • Technology representations in late Victorian poetry.
  • Popular culture's influence on European literary movements from the 20th century to modern times.
  • Impact of European literary works on people's perceptions of other cultures.
  • Use of supernatural elements within European gothic writings from the 18th to 19th centuries.
  • Identity representations in French social realism texts.
  • Technology's impact on contemporary European literary works.
  • Family and community representations during post-war theater.
  • Themes of justice and injustice within European dystopian texts.

Literature Research Paper Ideas by Periods

You may aspire to find literature topics for research papers from different historical periods. This involves studying literature from various cultures or eras, such as ancient, medieval, or modern ones. These ideas also cover the examination of themes and symbols used in writings and scrutinizing characters and their development through various works. Other topics include the exploration of texts from a political perspective in relation to their historical contexts. These ideas contain some literary research topics from various periods:

Ancient Literary Research Paper Topics

There are many exciting options to consider if you're looking for ancient literature research paper topics. They can be studied with regard to history, culture, art, and philosophy. To gain more insight, you could explore the works of Homer, Henry James, Virgil, and the Mahabharata, or old Egyptian writings, such as The Iliad and Odyssey . Below is a list of ancient literature topics for research you can choose from.

  • Gender representations in epic poetry.
  • Role of mythology and religion in ancient texts.
  • Influence of philosophy on ancient literature.
  • Power representations in Greek tragedy.
  • Heroism by early epic authors.
  • Love and marriage in ancient texts.
  • Ancient narratives of war and conflict.
  • Slavery representations in Roman poetry.
  • The role of music and art in classical literature.
  • Nature representations in ancient texts.
  • Politics' influence on Greek comedy.
  • Family and community representations in roman narratives.
  • Characters' representation in epic poetry.
  • The role of technology in early literary works.
  • Representations of the divine in ancient texts.
Read more: History Research Topics for Students 

Medieval Literature Research Paper Topics

The medieval literary study provides a unique opportunity to explore literature research topics of the Middle Ages. From Beowulf to The Canterbury Tales , these works offer insights into this era's cultural beliefs and values. Here are such literary topics for research papers to focus on:

  • Representations of medieval chivalry in literary works.
  • Religion's influence on medieval works.
  • Gender representation in medieval texts.
  • The role of magic in medieval narratives.
  • The impact of feudalism on medieval texts.
  • Honor and loyalty representations by chivalric texts.
  • The role of courtly love in medieval works.
  • Knights and warriors' representations in literary works.
  • Warfare representations in medieval texts.
  • The role of education and learning in medieval literature.

Renaissance Literary Research Paper Topics

The Renaissance literature research paper ideas explore works of literature during the Renaissance era, which spanned from the 14th to the 17th century. They focus on the themes, authors, and literature of this period to provide a better understanding of how literary works have evolved within this timeframe and their impact on our current literature. Some of the most influential figures who contributed immensely to writings during this era were William Shakespeare and Miguel de Cervantes. If you are interested in researching this period, you can consider a literature research paper topic from the list below:

  • Love and romance representations in Renaissance texts.
  • Science and technology in 16th-century literature.
  • Class and social status representations in Renaissance literary works.
  • Classical mythology in Renaissance poetry.
  • Representations of family and community in Renaissance narratives.
  • Effects of humanism on Renaissance literature in Europe.
  • Imagery role by William Shakespeare .
  • Representations of art, music, and theater in Renaissance texts.
  • Politics' role in 16th-century literary texts.
  • Nature representation by John Milton or Torquato Tasso.
  • Exploration influence on Renaissance narratives.
  • Influence of Renaissance literature on modern writing.
  • Women's representation in literary texts by Anne Bradstreet or Aphra Behn.
  • Magic and supernatural representations in literary works of Renaissance.
  • Humanism and individualism themes within Renaissance literature.

Romantic Literature Research Paper Ideas

Romantic literature emerged during the late 18th century and flourished throughout the early 19th century in Europe. It is characterized by its focus on emotion and depictions of nature. This movement had a lasting impact on literary works and has been highly influential. Research topics in literature can explore the writings of authors such as Lord Byron, Percy Bysshe Shelley, and William Wordsworth. Here are some ideas related to romanticism:

  • Nature representations in Romantic texts.
  • The role of emotion as depicted in 19th-century literature.
  • Influence of Romantic authors on modern literature and culture.
  • Women's representation in Romantic narratives.
  • Industrialization impact on 19th-century texts.
  • Influence of religion and superstition in early Romantic texts.
  • Use of technology to discuss themes in Romantic texts from the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
  • The role of education as portrayed by Romantic narratives.
  • Character analysis and plot structure in gothic fiction.
  • Nationalism and patriotism as represented by post-Napoleonic war poems.

Modernist Literary Research Paper Topics

Modern literature emerged during the early 20th century until the end of World War II. It is characterized by a rejection of traditional conventions and focused on experimentation with form. This movement had an unprecedented impact on literature research topics and is highly influential today. If you are looking for literary topics for research papers that focus on modernism, consider exploring the following:

  • Nature representations by modern texts.
  • Social inequality in 21st-century novels.
  • Modernism's influence on current literature and culture.
  • Climate change within contemporary fiction.
  • Impact of social injustice on 20th-century literary works.
  • Urbanization representations by modern literary texts.
  • Education's influence on modernist narratives.
  • Wealth and power in early modernist texts.
  • Themes of urban life by Ezra Pound or Wallace Stevens.
  • Modernism's impact on classical literature.
  • Globalization themes within postmodern poetry.
  • Multiculturalism themes in contemporary literary works.
  • Mental health representations in modern British novels.
  • Global conflict representation in modern fiction.
  • The influence of psychoanalysis on modernist literature.

Current Literature Research Paper Ideas

Current literature paper topics can look at the latest trends. They include exploring contemporary works such as Harry Potter by J.K Rowling and Stardust by Neil Gaiman. These topics may also involve analyzing social media's effects on literary writings. If you are looking for current literary topics for a research paper, consider the following:

  • Technological impact on literary works in the 21st century.
  • Art, music, and theater in modern texts.
  • Impact of conflict on recent literary works.
  • Social injustice in 21st-century narratives.
  • Racism, ethnicity, and slavery in contemporary texts.
  • Wealth and power in recent literary works.
  • Globalization themes in postmodern poetry.
  • Urbanization in modern writings.
  • Immigration within postmodern British novels.

In case you need more paper topics, feel free to browse our blog. We have a wide arsenal of ideas starting from philosophy research paper topics to education research paper topics .  

Bottom Line on Literature Research Paper Topics

Literature topics for research can explore a wide range of themes and works. Whether you are looking for visionary ideas about poetry, fiction, or books from different eras, there is no shortage of literature paper topics to choose from. To narrow down your focus and find the best idea for your project, consider researching literary movements, reading widely, and thinking about the areas that interest you most.  Literature topics for research papers should be chosen based on students' interests and areas of expertise. By conducting in-depth research, you will gain a greater appreciation for literary work and its impact on society. With this article as a guide, you can take the time to find a topic that speaks to you and create an engaging research paper.


We would like to remind you that our professional writers are available 24/7 and will be glad to help you. StudyCrumb provides the best research paper writing service quickly and efficiently. Fill out the form on our website, and don't worry about anything else.


Joe Eckel is an expert on Dissertations writing. He makes sure that each student gets precious insights on composing A-grade academic writing.

You may also like

Education Research Topics

topics for english literature research papers

100 Best Literary Research Topics – Fresh Perspectives on Literature Pieces

Selecting the right literature topics for a research paper work can be challenging due to the wealth of literary works and themes available. To find the perfect topic, focus on your personal character interests, the scope of your assignment, and the availability of resources or requirements of American universities. Reflect on the literary periods, authors, or themes that captivate you, and investigate potential questions or ideas related to them. Seeking guidance from your instructor or peers can also be beneficial, as can browsing academic journals, literary critiques, or scholarly databases to discover trending literature research paper topics or ongoing debates in the literary and cultural field.

How to Understand If a Topic Is Good?

Choose literary topics for research paper works that genuinely interest you ensure there is a sufficient amount of primary and secondary sources, and contribute to the existing body of knowledge. You need to determine if literary research topics in history are suitable for your literary research paper, consider the factors: interest and engagement with the literary research topic, the scope and maintenance of the subject.

Test it with an Outline

You need to create a preliminary outline for your paper, organizing your ideas and potential arguments logically. Together with our research paper writing service , you gain the success results. In another way, you can concentrate on the text`s main points and reveal the literary research topics intricacy, pertinence, and scope.

Write a Thesis Statement

Craft a premise statement that encapsulates your central argument and offers a fresh perspective on your chosen literature research paper ideas to ensure it is neither overly broad. An effective premise statement should be clear, concise, and debatable, sparking further discussion and analysis, and if you feel troubled with managing this task our website writes for you any essay .

List of Literature Research Topics

When choosing literary research topics, consider exploring various spheres of interest that offer diverse subjects for examination. For instance, focus on the works of specific authors, the characteristics of a particular literary period, or the themes and poetry that recur across different eras. Delve into the representation of historical and social issues in literary research topics, such as gender roles, race, or mental health, and investigate how to make the list of the best research paper topics . By examining American literature research topics, you can find literature topics for research that resonates with your interests and contributes to the existing body of literary knowledge. Additionally, you may explore genres like science fiction or magical poetry, examining their impact on society and culture. Investigating the relationship between literature and other disciplines, such as philosophy, psychology, or history, can also yield fascinating American or British lit research paper topics.

British Literature Research Paper Topics

You can investigate captivating elements of literary research paper topics through an array of research work topics. By scrutinizing distinct themes, genres, and historical eras, you can profoundly comprehend the multifaceted and diverse landscape of English literary research subjects and their impact on American authors. This exploration allows you to broaden your knowledge, develop critical thinking skills, and foster a genuine appreciation for the creative and intellectual contributions within the field of English literature research topics.

  • Gender Roles in Shakespeare’s Plays.
  • Power Representation in Jane Austen’s Novels.
  • Love and Marriage in John Donne’s Poetry.
  • Gothic literature’s influence on Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein.
  • Imperialism in Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness.
  • Symbolism in William Golding’s Lord of the Flies.
  • Nature’s Role in William Wordsworth’s Poetry.
  • Social Class in George Eliot’s Middlemarch.
  • Supernatural Elements in Bram Stoker’s Dracula.
  • World War I’s Impact on Early 20th-Century Literature.

American Literature Topics

From iconic novels to influential authors, these literary research topics encompass the essence of American identity, history, and culture. Unravel the complexities of this vast literary landscape as you delve into themes of race, ethnicity, the American Dream, and more, uncovering the unique perspectives and voices that have shaped and defined American literature throughout the centuries.

  • The American Identity in Toni Morrison’s Beloved.
  • The American Dream in F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby.
  • The American Symbolism in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter.
  • Race and ethnicity in James Baldwin’s Go Tell It on the Mountain.
  • The American Slavery in Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin.
  • Road Trip in Jack Kerouac’s On the Road.
  • Magical Realism in Gabriel Garcia Marquez’s One Hundred Years of Solitude.
  • The American Civil Rights Movement’s Impact on 1960s American Literature.
  • The American Religion in Flannery O’Connor’s works.
  • The American West in Cormac McCarthy’s Blood Meridian.

Science Fiction Literary Research Essay Topics

With these topics, you can delve into a myriad of literary research topics that explore the depths of futuristic societies, alternate realities, and advanced technology. Unearth the themes, symbolism, and socio-political commentary embedded within these stories, fostering a deeper appreciation for the power and allure of sci-fi literary research topics.

  • Artificial Intelligence in Asimov’s “I, Robot” and Dick’s “Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?”
  • Dystopia in Orwell’s “1984” and Huxley’s “Brave New World.”
  • Alienation in Bradbury’s “Fahrenheit 451” and Vonnegut’s “Cat’s Cradle.”
  • Time Travel in Wells’ “The Time Machine” and L’Engle’s “A Wrinkle in Time.”
  • Genetic Engineering in Huxley’s “Brave New World” and Atwood’s “Oryx and Crake.”
  • Environmentalism in Herbert’s “Dune” and Butler’s “Parable of the Sower.”
  • Virtual Reality in Gibson’s “Neuromancer” and Stephenson’s “Snow Crash.”
  • Post-apocalyptic settings in McCarthy’s “The Road” and Mandel’s “Station Eleven.”
  • Identity in Le Guin’s “The Left Hand of Darkness” and Delany’s “Dhalgren.”
  • Extraterrestrial Life in Clarke’s “2001: A Space Odyssey” and Lem’s “Solaris.”

High School Literary Research Essay Topics

These subjects should be carefully selected for their relevance and appeal, they provide the perfect foundation for developing critical thinking, analytical skills, and a love for literature. Discover thought-provoking issues relevant to high school readers with these high school literary research topics. By delving into contemporary literary research topics that resonate with teenage audiences, you can foster a greater appreciation for literature and its impact on young minds.

  • Mental Illness in Salinger’s “The Catcher in the Rye” and Plath’s “The Bell Jar.”
  • Symbolism in Hawthorne’s “The Scarlet Letter” and its relevance today.
  • Identity and Self-Discovery in Baldwin’s “Go Tell It on the Mountain” and Walker’s “The Color Purple.”
  • Racism and inequality in Lee’s “To Kill a Mockingbird” and Morrison’s “The Bluest Eye.”
  • Nature and Symbolism in Bronte’s “Wuthering Heights” and Frost’s works.
  • Isolation and Loneliness in Steinbeck’s “Of Mice and Men” and Williams’ “A Streetcar Named Desire.”
  • Gender Roles in Bronte’s “Jane Eyre” and Chopin’s “The Awakening.”
  • Magical Realism in Marquez’s “One Hundred Years of Solitude” and Allende’s “The House of the Spirits.”
  • War and its effects in Hemingway’s “A Farewell to Arms” and Vonnegut’s “Slaughterhouse-Five.”
  • The American Dream in Fitzgerald’s “The Great Gatsby” and Miller’s “Death of a Salesman.”

Modernist Literature Research Paper Topics

Discover interesting literature topics of self-discovery, rebellion, and experimental styles that resonate with teenagers, while gaining an understanding of the cultural and historical influences that fuelled this revolutionary movement. Fell the groundbreaking literary movements in these modernist research topics in literature and chose the best one for you.

  • Fragmentation in Modernist Literature: Joyce’s Ulysses and Eliot’s The Waste Land.
  • Modernist Literature and Trauma: Woolf’s Mrs. Dalloway and Hemingway’s The Sun Also Rises.
  • World War I’s Influence on Modernist Literature: Owen’s Works and Ford’s Parade’s End.
  • Time in Modernist Literature: Proust’s In Search of Lost Time and Faulkner’s The Sound and the Fury.
  • Women’s Role in Modernist Literature: Barnes’ Nightwood and Rhys’ Wide Sargasso Sea.
  • Identity in Modernist Literature: Baldwin’s Go Tell It on the Mountain and Ellison’s Invisible Man.
  • Stream of Consciousness in Modernist Literature: Mansfield’s “Bliss” and Woolf’s To the Lighthouse.
  • Modernist Literature and the City: Pound’s “In a Station of the Metro” and Eliot’s “Preludes.”
  • Modernist Literature and the Movement: Pound’s The Cantos and H.D.’s Trilogy.
  • The “Lost Generation” in Modernist Literature: Hemingway’s The Sun Also Rises and Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby.

Renaissance Literature Research Paper Topics

The era, characterized by a remarkable resurgence in culture, art, and intellectual pursuits, has impacted the trajectory of human civilization. Uncover the rich tapestry of the revival literary research topics for your literary research paper.

  • Love in Shakespeare’s Sonnets
  • Women in Twelfth Night and the Duchess of Malfi
  • Humanism in Utopia and Petrarch’s Sonnets
  • Fate in Romeo and Juliet and Doctor Faustus
  • Courtly Love in the Faerie Queene and Astrophil and Stella
  • Classical Themes in Julius Caesar and Dido, Queen of Carthage
  • Reformation in Paradise Lost and the Temple
  • Power in Macbeth and The Revenger’s Tragedy
  • Revival Influence on Hamlet and the Spanish Tragedy
  • Kingship between Richard II and Edward II

Controversial Literature Research Paper Topics

Debate and analyze character issues in literature with these controversial literature literary research topics. These subjects allow you to explore literary research topics, ethical dilemmas, and social commentaries within literary works, providing an opportunity for intellectual growth and open dialogue.

  • Mental Illness Portrayal in Literature: Helpful or Harmful?
  • Cultural Appropriation in Literature Ethics.
  • Racial Slurs Use in Literature Controversy.
  • Trigger Warnings in Literature and Free Speech Impact.
  • Censorship Effects on Literature and Society.
  • Authorial Intent Ethics in Literary Interpretation.
  • Sexuality Representation in Literature Controversy.
  • Violence against Women’s Portrayal in Literature and Society’s Impact.
  • Cancel Culture’s Impact on Literature and Publishing.
  • Literary Classics Value Debate in Modern Society.

World Literature Research Topics

Embark on a literary journey around the globe with these World literary research topics.

  • War Depiction in Global Literature
  • Novel Evolution in Different Cultures
  • Immigration and Diaspora in Literature
  • Love and Relationships in Global Literature
  • Colonialism’s Impact on Global Literature
  • Mythology in Global Literature
  • Cultural Identity in International Literature
  •  Political Oppression and Resistance Themes
  • Eastern Philosophy’s Influence on Western Literature
  • Spirituality and Religion in Global Literature

Literature Research Paper Topics for Students

These literary research topics are designed to challenge students’ critical thinking and analytical skills while fostering a deeper appreciation for literature.

  • Technology’s Impact on Contemporary Literature.
  • LGBTQ+ Community Portrayal in Literature.
  • Mental Health Representation in Young Adult Literature.
  • Feminism’s Role in Shaping Contemporary Literature.
  • Globalization’s Impact on Literature and Culture.
  • Social Justice and Activism Themes in Modern Literature.
  • Race and Ethnicity in Contemporary Literature.
  • Postmodernism’s Influence on Contemporary Literature.
  • Environment and Climate Change Representation in Literature.
  • Science Fiction’s Role in Reflecting and Shaping Contemporary Society.

Modern Literature Research Paper Topics

Analyze the intricacies of modern literary research topics masterpieces for university students.

  • Magic Realism in Garcia Marquez’s Works
  • Morrison and Baldwin’s Literary Techniques
  • Feminism in Alice Munro’s Short Stories
  • Postmodernism in Don Delillo’s Novels
  • Mental Illness in the Bell Jar and the Yellow Wallpaper
  • Identity in Adichie and Lahiri’s Works
  • Colonialism’s Impact on Achebe and Ngugi WA Thiong’O
  • Stream of Consciousness in Mrs. Dalloway and Ulysses
  • Masculinity in Hemingway’s Novels
  • Memory Role in Kazuo Ishiguro’s Novels

Ancient Literature Research Topics

Delve into the origins of storytelling and literary research topics for your literary research paper. These literary research topics will allow you to investigate various themes, genres, and styles across different time periods, ultimately enhancing your appreciation for the transformative power of storytelling. 

  • Women in Greek Tragedies
  • Mythology in Homer & Virgil Epic
  • Poetry: Greece vs Rome
  • Prophecy in Greek Tragedies
  • Fate in Oedipus Rex & Macbeth
  • Dreams in Egyptian Literature
  • Gods in Mesopotamian Literature
  • Love Poetry: India & China
  • Oral Tradition in African Literature
  • Karma in Mahabharata 

In conclusion, selecting literary research topics is an essential step in the writing process, as it sets the foundation for your entire paper. Explore various subjects within English, American, or global literature, and consider literary research topics such as gender roles, power representation, or the impact of historical events on literature discuss. Remember to choose literary research topics that genuinely interest you, as this will make the literature discussion and writing process more enjoyable and engaging. Test your literary research topics with an outline and a premise statement to ensure it is focused, specific, and manageable.

You May Also Be Interested In

Qualitative exploration is valuable for understanding human behavior, beliefs, and experiences. This article will explore…

Social work research paper topics help improve the lives of vulnerable individuals and communities by…

Always Ready to Help

Running out of time.

Type to search


Top 300 Engaging Literature Research Paper Topics

Literature Research Paper Topics

Are you ready to dive into the fascinating world of literature? This guide is your passport to exploring fascinating literature research paper topics that will spark your curiosity and imagination. Whether you’re passionate about classic novels, modern poetry, or even graphic novels, there’s a topic here waiting to be discovered by you.

Uncover themes that echo across cultures, analyze the impact of influential authors, or even dive into the evolution of storytelling through the ages. From Shakespeare’s timeless works to contemporary masterpieces, this compilation offers a treasure of ideas that will make your research journey exciting and fulfilling.

Discover the power of words, uncover the mysteries behind beloved characters, and explore the socio-cultural contexts that shaped literary movements. Get ready to go on an intellectual adventure that will deepen your appreciation for the writings.

So, grab your notebook and pen, and let’s start this exciting literary exploration together. 

What Are The Key Elements Of A Good Research Paper?

Table of Contents

A good research paper should contain several key elements to ensure its effectiveness, credibility, and impact. When these elements come together effectively, they create a research paper that is rigid, insightful, and contributes meaningfully to its academic or professional domain. They are as:

  • Clear and Focused Topic: A well-defined and specific research question or topic that is relevant and interesting.
  • Thorough Literature Review: A complete review of existing literature to establish context, identify gaps, and support the research hypothesis or argument.
  • Solid Methodology: Clear explanation of the research methods employed, whether qualitative, quantitative, or mixed methods, ensuring they are appropriate for the research question.
  • Credible Sources: Reliance on credible and scholarly sources to support arguments and findings. This includes peer-reviewed journals, academic books, and reputable websites.
  • Strong Thesis Statement: A concise and arguable thesis statement that articulates the main argument or point of the paper.
  • Logical Structure: A well-organized structure with clear divisions containing introduction, literature review, methodology, results, discussion, and conclusion.
  • Critical Analysis: A critical evaluation of data or literature, providing insightful analysis and interpretation, not just summary.
  • Proper Citations and References: Accurate and consistent citation of sources following a specific citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago, etc.).
  • Clarity and Precision: Clear, concise, and precise writing that is free from jargon or unnecessary complexity, ensuring accessibility to a wide audience.
  • Conclusion and Implications: A strong conclusion that summarizes key findings and discusses their implications, suggesting avenues for further research or application.
  • Editing and Proofreading: Thorough editing and proofreading to eliminate errors in grammar, punctuation, and spelling, ensuring a polished final product.
  • Originality and Contribution: Demonstrating original thought, analysis, or contribution to the field, providing new insights or perspectives.

Now for your convenience, we have categorized the literature research topics under different categories, and they are as follows:

Top 20 Research Paper Topics On Shakespearean Studies

  • Portrayal of Women in Shakespearean Plays
  • Exploration of Tragic Flaws in Shakespearean Characters
  • The Influence of Greek Tragedy on Shakespearean Drama
  • Shakespeare’s Sonnets: Themes and Analysis
  • Political Themes in Shakespearean Plays
  • The Role of Comedy in Shakespeare’s Works
  • Adaptations of Shakespearean Plays in Modern Media
  • Analysis of Shakespeare’s Historical Accuracy
  • Madness and Sanity in Shakespearean Characters
  • The Concept of Love and Relationships in Shakespeare’s Works
  • Shakespearean Villains: Motivations and Representations
  • Religious Elements in Shakespearean Plays
  • Comparative Study of Tragedies and Comedies in Shakespearean Literature
  • Gender Roles and Identity in Shakespearean Society
  • Shakespeare’s Influence on English Language and Literature
  • Exploration of Revenge in Shakespearean Plays
  • Psychological Depth in Shakespearean Characters
  • Theatrical Performance Techniques in Shakespearean Era
  • The Theme of Power and Authority in Shakespeare’s Works
  • Interpretation of Fate and Destiny in Shakespearean Plays

Top 20 Research Paper Topics On Modernist Literature

  • Stream of Consciousness Narratives in Modernist Literature
  • The Role of Urban Settings in Modernist Novels
  • Fragmentation and Experimental Structures in Modernist Writing
  • Modernist Poetry: Innovation and Themes
  • Political and Social Critique in Modernist Literature
  • Modernist Women Writers and Their Impact
  • Influence of World War I on Modernist Literature
  • Change from Realism to Modernism in Literature
  • Modernist Literature and the Exploration of Identity
  • Modernist Short Stories: Techniques and Themes
  • Symbolism and Imagery in Modernist Novels
  • Streamlining Time and Narrative in Modernist Fiction
  • Transatlantic Modernism: Comparing American and European Movements
  • Modernist Plays and Theatrical Innovations
  • Modernist Literature and Psychoanalytic Theories
  • Interwar Period and Modernist Literature
  • Modernist Literature and the Cityscape
  • Religious and Spiritual Motifs in Modernist Works
  • Feminist Perspectives in Modernist Writing
  • Modernist Literature: Reactions to Industrialization and Modernity

Top 20 Research Paper Topics On Post-Colonial Literature

  • Decolonization and Identity in Post-Colonial Literature
  • Subaltern Voices in Post-Colonial Texts
  • Effect of Colonialism on Cultural Hybridity in Literature
  • Post-Colonial Literature and Resistance Narratives
  • Colonial Trauma and Memory in Post-Colonial Writing
  • Post-Colonial Feminism in Literature
  • Nationalism and Post-Colonial Identity
  • Post-Colonialism and Language Politics in Literature
  • Indigenous Perspectives in Post-Colonial Texts
  • Diasporic Literature in Post-Colonial Contexts
  • Globalization and Post-Colonial Literary Discourse
  • Postcolonial Ecocriticism in Literature
  • Power Dynamics and Post-Colonial Representation
  • Post-Colonialism and Magical Realism in Literature
  • Postcolonialism and Postmodernism in Literary Works
  • Subversion of Colonial Stereotypes in Literature
  • Hybrid Identities in Post-Colonial Texts
  • Post-Colonial Literature and the Politics of Place
  • Post-Colonial Literature and Reimagining History
  • Post-Colonial Literature and the Legacy of Empire

Top 20 Research Paper Topics On Feminist Perspectives in Literature

  • Representation of Women in Classic Literature: Challenges and Transformations
  • Feminist Critique of Patriarchal Norms in Literature
  • Intersectionality in Feminist Literature
  • Feminist Reinterpretation of Fairy Tales and Folklore
  • Female Bildungsroman in Literature
  • Ecofeminism and Environmental Concerns in Literature
  • Motherhood and Maternal Experience in Literature
  • Feminist Dystopian Literature: Power and Resistance
  • Body Politics and Feminist Discourse in Literary Works
  • Feminist Perspectives on Sexuality and Gender Identity in Literature
  • Feminist Satire and Irony in Literature
  • Women’s Writing and Feminist Literary Canon
  • Feminist Themes in Science Fiction and Fantasy Literature
  • Feminist Perspectives on Women of Color in Literature
  • Feminist Manifestos and Essays in Literary Contexts
  • Feminist Revisioning of Mythology and Legends in Literature
  • Feminist Utopian Visions in Literary Works
  • Feminist Perspectives on Marriage and Relationships in Literature
  • Feminist Critique of Male Authors and their Representation of Women
  • Feminist Discourse in Contemporary Literature

Top 20 Research Paper Topics On Literary Criticism and Theory

  • Structuralism and its Impact on Literary Criticism
  • Post-structuralist Perspectives in Literary Theory
  • New Criticism: Analysis of Textual Elements
  • Reader-response Theory and Interpretation in Literature
  • Formalism and its Influence on Literary Analysis
  • Marxist Literary Criticism: Class and Ideology in Texts
  • Psychoanalytic Literary Theory and Character Analysis
  • Feminist Literary Criticism: Gender and Power Dynamics
  • Deconstructionist Theory in Literary Analysis
  • Postcolonial Literary Criticism and its Applications
  • Queer Theory in Literary Interpretation
  • Ecocriticism and Environmental Literary Theory
  • Aestheticism and the Philosophy of Art in Literature
  • Cultural Studies and Literary Criticism
  • Critical Race Theory and Literature
  • Comparative Literature and Critical Theory
  • Reception Theory and its Impact on Literary Studies
  • Formalist Literary Theory and Russian Formalism
  • Semiotics and Significance in Literary Criticism
  • Narrative Theory and its Role in Analyzing Texts

Top 20 Research Paper Topics On Comparative Literature

  • Comparative Analysis of Mythological Narratives across Cultures
  • Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Shakespearean Plays
  • Comparative Study of Fairy Tales from Different Regions
  • Multilingualism in Comparative Literature
  • Comparative Exploration of Epic Poetry
  • Cultural Exchange in Translated Literary Works
  • Comparative Analysis of Post-War Literature from Various Countries
  • Comparative Approaches to Folklore and Oral Traditions
  • Interdisciplinary Studies in Comparative Literature
  • Comparative Study of Contemporary Graphic Novels Worldwide
  • Comparative Analysis of Existential Themes in World Literature
  • Comparative Analysis of Literary Movements in Different Regions
  • Comparative Perspectives on Colonial and Post-Colonial Literature
  • Comparative Study of Detective Fiction across Cultures
  • Comparative Analysis of Tragic Drama in Different Cultures
  • Comparative Study of Bildungsroman Novels from Various Cultures
  • Comparative Analysis of Magical Realism in World Literature
  • Comparative Exploration of Science Fiction in Different Languages
  • Comparative Study of Feminist Literature Globally
  • Comparative Perspectives on Utopian and Dystopian Fiction

Top 20 Research Paper Topics On LGBTQ+ Themes in Literature

  • LGBTQ+ Representation in Classic Literature
  • Queer Theory and its Application in Literary Analysis
  • LGBTQ+ Coming-of-Age Narratives in Literature
  • Transgender Identities in Literature
  • LGBTQ+ Themes in Contemporary Poetry
  • LGBTQ+ Relationships in Historical Fiction
  • Homosexuality and Gender Fluidity in Mythological Texts
  • LGBTQ+ Memoirs and Autobiographies in Literature
  • LGBTQ+ Themes in Young Adult Literature
  • LGBTQ+ Voices in Science Fiction and Fantasy
  • LGBTQ+ Perspectives in Graphic Novels and Comics
  • LGBTQ+ Characters in Children’s Literature
  • LGBTQ+ Themes in Theater and Performance Arts
  • Intersectionality and LGBTQ+ Literature
  • LGBTQ+ Themes in Diasporic Literature
  • LGBTQ+ Activism and Representation in Literature
  • LGBTQ+ Themes in Mystery and Crime Fiction
  • LGBTQ+ Themes in Non-Western Literary Traditions
  • LGBTQ+ Themes in Postcolonial Literature
  • LGBTQ+ Representation in Speculative Fiction

Top 20 Research Paper Topics On Science Fiction and Fantasy

  • Evolution of Science Fiction: From Pulp to Modern
  • Dystopian Futures in Science Fiction Literature
  • Hard Science Fiction: Exploring Scientific Accuracy in Sci-Fi
  • Cyberpunk Literature: Technology and Society
  • Feminist Themes in Science Fiction
  • Space Opera and Epic Science Fiction
  • Alternate Realities in Fantasy Literature
  • Magic Systems in Fantasy Worlds
  • Mythological Influences in Fantasy Literature
  • Time Travel in Science Fiction and Fantasy
  • Artificial Intelligence in Science Fiction
  • Alien Cultures and Intergalactic Politics in Sci-Fi
  • Folklore and Fairy Tales in Fantasy Writing
  • Steampunk: Victorian Era Reimagined in Literature
  • Post-Apocalyptic Narratives in Science Fiction
  • Superheroes and Supervillains in Comics and Novels
  • Evolution of Robots and Androids in Sci-Fi
  • Quests and Journeys in Fantasy Epics
  • Environmental Themes in Science Fiction
  • Multiverse Theory in Speculative Fiction

Top 20 Research Paper Topics On African American Literature

  • Harlem Renaissance and Its Literary Legacy
  • Slave Narratives in African American Literature
  • Civil Rights Movement in African American Writing
  • Oral Traditions in African American Literature
  • Folklore and Mythology in African American Stories
  • African American Women Writers: Their Contributions
  • Reconstruction Era Literature and its Significance
  • Jazz and Blues Influences in African American Writing
  • Contemporary Voices in African American Literature
  • Intersectionality and Identity in African American Writing
  • Symbolism of the African Diaspora in Literature
  • Afrofuturism in African American Literature
  • Urban Realism and African American Urban Experience
  • Religion and Spirituality in African American Writing
  • LGBTQ+ Themes in African American Literature
  • African American Children’s Literature
  • The Impact of Toni Morrison’s Literary Contributions
  • African American Poetry: Tradition and Innovation
  • Critique of Racism in African American Literature
  • African American Short Stories and Their Impact

Top 20 Research Paper Topics On Environmental Literature

  • Ecocriticism: Exploring Nature in Literature
  • Environmental Activism in Literary Works
  • Wilderness and the American Imagination in Literature
  • Climate Change Narratives in Environmental Literature
  • Nature Writing and the Natural World in Literature
  • Urban Ecology in Literary Works
  • Indigenous Perspectives on Nature in Literature
  • Environmental Ethics in Literary Discourse
  • Flora and Fauna in Environmental Literature
  • Environmental Justice and Literature
  • Posthumanism and Nature in Literary Contexts
  • Landscapes and Identities in Environmental Writing
  • Ecolinguistics and Language in Environmental Literature
  • Sustainable Living in Literary Narratives
  • Environmental Catastrophe in Fiction and Non-Fiction
  • Evolution of the Environmental Movement in Literature
  • Biodiversity and Conservation in Literary Texts
  • Waterscapes and Maritime Literature in an Environmental Context
  • Rewilding and Restoration in Environmental Narratives
  • Rural vs. Urban Perspectives in Environmental Literature

Top 20 Research Paper Topics On Mythology and Folklore in Literature

  • Comparative Analysis of Creation Myths Worldwide
  • Heroic Archetypes in Mythological Epics
  • Role of Trickster Figures in Folklore Narratives
  • Mythological Symbolism in Modern Literature
  • Goddesses and Feminine Archetypes in Mythology
  • Folklore and Oral Tradition Preservation in Literature
  • Supernatural Entities in Folklore Narratives
  • Mythological Influences on Fantasy Fiction
  • Mythical Creatures and Beasts in Literature
  • Cultural Significance of Mythological Heroes
  • Transformational Journeys in Mythological Tales
  • Sacred Texts and Mythological Interpretations
  • Shamanism and Mythology in Literature
  • Mythological Motifs in Children’s Literature
  • Folklore Rituals and Ceremonies in Literary Contexts
  • Mythological Retellings in Contemporary Fiction
  • Folklore Adaptations in Theater and Performance Arts
  • Archetypal Patterns in Mythological Stories
  • Mythological Elements in Poetry and Songs
  • Comparative Study of Mythical Lands in Literature

Top 20 Research Paper Topics On Gothic Literature

  • Psychological Themes in Gothic Literature
  • Gothic Elements in Victorian Novels
  • The Supernatural in Gothic Fiction
  • Gothic Architecture and Settings in Literature
  • Female Gothic and Gender Dynamics
  • Gothic Literature and the Sublime
  • Madness and Mental Illness in Gothic Texts
  • Gothic Romanticism and Love Themes
  • Gothic Literature: Villains and Antiheroes
  • Death and Decay in Gothic Novels
  • Gothic Influence on Contemporary Horror
  • Gothic Revival in Modern Literature
  • Religion and the Occult in Gothic Stories
  • The Role of Nature in Gothic Fiction
  • Gothic Tropes in Mystery and Suspense
  • Gothic Literature: Fear and Terror
  • Gothic Elements in Graphic Novels
  • Gothic Symbolism and Imagery
  • Female Empowerment in Gothic Novels
  • Gothic Subculture and Its Literary Impact

Top 20 Research Paper Topics On Children’s Literature

  • Evolution of Fairy Tales in Children’s Literature
  • Moral Lessons in Classic Children’s Stories
  • Representation of Gender Roles in Children’s Books
  • Picture Books and Visual Storytelling for Children
  • Diversity and Inclusion in Contemporary Children’s Literature
  • Coming-of-Age Themes in Young Adult Fiction
  • Education and Learning in Children’s Literature
  • Animal Characters in Children’s Stories
  • Adventure and Quests in Children’s Fantasy
  • Psychological Development in Children’s Books
  • Folklore and Folktales for Young Readers
  • Environmental Themes in Children’s Literature
  • Humor and Wit in Children’s Stories
  • Historical Fiction for Young Readers
  • Multicultural Perspectives in Children’s Literature
  • Friendship and Relationships in Kids’ Books
  • Empowerment and Resilience in Children’s Stories
  • Ethical Dilemmas and Decision-Making in Children’s Fiction
  • Fairy Tale Retellings in Contemporary Children’s Literature
  • Literary Adaptations for Children’s Theatre

Top 20 Research Paper Topics On Literature of the Harlem Renaissance

  • Effect of the Harlem Renaissance on African American Literature
  • The Role of Jazz and Music in Harlem Renaissance Literature
  • Harlem Renaissance Poetry: Themes and Innovations
  • Political and Social Commentary in Harlem Renaissance Writing
  • Harlem Renaissance Novelists and their Contributions
  • The Influence of Langston Hughes in the Harlem Renaissance
  • Artistic Expression and Visual Arts in the Harlem Renaissance
  • Women Writers and Feminist Perspectives in the Harlem Renaissance
  • Harlem Renaissance and the Great Migration
  • Literary Magazines and Publications of the Harlem Renaissance
  • The Impact of Harlem Renaissance on American Culture
  • Harlem Renaissance Playwrights and Theater Productions
  • Harlem Renaissance and the Evolution of African American Identity
  • Folklore and Oral Traditions in Harlem Renaissance Literature
  • Critiques of Racial Injustice in Harlem Renaissance Texts
  • Harlem Renaissance Short Stories: Themes and Techniques
  • LGBTQ+ Themes and Identities in Harlem Renaissance Literature
  • Harlem Renaissance and the Birth of the New Negro Movement
  • Harlem Renaissance and the Exploration of African Heritage
  • Harlem Renaissance Legacy in Contemporary Literature

Top 20 Research Paper Topics On Asian Literature and Cultural Influences

  • Themes of Tradition and Modernity in Asian Literature
  • The Influence of Buddhism on Asian Literary Works
  • Confucianism and Its Impact on Asian Literature
  • Women’s Voices in Asian Literature
  • The Role of Nature in Asian Literary Traditions
  • Comparative Analysis of East Asian Literary Movements
  • The Impact of War on Asian Literary Narratives
  • Folklore and Mythological Influences in Asian Literature
  • Postcolonial Perspectives in Asian Literary Works
  • Representations of Cultural Identity in South Asian Literature
  • The Role of Family and Community in Asian Literary Texts
  • Diasporic Narratives in Asian Literature
  • Indigenous Perspectives in Asian Literary Traditions
  • Religious Syncretism in Asian Literary Themes
  • Urbanization and Changing Landscapes in Asian Literature
  • LGBTQ+ Themes in Contemporary Asian Literature
  • Magical Realism in Asian Literary Contexts
  • Exploring Colonial Legacies in Asian Literature
  • Environmental Concerns in Asian Literary Narratives
  • Asian Literature in Global Contexts

Exploring these diverse literature research paper topics offers a gateway to endless possibilities. Your journey through these themes and ideas isn’t just about writing papers it’s about discovering new worlds and perspectives. Take what you’ve learned and let it fuel your curiosity even further. Share your insights with others, start discussions, and inspire curiosity in those around you. 

Remember, literature isn’t confined to books; it’s a reflection of our world, our history, and our dreams. So, as you conclude this exploration, consider how these topics have broadened your horizons and continue seeking the stories that resonate with you. Keep exploring, keep learning, and keep the magic of literature alive.

Related Posts

best way to finance car

Step by Step Guide on The Best Way to Finance Car

how to get fund for business

The Best Way on How to Get Fund For Business to Grow it Efficiently

  • Paper writing help
  • Buy an Essay
  • Pay for essay
  • Buy Research Paper
  • Write My Research Paper
  • Research Paper Help
  • Custom Research Paper
  • Custom Dissertation
  • Dissertation Help
  • Buy Dissertation
  • Dissertation Writer
  • Write my Dissertation
  • How it works

Top 150 Literature Research Paper Topics For A Brilliant Essay

Choosing the best literature research paper topic is not an easy task for many learners. In case you are looking for some tips on how to choose a perfect topic for your essay, this post is right for you. Discover the hottest prompts on picking up the best topic for your academic paper, as well as explore the most popular ideas for creating an essay on literature.

How To Choose The Literary Topic For An Essay

There are several ways on how to pick up an idea for a successful academic paper. Feel free to choose the most fitting alternative from the list below.

  • Select a literature style as a topic for your paper. This is one of the most common ways to pick up an idea for your essay. You will need to determine the basic features of a chosen literature style, choose the masterpieces you are going to describe, and classify the literature works. However, it might be a bit difficult since there are many controversial literature examples that are not easy to analyze.
  • Choose an author as a topic for your academic paper. This way, you will describe the main ideas, concepts, and innovations created by a particular writer, as well as the impact of this personality on literature as a whole. Still, avoid turning your research paper into a biography.
  • Pick up a certain book as an essay topic. It is a good idea but it might appear to be difficult to add something new to the chosen field.

Top Literature Research Topics: Heroes And Characters

Many students believe that it is easier to write an essay about a certain person or character rather than a particular trend in literature. By the way, creating an academic paper about a hero requires being precise and sticking to the chosen topic.

  • Oedipus: An Essay Outline
  • The Tragic Hero In The World Literature
  • Reflection On Hamlet
  • Emma By Jane Austen: The Destiny Of The Main Heroine
  • The Bright Personality Of The Old Man And The Sea
  • The Classic Hero In Literature
  • The Features Of The Epic Hero
  • The Willing And Unwilling Heroes: The Main Differences
  • The Basic Concepts Of The Antihero
  • Stylistic Devices And Rhetorical Strategies In Literature
  • Beowulf: An Example Of The Scandinavian Hero
  • Pierre Beaumarchais: Figaro
  • For Whom the Bell Tolls: The Character of Robert Jordan
  • Abraham van Helsing from Dracula by Bram Stoker
  • Atticus Finch from To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee
  • Wilhelm Tell by Friedrich Schiller: The Legend
  • The Character Of Heathcliff From Wuthering Heights
  • Alice From The Alice In Wonderland
  • The Three Musketeers
  • King Arthur
  • Sherlock Holmes
  • Romeo And Juliet
  • Harry Potter
  • Sinbad The Sailor
  • Don Quixote

Literature Topics For Research Papers: Women In Literature

The role of women in society has been changing over time. The topics below will help you understand the basic issues a common woman faced in different centuries, as well as discover the most impressive literature masterpieces created by female writers.

  • The Aged Mother: Criticism Essay
  • The Story Of An Hour By Kate Chopin: Response Paper
  • La Estrategia De Chochueca by Rita Indiana Hernández: The Summary
  • Women And Children In Modern Literature
  • The Pride and Prejudice By Jane Austen
  • Charlotte Bronte And Her Role In The World History
  • J.K.Rowling As A Bright Example Of A Successful Female Writer
  • Harper Lee: To Kill A Mockingbird Summary
  • The Stories Of Virginia Woolf
  • Inspiring Female Writers And The Lessons They Teach Us
  • Gender Roles In Literature

The World Literature Research Paper Topics

There is nothing new that world literature research topics remain popular among students for years. These topics allow you to improve the knowledge of the global trends in literature, discover the masterpieces of the world literature, and understand the cultural processes in various countries in different centuries.

  • Barn Burning By William Faulkner: Loyalty And Blood Themes
  • Cliches In The Modern Literature
  • Critical Issues In Literature
  • The Social Issues In The Literature Of 20th Century
  • Modern Trends In Literature
  • The Difference Of Literature In Various Countries
  • The Influence Of Literature On The Society
  • Masterpieces In The Literature Of 18th Century
  • Masterpieces In The Literature Of 19h Century
  • Masterpieces In The Literature Of 20th Century
  • Reading Literature As A Modern Way Of Self-education
  • Greek Mythology And Its Role In The World Literature
  • The Impact Of Literature On Modern Culture
  • Literature Periods
  • The Role Of Comedies In The World Literature
  • The Role Of Tragedies In The World Literature
  • Psychological Trends In World Literature
  • Politics In The World Literature
  • Romance In Literature

The Best Literary Analysis Essay Topics

Literary analysis is one of the most common solutions for choosing easy-to-write research paper topics. The fact is that analysis is one of the inevitable steps of understanding the basic concepts of literature. Therefore, the analysis topics might become a perfect option for beginners in the world of literature. Moreover, you don’t need to be exceptionally creative when composing essays on analysis.

  • Car Crash While Hitchhiking: The Analysis Of The Literary Fiction Story
  • The Ethics Of Belief by Clifford: An Advanced Summary And Analysis
  • The Lesson By Toni Cade Bambara: Analysis And Summary
  • An Advanced Analysis Of Tree And Culinary Lesson
  • Mcwp 6-11 Leading Marines: The Analysis
  • My Native Land, My Home by Claude Mckay: In-Depth Analysis
  • Analysis Of Salvation By Langston Hughes
  • Preventive Corrective And Detective Controls
  • A Black Man Talks Of Reaping Analysis
  • Servant Leadership And Diverse Context
  • The Impact Of Literature Nowadays

Satire Topics Ideas For A Successful Essay

Satire has been the main trend in literature for years. But how did it change over time? What is the difference between satire and irony? What are the satire’s basic features? Writing an essay on these topics might be an excellent idea.

  • Ancient And Modern Satire
  • Trends In The Modern Satire
  • Literature Techniques In Writing Satire
  • Satires Of Rome
  • Satires Of Ancient Greece
  • Satire In Political Poems
  • Satire And Comedy: Common Features And Differences
  • English Satire
  • Satire In The 18th Century
  • Satire In The 19th Century
  • Shakespeare's Satire
  • World Famous Satirists
  • The Difference Between Anecdotes And Satire
  • The Motivation Of Satirists
  • Satire And History
  • Satire And Irony: The Main Differences
  • Humor And Satire In The Modern Literature
  • The Origins Of Satire
  • Radicalism And Satire
  • Black Humor And Satire

Controversial Topics In Literature Of All Times

In case you are looking for something contradictory to write about, the controversial literary research paper topic might be a nice option for your needs. The conflict of generations, formalism, and Franz Kafka are no longer the only alternatives to write about.

  • Is Modern Youth More Self Centred Than The Other Generations
  • Common Theme Between Xla And Faat Kine
  • Franz Kafka And His Role In The Literature
  • Formalism In Literature
  • Structuralism In Literature
  • The Parents And Children In Literature
  • Documentary In Literature
  • War And Peace Topics
  • The Role Of Family In The Modern Literature
  • The Conflict Of Generations

Western Literature Topics For A Brilliant Research Paper

Western literature holds a special place in the history of world literature. Wars, conflicts, riots, totalitarianism, technical progress, and other topics are all common for western literature.

  • Witches Loaves By O'Henry: The Lessons The Story Teach Us
  • Ernest Hemingway And The “Lost Generation”
  • Mark Twain And His Most Brilliant Characters
  • Welsh Literature
  • Latin American Literature Masterpieces
  • Oscar Wilde And His Impact On Literature
  • Trends In Celtic Literature
  • Trends In Icelandic Literature
  • American Dream In Literature
  • Death In Western Literature
  • Identity In Literature
  • Imperialism In Literature
  • Race Issues In Literature
  • Travel In Western Literature
  • Utopian Literature

Most Popular European Literature Topics

The literature of the Renaissance and the Middle Ages has lots of masterpieces many students admire. The development of the culture can be also easily studied by creating an essay on the European literature research paper topic.

  • The Use Of Setting And Atmosphere In Dracula By B Stoker
  • Theme Of Power In Othello By William Shakespeare
  • French Literature
  • German Literature
  • Spanish Literature
  • Finnish Modern Literature
  • Danish Modern Literature
  • Polish Modern Literature
  • Latvian Modern Literature
  • Renaissance Literature
  • Medieval Literature
  • Realism And Symbolism Trends
  • Political Poems And The Role In The World History
  • Postmodernism Trends
  • Latin Literature Trends
  • The literature of the 17th century

Eastern Literature Research Paper Topics For Diligent College Students

Eastern literature covers lots of periods and countries. You can write about Japan, China, Egypt, Ancient East, or Mesopotamia, as well as explore the cultural trends in different countries.

  • Turkish Literature
  • Arabic Literature
  • Sanskrit Literature
  • Famous Arabic Poets
  • Persian Literature
  • The Main Trends In Modern Chinese Literature
  • The Main Trends In Modern Japanese Literature
  • Confucianism
  • Famous Chinese Fiction
  • The Topic Of Death In Eastern Literature
  • The Topic Of Honor In The Eastern Literature
  • The Issues In The Eastern Literature
  • Saint Pachomius
  • Khalil Gibran
  • Anthony Of Egypt
  • Philosophy In Ancient Chinese Literature
  • Metaphor In Japanese Literature
  • Masculinity In Arab Literature
  • War In Persian Literature
  • Wisdom In Eastern Literature

How To Create A Brilliant Paper On Literature Topic

Choosing a suitable and easy-to-write topic for your essay is only half of the job you need to do. The most challenging thing is to create a concise, precise, fresh, and understandable academic paper with no mistakes. So, here is what you need to do to get the highest score for your essay:

  • Create an attractive and catchy introduction
  • Pick up the most interesting ideas for your paper
  • Create an outline
  • Point out the most important facts in the body of your essay
  • Choose only reliable and up-to-date sources
  • Create a paper in a proper voice and tone
  • Complete the paper with a fitting conclusion
  • Make your paper look solid
  • Avoid any grammar, spelling, and punctuation mistakes, as well as typos
  • Use proper formatting

As far as you can see, creating a successful paper is not as easy as it might seem from first glance. In case you feel this task is unaffordable for you, you can get professional help with creating a winning academic paper according to your needs for a reasonable cost. Buying an essay is as simple as 1-2-3, while the entire job of creating an academic paper will be done by professional writers.


  • Research tips for students
  • Basic facts about literature
  • The literature of ancient China
  • The literature of ancient Rome
  • Shakespeare's Life and World
  • The benefits of reading literature
  • Classic literature study guides

Purdue Online Writing Lab Purdue OWL® College of Liberal Arts

Literature Topics and Research

OWL logo

Welcome to the Purdue OWL

This page is brought to you by the OWL at Purdue University. When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice.

Copyright ©1995-2018 by The Writing Lab & The OWL at Purdue and Purdue University. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use.

What kinds of topics are good ones?

The best topics are ones that originate out of your own reading of a work of literature, but here are some common approaches to consider:

  • A discussion of a work's characters: are they realistic, symbolic, historically-based?
  • A comparison/contrast of the choices different authors or characters make in a work
  • A reading of a work based on an outside philosophical perspective (Ex. how would a Freudian read Hamlet ?)
  • A study of the sources or historical events that occasioned a particular work (Ex. comparing G.B. Shaw's Pygmalion with the original Greek myth of Pygmalion)
  • An analysis of a specific image occurring in several works (Ex. the use of moon imagery in certain plays, poems, novels)
  • A "deconstruction" of a particular work (Ex. unfolding an underlying racist worldview in Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness )
  • A reading from a political perspective (Ex. how would a Marxist read William Blake's "London"?)
  • A study of the social, political, or economic context in which a work was written — how does the context influence the work?

How do I start research?

Once you have decided on an interesting topic and work (or works), the best place to start is probably the Internet. Here you can usually find basic biographical data on authors, brief summaries of works, possibly some rudimentary analyses, and even bibliographies of sources related to your topic.

The Internet, however, rarely offers serious direct scholarship; you will have to use sources found in the library, sources like journal articles and scholarly books, to get information that you can use to build your own scholarship-your literary paper. Consult the library's on-line catalog and the MLA Periodical Index. Avoid citing dictionary or encyclopedic sources in your final paper.

How do I use the information I find?

The secondary sources you find are only to be used as an aid. Your thoughts should make up most of the essay. As you develop your thesis, you will bring in the ideas of the scholars to back up what you have already said.

For example, say you are arguing that Huck Finn is a Christ figure ; that's your basic thesis. You give evidence from the novel that allows this reading, and then, at the right place, you might say the following, a paraphrase:

According to Susan Thomas, Huck sacrifices himself because he wants to set Jim free (129).

If the scholar states an important idea in a memorable way, use a direct quote.

"Huck's altruism and feelings of compassion for Jim force him to surrender to the danger" (Thomas 129).

Either way, you will then link that idea to your thesis.

Literature Research Paper Topics in 2023


Table of contents

  • 1 What is Literature Research?
  • 2 Tips on How to Select the Best Literature Research Paper Topic?
  • 3 Literary Research Topics for High School
  • 4 Literature Research Paper Topics for College Students
  • 5 Literacy Research Topics for Debate
  • 6 British Literary Research Topics
  • 7 American Literature Research Topics
  • 8 World Literature Research Paper Topics
  • 9 Modernist Literature Research Paper Topics

What is Literature Research?

Before choosing topics in literature, clarify the concept of literature research to understand the main purpose, structure, and features of writing this type of task.

Firstly, the student must consider the vision of the author of the work, the interpretation of his images, and their personification as the protagonists of the issues on the agenda of that time.

Next, the stylistic and semantic features of the work should be analyzed. Rhythm, speech style, and symbolic and compositional features are often difficult for inexperienced students. We recommend to buy literature review online to be sure of its quality, to get a high score, and have a sample for the future.

After that, the student must give his assessment of the text. Express your opinion about the main events in the book, their significance, and their impact on the further development of the plot.

Tips on How to Select the Best Literature Research Paper Topic?

After reading a text, you often get overwhelmed with impressions and thoughts and need help choosing literature topics for research papers. That is why we offer the following plan for students to select the best literature research topics for their paper:

Abstract from the main idea of the work and try to find topics that are not obvious at first glance. This advice will be especially useful for older students who, in addition to technically correct paper writing, want to stand out from their peers. This question often arises when writing dissertations or theses. If you thought: “How to write a good literature review for a dissertation with an engaging topic?” keep reading.

Select 3-4 topics that seem most interesting literature topics to you. Writing top research papers often takes several weeks. So make sure that during the whole time, you will desire to return to this task.

Choose a topic in which you will feel confident. Each of us has stronger and weaker areas of knowledge. Use your advantage and choose a topic you will understand better than others.

Literary Research Topics for High School

If you are a high school or university student and need to complete an assignment but still don’t know how to do it or lack time, we recommend you to buy college research paper from professionals to stay on the safe side. And for those, who want to see literature topics for research paper examples, we’ve listed 10 of them below:

  • Self-Sacrifice as a Manifestation of Cowardice or Courage: Examples in Medieval Ballads
  • Social Identity in Don Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes: the Madness of the Main Character as a Prototype of Humanistic Views
  • The Plot of “Painful Love” in William Shakespeare Plays as an Example of an Ideal Experience of Feelings
  • Lady Macbeth and Its Historical Prototype: Similarities and Differences
  • The Image of the Catholic Church in Dante Alighieri’s “Divine Comedy”
  • Why are Hemingway’s Works Still Important for the Development of Modern Society?
  • How Aztec Mythology Influenced the Literary Customs of American Prose
  • Contribution of African Americans to the Image of the “White Invader” in Books of the 20th and 21st Centuries
  • Viking Beliefs and their Echoes in European Literature: Examples from Renaissance Literature
  • Is it Possible to Create a Universal Artificial Language? How will it Affect Literature?

Literature Research Paper Topics for College Students

Students need to stand out from their groups when studying in college with unique and engaging papers. If you want to impress your classmates and teacher with an outstanding paper, check the list of these exciting literature topics.

  • How do Authors Describe Madness in Literature?
  • Victorian Literature and Its Peculiarities: Structural, Compositional and Stylistic Features
  • The Contribution of the Arabic Verse System to World Poetics: Beyts, Rudakis, Rubai Poems
  • Protagonists Character Analysis of Moliere’s Play “The Nobleman”: the Main Features Inherent in the Heroes of Classical Works
  • The History of the Development of Speech and its Influence on the Works of Renaissance Authors
  • The Influence of the Catholic Church on Literature and Writing in the Middle Ages
  • Indian Literature Discuss – Structural and Compositional Design of Works, Stylistic Features and Metaphorical Images
  • West VS East: Comparative Description of the Main Characters’ System of Images & Behavior Patterns Using Examples of Modern Works (Optional)
  • The Policy of Imperialism and its Influence on Literary Variability in the Countries of North America
  • The Main Challenges in Studying Literary Discourse for Students. How to Deal with Them? Personal View

If you are struggling to come up with good literature research paper topics, PapersOwl can do a literature review for you and help you come up with ideas and new information. Our team of expert writers will research and find the most relevant topics and provide you with research material to get you going.

Literacy Research Topics for Debate

It is hard to find essay topics when everything is analyzed and researched many times. Moreover, students must remember that they should develop their literature to discuss subjects from the beginning of the introduction till the very last word of conclusion of research paper . We’ve prepared a list of engaging for the audience and interesting to explore for you literary topics for research papers.

  • Religion and Literature – Exploring the Similarity and Differences
  • Psychology and Literature. Do Authors of Psychology Books Aim to Help Society? Is it a Financial Plan?
  • War and Peace – Ideas of Hedonism even During Dark Times or Idealization of Violence by Giving Humanity to the Main Characters?
  • Screen Adaptations VS Printed Books: Eternal Confrontation of Preferences or Rejection of Modern Reality?
  • The Role of the Theory of Literary Studies in Applied Approaches to the Study and Processing of Medieval Novels
  • Can Ancient Writings on Tablets, Cave Walls or Papyrus be Considered Ancestors of Modern Literature? For and Against
  • The Culture of Mass Consumption and its Influence on Reducing the Circulation Interval of Books: is there a Direct Connection?
  • Postmodern Poetics: Main Rules and Canons. Do they Exist?
  • Can Prose Compete with Poetics in Lyricism: Examples of Francesco Petrarca Works
  • Do Mythological Knowledge and Ancient Legends Influence Modern Literature? Proving by Examples.

British Literary Research Topics

English literature has a great variety of themes to explore. That is why it is confusing for many students to come up with interesting British literary research topics. Thus, our team offers you unique and engaging English literature research paper ideas which you can use directly for writing or inspiration:

  • Ancient Literature in Britain: Connection and Influence of the Roman Literary Canon
  • Literature of the Knights Templar: Myth or Truth?
  • British Literature During the Reign of King Henry VIII: How was the Change of Religion Reflected in Literature?
  • Dirk Bogard – Biography and Contribution to the Literary Heritage of the United Kingdom
  • William Shakespeare’s Tragedies as a Consequence of the Era or the Playwright’s Misogynistic Views?
  • British Nobel Laureate in Literature: Rudyard Kipling. Author’s Creative Path and Outstanding Works
  • “The Picture of Dorian Gray” by Oscar Wilde as the Legalization of the “Low” Desires of Mankind
  • Byronism and its Influence on George Byron’s European Contemporaries-Colleagues
  • Why were Sir Arthur Conan Doyle’s Plays and Poems Overshadowed by his Detective Novels?
  • European Realistic Novel. The role of Daniel Dafoe in the Creation of this Genre.
  • Free unlimited checks
  • All common file formats
  • Accurate results
  • Intuitive interface

American Literature Research Topics

Often, teachers ask students to research a particular piece of American literature. This is a tricky task because a huge number of different directions, currents, and authors might seem confusing. Our team has prepared the top 10 American literature research paper topics that you can use to write an essay that will impress your teacher.

  • The Role of African American Literature Pieces in Modern Written Heritage
  • Early American Literature. Was there a Literature Culture among the Native Peoples of America?
  • The Uniqueness of the American Literary Style in the World Picture of Literary Heritage
  • Regional Features of the Use of Stylistic Means in the USA
  • Benjamin Franklin and his Address to the European Theme: Analysis of a Selected Piece
  • Rhetorical Heritage of the Puritans and its use in Works Based on the “Founding Myths of the United States”
  • The American Renaissance: What New Appeared in the Literature of American Authors in this Period?
  • Feminist Influence on the Number of Women Writers in Contemporary American Literature
  • Top 10 Masterpieces of American Literature that Never Became World Famous
  • The Influence of Printed Media on American Literature in the 80s of the Last Century.

World Literature Research Paper Topics

Choosing one subject of interest from world literature is the same as finding a perfectly-shaped grain of sand on the beach. We’ve selected the best ideas for your literary research paper to simplify your life.

  • The Spirit of Duende in Spanish-Language Literature
  • Postindependence Indian Literature – Comparative Characteristics with the Past
  • Influence of Japanese Literature on Modern Asian and European Literature
  • Western Literature in Comparison to Eastern Literature: Analysis of the Main Ideological Values and their Implementation in Plots
  • Social Stratification and Self-Identification of Indian people on the Example of the Novel “Shantaram” by Gregory David Roberts
  • Contemporary Literature of Mexico: Main Features Borrowed from American Literature
  • Highlighting the Problem of Violence in the Works of Modern Authors in American Literature
  • Why Mass Literature Displaces “Underground” Authors: Can We Stop this Process?
  • Literary Discourse of the Arab World: the Influence of Poetics on Prose
  • Agatha Christie and the Murder on the Orient Express: Was Hercule Poirot Contused rather than Genious?

Modernist Literature Research Paper Topics

The era of modernism affected every sphere of human life: the political organization of countries, changes in labor law, music, visual arts, and literature. This period is one of the most confusing and, at the same time, the most intriguing in the field of literature. That is why our team has prepared for students the 10 best research topics of the modernist era.

  • Tiffany Style: Detailed Overview of Features and Specific Details
  • Liberty Style in Italy: Theoretical Aspect of Emergence
  • P. Ranson and the Art Nouveau Style: Compositional Characteristics of Novels
  • “Stream of Consciousness” and the Depiction of New Forms of the Human Psyche by Modernists
  • Universalization of Artistic Techniques in the P.Bonner Works
  • “Jugend-Shtil”: Special Details of Trivial Everyday Life
  • “Philosophy of Order” in the Utopian Idea of the Way of Life in American Literature
  • Research the Subject’s Internal Individual Freedom at a Deeper Level of his Internal Isolation
  • Advantage of Creative Intuition over Classical Canons: Contemporary American Literature
  • Metalanguage and Myth-Making: Creation of a New Genre in Literature

Looking for interesting literature research paper topics? Look no further! If you’re having trouble finding inspiring ideas for your paper, PapersOwl writing service can provide you with the help you need. With its vast database of resources and experienced writers, PapersOwl can offer fresh and innovative topics to make your paper stand out.

All in all, literature discussion papers are challenging for many students. You need to dive into a text, analyze all its peculiarities, and give your own opinion. We hope our study research topics will simplify your task and will come in handy. Just remember to select the topic you are interested in and, of course, use our tips to write an outstanding paper. Good luck!

Readers also enjoyed

Legal Essay Topics for Student


Just fill out the form, press the button, and have no worries!

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you board with our cookie policy.

topics for english literature research papers

My Paper Done

  • Services Paper editing services Paper proofreading Business papers Philosophy papers Write my paper Term papers for sale Term paper help Academic term papers Buy research papers College writing services Paper writing help Student papers Original term papers Research paper help Nursing papers for sale Psychology papers Economics papers Medical papers Blog

topics for english literature research papers

75 Literature Research Paper Topic Ideas For You!

Literature Research Paper Topic

Through the exceptional examples we intent on sharing below, you will know how to stay on topic writing a research literature paper with ease. Stay with me.

English British Literature Research Paper Topic Ideas

  • A review of the character of Lady Macbeth in the works of William Shakespeare
  • Typical characters dominant in World War 1 and II books
  • How did Charles Dickens picture Victorian England in his works?
  • How Greek and Roman influenced Western literature
  • The role of the three Medieval Centuries of Literature in Britain
  • The construction of social identity through British English literature
  • How the natural world is represented in English British literature
  • Discuss the Anglo-Saxon oral poet myth

What is a Good Research Paper Topic For Early American Literature?

  • Major historical characters during the colonial period in America
  • How the revolutionary period of 1765 to 1789 defines freedom for America
  • The role of James Fennimore Cooper in enhancing nationalism
  • Moral ambiguity lessons during the American renaissance period
  • African Influence and Realism in Harriet Beecher Stowe’s book
  • Social perception of contemporary American literature
  • The place of women in early American literature
  • Historical and cultural considerations of early American literature

Literature Research Paper Topic Ideas For High School

  • Discuss why ‘Harry Potter’ is still dominant
  • What is the difference between Utopian and dystopian literature?
  • How to distinguish fan fiction from other genres of literature
  • The significant contributions of the works of Shakespeare
  • Describe how literature enhances male chauvinism
  • Why are sex and romance the most read genre in literature?
  • The pros and cons of literature to society
  • How religion coincides with literature

Literature Research Paper Topics For University Degree Students

  • The impact of digitization on the dissemination and consumption of literature material
  • Interrelations and patterns existing between fables and human stories
  • The role of reading behaviors on the growth of literature
  • The shared elements of oral and written literature
  • How to make literature more interactive and human-centered
  • Evaluating the challenges facing the publishing industry
  • The impact of digital media on old literary forms
  • Is it possible to attain intellectually oriented people through reading?

Latest British Literature Research Paper Topics

  • Pertinent issues lacking in the British literature
  • Myths and facts on the gender issue in British literary materials
  • Why some books are considered literary classics?
  • A view of men in the works of William Shakespeare
  • What is the reception of modern literary works in Britain?
  • The theme of destiny and free will in the works of William Shakespeare
  • How the Victorian period impacted British literature
  • The variation between love presented in the books and the physical

Argumentative American Literature Research Paper Topics

  • Can books portray a fake reality from that which exists?
  • Are there realistic features in fiction stories?
  • Can the media complement the existing literary materials effectively?
  • Is the American literature a catalyst of violence
  • Are book reviews able to be without bias?
  • Is human dependence on technology harmful to print materials?
  • Has the coronavirus lockdown had an impact on American literature?
  • Is the government to blame for poor reading habits among citizens?

Hot Literature Topics For Research Paper

  • How are poets coping in the innovative era?
  • Which novels have withstood the test of time to now, and why?
  • Are countries losing their cultures as a result of ignoring literature?
  • Latest forms of copyright in the technology era
  • How racism is portrayed in novels in the 21st century
  • What is the place of literature in shaping a society’s morals?
  • How does culture affect literature in the American context?
  • An examination of how religion and literature collide

Controversial Literature Research Paper Topics

  • How to handle the topic of abortion in literature
  • Is literature promoting old cultural values that have been overtaken by events?
  • An analysis of the portrayal of sex in literary materials
  • Were Romeo and Juliet a mere fantasy story?
  • How far is too far for comedy in oral literature?
  • Feminism issues raised in the existing literary materials
  • The portrayal of ethnicity through literature
  • Who should censor literary materials used by students?

World Literature Research Paper Topics

  • The relationship between old and contemporary American literature
  • What role does gender play in any form of literature?
  • Compare and contrast the American and British works of the middle and early ages
  • The role of the works of Muslim philosophers to new inventions
  • How have publication intervals fallen out of fashion?
  • Distinguish between performance and narration in literature
  • The role of the supernatural and spirituality in literature
  • Why cultural values differentiate different works

High-Quality Literature Research Paper Topic Ideas

  • The role of female writers in the literature
  • Why do individual books get banned?
  • Problems facing the practical study of literature
  • The use of images in written literature
  • Early modern American works
  • Cross-cultural literary books
  • Functions of literature
  • Central themes in early British literature

Many students find writing a research paper challenging. Do not feel disappointed if you didn’t find a topic of your choice. You can still try our research paper writing services to get an affordable, customized literature research paper. You can still seek assistance from our writing help from experts on any section of your research paper today. Give it a try. Contact us with a “ do my research paper ” request and get a top grade. 

History Research Paper Topics

Leave a Reply Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.

Terms & Conditions Loyalty Program Privacy Policy Money-Back Policy

Copyright © 2013-2024 MyPaperDone.com

200 Compelling Literary Research Paper Topics to Explore

blog image

Literary research holds the key to unlocking the power of knowledge and education. But what makes a research paper truly impactful? It all starts with selecting a fascinating topic. This blog post presents 300 handpicked Literary research paper topics that will ignite your scholarly pursuits. From cutting-edge trends to unexplored territories, these topics promise to fuel your intellectual curiosity and make you write like a professional  writing services  provider. So, let’s get started!

Table of Contents

Comprehensive Lists of Impressive Literary Research Paper Topics

Be it anything you want to research related to Literary, our comprehensive lists of topics have you covered. So, without further ado, let’s begin with our first list.

American Literature Topics for Research

Picking up a topic from this list will allow you to uncover hidden narratives, analyze iconic works, and more. Here you go with the list.

  • A Study of Domestic Gothic and postwar architectural culture in Shirley Jackson’s House Trilogy
  • Anti-racism Resistance in American Literature
  • Political and ideological agendas are reflected in American Literature
  • American Literature from a feminist point of View
  • Leonard Cohen’s Psalms or the demons of Tradition: the Book of Mercy and the Psalms of Leonard Cohen
  • An Overview of Spanish Literature Written in the United States
  • Correlations and contrasts between postmodernism and American Literature: A study of their relationship
  • Poetic Hybridity in American Poetry: existing and Resisting through Its Hybridity
  • Bram Stoker’s Dracula depicts vampires in what can be considered a realistic fashion
  • Comparison between Stephanie Meyer’s vampires vs. L.J. Smith’s vampires
  • How Bram Stoker’s Dracula differs from William Polidori’s The Vampire
  • Anne Rice vs. Stephanie Meyers: Different Approaches to writing supernatural Literature
  • Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein: Evolution of the Character with Time in Literature and Movies
  • Illustrations of Nosferatu, the first vampire character to appear on a screen in Literature
  • The relation between intertextuality and social space
  • Depiction of La Lorna and other supernatural elements in American Literature
  • Contemporary literary figures of Orality: ruptures and Continuity
  • What is the fascination with supernatural imagery in American Literature and popular culture?
  • Writings in English about refugee camps in Contemporary Literature
  • Taking a comparative look at contemporary theater stages
  • Comparing The Crucible with the actual Salem witch trials

Literary Research Paper Topics Related to English Literature

Pick a topic from this list and brace yourself for an awe-inspiring journey, illuminating the profound impacts of English literature on our hearts. Here’s the list.

  • What is Shakespeare’s contribution to classic English Literature?
  • Comparison and contrast of Shakespeare and Marlowe
  • Shakespeare and Marlowe: busting myths
  • Historical and Political Analysis of English Literature during the Middle Ages
  • The Elizabethan Era and English Literature
  • An Understanding of Victorian Literature from a political perspective
  • Comparing Edwardian Literature with its predecessors, what makes it unique?
  • English Literature at its Zenith
  • Greek Influence on English Literature: the history of English Literature
  • Comparing women’s Literature to classical English literature in terms of literary and social issues
  • An Overview of British Fiction from the 19th Century
  • Women in Classic English Literature: their portrayal and Characterization
  • Arab civilizations influenced Literature in the early English period
  • A collective analysis of English Poetry from the 19th to the 20th Century
  • The Impact of Modernism on English Poetry
  • The Social and political history of Victorian England as Portrayed through English Literature
  • Literary explorations of British colonial slavery during the 18th and 19th centuries
  • Adaptation to postcolonial cultures, neo-Victorian Culture, and Postcolonial Literature
  • Literature of the postcolonial period versus Literature of the British period
  • The history of books and publishing in the 20th-21st Century in British fiction
  • Emotional expression and perception, semantics, lexical semantics
  • A History of Ideas and Literature from the 18th Century
  • An overview of the history of publishing and books
  • Aspects of Race and Ethnicity, popular culture, and Politics
  • Britain’s Revolutions and the Rise of Socialism: Literature that influenced them
  • Actors of Shakespeare’s time, the role of the Elizabethan theater
  • Literature’s contribution to understanding British politics and society today

Postcolonial Literary Research Paper Topics

Dig into stories that question the effects of colonialism and look into issues of identity, resistance, and decolonization. Get inspired by the captivating stories that are reshaping the history of colonialism with these topics.

  • A Study of Heart of The Darkness from an analytical perspective
  • Heart of the Darkness: Conrad’s Treatment of Africans in the Story
  • Achebe’s stance against the design of Heart of Darkness
  • Heart of Darkness vs. Things Fall Apart: Comparisons and Contrasts
  • A Look at the Treatment of Africans in Things Fall Apart
  • Concept of native society in Things Fall Apart
  • A Study of the indigenous culture of Africa in Light of Things Fall Apart
  • Postcolonial Literature Compared to British Literature
  • Literature is written in the French language dealing with postcolonialism
  • The Analysis of Postcolonial Literature Written in India after the End of Colonialism
  • Ahmed Ali’s Works as Part of the postcolonial movement: a critical analysis
  • An Analysis of Twilight in Delhi as a postcolonial novel through the Lens of critical theory
  • Depiction of the colonized races in British Literature
  • Conrad’s treatment of negros and the accusation of racism
  • A Critique of Orientalism from the Perspective of Edward Said
  • Elements of Postcolonialism Twilight in Delhi
  • The elements belonging to the narrative framework of the postcolonial theory
  • Understanding Postcolonialism with Edward Said’s Orientalism
  • An Introduction to Postcolonial Theory: Concepts and Definitions
  • The Evolution of the Woman within Postcolonial Literature
  • An Overview of Algerian Postcolonial Literature
  • British Literature, with its treatment of African nations
  • Postcolonial and Feminine Resistance in Algerian and Sahrawi States
  • Postcolonialism: An Effort to search its history
  • Identity, alterity, and Hybridity in postcolonial states
  • Introduction to postcolonial theory

Arabic Topics in Literature

Discover the fascinating world of Arabic Literature and explore its cultural heritage, poetic stories, and social dynamics. Here you go with the list.

  • Literature of the Arab World and its Influence on French Literature
  • The Influence of Arab Culture on Middle Ages Literature
  • Hayy Bin Yaqzan is the first novel by modern criteria
  • A collection of poetry by Shafi’i and historical, literary Analysis
  • A Study of Religious Literature in Arabian Civilization
  • Islamic Golden Ages were characterized by more significant progress in theological Literature
  • Poetry from the Arab world is the foundation of modern global poetry
  • Literature related to Mahdism in Islam
  • Arab-Islamic culture is significant in the Literature written in Arabic
  • The Evolution of Arabic Poetry and Literature
  • The Poetry of the Arab Diaspora and Nature’s Aesthetics
  • Ghazali’s literary works and acknowledgment of divine essence
  • A study of the relationship between Arabic poetry and music and song
  • Al-Gazzal’s two doors of knowledge through the heart
  • Iberian expansion as a cause of Islamic culture’s influence on Western Literature
  • Music and poetry from the pre-Islamic period in Arabic
  • Arab Literature and social criticism in the modern era
  • Aristotelian Philosophy and Greek Mythology in Modern Arab Literature
  • The culture and civilization of the Ottoman Empire were influenced by Arabic poetry and music
  • Arabic Literature’s Depiction of Morality and Politics
  • A Study of Arab Literature by Christian Authors
  • The philosophy of Islam is expressed and explained through Arabic culture
  • An Introduction to the History and Literature of Islam

Existentialist Literary Research Topics

Dig into the deep thinking, self-examination, and emotions of uncertainty that come with exploring the works of important writers trying to figure out life, independence, and more. Here’s the list.

  • The post-war emergence of existentialism
  • War-torn human characters reflect existentialist Literature.
  • What is the character of Godot in Waiting For Godot? How does Beckett explain what he is saying?
  • Existentialist Drama into 21st-Century of Western Literature
  • How does Beckett become an existential absurdist?
  • Samuel Becket’s Life from a contemporary perspective
  • The Reasons and inspirations behind Sartre’s Existentialism
  • Waiting For Godot is interpreted in real time and real life.
  • Considering Jean-Paul Sartre’s works from different perspectives.
  • The Existentialist Literature: a critical analysis
  • Horrors of War and Existentialist Literature After and About the Vietnam War
  • A Comparison of Absurdism and Existentialism in Western Literature
  • Theater of absurdity representation of existentialism
  • A 21st-century Take on absurdist theater as a significant part of British Literature
  • Existentialism: Is it Here to Stay? Getting rid of absurdity in a changing world
  • Does the search for meaning transcend modern man?
  • Existentialism in British Literature
  • “There is infinite hope in the universe, not for us.” How do you see Kafka as an existentialist? How does he differ from the philosophers of his field?

Literary Research Topics Related to Poetry

Check out our great research paper topics and how powerful poems can be!

  • Pioneers of European Literature in the realm of poetry
  • Inspiration for John Keats’ poetry by Fanny Brawne
  • The difference between Keats and his contemporaries
  • Analyzing John Keats’ Works from a historical perspective
  • The poetry of social protest in the early Renaissance
  • What makes the poetry of the Renaissance the most outstanding?
  • An early role played by Midland poets in the development of English poetry
  • Literature of the Highlands and its Contribution to English cultural development
  • The challenges of the development of English poetry
  • Geoffrey Chaucer, the father of English poetry
  • Poetry as a Pillar of Modern Literature
  • The Importance of legal vocabulary in a poetic context
  • Thinking about poetry as a critique from the Renaissance era
  • The genre and meaning of Auden’s poem
  • Poetry of Robert Frost: A study
  • Research on the poetry of William Shakespeare
  • Wordsworth as a pioneer of modern Literature
  • Poetry of Alfred Lord Tennyson: a historical analysis
  • A general study of the Poetry of Samuel Taylor Coleridge
  • A Look and Study of the Aubreys of Innocence by William Blake
  • Prose versus poetry in the early Renaissance
  • Story of Love and Death, by Edgar Allan Poe.
  • Emily Dickinson is one of America’s most famous poets
  • Maya Angelo’s struggle for civil rights and using poetry as a vector of fight

Literary Research Topics Related to Novel

Go deep into the story, getting to know the characters and thinking about the themes to unlock the timeless charm of this popular type of writing. Here’s the list.

  • A Study of the Gothic Novel in the British Isles
  • Publishing Literature the modern novel: conditions and Sources of Innovation
  • History and Fiction in African-American Women’s Literature
  • Toni Morrison is one of the pioneers of the American novel
  • Covenant: An American Novel of South African History
  • James Michener’s works in novels and different aspects of modern American society
  • Modern Literature in the Film and tv industry
  • Novels of Thomas Hardy, a critical analysis
  • What is the significance of Jane Austen as a pioneer of English literature? What are your thoughts on this?
  • A Comparison and Contrast of American dystopian novels
  • Supernatural novelists of English literature, between William Polidori and Bram Stoker
  • Frankenstein by Mary Shelley is the first supernatural novel in the history of English literature
  • Children’s Literature written in British territories
  • Postcolonial novels from a 21st-century perspective
  • The Vampire Diaries, the pioneering novel for gen-z supernatural fascinations
  • Anne Rice vs. Stephanie Meyers: what is different and what is similar
  • Knowledge, Power, and Authority in Contemporary Fantasy
  • Tensions and Expression in the Modern American Novel
  • Political Depiction of Christianity in American Novels and Movies

Literary Research Topics Related to Drama

Check out these cool topics to write an amazing research paper your teacher is expecting of you. 

  • Shakespearean Drama from historical practices
  • Plagiarism allegations about Shakespeare
  • William Shakespeare vs. Christopher Marlowe: Contrasts and Comparisons
  • An overview of Shakespeare’s plays and how they formed modern theater and cinema
  • Waiting For Godot by Beckett, from a directorial and cinematic perspective
  • Elizabethan vs. Jacobean Drama: What makes them different?
  • Oscar Wilde as a playwright, from a modern perspective
  • Shakespeare as a pioneer of the European literature boom
  • Role of Queen Elizabeth I in the Promotion of English Drama and Theater
  • Stages of Transformation: at the Crossroads of Theater and abolitionist movements
  • Role of Drama in European Literature
  • The Drama of the 21st Century and how it differs from the Classics
  • Greek tragedy compared to Shakespearean tragedy
  • Greek Tragedy vs. Classical English Drama
  • Modern vs. Classical tragedy, essential comparative elements
  • Was European Literature initially focused on Drama? Why or why not?
  • The Importance of Being Earnest is one of the most beloved plays. Why?
  • Oscar Wild as a dramatist
  • Literature formed Freudianism, a psychoanalytical analysis of the plays that inspired Sigmund Freud
  • Mourning Becomes Electra and Oedipus Rex, how two tragedies formed the Basis of modern psychology
  • Literary Analysis of the Supernatural in the Plays of Marlowe
  • Classic vs. Modern Literature in the Area of Tragedy and Drama
  • Edward Bond, a playwright of hope or despair?
  • When does British Literature portray elements of World war
  • Literary devices used in early British literary works and Renaissance literature
  • Language diversity in historical novels in the Victorian literature era
  • European culture depicted in early American Literature
  • American literature contribution to Studies on Classical Literature
  • Literary Argument on literary works of the Renaissance in Comparison with Indian Literature

Interesting Literature Topics

These literary research topics can spark your interest, challenge your views, and help you appreciate Literature even more.

  • Travel writing for college students living the American dream
  • Use of poetic language and literary devices in Japanese literary works
  • Social identity in dystopian Literature that World War II inspired
  • Male and female characters in African American Literature
  • Literary novels in the genre of young adult literature
  • Literature paper on Japanese Literature depicting Post World War II modern culture
  • Literary Analysis of artificial language in Utopian and Dystopian Literature
  • The modern culture depicted in American and Asian culture
  • Literary Analysis of Harry Potter and novel writing for university students
  • Harry Potter is a significant literature contribution opening new doors to literary research.
  • Comparative Literary Analysis of travel writing vs. literary journalism
  • Literary Analysis of travel writing in Indian Literature
  • African literary responses to American Literature on world war in the Twentieth Century
  • How American Literature Differs from Modern Chinese Literature: Form and evaluate literature response on Written Literature

Hopefully, these lists of good topics for research papers have helped you pick a suitable subject and make a real difference in literary research. Remember that a good topic always plays a pivotal role in the paper’s success. If you are still trying to figure out how to proceed with your assignment , count on the professional expertise of  our writers .

What is an example of Literary research?

What is research literary.

Order Original Papers & Essays

Your First Custom Paper Sample is on Us!

timely deliveries

Timely Deliveries

premium quality

No Plagiarism & AI

unlimited revisions

100% Refund

Try Our Free Paper Writing Service

Related blogs.


Connections with Writers and support

safe service

Privacy and Confidentiality Guarantee


Average Quality Score

Thesis Helpers

topics for english literature research papers

Find the best tips and advice to improve your writing. Or, have a top expert write your paper.

221 Awesome Literary Research Paper Topics To Choose From

literary research paper topics

Are you looking for the best literary research paper topic or wondering how to choose a topic for a literary research paper? You are at the right place. The hardest part of doing research is getting an ideal topic. Once, you get a great topic you are good to go.

We have a great number of best-rated expert writers that can provide well-done professional papers. As students in college, we understand that high payment rates can be frustrating, that’s why we offer cheap prices for high-quality work. We offer the best help with research papers to get top grades. Browse through this variety of topics to find the best fit for you.

Literature Research Topics

Getting an ideal literature research paper topic can consume a lot of time. In this category, you will get some of the best literature research topics.

  • Discuss the American dream in literature.
  • How do religion and literature correlate?
  • Discuss the “stream of consciousness” style of literature.
  • Examine artificial languages in literature.
  • How is mythology termed in literature?
  • Discuss why Harry Potter became that popular.
  • Is it advisable for literature to be gendered?
  • Evaluate between utopian and dystopian literature.
  • Discuss the work of Shakespeare.
  • How can you rate the feminist literature – does it have a ground?
  • Evaluate the impact of the work of Shakespeare.
  • Can fan fiction be considered an independent part of literature?
  • How do clichés work in literature
  • How are the Byronic characters in literature?
  • Discuss the good and evil of studying literature.
  • The literary work during WWI
  • Evaluate the portrayal of war and peace by George Orwell.

Interesting Literature Topics

Did you know that there are interesting literature topics? They deal with the evolution of literature and how it has grown till the present time. Thinking of literature topics for research paper is challenging, so here are some more options.

  • How can you term irony and sarcasm in literature?
  • How can literature be termed as an instrument of propaganda?
  • Discuss madness in literature.
  • The influence of trickster characters in literature.
  • Discuss travel writing in the 20 th century.
  • Evaluate narrative nature and verse since 1900.
  • How has city living changed since 1900?
  • Evaluate literature as part of modern culture.
  • How are social issues exposed in literature?
  • The relation between literature and psychology.
  • The influence of European culture in the Midwest literature.
  • The differences between the literature of different countries.
  • The effect of European culture on modern literature.
  • The impact of feminism on modern culture.
  • Evaluate Japanese literature in the 20 th century.

Literature Topics for a Research Paper

In this category, you will get a wide variety of literature topics that you can use for your research. A well-written research paper will help you get top grades.

  • What can you term as the cultural production of Latina writers?
  • Discuss the representation of Ethics in literature.
  • Evaluate the famous work of Ernest Hemingway.
  • Expound on the invented languages in literature.
  • Why do you think “Harry Potter” has become so popular?
  • How is the Image of death represented as a character in literature?
  • The impact of literature on kids.
  • Is there an appropriate gender in literature?
  • Evaluate the Victorian literature.
  • Elaborate on the complete work of William Shakespeare.
  • Discuss whether fanfiction is independent literature.
  • Which are the Byronic characters in literature.
  • Elaborate irony versus sarcasm in literature.
  • How can literature be used as an instrument of propaganda?

Literature Research Paper Topics

In this category of research paper topics, you get to relate one phenomenon with the other. They are also based on some well-known novels. When thinking of literary topics for research paper, consider your scope of knowledge and interest in the topic.

  • The correlation between psychology and literature.
  • How is the construction of social identity?
  • How can you describe the settler nationhood and the wilderness in North American poetry?
  • Why does place matters to a poet?
  • Evaluate travel writing in the 20 th century and 21 st century.
  • The influence of animals in children’s literature.
  • Evaluate the importance of humor in children’s literature.
  • Discuss the best children’s novels from 1900.
  • How does young adult literature represent disability?
  • How to read to under five years old children to develop relationships and imaginations?
  • Evaluate the modern novel and psychology.
  • Define the cross-disciplinary boundaries between archaeology and English literature.
  • Evaluate the 19 th -century novel and science.
  • Evaluate how history is important in deciphering modern literature.
  • How is philosophy important to literature.

English Literature Research Paper Topics

In English literature, it focuses on how various novels, classics, or books are written to explain a certain phenomenon. Here are some literature topics that you can start with:

  • Evaluate the methods of teaching English literature.
  • Investigate modern Indian literature in English translation.
  • Evaluate women writers and the survey of English literature.
  • Investigate the impact of the Bible on English literature.
  • Evaluate the impact of the Classics on Literature.
  • Define the scope of English literature in Educating people.
  • Explain the influence of Darwin on Literature.
  • Explain medieval English literature.
  • Examine Women studies and Feminism in India.
  • Evaluate the short history of the Norton Anthology of the English language.
  • Evaluate the English Renaissance study.
  • Investigate medieval feminism in middle English Studies.
  • Evaluate women in Indian English Literature.
  • Discuss feminism and modern Indian literature.
  • Discuss the evolution of English in North America.

Topics in Literature

Literature requires full concentration to get to the bottom of a certain phenomenon. We have simplified the topics to make it easier for you to do your assignment in college.

  • Discuss Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet based on Male melodrama.
  • How as black lives matter movement influenced black literature?
  • Evaluate the contemporary refuge literature.
  • Investigate post-colonialism and climate change in literature.
  • Discuss tradition and modernity through the lens of Tagore Gora.
  • Investigate the relation between pre-independence and post-independence in Indian literature.
  • The role of African literary responses to Racism.
  • The literature on homosexuality.
  • The significance of Literature in the modern world.
  • Feminism growth in the twentieth century.
  • The effects of fairy tales perceptions in the modern era.
  • Correlation between pre-independence and post-independence Indian literature.
  • Discuss the novel, “To kill a Mockingbird from 1960”.
  • The significance of Shakespeare in the world of Literature.
  • How did the artistry of writing novels start?
  • The character analysis of Emy and Rebecca in Vanity Fair.
  • The Depiction of vampires in the 19 th and 21 st -century literature.

Research Topics in English Literature

In this category, there are comparison topics that you can analyze for your research. These are based on well-known books and novels in English.

  • Evaluate the diversity of Chaucer’s genres in tales of Canterbury.
  • The accuracy of historical novels in the document happenings.
  • How has the role of a woman changed in twentieth-century literature?
  • What effect does Milton’s paradise lost have on 17 th -century literature?
  • How have James Joyce and William Burroughs done their novels?
  • What is our modern perspective about 19 th -century novels and the general public and similar perspectives when they were first published?
  • Evaluate the less-known work of well-known writers.
  • Examine why adults find Lord of the Rings appealing.
  • How does the work of Maya Angelou play a role in African literary responses to racism?
  • Recognizing the unconscious in modernist literature.
  • Evaluate the representation of Hindu and Buddhist thought in Modern Literature.
  • The representation of abortion in British Literature.
  • Profess poetry in terms of style and faith in Hopkins.
  • Evaluate the evolution of literature in the twentieth century.
  • Describe the writing nature in the age of chemical countryside.

Literature Topics for Research Papers

These are some of the best literature topics for research papers. They require minimal effort to submit a well-written research paper.

  • The roles of gender in modern literature.
  • The importance of having animals in children’s literature.
  • Analysis of the first world war.
  • How accurate is History as described in historical novels?
  • The difference between literature in the US and Great Britain.
  • Analyze the 19 th -century poetic imagination.
  • Examine the 19 th -century poetic imagination based on astronomy.
  • How is quantum physics applied in literature?
  • What is the most important work written by William Shakespeare?
  • The Female masculinities in old English Literature.
  • The difference between modernism and realism.
  • Critical analysis of First World War poetry.
  • The analysis of the meaning of fairy tales in literature.
  • The influence on literature during the renaissance era.
  • The historical analysis of children’s literature.
  • The idea of death in Renaissance literature.
  • The historical background of Duma’s novels.

Literary Topics for a Research Paper

Literary topics are diverse. This can make it hectic to choose an appropriate one for your research paper.

  • Discuss the most important work of Shakespeare.
  • Describe the gothic novel’s gender representation.
  • The effect of social media language on learners.
  • The travails of the African woman.
  • The utilization of language activities in teaching and learning of English Language.
  • Discuss women in nation-building and influence on literature.
  • The relevance of folktale in the learning of literature.
  • The significance of drama and poetry in literature.
  • Factors affecting the choice of language in a multilingual society.
  • Comparative study of morphological processes in English.
  • Comparative study of Achebe’s “Things fall apart”.
  • The significance of proverbs in literature.
  • The influence of politics in the building of literary texts.
  • The analysis of speech in literature.
  • The analysis of threat in literature.

Research Topics in Literature

These research topics are based on various societal aspects and impacts on the world. They also deal with people’s emotions and behaviors in different contexts.

  • The nativization of English in African literary texts.
  • An analysis of the Asian theatre and influence on modern literature.
  • The examination of leadership in literature.
  • The relevance of literature in the world.
  • What is the need to study literature?
  • Evaluate the evolution of literature from the start till now.
  • Analyze the methods used in creating styles in the literature.
  • What are some of the feminist criticism of some selected Feminist works?
  • The importance of fiction in literature.
  • The relevance of emotion and narration in novel writing in literature.
  • Discuss how conflicts are brought out in literary novels.
  • What is the effect of language diversity on the development of a country?
  • Discuss the relevance of music and revolution.
  • The challenges of language on national development.
  • What is the communication medium used in literature?

Literature Paper Topics

Here are some of the best literature paper topics that you can use for your research. As long as you narrow down the research topic, getting relevant information will be easy.

  • The difference between linguistic and grammatical theories.
  • The problems related to tenses in literature.
  • The evaluation of word formation in literature.
  • The significance of poems in literature.
  • The evolution and levels of modern literature.
  • The personal happiness versus societal norms in Victorian literature.
  • The sentence structure of English literature.
  • Does the native language of a person influence adoption of a second language?
  • An analysis of problems associated with learning a second language.
  • The manifestation of non-standard usage of English among University Students.
  • The influence of rituals, music, songs, and dances in literature.
  • The poetic language and influence on the expression.
  • How can literature be termed as the vehicle for social change?
  • The syntactic problems associated with English usage.
  • The influence of society on students’ performance in literature.
  • Teaching and learning strengths in literature.

American Literature Research Paper Topics

Finding an ideal research paper topic in America’s context can consume a lot of time. Here you will find simplified topics for your research paper.

  • Discuss contemporary American Literature.
  • The African Realism and influence in Literature.
  • How did colonization influence modern literature?
  • Define 20 th -century Latin American literature.
  • Evaluate African Americans and their fight for equality in American Literature.
  • Define realism, naturalism, and modernism in African American literature.
  • Evaluate Allen Ginsberg and American Protest literature.
  • Examine American literature and society.
  • Analyze American literature in Post-World War II.
  • American Literature in the 20 th and 21 st century.
  • American literature and religious ideologies.
  • Anne Bradstreet’s contribution to American Literature.
  • The influence of Asian American literature.
  • Evaluate the color interpretations in the great Gatsby.
  • The common themes in American Literature.

Literature Research Paper Topics for College Students

Are you a college student looking for an ideal literature research paper? Here are some topics for you!

  • Provide your understanding of censorship in American Literature.
  • Evaluate black American women writers and their influence on the world.
  • Architectural imagery in 20 th century African American literature.
  • How do characters lose their innocence in literature?
  • The different modes of communication in literature.
  • The conversation of American Sign Language in literature.
  • How are dialects and death shown in literature?
  • How does Literature portray American culture?
  • How does self-verification occur in African American Literature?
  • The generational divide and impact on modern literature.
  • The establishment of traditional excellence.
  • Explore the modern literature.
  • How can you define masculinity in literature?
  • The impact of World War I on American literature.
  • The significance of African American literature addressing the black experience.
  • The male and female characters in Beowulf.
  • The relationship between mother and daughter in Beloved.

Literature Review Topics Examples

Do you know how to do a literature review on various topics? Try any of this and see your proficiency in the sector.

  • A literature review on rational and rationality.
  • A literature review on dependence and development.
  • A literature review on resource scarcity in the modern world.
  • A literature review on pop culture.
  • A literature review on Feminist international relations.
  • A literature review on complex organizations and regimes.
  • A literature review on censorship in TV shows.
  • A literature review on global warming and its influence on mankind.
  • Literature review on why children’s books are popular.
  • A literature review on how authors choose writing styles.
  • The use of artificial language in literature.
  • How education affects literature per era.
  • The most effective villains in literature.
  • How does Shakespeare inspire modern authors?
  • Propaganda and literature in the modern world.
  • Toni Morrison’s views on the civil way
  • The concept of war in the book; a fable by Faulkner.

Don’t Want To Spend Time Writing a Literary Paper?

Are you looking for the best research paper writing service online? We are here for you! We can even provide samples of previously done work for reference. You may want to get research paper help because of your tight schedule and we understand that. The prices are affordable for college and university students, and you get the best rated, high quality help with research paper there is! Explore through the wide variety of topics to see which suits you best and we will do the work for you.

academic vocabulary

Make PhD experience your own

Leave a Reply Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


Choose Your Test

Sat / act prep online guides and tips, 113 great research paper topics.

author image

General Education


One of the hardest parts of writing a research paper can be just finding a good topic to write about. Fortunately we've done the hard work for you and have compiled a list of 113 interesting research paper topics. They've been organized into ten categories and cover a wide range of subjects so you can easily find the best topic for you.

In addition to the list of good research topics, we've included advice on what makes a good research paper topic and how you can use your topic to start writing a great paper.

What Makes a Good Research Paper Topic?

Not all research paper topics are created equal, and you want to make sure you choose a great topic before you start writing. Below are the three most important factors to consider to make sure you choose the best research paper topics.

#1: It's Something You're Interested In

A paper is always easier to write if you're interested in the topic, and you'll be more motivated to do in-depth research and write a paper that really covers the entire subject. Even if a certain research paper topic is getting a lot of buzz right now or other people seem interested in writing about it, don't feel tempted to make it your topic unless you genuinely have some sort of interest in it as well.

#2: There's Enough Information to Write a Paper

Even if you come up with the absolute best research paper topic and you're so excited to write about it, you won't be able to produce a good paper if there isn't enough research about the topic. This can happen for very specific or specialized topics, as well as topics that are too new to have enough research done on them at the moment. Easy research paper topics will always be topics with enough information to write a full-length paper.

Trying to write a research paper on a topic that doesn't have much research on it is incredibly hard, so before you decide on a topic, do a bit of preliminary searching and make sure you'll have all the information you need to write your paper.

#3: It Fits Your Teacher's Guidelines

Don't get so carried away looking at lists of research paper topics that you forget any requirements or restrictions your teacher may have put on research topic ideas. If you're writing a research paper on a health-related topic, deciding to write about the impact of rap on the music scene probably won't be allowed, but there may be some sort of leeway. For example, if you're really interested in current events but your teacher wants you to write a research paper on a history topic, you may be able to choose a topic that fits both categories, like exploring the relationship between the US and North Korea. No matter what, always get your research paper topic approved by your teacher first before you begin writing.

113 Good Research Paper Topics

Below are 113 good research topics to help you get you started on your paper. We've organized them into ten categories to make it easier to find the type of research paper topics you're looking for.


  • Discuss the main differences in art from the Italian Renaissance and the Northern Renaissance .
  • Analyze the impact a famous artist had on the world.
  • How is sexism portrayed in different types of media (music, film, video games, etc.)? Has the amount/type of sexism changed over the years?
  • How has the music of slaves brought over from Africa shaped modern American music?
  • How has rap music evolved in the past decade?
  • How has the portrayal of minorities in the media changed?


Current Events

  • What have been the impacts of China's one child policy?
  • How have the goals of feminists changed over the decades?
  • How has the Trump presidency changed international relations?
  • Analyze the history of the relationship between the United States and North Korea.
  • What factors contributed to the current decline in the rate of unemployment?
  • What have been the impacts of states which have increased their minimum wage?
  • How do US immigration laws compare to immigration laws of other countries?
  • How have the US's immigration laws changed in the past few years/decades?
  • How has the Black Lives Matter movement affected discussions and view about racism in the US?
  • What impact has the Affordable Care Act had on healthcare in the US?
  • What factors contributed to the UK deciding to leave the EU (Brexit)?
  • What factors contributed to China becoming an economic power?
  • Discuss the history of Bitcoin or other cryptocurrencies  (some of which tokenize the S&P 500 Index on the blockchain) .
  • Do students in schools that eliminate grades do better in college and their careers?
  • Do students from wealthier backgrounds score higher on standardized tests?
  • Do students who receive free meals at school get higher grades compared to when they weren't receiving a free meal?
  • Do students who attend charter schools score higher on standardized tests than students in public schools?
  • Do students learn better in same-sex classrooms?
  • How does giving each student access to an iPad or laptop affect their studies?
  • What are the benefits and drawbacks of the Montessori Method ?
  • Do children who attend preschool do better in school later on?
  • What was the impact of the No Child Left Behind act?
  • How does the US education system compare to education systems in other countries?
  • What impact does mandatory physical education classes have on students' health?
  • Which methods are most effective at reducing bullying in schools?
  • Do homeschoolers who attend college do as well as students who attended traditional schools?
  • Does offering tenure increase or decrease quality of teaching?
  • How does college debt affect future life choices of students?
  • Should graduate students be able to form unions?


  • What are different ways to lower gun-related deaths in the US?
  • How and why have divorce rates changed over time?
  • Is affirmative action still necessary in education and/or the workplace?
  • Should physician-assisted suicide be legal?
  • How has stem cell research impacted the medical field?
  • How can human trafficking be reduced in the United States/world?
  • Should people be able to donate organs in exchange for money?
  • Which types of juvenile punishment have proven most effective at preventing future crimes?
  • Has the increase in US airport security made passengers safer?
  • Analyze the immigration policies of certain countries and how they are similar and different from one another.
  • Several states have legalized recreational marijuana. What positive and negative impacts have they experienced as a result?
  • Do tariffs increase the number of domestic jobs?
  • Which prison reforms have proven most effective?
  • Should governments be able to censor certain information on the internet?
  • Which methods/programs have been most effective at reducing teen pregnancy?
  • What are the benefits and drawbacks of the Keto diet?
  • How effective are different exercise regimes for losing weight and maintaining weight loss?
  • How do the healthcare plans of various countries differ from each other?
  • What are the most effective ways to treat depression ?
  • What are the pros and cons of genetically modified foods?
  • Which methods are most effective for improving memory?
  • What can be done to lower healthcare costs in the US?
  • What factors contributed to the current opioid crisis?
  • Analyze the history and impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic .
  • Are low-carbohydrate or low-fat diets more effective for weight loss?
  • How much exercise should the average adult be getting each week?
  • Which methods are most effective to get parents to vaccinate their children?
  • What are the pros and cons of clean needle programs?
  • How does stress affect the body?
  • Discuss the history of the conflict between Israel and the Palestinians.
  • What were the causes and effects of the Salem Witch Trials?
  • Who was responsible for the Iran-Contra situation?
  • How has New Orleans and the government's response to natural disasters changed since Hurricane Katrina?
  • What events led to the fall of the Roman Empire?
  • What were the impacts of British rule in India ?
  • Was the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki necessary?
  • What were the successes and failures of the women's suffrage movement in the United States?
  • What were the causes of the Civil War?
  • How did Abraham Lincoln's assassination impact the country and reconstruction after the Civil War?
  • Which factors contributed to the colonies winning the American Revolution?
  • What caused Hitler's rise to power?
  • Discuss how a specific invention impacted history.
  • What led to Cleopatra's fall as ruler of Egypt?
  • How has Japan changed and evolved over the centuries?
  • What were the causes of the Rwandan genocide ?


  • Why did Martin Luther decide to split with the Catholic Church?
  • Analyze the history and impact of a well-known cult (Jonestown, Manson family, etc.)
  • How did the sexual abuse scandal impact how people view the Catholic Church?
  • How has the Catholic church's power changed over the past decades/centuries?
  • What are the causes behind the rise in atheism/ agnosticism in the United States?
  • What were the influences in Siddhartha's life resulted in him becoming the Buddha?
  • How has media portrayal of Islam/Muslims changed since September 11th?


  • How has the earth's climate changed in the past few decades?
  • How has the use and elimination of DDT affected bird populations in the US?
  • Analyze how the number and severity of natural disasters have increased in the past few decades.
  • Analyze deforestation rates in a certain area or globally over a period of time.
  • How have past oil spills changed regulations and cleanup methods?
  • How has the Flint water crisis changed water regulation safety?
  • What are the pros and cons of fracking?
  • What impact has the Paris Climate Agreement had so far?
  • What have NASA's biggest successes and failures been?
  • How can we improve access to clean water around the world?
  • Does ecotourism actually have a positive impact on the environment?
  • Should the US rely on nuclear energy more?
  • What can be done to save amphibian species currently at risk of extinction?
  • What impact has climate change had on coral reefs?
  • How are black holes created?
  • Are teens who spend more time on social media more likely to suffer anxiety and/or depression?
  • How will the loss of net neutrality affect internet users?
  • Analyze the history and progress of self-driving vehicles.
  • How has the use of drones changed surveillance and warfare methods?
  • Has social media made people more or less connected?
  • What progress has currently been made with artificial intelligence ?
  • Do smartphones increase or decrease workplace productivity?
  • What are the most effective ways to use technology in the classroom?
  • How is Google search affecting our intelligence?
  • When is the best age for a child to begin owning a smartphone?
  • Has frequent texting reduced teen literacy rates?


How to Write a Great Research Paper

Even great research paper topics won't give you a great research paper if you don't hone your topic before and during the writing process. Follow these three tips to turn good research paper topics into great papers.

#1: Figure Out Your Thesis Early

Before you start writing a single word of your paper, you first need to know what your thesis will be. Your thesis is a statement that explains what you intend to prove/show in your paper. Every sentence in your research paper will relate back to your thesis, so you don't want to start writing without it!

As some examples, if you're writing a research paper on if students learn better in same-sex classrooms, your thesis might be "Research has shown that elementary-age students in same-sex classrooms score higher on standardized tests and report feeling more comfortable in the classroom."

If you're writing a paper on the causes of the Civil War, your thesis might be "While the dispute between the North and South over slavery is the most well-known cause of the Civil War, other key causes include differences in the economies of the North and South, states' rights, and territorial expansion."

#2: Back Every Statement Up With Research

Remember, this is a research paper you're writing, so you'll need to use lots of research to make your points. Every statement you give must be backed up with research, properly cited the way your teacher requested. You're allowed to include opinions of your own, but they must also be supported by the research you give.

#3: Do Your Research Before You Begin Writing

You don't want to start writing your research paper and then learn that there isn't enough research to back up the points you're making, or, even worse, that the research contradicts the points you're trying to make!

Get most of your research on your good research topics done before you begin writing. Then use the research you've collected to create a rough outline of what your paper will cover and the key points you're going to make. This will help keep your paper clear and organized, and it'll ensure you have enough research to produce a strong paper.

What's Next?

Are you also learning about dynamic equilibrium in your science class? We break this sometimes tricky concept down so it's easy to understand in our complete guide to dynamic equilibrium .

Thinking about becoming a nurse practitioner? Nurse practitioners have one of the fastest growing careers in the country, and we have all the information you need to know about what to expect from nurse practitioner school .

Want to know the fastest and easiest ways to convert between Fahrenheit and Celsius? We've got you covered! Check out our guide to the best ways to convert Celsius to Fahrenheit (or vice versa).

These recommendations are based solely on our knowledge and experience. If you purchase an item through one of our links, PrepScholar may receive a commission.

author image

Christine graduated from Michigan State University with degrees in Environmental Biology and Geography and received her Master's from Duke University. In high school she scored in the 99th percentile on the SAT and was named a National Merit Finalist. She has taught English and biology in several countries.

Ask a Question Below

Have any questions about this article or other topics? Ask below and we'll reply!

Improve With Our Famous Guides

  • For All Students

The 5 Strategies You Must Be Using to Improve 160+ SAT Points

How to Get a Perfect 1600, by a Perfect Scorer

Series: How to Get 800 on Each SAT Section:

Score 800 on SAT Math

Score 800 on SAT Reading

Score 800 on SAT Writing

Series: How to Get to 600 on Each SAT Section:

Score 600 on SAT Math

Score 600 on SAT Reading

Score 600 on SAT Writing

Free Complete Official SAT Practice Tests

What SAT Target Score Should You Be Aiming For?

15 Strategies to Improve Your SAT Essay

The 5 Strategies You Must Be Using to Improve 4+ ACT Points

How to Get a Perfect 36 ACT, by a Perfect Scorer

Series: How to Get 36 on Each ACT Section:

36 on ACT English

36 on ACT Math

36 on ACT Reading

36 on ACT Science

Series: How to Get to 24 on Each ACT Section:

24 on ACT English

24 on ACT Math

24 on ACT Reading

24 on ACT Science

What ACT target score should you be aiming for?

ACT Vocabulary You Must Know

ACT Writing: 15 Tips to Raise Your Essay Score

How to Get Into Harvard and the Ivy League

How to Get a Perfect 4.0 GPA

How to Write an Amazing College Essay

What Exactly Are Colleges Looking For?

Is the ACT easier than the SAT? A Comprehensive Guide

Should you retake your SAT or ACT?

When should you take the SAT or ACT?

Stay Informed

Follow us on Facebook (icon)

Get the latest articles and test prep tips!

Looking for Graduate School Test Prep?

Check out our top-rated graduate blogs here:

GRE Online Prep Blog

GMAT Online Prep Blog

TOEFL Online Prep Blog

Holly R. "I am absolutely overjoyed and cannot thank you enough for helping me!”

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy


  • A Research Guide
  • Research Paper Topics

25 Literature Research Paper Topics

25 interesting literature topics in english.

  • The American Dream in literature
  • Religion and literature
  • The works of Hemingway
  • The “stream of consciousness” style of literature
  • Artificial languages in literature
  • Mythology as literature
  • Modern literature
  • Why “Harry Potter” became so popular?
  • The image of Death as a character in literature
  • Literature for children
  • Shall literature be gendered?
  • Utopian and dystopian literature
  • Victorian literature
  • The works of Shakespeare
  • Can fanfiction be considered independent literature?
  • Feminist literature
  • Good and evil in literature
  • Cliches in literature
  • Byronic characters in literature
  • Irony and sarcasm in literature
  • Literature as an instrument of propaganda
  • Madness in literature
  • Psychology and literature
  • Sex and romance in literature
  • Trickster characters in literature

By clicking "Log In", you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy . We'll occasionally send you account related and promo emails.

Sign Up for your FREE account

English Literature Logo

How to write a Research Paper – Step by Step Guide

How to write a research paper step by step

A Step-by-Step Guide to writing a research paper


Writing a research paper is a job that we all have to do in our academic life. A research paper represents the ideas of the person who writes it. In simple words, a research paper presents an original idea and substantiates it with logical arguments. Writing a research paper in the domain of English literature is very different compared to writing research articles in other domains. Literature inclines towards abstract thinking. In other subjects, one has to stick to the facts. Howsoever you try, disputing an idea of science becomes very difficult. On the other hand, to contradict an idea in the purview of literature, you just need a systematic flow of arguments (logical and valid) and it’s done! So, writing a research paper in the field of English literature becomes easy if arguments are strong, in a sequence and wisely crafted.

Step 1: Choose the topic of your research paper:

This is one of the most vital parts. Choosing a topic is a crucial choice to make and it has to be taken seriously. You have to choose the area of your interest in English literature and then narrow it down to the area of your expertise. You cannot write a paper on the topics which are wider than a Doctoral thesis! So, you have to be precise and wise while choosing your topic.

An example: Suppose a person has adequate knowledge about Matthew Arnold. Can he write a research article on Arnold alone? No! He will need to bring the topic to some specific idea related to Arnold. The possibilities may be in his prose or poetry writing. In certain states in India, students work on topics like “Matthew Arnold as a poet” and “Matthew Arnold as a great prose writer” which is invalid, injustice and academically a sin. It should not be encouraged! Someone being a poet cannot be a subject of a research article. Any special quality of someone’s poetry writing can certainly be an interesting topic of a research paper – now you must have the idea. ‘Hopelessness and Despair in the poetry of Matthew Arnold’ can be a topic for a brilliant research paper. The hint is very simple – narrow it down to the speciality and you will have your topic ready!

Read in detail – How to choose a research topic? 

Step 2: Collect information – primary and secondary sources:

Now that you have selected a topic for your research paper, you should find ‘credible sources’ that substantiate your ‘paper’s purpose’. Sources are divided into two major categories – primary and secondary. Primary sources are the materials produced by the people who feature in your topic. In the case of our example above, poetry by Matthew Arnold and other writings by him will be primary sources. Secondary sources are the writings ‘about the topic and anything related to the topic’. Therefore, you have to browse the internet, visit a library, check your bookshelves and do anything that will bring you information about the topic and anything that relates to the topic.

Step 3: Plan your research article:

Before you begin writing the paper, it’s always wise to have a clear plan in your mind. Planning a research paper in the domain of English literature should always begin with a clear ‘purpose of research’ in your mind. Why are you writing this paper? What point do you want to make? How significant is that point? Do you have your arguments to support the point (or idea) that you want to establish? Do you have enough credible sources that support the arguments you want to make in the body of the paper? If all the answers are positive, move to the next step and begin writing the drafts for your paper.

Step 4: Writing the first draft of your research paper:

Now it comes to writing the paper’s first draft. Before you begin writing, have a clear picture of your paper in your mind. It will make the job easier. What does a research paper look like? Or, rather, what’s the ideal structure of a research paper?

Beginning – Introduce your idea that drives the research paper. How do you approach that idea? What is your paper – an analysis, review of a book or two ideas compared or something else. The introduction must tell the story of your research in brief – ideas, a highlight or arguments and the glimpse of conclusion. It is generally advised that the introduction part should be written in the end so that you have the final research paper clearly justified, introduced and highlighted at the beginning itself.

Middle – And here goes the meat of your paper. All that you have to emphasise, euphemise, compare, collaborate and break down will take place in the middle or the body of your research paper. Please be careful once you begin writing the body of your paper. This is what will impact your readers (or the examiners or the teachers) the most. You have to be disciplined, systematic, clever and also no-nonsense. Make your points and support them with your arguments. Arguments should be logical and based on textual proofs (if required). Analyse, compare or collaborate as required to make your arguments sharp and supportive to the proposition that you make. The example topic of a research paper that we chose somewhere above in this article – Hopelessness and Despair in the Poetry of Matthew Arnold will require the person writing this paper to convince the readers (and so on) that actually Arnold’s poetry gives a sign of the two negative attitudes picked as the topic. It would be wise to analyse the works (and instances from them, to be specific) The Scholar Gypsy, Empedocles on Etna, Dover Beach and others that support the proposition made in the topic for research. You can use primary and secondary sources and cite them wisely as required. You have to convince the readers of your paper that what you propose in the purpose of the research paper stands on the ground as a logical and valid proposition.

End – Or the conclusion of a research paper that should be written wisely and carefully. You can use a few of your strongest arguments here to strike the final balance and make your proposition justified. After a few of your strongest arguments are made, you can briefly summarise your research topic and exhibit your skills of writing to close the lid by justifying why you are proposing that you have concluded what you began. Make sure that you leave the least possible loopholes for conjecture after you conclude your paper.

Reference: You can use two of the most used styles (or rather only used) to give a list of references in your paper – APA or MLA. Whatever you choose needs to be constant throughout the paper.

To summarise, here is what a research paper should look like:

  • Introduction
  • A list of References

Step 5: Read & re-read your draft: It gives you the chance to judge your research paper and find the possible shortcomings so that you can make amends and finalise your paper before you print it out for your academic requirements. While you read your first draft, treat it with a purpose to find contradictions and conjecture points as much as possible. Wherever you find the chances of contradiction possible, you have to make those arguments forceful and more logical and substantiate them to bypass the fear of being contradicted (and defeated). Let us be clear – it is English literature we are dealing with and there will be contradictions. Don’t fear it. However, make sure your arguments are not defeated. The defeat means your paper will not hold up to the scrutiny of the experts. And this is why you need to read and re-read the first draft of your literature research paper.

Step 6: Finalise & print your research paper: After reading your paper 1 or 2 times, you should be sure what needs to be changed and otherwise. Finalise it so that it appears the best and sounds good to be the final version. Print your work in the best possible quality and you are done! If there is a verbal question-answer associated with the paper you prepare, make sure you understand it completely and are ready for the questions from any possible side of your topic.

This was our step-by-step guide to writing a research paper in the field of English literature. We hope you have found it useful. We will write more articles associated with the concept – such as choosing a research topic, building arguments, writing powerful introductions. Make sure you subscribe to our website so that you are notified whenever we post a new article on English Literature Education! All the best with your paper!

More guides on How to Subjects: 

How to Study Poetry?

Read related articles from this category:

Bildungsroman literary term definition examples guide help

Bildungsroman – literary term definition, examples, notes & help you need

Major Literary Terms Associated With Drama English Literature Alok Mishra tips guide

List of important literary terms associated with studying drama or play – Literature Guides

Drama English Literature Study Guide Alok Mishra Tips Study Students Best ways analysis

What is Drama? What is Drama in Literature? Features, Types & Details Students Must Know

Have something to say? Add your comments:

9 Comments . Leave new

' data-src=

Thank you so much, explanation about research work is a nice manner. (private information retracted)

' data-src=

Very well written article! Thanks for this. I was confused about my research paper. I am sure I can do it now.

' data-src=

Quite resourceful. thank you.

' data-src=

Very nice reseach paper

' data-src=

It was very nice reading, helpful for writing research paper.

' data-src=

Thanks for your kind sharing of the information

' data-src=

Normally, I don’t leave any replies after reading a blog, but I couldn’t help this time. I found this blog very useful. So, I’m writing my research paper and I’ve been racking my brain and the internet for a good topic, plus trying to learn how to write a research paper. Thank you so much for putting this up!

' data-src=

I want to work on The French Revolution and its impact on romantic poetry. Please help in this regard.

' data-src=

Thanks a lot for the information.

Leave a Reply Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Post Comment

American Literature Research Paper Topics

Academic Writing Service

This article provides a comprehensive guide to American literature research paper topics , showcasing the depth and diversity of the literary landscape in the United States. From colonial beginnings to contemporary voices, American literature offers a rich tapestry of stories, themes, and perspectives. For students diving into this vast field, choosing the right topic is crucial. This guide not only lists an array of potential American literature research paper topics but also delves into the evolution of American literary movements, offers practical advice for topic selection, and gives tips on how to craft a compelling paper. Additionally, with iResearchNet’s expert writing services, students are equipped with professional resources to ensure their research endeavors are a success.

100 American Literature Research Paper Topics

American literature, a vast and diverse field, encompasses a range of themes, styles, and epochs. From the colonial tales of the early settlers to the modern narratives of the 21st century, the U.S. literary canvas is as broad as the country’s history. This comprehensive list offers a variety of American literature research paper topics divided into ten distinct categories, ensuring that every student can find a theme that resonates with their interests and academic goals.

Academic Writing, Editing, Proofreading, And Problem Solving Services

Get 10% off with 24start discount code.

I. Colonial and Early American Literature

  • The religious undertones in the works of Anne Bradstreet.
  • Exploring captivity narratives: Mary Rowlandson’s “A Narrative of the Captivity.”
  • Jonathan Edwards and the rhetoric of the Great Awakening.
  • The role of nature in early American literature.
  • Benjamin Franklin’s “Autobiography”: A study in self-fashioning.
  • The evolution of the American Dream in early American writings.
  • The emergence of American Gothic: Charles Brockden Brown’s “Wieland.”
  • Slavery narratives: Comparing Frederick Douglass and Harriet Jacobs.
  • The role of women in colonial American literature.
  • Native American oral traditions and their influence on early colonial writings.

II. Romanticism and the American Renaissance

  • Washington Irving and the creation of American myths.
  • Edgar Allan Poe: The master of American Gothic.
  • Transcendentalism: The philosophies of Emerson and Thoreau.
  • Herman Melville’s “Moby-Dick”: An exploration of good vs. evil.
  • Nathaniel Hawthorne’s exploration of Puritanical guilt in “The Scarlet Letter.”
  • Walt Whitman’s “Leaves of Grass” and the birth of free verse.
  • Emily Dickinson: A recluse’s perspective on society and nature.
  • The frontier in James Fenimore Cooper’s Leatherstocking Tales.
  • Gothic elements in the works of Louisa May Alcott.
  • Dark romanticism: A comparative study of Poe, Hawthorne, and Melville.

III. Realism and Naturalism

  • Mark Twain and the critique of American society in “Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.”
  • Henry James and the art of psychological realism.
  • The portrayal of urban life in Stephen Crane’s works.
  • Edith Wharton’s critique of the Gilded Age in “The Age of Innocence.”
  • The conflict of man versus nature in Jack London’s writings.
  • The influence of Darwinism on American naturalist writers.
  • Kate Chopin and the awakening of female sexuality.
  • The immigrant experience in Upton Sinclair’s “The Jungle.”
  • The rise of regionalism: Willa Cather and the American Midwest.
  • Theodore Dreiser’s “An American Tragedy” and the dark side of the American Dream.

IV. The Harlem Renaissance

  • Langston Hughes and the jazz poetry movement.
  • Zora Neale Hurston’s exploration of black folklore in “Their Eyes Were Watching God.”
  • Claude McKay and the politics of race in America.
  • Jean Toomer’s “Cane”: A mosaic of African American life.
  • The influence of jazz and blues on Harlem Renaissance literature.
  • The role of magazines and journals in promoting African American voices.
  • Nella Larsen’s exploration of racial identity in “Passing.”
  • Alain Locke’s “The New Negro” and the redefinition of African American identity.
  • Gender and sexuality in the works of Wallace Thurman.
  • The intersection of visual arts and literature during the Harlem Renaissance.

V. Modernism

  • F. Scott Fitzgerald and the disillusionment of the Jazz Age.
  • Ernest Hemingway’s narrative style and the “Lost Generation.”
  • Gertrude Stein and the avant-garde literary scene.
  • T.S. Eliot’s “The Waste Land” and the fragmentation of modern society.
  • The influence of World War I on American modernist writers.
  • John Dos Passos and the critique of capitalism in “The U.S.A. Trilogy.”
  • William Faulkner’s innovative narrative techniques.
  • The works of E.E. Cummings and the break from traditional poetic forms.
  • The influence of expatriation on American modernist literature.
  • Djuna Barnes and the exploration of sexuality in “Nightwood.”

VI. The Beat Generation

  • Jack Kerouac’s “On the Road”: Defining the Beat ethos.
  • Allen Ginsberg’s “Howl”: A protest against conformity and consumerism.
  • William S. Burroughs’ “Naked Lunch” and its critique of post-war America.
  • The role of jazz and drug culture in the Beat literary movement.
  • The Beat Generation and their relationship with Eastern spirituality.
  • Female voices in the Beat movement: Diane di Prima and Joanne Kyger.
  • The legacy of Neal Cassady: From muse to writer.
  • The impact of San Francisco Renaissance on the Beats.
  • The Beats and their dissection of the American Dream.
  • The global travels of the Beat Generation and their reflections in literature.

VII. Postmodernism

  • Thomas Pynchon and the entropic vision of “Gravity’s Rainbow.”
  • Kurt Vonnegut’s “Slaughterhouse-Five”: War, time, and metafiction.
  • Metafiction and historiographic metafiction in works by John Barth.
  • The detective novel reimagined: Paul Auster’s “City of Glass.”
  • Toni Morrison’s “Beloved” and the haunting of history.
  • Don DeLillo’s “White Noise” and the fear of death in postmodern society.
  • Paranoia and conspiracy in Robert Coover’s novels.
  • Postcolonial critique in Salman Rushdie’s “The Satanic Verses.”
  • The consumerist dystopia in Bret Easton Ellis’s “American Psycho.”
  • Maximalism in David Foster Wallace’s “Infinite Jest.”

VIII. Contemporary American Literature

  • Identity and multiculturalism in Jhumpa Lahiri’s “The Namesake.”
  • The post-9/11 American psyche in novels by Jonathan Safran Foer.
  • Magical realism and the immigrant experience in Junot Diaz’s “The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao.”
  • The reimagining of the American West in Annie Proulx’s works.
  • Technology and isolation in Dave Eggers’ “The Circle.”
  • The deconstruction of the family narrative in Jonathan Franzen’s “The Corrections.”
  • The changing American South in the works of Jesmyn Ward.
  • Dystopian futures in Margaret Atwood’s “The Handmaid’s Tale” and “The Testaments.”
  • Coming-of-age in the digital age: Sally Rooney’s novels.
  • The clash of cultures in Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s “Americanah.”

IX. Literature of the American Frontier and West

  • The myth versus reality of the Wild West in Owen Wister’s “The Virginian.”
  • Cormac McCarthy’s “Blood Meridian” and the brutality of westward expansion.
  • The legacy of frontier humor in Mark Twain’s early works.
  • Women’s perspectives on the frontier: Willa Cather’s “O Pioneers!”
  • Native American voices and the frontier: N. Scott Momaday’s “House Made of Dawn.”
  • The environmental ethics of the American West in Edward Abbey’s “Desert Solitaire.”
  • Revisionist Westerns: Larry McMurtry’s “Lonesome Dove.”
  • Exploration of masculinity and the mythic West in Sam Shepard’s plays.
  • The Gold Rush in American literature: Joaquin Miller’s poetic works.
  • The Asian American experience in the Old West: Sui Sin Far’s stories.

X. Science Fiction and Dystopian Literature

  • The socio-political critiques in Philip K. Dick’s novels.
  • Isaac Asimov’s “Foundation” series and the fall of the American empire.
  • The fear of otherness in Robert A. Heinlein’s “Stranger in a Strange Land.”
  • Environmental collapse in Octavia E. Butler’s “Parable” series.
  • Ray Bradbury’s “Fahrenheit 451” and the danger of censorship.
  • The commercialization of society in Frederik Pohl’s “The Space Merchants.”
  • Feminism and gender in Ursula K. Le Guin’s “The Left Hand of Darkness.”
  • The evolution of the post-apocalyptic narrative in American science fiction.
  • The role of technology and artificial intelligence in contemporary American science fiction.
  • The resurgence of dystopian literature in the 21st century: Suzanne Collins’ “The Hunger Games” series.

American literature, shaped by history, society, and diverse voices, offers a plethora of research topics. Whether students wish to delve deep into a specific era or explore overarching themes across epochs, this list provides a starting point. Armed with these American literature research paper topics, scholars can embark on an enlightening journey through the annals of American literature, discovering insights that not only illuminate the texts but also reflect the nation’s evolving identity.

American Literature and the Range of Topics It Offers

American literature, as vast and varied as the landscape of the country itself, encapsulates the spirit, dreams, and dilemmas of its people over centuries. From the indigenous narratives of pre-colonial America to the postmodernist critiques of the late 20th century, the literary output of the United States mirrors the sociopolitical changes, cultural shifts, and individual narratives that have shaped its history.

Colonial and Early American literature, for instance, grapple with themes of discovery, colonization, and the quest for identity in a new world. Authors like Anne Bradstreet and Jonathan Edwards exemplify this era’s struggles and spiritual yearnings. Their works lay the foundation for the Romantic period that followed, characterized by the writings of Edgar Allan Poe, Washington Irving, and Nathaniel Hawthorne. These authors delved deep into the human psyche, often highlighting the dualities of human nature and the looming American wilderness.

The transcendentalist movement, spearheaded by figures like Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau, presented a unique take on individuality, nature, and spirituality. Their perspectives provided a stark contrast to the realist and naturalist writers of the late 19th century, who, influenced by Darwinism and the Industrial Revolution, presented a grittier, more deterministic view of the human experience.

The 20th century ushered in a literary renaissance, with the Harlem Renaissance leading the charge. This era, defined by writers like Langston Hughes, Zora Neale Hurston, and Claude McKay, not only redefined African American literature but also laid the groundwork for successive generations of writers to explore themes of racial identity, inequality, and heritage.

American literature’s vast scope is further broadened by the Beat Generation, Postmodernists, and contemporary writers, each adding layers of complexity and depth to this already multifaceted literary tradition. The Beats, with their unorthodox lifestyles and candid explorations of sexuality, spirituality, and societal rebellion, paved the way for postmodernists to break literary conventions and question the very nature of narrative and authorship.

In the contemporary realm, the literary landscape is even more diverse, with authors from various backgrounds addressing issues such as immigration, gender identity, technology, and globalization.

Considering the vastness and depth of American literature, the range of potential American literature research paper topics is immense. Whether analyzing a specific author’s style, comparing literary movements, or delving into the socio-political implications of a particular work, students have a plethora of avenues to explore. The beauty of American literature lies not just in its rich tapestry of stories but also in the endless academic inquiries it sparks.

The American literary canon, forever expanding and evolving, stands as an open invitation for scholars, students, and readers alike to delve in, explore, and contribute to the ongoing conversation. The American literature research paper topics presented earlier merely scratch the surface of what’s possible, offering a starting point for those eager to embark on their own literary journey through the annals of American literature.

How to Choose an American Literature Research Paper Topic

The process of selecting American literature research paper topics can be both exciting and daunting. The vast expanse of literary works, spanning from the earliest colonial narratives to the contemporary experimental pieces, offers a plethora of subjects to dive into. However, choosing the right topic is crucial not only for academic success but also for maintaining personal interest throughout the research process. Here’s a comprehensive guide to assist you in making an informed choice:

  • Start with Personal Interest: Your enthusiasm for a particular era, author, or theme can drive the quality of your research. Always consider what genuinely intrigues you about American literature. Is it the Harlem Renaissance, the transcendentalist movement, or the postmodern era?
  • Read Widely: Before settling on a topic, immerse yourself in a variety of texts. By exploring a wide range of works, you might discover a previously unconsidered area of interest or identify gaps in existing research.
  • Historical Context Matters: The socio-political backdrop against which a literary work was produced often deeply influences its content and themes. Understanding this context can provide richer layers of meaning to your research.
  • Consider Genre and Form: Instead of focusing solely on an author or era, consider diving into specific literary forms – poetry, short stories, novels, plays – or genres like Gothic, mystery, or magical realism within American literature.
  • Check Availability of Resources: It’s essential to ensure that adequate resources – primary texts, scholarly articles, critiques – are available on your chosen topic. Conduct preliminary research to gauge this.
  • Consult Professors or Mentors: Engage in discussions with your professors or academic mentors. Their insights, based on years of experience and study, can guide you toward a promising research area or warn you about potential pitfalls.
  • Evaluate Scope: Ensure that your chosen topic is neither too broad nor too narrow. A topic that’s too expansive can be overwhelming, while an overly specific subject might lack substantial content for a comprehensive paper.
  • Interdisciplinary Approaches: Consider merging literary analysis with insights from fields like sociology, psychology, or history. For instance, you could study the portrayal of mental illness in American literature through both a literary and psychological lens.
  • Stay Updated with Recent Scholarship: Literary interpretations evolve over time. Ensure you’re familiar with the latest scholarly discussions surrounding your topic. This can help refine your thesis and approach.
  • Relevance and Contribution: Ask yourself how your research will contribute to the existing body of knowledge. Aiming for a fresh perspective or a unique interpretation can make your work stand out.

Choosing a topic for a research paper in American literature is a journey of discovery. It’s about finding the right balance between personal interest, academic relevance, and the potential contribution to the field. Remember, the process of research and writing should be as rewarding as the final product. By carefully selecting your topic, you set the stage for a fulfilling academic endeavor.

How to Write an American Literature Research Paper

Delving into the world of American literature is like embarking on a thrilling journey across time, cultures, and ideologies. From the early Native American oral traditions to the cutting-edge contemporary narratives, the literary landscape of America offers a vast terrain to explore and analyze. Writing a research paper on such a subject is not just about summarizing texts, but about adding to the discourse. Here’s a detailed guide to help you craft a compelling and insightful research paper on American literature:

Your research paper journey begins with a strong introduction. This is your chance to captivate your reader’s interest, provide some background on your topic, and present your thesis statement.

  • Choose a Strong Thesis: A clear, concise, and debatable thesis is the backbone of your research paper. Ensure it provides a fresh perspective or a unique angle on your chosen topic.
  • Research Thoroughly: Dive deep into primary sources (novels, poems, plays, etc.) and secondary sources (critiques, essays, and scholarly papers). Libraries, academic databases, and online literary journals are invaluable resources.
  • Develop a Structured Outline: Before diving into writing, chalk out an outline. This ensures a logical flow to your arguments and helps in organizing your thoughts systematically.
  • Maintain a Critical Perspective: While it’s essential to understand various interpretations, always maintain a critical lens. Challenge existing viewpoints, draw your conclusions, and support them with evidence.
  • Incorporate Quotes Wisely: Direct quotes from literary works can bolster your arguments. However, use them judiciously. Ensure they serve a purpose in your narrative and always provide proper citations.
  • Understand Literary Devices: Having a firm grasp of literary devices like allegory, symbolism, or irony will enhance your analysis. Highlight where authors have employed these tools and discuss their significance.
  • Historical and Cultural Context: American literature cannot be detached from its historical and cultural backdrop. Embed your analysis within this context, offering a richer and more nuanced understanding.
  • Stay Objective: While personal interpretations are vital, ensure your arguments remain objective. Avoid overly emotional or biased language.
  • Revise and Edit: Once your initial draft is ready, take a break before revising. Fresh eyes can spot inconsistencies, redundancies, or errors. Check for clarity, coherence, and overall flow. Grammar, punctuation, and syntax should be impeccable.
  • Properly Format and Cite: Adhere to the specified format, whether it’s APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, or Harvard. Properly cite all your sources to avoid plagiarism. Utilize tools or software that can help streamline this process.

Wrap up your research paper by reiterating your main arguments and thesis. Highlight the significance of your findings and hint at potential areas for future research. Writing an American literature research paper is a rigorous but rewarding process. It demands diligence, critical thinking, and a deep appreciation for the literary arts. Remember, it’s not just about presenting facts but weaving a story that adds value to the existing body of knowledge. With dedication and passion, you’ll not only craft an impactful research paper but also deepen your connection with the rich tapestry of American literature.

iResearchNet Writing Services

In the dynamic world of academics, having a reliable partner to guide you through the intricate maze of research and writing is invaluable. iResearchNet emerges as that indispensable ally for students venturing into the vast expanse of American literature. Offering a tailored approach to your research paper needs, here’s a deep dive into the multitude of features that make iResearchNet the go-to destination for discerning literature students. Every literary masterpiece has a memorable beginning, and so does every outstanding research paper. iResearchNet ensures that your American literature research paper starts with a bang, capturing attention and setting the tone for the ensuing academic brilliance.

  • Expert Degree-Holding Writers: With a dedicated team of writers who not only hold advanced degrees but also have a deep passion for American literature, iResearchNet ensures that your research paper is both academically rigorous and creatively engaging.
  • Custom Written Works: Every student is unique, and so is their perspective. iResearchNet prides itself on delivering 100% original content, tailor-made to resonate with your unique viewpoint and academic requirements.
  • In-Depth Research: The cornerstone of an impactful research paper is exhaustive research. Our team delves deep into countless primary and secondary sources to ensure a comprehensive and insightful exploration of your chosen topic.
  • Custom Formatting: Whether it’s APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, or Harvard, our experts are well-versed in all major formatting styles, ensuring that your paper adheres to the stringent guidelines of academic writing.
  • Top Quality: Compromising on quality is not in our lexicon. Every research paper undergoes a multi-layered review process, ensuring impeccable language, robust arguments, and flawless presentation.
  • Customized Solutions: We recognize the diverse needs of our clientele. Whether you need a comparative analysis, thematic exploration, or a character study, our team crafts solutions aligned with your specific requirements.
  • Flexible Pricing: iResearchNet believes in offering unparalleled quality without breaking the bank. Our pricing structure is designed to be student-friendly, ensuring top-notch services without undue financial strain.
  • Short Deadlines: Pressed for time? With our express services, even the tightest deadlines won’t pose a challenge. Our dedicated team ensures timely delivery without compromising on quality.
  • Timely Delivery: Adherence to deadlines is sacrosanct at iResearchNet. We recognize the importance of time in academic pursuits and ensure prompt delivery every single time.
  • 24/7 Support: Questions, concerns, or last-minute modifications? Our customer support is available round the clock, ensuring seamless communication and timely resolution.
  • Absolute Privacy: Your trust is our utmost priority. All personal and academic details are safeguarded with the highest level of encryption, ensuring complete confidentiality.
  • Easy Order Tracking: With our intuitive portal, you can easily track the progress of your research paper, ensuring transparency and peace of mind.
  • Money Back Guarantee: At iResearchNet, we stand by the quality of our services. However, if for some reason you’re not satisfied, our money-back guarantee ensures that your investment is protected.

Navigating the world of American literature is a daunting task, but with iResearchNet by your side, it becomes an enriching experience. Offering a perfect blend of academic rigor and creative flair, our services ensure that your research paper stands out, reflecting not just the vastness of American literature but also your unique perspective. Join hands with iResearchNet and transform your academic journey into a memorable literary adventure.

Dive into the Vast Landscape of American Literature with iResearchNet

Embrace the American Dream with Words

From the raw, unfiltered brilliance of Mark Twain to the contemporary musings of Toni Morrison, American literature is a vast and varied landscape, teeming with stories that capture the essence of the American spirit. As a student, exploring this diverse tapestry offers both challenges and opportunities. With iResearchNet, you’re not just writing a research paper; you’re embarking on a journey through time, space, and human emotion.

Customized Assistance for Every Literary Era

Whether you’re captivated by the Romantic Period or intrigued by the Harlem Renaissance, iResearchNet’s seasoned writers are here to illuminate the path. Our experts, who are well-versed in every era and genre of American literature, provide insights, analysis, and guidance tailored to your specific needs.

Unparalleled Quality, Boundless Possibilities

Quality is not just a benchmark but a promise at iResearchNet. By partnering with us, you’re assured of papers that not only meet but exceed academic standards. More than that, our commitment is to help you see beyond the assignment, fostering a deeper appreciation and understanding of the literary works and their contexts.

Your Literary Adventure Awaits

Don’t let the vastness of American literature daunt you. With iResearchNet, every research paper becomes an adventure, every page a discovery. Join us in this exciting exploration. Click here and let iResearchNet be your compass in the enthralling world of American literature. Your literary odyssey awaits!


topics for english literature research papers

The Linkage Between Digital Transformation and Organizational Culture: Novel Machine Learning Literature Review Based on Latent Dirichlet Allocation

  • Open access
  • Published: 21 May 2024

Cite this article

You have full access to this open access article

topics for english literature research papers

  • Tobias Reisberger   ORCID: orcid.org/0009-0003-0190-7368 1 ,
  • Philip Reisberger   ORCID: orcid.org/0009-0004-4678-4151 1 ,
  • Lukáš Copuš   ORCID: orcid.org/0000-0002-9502-830X 1 ,
  • Peter Madzík   ORCID: orcid.org/0000-0002-1655-6500 1 &
  • Lukáš Falát   ORCID: orcid.org/0000-0002-2597-7059 2  

Organizational culture is a crucial component of innovation in company success, particularly in the setting of the information economy. The purpose of this research is to conduct a bibliometric analysis in order to identify dominant research topics, their potential shifts, and recent developments in the fields of organizational culture and digital transformation. It demonstrates a machine learning–supported method for identifying and segmenting the current state of this research field. The literature was identified from the Scopus database through a search query. The analyzed amount of papers (3065) was published in 1619 sources (journals, proceedings, books, etc.) with various research impacts. Identifying the dominant research topics resulted in eight topics: Social Media Connectivity; Digital Innovation Ecosystems; Socio-economic Sustainability; Digital Workforce Transformation; Digital Competence and Cultural Transformation; Knowledge, Culture, and Innovation; Data and Resource Management; and Digital Transformation Maturity. The results showed a shift in the research field on organizational culture related to digital transformation towards the subject area of business, management, and accounting, with increasing research interest and impact for the Digital Workforce Transformation as well as for the Knowledge, Culture, and Innovation topics.

Avoid common mistakes on your manuscript.


In recent years, the world has gone through many events that have changed how we live, relax, work, or communicate. These changes are still resonating in the business environment, for example, in the transition to partial or complete work from home and bring several challenges that organizations have to deal with (Yang et al., 2023 ). One of the crucial areas is the socialization of employees and the formation and maintenance of organizational values expressed by the organizational culture (Noto et al., 2023 ).

Organizational culture has been well-researched since the early 1980s (O’Reilly et al., 1991 ; Schein, 1985 ). The focus originated in American-based qualitative studies and shifted over time towards a more international perspective (Cameron & Quinn, 1999 ; Denison & Mishra, 1995 ; Hofstede, 1998 ), as well as adopting a more quantitative viewpoint with many published papers (O’Reilly et al., 2014 ). Several different areas of organizational culture have already been analyzed, including performance, motivation, leadership, and innovation, among many others (Affes & Affes, 2022 ; Aasi & Rusu, 2017 ; Abu Bakar et al., 2021 ). One of the up-to-date research areas is the topic of digitalization.

The advent of automation and digitalization and the resulting digital transformation in recent history have significantly impacted many markets and organizations and influenced the behaviors and expectations of customers. Digital transformation is driven by several external factors, including the rapid growth and adoption of new technologies that foster e-commerce, big data, a changing competitive landscape, and altered consumption behavior, driven by better-informed, connected, and more empowered customers (Verhoef et al., 2021 ). It provides many challenges and opportunities, including relevant impacts on organizational culture (Alloghani et al., 2022 ). In recent years, the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant influence on organizational culture (Daum & Maraist, 2021 ; Spicer, 2020 ).

Even before the pandemic, the fast development of digital technologies, including automation, smart technology, artificial intelligence (AI), and robots, cloud computing, and the Internet of Things (IoT) is radically altering the nature of work and of organizations (Nimawat & Gidwani, 2021 ). The combination of technological advancements was coined as the Fourth Industrial Revolution or Industry 4.0 by Klaus Schwab in late 2015 (Schwab, 2015 ). The speed and scope of current technological changes are prompting concerns about the extent to which new technologies will fundamentally alter organizational cultures, workplaces, or completely replace workers (Acemoglu & Autor, 2011 ; Brynjolfsson & McAfee, 2014 ; Frey & Osborne, 2017 ).

These Industry 4.0 developments and an agile workforce are all components of a global digital transformation that changed the workplace dynamics and led to significant changes in organizations and employee behavior. Due to the unexpected interruption brought on by the coronavirus pandemic, working from anywhere has become the new standard for millions of people worldwide (Özkazanç-Pan & Pullen, 2020 ).

The combination of these two driving forces will have a lasting effect on the formation and effectiveness of organizational culture in the future (Kniffin et al., 2021 ; Trenerry et al., 2021 ). However, the number and range of publications in recent years on organizational culture, digital transformation, Industry 4.0, and COVID-19 make it necessary to provide a structured overview of the published literature.

Firstly, this paper shall give an overview of the research being conducted on organizational culture and digital transformation and identify the main research areas, authors and journals. The methods utilized are outlined, along with the applied bibliometric tools. Secondly, this paper aims to provide an overview of the status quo of research by identifying the different research clusters with its critical analysis.

Literature Review

Research on organizational culture and digital transformation.

Over time, the concept of organizational culture has been the center of attention for many researchers. It has been the main focus of study of several scientific works, especially in management and business (Mohelska & Sokolova, 2018 ; Streimikiene et al., 2021 ; Vallejo, 2011 ).

The concept of organizational culture has been studied from different angles, with researchers exploring the role that organizational culture can play and which factors impact organizational culture (Guzal-Dec, 2016 ; Polyanska et al., 2019 ; Zeng & Luo, 2013 ).

A high number of researchers agree with Schein’s ( 1985 ) model, which asserts that there are three levels at which an organizational culture may be conceptualized: fundamental presumptions and beliefs, norms and values, and cultural artifacts (Chatman & O’Reilly, 2016 ). From the perspective of the organization and its working environment, organizational culture emerges from behavior in which basic assumptions and beliefs are shared and seen as given by organizational members (Schein, 1985 ).

Academics primarily focused on organizational culture’s definition, connotation, structural components and type categorization in the 1980s; most of this research was qualitative (Cui et al., 2018 ). Even though there was no universal agreement on the meanings of organizational culture at the time, Schein’s framework (Schein, 1992 ) was somewhat representational in the academic world. Research on organizational culture then evolved from mainly qualitative research to quantitative studies in the 1990s (Cameron & Quinn, 1999 ; Denison & Mishra, 1995 ; Hofstede, 1998 , 2001 ; O’Reilly et al., 2014 ). According to Cui et al. ( 2018 ), contemporary views of organizational culture are seen as a key factor for success, promoting organizational effectiveness and performance (Gregory et al., 2009 ), organizational innovation (Hogan & Coote, 2014 ), and organizational identity (Ravasi & Schultz, 2006 ). Organizational culture is now considered a key component of innovation in company success, particularly in the setting of the information economy (Büschgens et al., 2013 ). Cartwright identifies nine relevant factors that drive the cultural transformation in organizations that enable successful business practices (Cartwright, 1999 ).

Organizational culture has two basic academic foundations: sociology (organizations have culture) and anthropology (organizations are cultures). The sociological position has become dominant in recent years (Cameron & Quinn, 1999 ). Based on this, there are two opposing viewpoints regarding the possibility of managing organizational culture — the functionalist and symbolist view (Schueber, 2009 ). The functionalist perspective regards culture as an organizational variable (Alvesson, 1993 ), and it can be determined by management (Meek, 1988 ; Silverzweig & Allen, 1976 ). According to the functionalist perspective, culture is seen as something that the organization possesses and can be controlled (Barley et al., 1988 ; Smircich, 1983 ). The symbolist viewpoint regards culture as a representation of what an organization is rather than anything it has . This implies major challenges in controlling or managing organizational culture (Morgan, 1986 ; Smircich, 1983 ). Functionalists would argue that the culture should be changed to fit the strategy, whereas symbolists would propose that the strategy should be adjusted to the organization’s culture (Ogbonna, 1992 ; Senior, 1997 ). In this paper, the functionalist view is supported by implications of the results.

Digitalization is defined as “the transformation of business models as a result of fundamental changes to core internal processes, customer interfaces, products and services, as well as the use of information and communications technologies” (Isensee et al., 2020 ). However, digitalization and digital transformation are quite different. A company may embark on several digitalization initiatives, from automating procedures to retraining staff members to utilize computers. On the other hand, businesses cannot conduct digital transformation as projects. Instead, this more general phrase refers to a client-centered strategic business transformation that calls for adopting digital technology and organizational changes across all departments (Verhoef et al., 2021 ).

An executive’s view that does not distinguish between digitalization and digital transformation could lead to an insufficient strategic focus (Li & Shao, 2023 ). Digital transformation efforts will often involve several digitalization projects, which require management sponsorship and the willingness to change existing structures and practices. Various papers have studied the challenges that may arise from organizational culture when adopting new technologies and structures, e.g., agile practices (Anwar et al., 2016 ; Ghimire et al., 2020 ; Raharjo & Purwandari, 2020 ), technology adoption (Melitski et al., 2010 ), or even Green Supply Chain Management (El Baz & Iddik, 2021 ). As the business becomes primarily customer-driven, digital transformation necessitates improving how well the organization manages change (Anghel, 2019 ).

Industry 4.0 began in the twenty-first century with the development of cyber-physical systems (CPS), the Internet of Things (IoT), the Internet of Services, smart factories, and cloud computing. It continues today (Hermann et al., 2016 ; Kagermann et al., 2013 ; Liao et al., 2017 ; Xu et al., 2018 ). It is characterized as a combination of CPS and IoT in the manufacturing industry, which can have repercussions for value creation, company growth, work organization, and downstream businesses (Kagermann et al., 2013 ; Kiel et al., 2017 ). The advent of Industry 4.0 involves significant changes for organizations and societies and has various effects on nations, businesses, industries, and society (Schwab, 2015 ). Industry 4.0 implementation is a complicated process involving horizontal, vertical and seamless integration and will rely on the synergies between the business and stakeholders from many functional domains (Müller, 2019a , 2019b ; Wang et al., 2016 ). In particular, many organizations fail to capture their Industry 4.0 vision and strategy throughout the change process (Schumacher et al., 2016a ). Other important factors that hinder the application of a successful digital transformation towards a functional Industry 4.0 concept are fear of uncertainty and wrong expectation of requirements (Balasingham, 2016 ). Willingness to adopt this technology is another reason to fail (Adebanjo et al., 2021 ). Organizations aiming to incorporate and adopt digital transformation into their operational procedures must recognize and assess important critical factors (Nimawat & Gidwani, 2021 ).

Organizational communication and collaboration styles have changed due to globalization, advancements in information and communication technologies (ICTs), an increase in hybrid work models and the rise of computer-mediated groups (Sharma et al., 2022 ). With the knowledge economy, digital culture, and recent technological innovations, new working styles have quietly emerged in organizations (Powell et al., 2004 ). Then, the spreading of the coronavirus and the required shift in transition to remote working acted as a catalyst for how organizations operate and employees engage. The drastic changes in the workplace naturally affected employees and spurred changes in their behavior and attitudes (Caligiuri et al., 2020 ). The corresponding research topic of COVID-19-related impacts and the implications on digital transformation in the context of organizational culture is relatively new. Many partial aspects that have gained new relevance during the corona pandemic have already received attention in the research community over the past 20 years.

Therefore, this study aims to conduct a bibliometric analysis in order to identify dominant research topics, their potential shifts, and recent developments in the fields of organizational culture and digital transformation. The most significant research articles or authors and their related relationships can be found using the scientific computer-aided review process known as bibliometric analysis. It can help to forecast the possible direction of such identified fields and is widely applied in academic research (Diem & Wolter, 2013 ). This method aids in providing a thorough overview of the subject as well as visually summarizing its patterns and trends (Baker et al., 2020 ; Zhou et al., 2020 ).

Overview of Bibliometric Reviews

The topic of organizational culture has had a large number of contributors in the past decades. Several articles were published on organizational culture as bibliometric studies (Cicea et al., 2022 ). Only a few reviews were conducted on digital transformation in organizations related to organizational culture (e.g., as digitalization). Table 1 lists a few publications on these topics.

Overview of Systematic Reviews

Apart from bibliometric literature reviews, many authors have conducted systematic literature reviews on various research areas relating to organizational culture and digital transformation. As seen in the following non-conclusive overview in Table  2 and Table  3 , researchers have focused their attention on heterogeneous study fields like performance-orientation, entrepreneurship, Industry 4.0, agile practices, work-from-anywhere, SMEs, and many others. This broad overview indicates that the topic of organizational culture plays a very relevant role in recent research, especially in the context of digital transformation.

The provided overview on digital transformation research mainly focuses on functional areas and its application. The center of research is the implementation, readiness, adoption, as well as barriers, opportunities, and challenges. Additionally, research fields like examining potential directions (Belinski et al., 2020 ; Kamble et al., 2018 ; Pagliosa et al., 2019 ; Piccarozzi et al., 2018 ; Schneider, 2018 ; Sony & Naik, 2020 ); implementation, readiness and adoption (Çınar et al., 2021 ; Pacchini et al., 2019 ; Sung & Kim, 2021 ); barriers, opportunities, and challenges to the adoption and implementation of Industry 4.0 (Bajic et al., 2021 ; Raj et al., 2020 ); and sustainability (de Sousa Jabbour et al., 2018 ; Luthra & Mangla, 2018 ) are analyzed.

The main focus areas, among many others, which are influenced by digital transformation are agile and collaborative teamwork and management (Kerber & Buono, 2004 ; Huang et al., 2003 ; Sheppard, 2020 ; Parry & Battista, 2019 ; Singer-Velush et al. 2020 ; Hamouche, 2020 ), adaptive business culture in dynamic , supportive , environments , with focus on employee well-being , work design , open innovation , workforce effectiveness (Am et al., 2020 ; Ngoc Su et al., 2021 ; Baker et al., 2006 ; Žižek et al., 2021 ; Parry & Battista, 2019 ; Bélanger et al., 2013 ; Carnevale & Hatak, 2020 ), and recent technological developments (Ågerfalk et al., 2020 ; Bloom et al., 2015 ; Bondarouk & Ruël, 2009 ; Johnson et al., 2020 ; Spreitzer et al., 2017 ; Wiggins et al., 2020 ).

Research Gap

The research mentioned in the aforementioned literature review sought to examine several factors of organizational culture and digital transformation. However, reviews of literature based solely on a systematic or bibliometric methodology have significant drawbacks. Studies of systematic literature reviews are frequently in-depth and typically handle only a small number of documents. As a result, the findings are more constrained (Moher et al., 2015 ; Page et al., 2021 ). Contrarily, bibliometric reviews are concentrated on a wider range of the studied areas. They mostly reveal major trends as an outcome (Cobo et al., 2011 ; van Eck & Waltman, 2010 ). Using machine learning to find latent patterns in textual data is one of the most popular study methods in the field of bibliometric review (Han, 2020 ; Mariani & Baggio, 2022 ). Automated processing is used to analyze the scientific publications for our study. It employs an advanced machine learning–based methodology to extract topics from the scientific literature. This paper contributes to the existing literature by answering the following research questions:

Research Question 1 (RQ1) . How has the organizational culture — digital transformation relationship evolved over time?

The number of publications on digital transformation is growing, and organizational culture is a well-established research area with years of academic work. Consequently, a bibliometric analysis of the growth of the top journals, articles, and most cited publications may be able to provide relevant insights.

Research Question 2 (RQ2) . What are the dominant research topics on organizational culture and digital transformation?

The total number of publications on the subject of this study is rapidly increasing. Therefore, we may apply machine learning to extract particular study ideas from a large body of published scientific literature.

Research Methodology

This paper aims to establish the trends of research papers in the field of organizational culture research with a focus on digital transformation. The authors conducted the review of the literature using bibliometric analysis and a machine learning method.

Researchers often undertake bibliometric analysis with the main goal to determine the body of knowledge on a certain subject, to provide an assessment of the research already conducted, and to develop networking structures for the scientific community. Five steps ( study design , data collection , data analysis , data visualization , and interpretation of results ) represent the workflow of science mapping and were used to apply the bibliometric approach and network analysis (Aria & Cuccurullo, 2017 ).

The review usually starts by determining the database that contains the input data. The only source for this paper are the bibliographic records from the Scopus database as data collection input. This source has been considered reliable in prior works. Scopus, developed by Elsevier B.V., is the largest database of scientific peer-review literature hosting more than 27,950 journal published articles (Elsevier, 2023 ). It was chosen for this study as it is the largest and most relevant scientific database in the world, covering most of the publications available. This includes consistent repositories of documents as well as additional information such as country of all the authors, citations per document, and further information that is relevant in terms of quality and quantity for the study.

The search query was developed after identifying the research area. This was done by splitting the topic into three fields of research. The first set was organization with the corresponding synonyms followed by culture (second set). The third was digital transformation and its phases digitization and digitalization following Verhoef et al. ( 2021 ) and its synonyms including Industry 4.0 . The database was queried using additional synonyms and alternative spellings to increase the study’s coverage.

To collect these articles, the combination of the following keywords was selected:

Digital transformation , digitalization , digitalisation , digitization , digitisation combined with Industry 4.0 search terms fourth industrial revolution , 4IR , 4-IR , industry 4.0 and the organizational culture related keyword organisation *, organization *, firm , company , corporate , enterprise , business and culture .

The search criteria were then determined. The authors used the title , abstract and keywords from the articles provided by the Scopus database (TITLE-ABS-KEY). This resulted in 3077 identified papers. The search query and result are shown in Table  4 . The search was conducted on March 30, 2023.

After collecting the data, all documents with no abstracts were removed. The authors also removed all documents with abstracts defined as: “[No abstract available]”. After this removal, the dataset consisted of 3065 documents. The applied dataset was made up of the following eight variables: authors, title, year, source, cited by, abstract, authors keywords, index keywords. A total of 139 documents were tagged as Review . In addition, to answer the research question RQ1, we joined our dataset with a dataset that defined individual subject areas for each journal. Thanks to such an expanded dataset, we were able to better structure the results.

Topic Modelling

In order to be able to answer research question RQ2, we needed to perform an analysis of the sentific field. There are several ways to conduct a literature review. Instead of the standard literature review process, we decided to carry out the literature review based on machine learning. This way of analyzing the scientific field allowed us to assess a much larger number of documents and thus make the literature review more relevant. Our review based on machine learning analyzed 3065 document abstracts in total.

Before the actual process of identifying individual research topics in the selected area, it was necessary to perform text preprocessing and then divide the analyzed documents into individual topics. Data preprocessing included several steps which are common in text analytics. After removing some special characters, we removed punctuation, further removed numbers and stopwords defined in the tm package in R. In addition, we defined other custom stopwords that were removed from the corpus of abstracts. Then we then removed the extra spaces and stemmed the words in the document. The last step was to delete custom stopwords Footnote 1 specific to our area of interest. In this case, these were words that were irrelevant to our field of research and, in our opinion, did not add value to the resulting analysis. We defined these words based on the frequency analysis of stemmed words from the corpus of analyzed abstracts. The mentioned procedures were performed in the R programming language using the tm and SnowballC packages. After removing the specific stopwords, we finally removed the extra spaces. Subsequently, a document-term matrix (dtm) was created, which contained the frequencies of all individual words in every document. Since the dtm itself also contained low-frequency words, we removed words that appeared in less than 0.5% of the abstracts in the resulting matrix. The resulting dtm contained 1108 words.

After preprocessing the text of the abstracts, we proceeded to structure the abstracts into research topics. We implemented the mentioned process, also called topic modeling, using the Latent Dirichlet Allocation method, also known as LDA (Blei et al., 2003 ). LDA is a probabilistic generative process, the result of which is a set of topics that represent the composition of the entire space into individual parts. Based on the words in individual documents, the so-called latent topical structure is created, while latent topics are a mixture of several documents. Based on the posterior estimates of the hidden variables, we can estimate the structure of the latent topics. Hidden variables in our case represent latent topical structure (Blei & Lafferty, 2009 ).

Topic modeling using LDA was implemented in the R programming language using the topicmodels library. Topic modeling itself assumes the number of topics into which the entire space needs to be divided. There are several approaches for finding the number of topics. Since the approach based on the evaluation of statistical criteria resulted in a large number of topics, we decided to prefer an expert approach. This approach consisted in manually assessing the interpretability of the most frequent words in individual alternatives. As part of the testing itself for a suitable number of topics, we gradually manually evaluated solutions with the number of topics k  = {6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12}.

To quantify the parameters of the LDA model, we used Gibbs sampling (Gelfand, 2000 ; Griffiths & Steyvers, 2004 ; Grün & Hornik, 2011 ). For parameter quantification, we used 2000 iterations, taking into account only every 200th observation for a higher degree of independence between. For each k, we repeated the process five times, always recording only the best solution. Based on the results of the expert analysis, we chose a solution with the number of topics k  = 8. Finally, we realized the visualization of topics, which was performed using the ldavis package (Sievert & Shirley, 2014 ).

Development of Related Research Papers

The direct or indirect role of organizational culture in various processes of digital transformation has been the subject of a lot of research. The studies that formed the basis for our analysis were identified from the Scopus bibliometric database through a search query, which is presented in the “ Research Methodology ” section. The data was collected on March 30, 2023, while on this date, 3065 valid documents were registered in the mentioned database. A significant increase in the number of studies has only been noticeable since 2018. Still, it must be said that studies investigating the links between organizational culture and digitalization appeared sporadically even before that. Figure  1 shows an overview of the annual development of published papers and the number of citations related to the given papers. We can notice that in the last 5 years, research has an exponential character (measured through the number of published papers per year), but at the same time, this research area is interesting for academics (measured through the absolute number of citations).

figure 1

Development of published papers related to organizational culture and digital transformation

The analyzed amount of papers were published in 1619 sources (journals, proceedings, books, etc.) with various research impacts. Table 5 shows the ranking of the sources that had the greatest impact on research on organizational culture and digital transformation in terms of the total number of citations. The research impact is primarily dominated by journals that directly or indirectly deal with the business environment, which is natural considering the nature of the papers. Of the ten listed top influential papers, as many as seven are from the last 5 years, which indicates that since 2018, research interest and the research impact of the given topic have grown dramatically.

Each analyzed document in our dataset was assigned to one of the 28 subject areas used by the Scopus database for their classification. Such an assignment took place based on pairing information about the journal in which the given article is located with the categorization of the journal according to the subject areas of the Scopus database. Figure  2 shows an overview of research interest and research impact for the individual subject areas.

figure 2

Overview of research impact and research interest of subject areas

Until 2019, ENGI (engineering) was the most frequent category, while a dramatic increase in papers in the BUSI (business, management, and accounting) group can be seen in the last four years. This increase has caused BUSI to be the subject area with the most outstanding research impact and research interest. No such significant changes were recorded in the other subject areas. Possible reasons for the increased interest of researchers in the field of BUSI in the topic of organizational culture and digital transformation are indirectly indicated by some current studies. For example, the study by Priyanto et al. ( 2023 ) emphasizes the importance of proactively modernizing a business to maintain a competitive edge. The need to increase the competitive edge was also pointed out in the study by Troise et al. ( 2022 ), in which the authors examined the relationships between SMEs’ agility (measured by digital technologies capability, relational capability, and innovation capability) and the effects of agility on three outcomes (financial performance, product and process innovation). These studies and many others (Alomari, 2021 ; Carvalho et al., 2020 ; Chaurasia et al., 2020 ; Tessarini Junior & Saltorato, 2021 ) emphasize the managerial aspect of digitalization, which could explain the dramatic increase in research interest and research impact that we have seen over the last 4 years.

These results are also confirmed by a more detailed analysis of the development of the annual number in the five most numerous subject areas (Fig.  3 ). In the left part, we can see the absolute number of articles in the given subject areas, while the dominance of BUSI is visible mainly in the last three years. However, comparing the share of papers in particular subject areas is very interesting (right part of Fig.  3 ). We see that the increase in the BUSI subject area is continuous, while the share of SOCI (social sciences) and COMP (computer science) is decreasing in the long term. Areas such as ENGI and DECI (decision science) maintain a relatively constant share. According to the long-term trend, it can be assumed that the share of the BUSI subject area will grow in research on topics related to organizational culture and digital transformation in the coming years.

figure 3

Development of papers in top 5 subject areas — absolute numbers (left) and share (right)

Topics Identification and Their Development

By analyzing the abstracts of the individual papers, it was possible to categorize documents into thematically related clusters using LDA. Such clusters contain papers with the occurrence of the same terms and are called topics. The individual steps of extracting topics from the analyzed dataset are listed in the “ Topic Modelling ” section. To choose the number of topics, several experiments were carried out with the aim of identifying such a constellation in which the individual topics would be well interpretable and, at the same time, sufficiently distinguishable from each other. The number of topics k  = 8 was selected by expert assessment according to these criteria. The results and a brief description of the topics via the top-5 most frequent terms can be found in Fig.  4 as an intertopic distance map between two principal components (PC).

figure 4

Intertopic distance map

Eight identified topics were analyzed with regard to the most frequented words, and at the same time, the most cited articles in the given topic were also used for their better characterization. This allowed these topics to be named and briefly characterized:

Social Media Connectivity (Topic-1)

This topic includes various aspects of digital and social media, as well as online platforms and the cultural impacts of digital technologies. The Social Media Connectivity topic focuses on main areas like the rise of social media (Munar, 2012 ; van Dijck, 2013 ), its platforms (Mikos, 2016 ; Morris, 2015 ), as well as structural change (Kim, 2020 ; Peukert, 2019 ). The articles of topic-1 explore a wide range of subjects in particular such as social media strategies, digital engagement with heritage, digital storytelling, cultural globalization, and the transformative effects of digital technological change. There are many different inter-organizational subcultures present within organizations that are dealing with convergence and cooperation across media platforms. According to Erdal ( 2009 ), cooperation between those cultures is frequently linked to competition. It is the topic with the most significant research interest (measured through the number of papers), and at the same time, it is the topic with the highest research impact (measured through the number of citations). There are 458 related papers in this topic with a sum of all citations of 91% (based on a 6000 citation strip).

Digital Innovation Ecosystems (Topic-2)

This topic captures the overarching theme of digital transformation across various domains. It emphasizes the integration of digital technologies, innovation processes and the development of ecosystems to drive transformative change in industries and organizations with regard to culture. Regarding the function of organizational culture throughout this transformation process, two alternative viewpoints may be seen. When individuals are empowered to use their problem-solving skills, their capacity for learning and their sense of responsibility, a culture may result in a workforce that is people-centered and engaged driving the integration of digital technologies. On the other hand, there is a culture that focuses primarily on promoting this technology for the purpose of managing or substituting processes neglecting the input and use of people (Rossini et al., 2021 ). The main subjects of this topic include healthcare (Jacob et al., 2020 ), manufacturing (Reinhardt et al., 2020 ), and a digital transformation focus of information systems and organizational practices (Ulas, 2019 ). Additionally, the challenges for the organization and management in rapidly changing environments are analyzed (Granlund & Taipaleenmäki, 2005 ). This topic has a relatively considerable research interest with 419 papers published, but its research impact is average with 51%.

Socio-economic Sustainability (Topic-3)

The Socio-economic Sustainability topic captures the intersection of digital transformation, sustainability and socio-economic considerations across a wide variety of domains such as urban development (Anttiroiko, 2016 ), corporate responsibility and sustainability (Etter et al., 2019 ; Lăzăroiu et al., 2020 ), technology management (Tasleem et al., 2019 ), and organizational practices with regard to culture, among others. In the case of sustainable performance, all forms of organizational culture — based on the types defined by Quinn and Spreitzer ( 1991 ) — have a positive effect on sustainable performance (Gebril Taha & Espino-Rodríguez, 2020 ). There is also a strong correlation between organizational culture and eco-innovation (Reyes-Santiago et al., 2017 ). Furthermore, the sharing economy and its cultural effects towards consumption and ownership are analyzed (Dabbous & Tarhini, 2021 ). The third topic has an average research interest, counting 367 papers and a slightly below-average research impact of 42% compared to the other topics.

Digital Workforce Transformation (Topic-4)

Digital Workforce Transformation highlights the themes of digital transformation with the focus of organizational resilience, leadership, and the impact of technology on work culture and employee well-being. The main focus is on the employee-work relationship, including subjects like leadership (Cortellazzo et al., 2019 ; Guzmán et al., 2020 ), employee well-being (Coldwell, 2019 ; Theurer et al., 2018 ), and resilience (McFadden et al., 2015 ). In particular, the implications on cultural organizational characteristics, operations, digital transformation, and financial planning of COVID-19 for work, workers, and organizations are analyzed (Kniffin et al., 2021 ; Obrenovic et al., 2020 ). As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, many organizations have changed their mode of operation. They adopted a pure work from home model or make use of a hybrid mode of operation. Establishing a communicative work from home culture will result in increased employee satisfaction (Fay & Kline, 2011 ; Mandal et al., 2023 ). Organizations have to educate their employees concerning these new processes and technologies. Individuals dislike change, so organizations must coordinate training and awareness programs to demonstrate the advantages of new digital platforms and related technologies (Mandal et al., 2023 ). Regarding research interest, this topic is average with 381 papers, and its research impact is slightly below average with 42%.

Digital Competence and Cultural Transformation (Topic-5)

This topic refers to the concepts of competence in the digital era, cultural transformation, innovation, and sustainability. These articles explore different aspects of digital transformation (Suárez-Guerrero et al., 2016 ), the impact of digital competence on various sectors (Konttila et al., 2019 ), cultural factors in innovation and enterprise, and the intersection of technology and culture (Mohelska & Sokolova, 2018 ). The role of leadership in the transformation of organizational culture is also a focus of analysis (Sá & Serpa, 2020 ). From the point of view of research interest, this is a minor topic (355 papers) that simultaneously has a relatively small research impact (33%).

Knowledge, Culture and Innovation (Topic-6)

Knowledge, Culture, and Innovation captures the common themes of knowledge management (Gandini, 2016 ; Yeh et al., 2006 ), organizational culture (Dubey et al., 2019 ), innovation, and the transformative effects (Ungerman et al., 2018 ) of digitalization across various sectors. Digital innovation is linked to organizational culture by the digital capabilities of an organization (Zhen et al., 2021 ). The capabilities required by management in dynamic environments are examined in particular (Karimi & Walter, 2015 ). Research interest, counting 388 papers, as well as research impact, with 56%, of this topic are both average.

Data and Resource Management (Topic-7)

The Data and Resource Management topic encompasses the concepts of digitalization, Industry 4.0, data management, quality management, organizational culture and the impact of technology on various industries (Durana et al., 2019 ; Gunasekaran et al., 2019 ; Sony et al., 2020 ). These titles explore different aspects of implementing Industry 4.0, including the utilization of big data (Chiang et al., 2017 ), improving organizational performance through digital transformation (Ananyin et al., 2018 ) and the role of data-driven decision-making in different sectors. A number of relevant factors for Industry 4.0 implementation like the development of Industry 4.0-specific know-how, securing financial resources, integration of employees into the implementation process, and the establishment of an open-minded and flexible corporate culture are analyzed. (Veile et al., 2020 ). The research interest of this topic is the smallest of all with only 315 papers, and its research impact is also relatively small with 34%.

Digital Transformation Maturity (Topic-8)

This topic covers the concepts of digital transformation, Industry 4.0, maturity models, organizational culture, and the impact of technology on business strategies and performance (Gajsek et al., 2019 ; Teichert, 2019 ). These titles explore various aspects of digitalization, technology implementation, strategic management, organizational resilience, and the adoption factors of Industry 4.0 in the manufacturing industry (Kohnová et al., 2019 ). The analysis shows that factors like organizational identity, dematerialization, and collaboration play a key role in the digital transformation (Tronvoll et al., 2020 ). The size of research interest of this topic is average (382 papers), but its research impact is among the largest (of 80%).

These topics are sufficiently distinguishable from each other not only from an interpretive point of view but also within the position in the intertopic distance map (Fig.  4 ). In the coordinates of two principal components, almost all topics are relatively isolated, meaning they are sufficiently distinguishable from each other. In one case, however, a statistical similarity was identified, namely for topic-2 Digital Innovation Ecosystems and topic-8 Digital Transformation Maturity (Fig.  4 top left). This finding suggests that there is some interrelationship between the two topics. After a closer examination of the articles from both topics, it was found that topic-2 and topic-8 share a rather similar basis of content. The central point of investigation in these articles is the identification of various (success) factors and challenges that arise for organizations and their cultures during the phase of digital transformation (AlBar & Hoque, 2019 ; Cichosz et al., 2020 ; Shardeo et al., 2020 ). Topic-2 builds on this common foundation by focusing on systems and functional aspects. There, the organization’s implementation, integration, and management of tools and data (ERP, big data) is examined. Additionally, this topic focuses on the organization’s life cycle, evolution, business models, and processes like DevOps and Agile development (Gupta et al., 2019 ; Jacob et al., 2020 ; Nascimento et al., 2019 ). On the other hand, the majority of the articles in topic-8 focus on a perspective with regard to the organizational readiness of the organization towards changes related to Industry 4.0, including the impacts those changes will have on culture, the implications for strategy, and the general organization’s maturity through the examination of maturity models (Ganzarain & Errasti, 2016 ; Mittal et al., 2018 ; Santos & Martinho, 2020 ; Schumacher et al., 2016a , b ).

The eight topics identified are not static and their development may change over time. To capture such changes, we analyzed the share of papers (research interest) and the share of citations (research impact) of papers in the last 10 years. We did not analyze the absolute numbers but their relative share primarily to avoid the risk of distortion caused by the exponential increase in the number of articles and citations. The results can be found in Fig.  5 .

figure 5

Development of research interest (top) and research impact (bottom) in last 10 years

Several findings can be seen in Fig.  5 . The first of them is a marked decrease in topic-1 both from the point of view of research interest and the point of view of research impact. As mentioned earlier, this topic is currently one of the most important. However, trend analysis shows that its importance is declining relatively quickly. It is gradually being replaced by topics with higher research interest (e.g., topic-4) or research impact (e.g., topic-6).

The downward trend of topic-1 Social Media Connectivity can be explained with the growing maturity of this research field. In the early start of the new millennium, the rise of social networks and communication platforms like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Whatsapp, and other social media services and applications changed the way of communication and collaboration. As of 2023, this field of research is established and many papers have been published and cited already. Based on our search query, there were 458 papers identified with over 5400 citations in total from 1997 to 2023.

The second finding is the gradual emergence of new topics. These are topics that almost or did not exist 10 years ago. The most significant representative of such topics is topic-4, which almost did not exist in 2013, but is currently one of the most important topics. The upward trend of topic-4 Digital Workforce Transformation is strongly connected with the emergence of new working modes and cultural shifts within the organizational landscape due to COVID-19 pandemic related effects. The rise of topic-4 with a strong focus on the employee-work relationship and employee well-being is relatively new. This was triggered with the start of the worldwide pandemic (COVID-19). The worldwide pandemic had a significant impact on how people worked and communicated. This remote work model has many implications on a number of different fields like organizational culture, collaboration, employee motivation, and productivity, among many others. Thus, the requirement for employees and the organizations to adapt to this new work reality open up many new research fields. The growing topic-6 Knowledge, Culture, and Innovation combines knowledge management, organizational culture, and innovation in regard to the transformative effects of digitalization across various sectors. This topic recently gained special attention because the world economy is facing challenges during the pandemic caused by less international business and trade and increased costs (Amirul et al., 2023 ). Competitive advantages through knowledge management, knowledge sharing, and innovation are the key to deal with the (project) uncertainty many companies face (Borodako et al., 2023 ).

The third finding is that increasing research interest does not necessarily increase research impact. For example, we can mention topic-5 Digital Competence and Cultural Transformation , which is gradually gaining research interest, but its research impact is the smallest of all. However, it should be noted here that research impact is based on processing the number of citations, which can generally have a time delay.

A more detailed characterization of topics is also possible by comparing them to the analyzed subject areas. Figure  6 shows the decomposition of individual topics into subject areas. The basis for this decomposition was the papers themselves.

figure 6

Decomposition of topics to subject areas

Several findings can be seen in Fig.  6 . Topic-1, which currently dominates research impact and research interest, but has a negative trend, is most associated with papers from the SOCI subject area. If we compare these results with the analysis of subject areas (Fig.  2 ), we can conclude that there are two parallel phenomena — a decrease in interest in both SOCI and topic-1. This topic played a key role in the past, but its outlook, as well as the outlook of organizational culture research in relation to digital transformation in the SOCI subject area, is negative. On the other hand, we can see that the BUSI subject area is most prominently represented in topic-6. By comparing the development of BUSI and the development of topic-6, we can also notice parallel phenomena — in this case, however, with a positive trend. Both topic-6 and the BUSI subject area have been growing in recent years, and it is assumed that this could be the case in the following years as well. In the past the focus of research has been on identification and introduction as well as adaptation of new technologies that drive the trend of digital transformation. With this established foundation, nowadays, the research shifts more towards the application and impacts of these technologies in organizations and its consequences on innovation-orientation, knowledge generation and sharing as well as cultural effects (Kronblad et al., 2023 ). This can be seen with the strengthening of topic-6. Other topics appear more heterogeneous from the point of view of subject areas, and the papers that fall into them are from different subject areas.

This article begins with a brief review of organizational culture research in relation to digital transformation. Later, an overview of the research area was presented based on the 3065 publications listed and identified in the Scopus database. To answer research question 1, we have identified the key journals, papers and authors and have shown the development of publications over time. Research interest and research impact of the given topic have grown dramatically since 2018. According to research areas, from 2004 until 2023, the share of papers (research impact) as well as the share of citations (research interest) is mainly contributed to the subject area of BUSI (with a share of more than 25%). The dominance of BUSI has been visible mainly in the last 3 years.

The identification of the dominant research topics (research question 2) resulted in eight topics: Social Media Connectivity , Digital Innovation Ecosystems , Socio-economic Sustainability , Digital Workforce Transformation , Digital Competence and Cultural Transformation , Knowledge, Culture and Innovation , Data and Resource Management , and Digital Transformation Maturity . The topic with the most significant research interest (measured by the number of papers) and the highest research impact (measured by the number of citations) is Social Media Connectivity (topic-1). This is because of the strong role of this topic in the past. The outlook is declining for this topic as well as the related subject area SOCI. Two rising topics were identified. In recent years Digital Workforce Transformation (topic-4) and Knowledge, Culture, and Innovation (topic-6) gained strong interest. Both are from the area of BUSI.

To fulfil the aims of the article, following the completion of the literature review, we were able to identify a number of research topics that are distinct due to the methodology that we have utilized. As a result of their development over time, some of these topics are also relatively new; for instance, as of 2013, topic-4 ( Digital Workforce Transformation ) did not exist at all. In light of the fact that the topics have developed over time, it is clear that the most important areas influencing culture have been transformed under the conditions brought about by digital transformation.


Firstly, this study demonstrated a machine learning–supported method for identifying and segmenting the current state of this research field. This method, as used in this paper, can be applied to other fields to obtain a systematic overview of research topics.

Secondly, organizational culture has been a field of research for many years and research on digital transformation is constantly growing. The interrelation of these two research areas is relatively new, and their findings will have a lasting effect on the formation and effectiveness of organizational culture in the future.

With the increased interest in Digital Workforce Transformation and Knowledge, Culture, and Innovation , we could identify a shift in the research field on organizational culture in relation to digital transformation towards the subject area of BUSI. Those two rising topics show a need to focus on the impact of technology on work culture and employee well-being, as well as on knowledge management and innovation in relation to organizational culture.

The long-term trend of the share development of the BUSI subject area indicates that this area will also grow continuously in the future. From 2019 onwards, the constant increase of papers published per year implies that additional distinct new topics will be established in this field of research. These and other future trends will help researchers to focus on relevant topics and areas for their work.

A possible explanation for this shift in research could derive from the impact technological changes have on businesses today. The work-related requirements during the COVID-19 pandemic acted as a catalyst for many technological advancements due to the necessity to work instantly remote, changing many processes and all communication to digital. This growing importance of technology for every business could lead to an increased relevance and importance for management practice as well as for researchers. An additional cause for organizations to reevaluate matters related to knowledge and innovation is the pervasive integration and accessibility of AI technology in routine business operations. The alignment of current processes, particularly the innovation process within organizations, with this novel capability will be a subject of interest for managers and researchers as well.

Following the functionalist perspective on organizational culture, the management of organizations can attempt to control and change culture (Alvesson, 1993 ). The introduction of these two topics has significant implications for management practice. A strong organizational culture that is people-centered is essential for successful knowledge-driven organizational innovation. As a result, managers must pay special attention to the factors that influence work culture, address the challenges that arise during the transformation, and understand and improve their organization’s digital capabilities.

Managers can focus their efforts on a variety of areas to foster an adaptable, innovative, and supportive work culture while effectively leveraging technology for digital transformation. Enhanced emphasis is placed on the behavior and collaboration of the team and managers, while these recommendations also encompass measures pertaining to the structure and processes.

The delegation of decision-making authority and work ownership responsibility to employees by managers is a critical structural element. Utilizing data to facilitate well-informed decision-making can provide support for this. Establishing a work environment that offers adequate resources and support, including tools, training, and assistance in adjusting to digital transformations and fostering innovation, is an additional critical element (Veile et al., 2020 ). Furthermore, it is beneficial to measure and communicate progress by assessing the impact of digital transformation on work culture, employee well-being, knowledge management, and innovation on a regular basis. The manager should be willing to make the necessary cultural changes to align, adapt, and evolve organizational culture in the digital age (Cortellazzo et al., 2019 ).

During digital transformation, an open and productive organizational culture will be fostered through the promotion of a flexible and inclusive work environment that actively solicits employee feedback and input, with a focus on employee well-being (Coldwell, 2019 ). Managers who set a good example and encourage their employees’ continuous learning and skill development, as well as cross-functional collaboration, will be better able to promote an adaptive organizational culture in an increasingly digital and competitive landscape (Sá & Serpa, 2020 ). Creating a culture that values innovation and encourages employees to come up with new ideas and solutions, as well as celebrating successful innovations, can help managers create a people-oriented work culture that is essential for organizational innovation (Karimi & Walter, 2015 ). This can be seen in the increased interest in the area on Knowledge, Culture, and Innovation by organizations as well as by researchers.

Limitations and Future Research

This study has a number of limitations, which can be mainly attributed to the way the analysis was conducted. The focus of this study is on an automated bibliometric analysis of the literature. While the quantitative focus has many advantages, it also has some limitations. The main advantage includes the possibility to process and analyze a large number of papers via automation and machine learning techniques. A total of 3065 papers were analyzed. This approach — in comparison to a standard systematic literature review — does not analyze the papers manually. Therefore, some relevant documents could be missing, as well as some irrelevant ones might be included. The authors have selected a search query that yields highly relevant search results. Thus, it is assumed that the share of notable articles that are missing is very small and therefore neglectable and does not have a significant impact on the results.

The applied dataset covers most of the important publications, but all the data comes from just one database (Scopus). This is not comprehensive, and some relevant articles (or journals) could be excluded. In addition, some information may be missing because the source of analysis is not the full text of the articles. Another limitation comes from the fact that the primary focus in the topic modeling are the abstracts of the relevant papers and not the whole text. The analysis of the full text could potentially provide a more extensive understanding, but at the same time, it would take much longer.

We decided on the expert approach by determining the number of topics, as the statistical approach resulted in a large number of topics. This may be of a subjective nature, but it resulted in eight well interpretable and sufficiently distinguishable topics. The title, abstract, and keywords of each topic’s top-30 papers (based on citation count) were used to name each topic. This results in subjective topic names but helps to sum up each topic with a generalized distinct phrase.

This study suggests a number of possible future directions for additional research. It is recommended to extend the data sources to other databases than Scopus as well as the search query. This could result in capturing an increased number of relevant papers. In this research two developing, fast growing topics (topic-4 and topic-6) were identified. Further research should concentrate on examining this trend and focusing on those topics.

Future research could concentrate on finding various organizational culture types that reflect and favor those two emerging topics. Considering Quinn and Rohrbaugh’s CVF (Cameron & Quinn, 1999 ; Quinn & Rohrbaugh, 1983 ), the characteristics of the adhocracy culture type may align with the aspects connected to Digital Workforce Transformation and Knowledge, Culture and Innovation as this culture type values innovation and flexibility. This can be supported through the systematic research and cultural audits in organizations.

Data Availability

The data and code that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon request.

cultur, digit, studi, research, technolog, busi, industri, organ, organiz, use, transform, practic, compani, paper, result, factor, perform, effect, find, implement, author, analysi, provid, differ, organis, approach, base, adopt, identifi, impact, improv, literatur, support, relat, increas, focus, success, level, structur, present, purpos, aim, relationship, influenc, understand, method, enterpris, signific, firm, articl, includ, limit, publish, framework, context, contribut, corpor, show, requir, sector, case, review, futur, within, creat, examin, key, explor, right, current, propos, institut, collect, main, howev, reserv, natur, analyz, implic, discuss, consid, concept, mani, construct, investig, achiev, conduct, among, becom, toward, exist, respons, applic, enabl, theori, affect, issu, survey, assess, opportun, three, interview, adapt, indic, appli, perspect, area, suggest, critic, determin, specif, high, aspect, field, build, form, order, evalu, direct, establish, relev, offer, object, various, methodolog, address, problem, enhanc, addit, part, empir, initi, scienc, associ, analyt, reveal, term, theoret, test, springer, possibl, generat, complex, big, open, continu, switzerland, particip, academ, state, mediat, originalityvalu, designmethodologyapproach, across, solut,advanc, content, regard, characterist, highlight, analys, therefor, higher, interest, access, allow, emerald, advantag, face, make, better, year, insight, goal, select, trend, function, small, element, due, must, conceptu, view, systemat, action, chapter, combin, play, accord, question, describ, questionnair, sever, valid, larg, general, thus, â€, major, recent, type, technic, mean, concern, moder, topic, facilit,sampl, gap, respond, way, attent, outcom, stage, scientif, final, expect, repres, creation, report, still, variabl, especi, techniqu, ensur, compar, number, carri, practition, necessari, exampl, defin, second, copyright, document, compon, subject, common, obtain, demonstr, evid, drive, link, depend, exclus, principl, multipl, essenti, observ, quantit, format, revolut, effort, reflect, four, negat, recommend, made, idea, top, ltd, awar, five, regul, standard, rapid, previous, statist, take, strong, introduc, european, journal, foster, sinc, conclus, featur, basi, driver, equat, digitalis, special, best, comprehens, hand, help, forc, given, consist, align, uniqu, total, explain, overal, materi, refer, gain, furthermor, remain, taylor, whether, moreov, imag, conclud, origin, hypothes, consider, think, similar, russian, attribut, fundament, ieee, clear, bring, caus, around, encourag, period, live, shape, step, start, deploy, name, crisi, intent, contemporari, produc, particular, today, protect, satisfact, ident, accept, six, despit, progress, paradigm, theme, appropri, although, elsevi, argu, datadriven, attract, seek, complet, scholar, search, deal, china, maintain, act, respect, introduct, pattern, serv, less, acceler, indepth, predict, crucial, style, detail, procedur, extend, limitationsimpl, phase, emphas, togeth, greater, abl, central, via, confirm, novel, draw, correl, databas, rate, emot, primari, basic, wide, degre, give, machin, legal, domin, thing, map, basel, record, turn, interpret, south, transfer, cover, mdpi, along, leverag, pressur, move, hospit, decad, least, expand, evolv, fourth, holist, now, informa, rang, other, reliabl, solv, excel, site, uncertainti, henc, partial, littl, without, contain, balanc, prefer, real, cours, overcom, alreadi, india, prepar, sale, actor, instrument, valuabl, beyond, past, center, histori, fact, regress, prevent, preserv, assist, deliv, low, definit, mine, substanti, extens, answer, close, known, third, taken, contextu, popular, employees’, index, fit, deriv, locat, embrac, text, scenario, outlin, certain, ongo, desir, independ, transpar, avoid, proceed, realiz, illustr, visual, promis, inc, reach, usag, algorithm, identif, consult, feder, gather, whole, prioriti, russia, altern, constant, occur, shown, actual, proactiv, seem, europ, matter, resist, express, igi, appear, sociotechn, light, extent, germani, done, hybrid, upon, just, read, receiv, driven, german, cycl, suitabl, mainten, fulli, look, long, bodi, ground, attempt, broad, compris, varieti, indonesia, frame, african, rise, home, weak, proper, financ, keep, maker, dissemin, properti, senior, mitig, next, difficulti, captur, correspond, flow, begin, code, overview, stimul, squar, prove, volum, reduct, full, american, choic, malaysia, intend, llc, eight, tri, occup, diffus, vari, under, numer, extract, organization’, anoth, len, rule, indian, aid, know, joint, socioeconom, lower, summar, classifi, fast, experiment, exhibit, paramet, brought, widespread, understood, nowaday, mix, embed, africa, built, provis, sociolog, good, comparison, adjust, behind, quick, adequ, channel, instead, verifi, indirect, seven, primarili, soft, safe, company’, pose, handl, themat, routin, therebi, interconnect, reform, assumpt, either, constitut, utilis, believ, prior, john, separ, come, segment, item, assum, suffici, minim, whose, sem, plssem, outsid, seri, huge, restrict, wast, classif, updat, translat, obstacl, frequent, hold, version, interfac, discov, almost, represent, equal, wherea, hypothesi, presenc, simpl, robust, alway, categor, claim, score, like, print, interdisciplinari, ten, australia, note, italian, bibliometr, lie, america, underpin, synthesi, wiley, promin, alter, typic, stori, fuzzi, simultan, fulfil, estim, pursu, correct, return, manner, narrat, becam, besid, contrast, ration, inspir, replac, hinder, imper, detect, thought, son, faculti, convers, asia, profound, pilot, acknowledg, maxim, configur, urgent, argument, hard, sensit, gmbh, charact, larger, rich, wider, elabor, highest, shed, phenomena, deep, necess, mutual, mass, option, trigger, expans, poor, extant, domest, today’, concentr, demograph, reinforc, clarifi, anticip, eas, expos, deeper, most, editor, devot, middl, crosssect, usual, nine, ultim, manifest, scopus, calcul, vulner, andor, run, massiv, tension, ideal, old, retriev, first, singapor, ambigu, list, conscious, inher, insid, ministri, rethink, serious, compos, stay, modifi, per, encount, rare, attain, circumst, date, recognis, enter, near, spss, explicit, held, incent, unpreced, largest, stronger, insuffici, lack, nevertheless, word, longer, input, decreas, conting, accur, tendenc, preval, match, tackl, undertaken, sciencebusi, amongst, mention, easili, reader, chosen, prosper, elimin, coupl, hope, authors’, get, later, everyday, dedic, encompass, thrive, miss, acm, refin, interdepend, guarante, precis, except, random, accomplish, latest, easi, vast, prevail.

Aasi, P., & Rusu, L. (2017). Facing the digitalization challenge: Why organizational culture matters and how it influences IT governance performance. In N. Paspallis, M. Raspopoulos, C. Barry, M. Lang, H. Linger, & C. Schneider (Eds.), Information systems development: Advances in methods, tools and management (ISD2017 Proceedings). Larnaca.

Google Scholar  

Abu Bakar, M. R., Mat Razali, N. A., Wook, M., Ismail, M. N., & Tengku Sembok, T. M. (2021). The mediating role of cloud computing and moderating influence of digital organizational culture towards enhancing SMEs performance. In H. Badioze Zaman, et al. (Eds.), Advances in visual informatics. IVIC 2021. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (vol 13051, pp. 447–458). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-90235-3_39

Acemoglu, D., & Autor, D. (2011). Skills, tasks and technologies: Implications for employment and earnings. Handbook of Labor Economics, 4 , 1043–1171. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0169-7218(11)02410-5

Article   Google Scholar  

Adebanjo, D., Laosirihongthong, T., Samaranayake, P., & Teh, P.-L. (2021). Key enablers of Industry 4.0 development at firm level: Findings from an emerging economy. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 70 (2), 400–416. https://doi.org/10.1109/tem.2020.3046764

Affes, W., & Affes, H. (2022). Business model and firm performance in Tunisian firms: A mediated moderation analysis. Journal of the Knowledge Economy, 13 (4), 2822–2839. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13132-021-00836-4

Ågerfalk, P. J., Conboy, K., & Myers, M. D. (2020). Information systems in the age of pandemics: COVID-19 and beyond. European Journal of Information Systems, 29 (3), 203–207. https://doi.org/10.1080/0960085x.2020.1771968

Alankarage, S., Chileshe, N., Rameezdeen, R., Edwards, D. J., & Samaraweera, A. (2021). Exploring BIM-triggered organisational and professional culture change: A systematic literature review. Construction Innovation, 23 (1), 229–247. https://doi.org/10.1108/ci-04-2021-0084

AlBar, A. M., & Hoque, Md. R. (2019). Factors affecting cloud ERP adoption in Saudi Arabia: An empirical study. Information Development, 35 (1), 150–164. https://doi.org/10.1177/0266666917735677

Alloghani, M., Thron, C., & Subair, S. (2022). Past achievements and future promises of digital transformation: A literature review. In M. Alloghani, C. Thron, & S. Subair. (Eds.), Artificial intelligence for data science in theory and practice. Studies in computational intelligence (vol 1006, pp. 27–39). Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-92245-0_2

Alomari, K. M. (2021). Identifying critical success factors in designing effective and efficient supply chain structures: A literature review. Uncertain Supply Chain Management, 9 (2), 447–456. https://doi.org/10.5267/j.uscm.2021.1.006

Alvesson, M. (1993). Cultural perspectives on organizations . Cambridge University Press.

Am, E. N., Affandi, A., Udobong, A., Sarwani, S., & Hernawan, H. (2020). Implementation of human resource management in the adaptation period for new habits. International Journal of Educational Administration, Management, and Leadership, 1 (1), 19–26. https://doi.org/10.51629/ijeamal.v1i1.4

Amirul, S. R., Ahmad, S. N. B., & Nasip, S. (2023). Organisational culture and dynamic marketing capabilities in the digital age of pandemic crisis. In B. Alareeni, & A. Hamdan. (Eds.), Impact of artificial intelligence, and the fourth industrial revolution on business success. ICBT 2021. Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems (vol 485). Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-08093-7_21

Ananyin, V., Zimin, K., Lugachev, M., Gimranov, R., & Skripkin, K. (2018). Digital organization: Transformation into the new reality. Business Informatics, 2018 (2), 45–54. https://doi.org/10.17323/1998-0663.2018.2.45.54

Anghel, D. (2019). The ground rules for managers and leaders in the change management process of digitization. Quality - Access to Success, 20 (3), 37–42.

Anttiroiko, A.-V. (2016). City-as-a-platform: The rise of participatory innovation platforms in Finnish cities. Sustainability, 8 (9), 922. https://doi.org/10.3390/su8090922

Anwar, A., Kamel, A. A., & Ahmed, E. (2016, May). Agile Adoption Case Study, Pains, Challenges & Benefits. AMECSE ‘16: Proceedings of the 2nd Africa and Middle East Conference on Software Engineering. Association for Computing Machinery,  60–65. https://doi.org/10.1145/2944165.2944175

Aria, M., & Cuccurullo, C. (2017). Bibliometrix: An R-tool for comprehensive science mapping analysis. Journal of Informetrics, 11 (4), 959–975. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joi.2017.08.007

Assoratgoon, W., & Kantabutra, S. (2023). Toward a sustainability organizational culture model. Journal of Cleaner Production, 400 , 136666. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2023.136666

Baek, P., Chang, J., & Kim, T. (2019). Organizational culture now and going forward. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 32 (6), 650–668. https://doi.org/10.1108/jocm-05-2018-0121

Bajic, B., Rikalovic, A., Suzic, N., & Piuri, V. (2021). Industry 4.0 implementation challenges and opportunities: A managerial perspective. IEEE Systems Journal, 15 (1), 546–559. https://doi.org/10.1109/jsyst.2020.3023041

Baker, E., Avery, G. C., & Crawford, J. (2006). Home alone: The role of technology in telecommuting. Information Resources Management Journal, 19 (4), 1–22. https://doi.org/10.4018/irmj.2006100101

Baker, H. K., Kumar, S., & Pandey, N. (2020). Thirty years of small business economics: A bibliometric overview. Small Business Economics, 56 , 487–517. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-020-00342-y

Balasingham, K. (2016). Industry 4.0: Securing the future for German manufacturing companies. Retrieved 12 April 2023, from http://essay.utwente.nl/70665/1/Balasingham_BA_MA.pdf

Barley, S. R., Meyer, G. C., & Gash, D. W. (1988). Cultures of culture: Academic, practitioners and the pragmatics of normative control. Administrative Science Quarterly, 33 , 24–60.

Bélanger, F., Watson-Manheim, M. B., & Swan, B. R. (2013). A multi-level socio-technical systems telecommuting framework. Behaviour & Information Technology, 32 (12), 1257–1279. https://doi.org/10.1080/0144929x.2012.705894

Belinski, R., Peixe, A. M. M., Frederico, G. F., & Garza-Reyes, J. A. (2020). Organizational learning and Industry 4.0: Findings from a systematic literature review and research agenda. Benchmarking: An International Journal, 27 (8), 2435–2457. https://doi.org/10.1108/bij-04-2020-0158

Betto, F., Sardi, A., Garengo, P., & Sorano, E. (2022). The evolution of balanced scorecard in healthcare: A systematic review of its design, implementation, use, and review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (16), 10291. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph191610291

Bibby, L., & Dehe, B. (2018). Defining and assessing Industry 4.0 maturity levels – Case of the defence sector. Production Planning & Control, 29 (12), 1030–1043. https://doi.org/10.1080/09537287.2018.1503355

Blei, D. M., & Lafferty, J. D. (2009). Topic models. In A. N. Srivastava & M. Sahami (Eds.), Text mining: Classification, clustering, and applications (pp. 71–93). Chapman & Hall/CRC.

Blei, D. M., Ng, A. Y., & Jordan, M. I. (2003). Latent Dirichlet allocation. Journal of Machine Learning Research, 3 , 993–1022.

Bloom, N., Liang, J., Roberts, J., & Ying, Z. J. (2015). Does working from home work? Evidence from a Chinese experiment. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 130 (1), 165–218. https://doi.org/10.3386/w18871

Bondarouk, T. V., & Ruël, H. J. M. (2009). Electronic human resource management: Challenges in the digital era. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 20 (3), 505–514. https://doi.org/10.1080/09585190802707235

Borodako, K., Berbeka, J., Rudnicki, M., & Łapczyński, M. (2023). The impact of innovation orientation and knowledge management on business services performance moderated by technological readiness. European Journal of Innovation Management, 26 (7), 674–695. https://doi.org/10.1108/ejim-09-2022-0523

Brynjolfsson, E., & McAfee, A. (2014). The second machine age: Work, progress, and prosperity in a time of brilliant technologies. W. W. Norton and Company.

Büschgens, T., Bausch, A., & Balkin, D. B. (2013). Organizational culture and innovation: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 30 (4), 763–781. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpim.12021

Caligiuri, P., Cieri, H., Minbaeva, D., Verbeke, A., & Zimmermann, A. (2020). International HRM insights for navigating the COVID-19 pandemic: Implications for future research and practice. Journal of International Business Studies, 51 (5), 697–713. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41267-020-00335-9

Cameron, K. S., & Quinn, R. E. (1999). Diagnosing and changing organizational culture: Based on the competing values framework . Addison-Wesley Publishing.

Carnevale, J. B., & Hatak, I. (2020). Employee adjustment and well-being in the era of COVID-19: Implications for human resource management. Journal of Business Research, 116 , 183–187. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2020.05.037

Cartwright, J. (1999). Cultural transformation: Nine factors for continuous business improvement . Prentice Hall.

Carvalho, A. M., Sampaio, P., Rebentisch, E., Carvalho, J. Á., & Saraiva, P. (2020). The influence of operational excellence on the culture and agility of organizations: Evidence from industry. International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, 38 (7), 1520–1549. https://doi.org/10.1108/ijqrm-07-2020-0248

Chatman, J. A., & O’Reilly, C. A. (2016). Paradigm lost: Reinvigorating the study of organizational culture. Research in Organizational Behavior, 36 , 199–224. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.riob.2016.11.004

Chaurasia, S. S., Kaul, N., Yadav, B., & Shukla, D. (2020). Open innovation for sustainability through creating shared value-role of knowledge management system, openness and organizational structure. Journal of Knowledge Management, 24 (10), 2491–2511. https://doi.org/10.1108/jkm-04-2020-0319

Chen, Y., Liu, L., Li, W., Xie, Z., & Wei, C. (2023). Microfoundations of dynamic capabilities: A systematic review and a multilevel framework. Management Decision, 61 (6), 1717–1753. https://doi.org/10.1108/md-05-2022-0615

Chiang, L., Lu, B., & Castillo, I. (2017). Big data analytics in chemical engineering. Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, 8 (1), 63–85. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-chembioeng-060816-101555

Chung, N., Lee, H., Lee, S. J., & Koo, C. (2015). The influence of tourism website on tourists’ behavior to determine destination selection: A case study of creative economy in Korea. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 96 , 130–143. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2015.03.004

Cicea, C., Țurlea, C., Marinescu, C., & Pintilie, N. (2022). Organizational culture: A concept captive between determinants and its own power of influence. Sustainability, 14 (4), 2021. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14042021

Cichosz, M., Wallenburg, C. M., & Knemeyer, A. M. (2020). Digital transformation at logistics service providers: Barriers, success factors and leading practices. The International Journal of Logistics Management, 31 (2), 209–238. https://doi.org/10.1108/ijlm-08-2019-0229

Çınar, Z. M., Zeeshan, Q., & Korhan, O. (2021). A framework for Industry 4.0 readiness and maturity of smart manufacturing enterprises: A case study. Sustainability, 13 (12), 6659. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13126659

Cobo, M. J., López-Herrera, A. G., Herrera-Viedma, E., & Herrera, F. (2011). Science mapping software tools: Review, analysis, and cooperative study among tools. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 62 (7), 1382–1402. https://doi.org/10.1002/asi.21525

Coldwell, D. A. L. (2019). Negative influences of the 4th industrial revolution on the workplace: Towards a theoretical model of entropic citizen behavior in toxic organizations. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16 (15), 2670. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16152670

Cortellazzo, L., Bruni, E., & Zampieri, R. (2019). The role of leadership in a digitalized world: A review. Frontiers in Psychology, 10 (1), 1938. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01938

Cui, Y., Liu, Y., & Mou, J. (2018). Bibliometric analysis of organisational culture using CiteSpace. South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences, 21 (1).  https://doi.org/10.4102/sajems.v21i1.2030

Dabbous, A., & Tarhini, A. (2021). Does sharing economy promote sustainable economic development and energy efficiency? Evidence from OECD countries. Journal of Innovation & Knowledge, 6 (1), 58–68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jik.2020.11.001

Daum, D. L., & Maraist, C. C. (2021). The importance of culture in the era of COVID-19. Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 14 (1–2), 160–162. https://doi.org/10.1017/iop.2021.40

de Sousa Jabbour, A. B. L., Jabbour, C. J. C., Foropon, C., & Godinho Filho, M. (2018). When titans meet – Can Industry 4.0 revolutionise the environmentally-sustainable manufacturing wave? The role of critical success factors. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 132 , 18–25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2018.01.017

Denison, D. R., & Mishra, A. K. (1995). Toward a theory of organizational culture and effectiveness. Organization Science, 6 (2), 204–223. https://doi.org/10.1287/orsc.6.2.204

Diem, A., & Wolter, S. C. (2013). The use of bibliometrics to measure research performance in education sciences. Research in Higher Education, 54 (1), 86–114. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11162-012-9264-5

Dubey, R., Gunasekaran, A., Childe, S. J., Roubaud, D., Fosso Wamba, S., Giannakis, M., & Foropon, C. (2019). Big data analytics and organizational culture as complements to swift trust and collaborative performance in the humanitarian supply chain. International Journal of Production Economics, 210 , 120–136. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpe.2019.01.023

Durana, P., Kral, P., Stehel, V., Lazaroiu, G., & Sroka, W. (2019). Quality culture of manufacturing enterprises: A possible way to adaptation to Industry 4.0. Social Sciences, 8 (4), 124. https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci8040124

El Baz, J., & Iddik, S. (2021). Green supply chain management and organizational culture: A bibliometric analysis based on Scopus data (2001–2020). International Journal of Organizational Analysis, 30 , 156–179. https://doi.org/10.1108/ijoa-07-2020-2307

Elsevier. (2023). Scopus content coverage guide. Retrieved 10 June 2023, from https://www.elsevier.com/__data/assets/pdf_file/0007/69451/ScopusContentCoverageGuideWEB.pdf

Erdal, I. J. (2009). Cross-media (re)production cultures. convergence. The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies, 15 (2), 215–231. https://doi.org/10.1177/1354856508105231

Etter, M., Fieseler, C., & Whelan, G. (2019). Sharing economy, sharing responsibility? Corporate social responsibility in the digital age. Journal of Business Ethics, 159 (4), 935–942. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-019-04212-w

Fay, M. J., & Kline, S. L. (2011). Coworker relationships and informal communication in high-intensity telecommuting. Journal of Applied Communication Research, 39 (2), 144–163. https://doi.org/10.1080/00909882.2011.556136

Frey, C. B., & Osborne, M. A. (2017). The future of employment: How susceptible are jobs to computerisation? Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 114 (1), 254–280. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2016.08.019

Gajsek, B., Marolt, J., Rupnik, B., Lerher, T., & Sternad, M. (2019). Using maturity model and discrete-event simulation for Industry 4.0 implementation. International Journal of Simulation Modelling, 18 (3), 488–499. https://doi.org/10.2507/ijsimm18(3)489

Gandini, A. (2016). The reputation economy. Understanding knowledge work in digital society. Palgrave Macmillan . https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-56107-7

Ganzarain, J., & Errasti, N. (2016). Three stage maturity model in SME’s toward Industry 4.0. Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management, 9 (5), 1119–1128. https://doi.org/10.3926/jiem.2073

Garro Abarca, V. M., Palos-Sanchez, P. R., & Rus-Arias, E. (2020). Working in virtual teams: A systematic literature review and a bibliometric analysis. IEEE Access, 8 , 168923–168940. https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2020.3023546

Gebril Taha, M., & Espino-Rodríguez, T. F. (2020). The impact of the organizational culture on hotel outsourcing and sustainable performance an empirical application in the Egyptian hotel sector. Sustainability, 12 (22), 9687. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12229687

Gelfand, A. E. (2000). Gibbs sampling. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 95 (452), 1300–1304. https://doi.org/10.2307/2669775

Ghimire, D., Charters, S., & Gibbs, S. (2020, January). Scaling Agile Software Development Approach in Government Organization in New Zealand. ICSIM ‘20: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Software Engineering and Information Management , 100–104. https://doi.org/10.1145/3378936.3378945

Granlund, M., & Taipaleenmäki, J. (2005). Management control and controllership in new economy firms - A life cycle perspective. Management Accounting Research, 16 (1), 21–57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mar.2004.09.003

Gregory, B. T., Harris, S. G., Armenakis, A. A., & Shook, C. L. (2009). Organizational culture and effectiveness: A study of values, attitudes, and organizational outcomes. Journal of Business Research, 62 (7), 673–679. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2008.05.021

Griffiths, T. L., & Steyvers, M. (2004). Finding scientific topics. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 101 (Supplement 1), 5228–5235. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0307752101

Grün, B., & Hornik, K. (2011). Topicmodels: An R package for fitting topic models. Journal of Statistical Software, 40 (13), 1–30. https://doi.org/10.18637/jss.v040.i13

Gunasekaran, A., Subramanian, N., & Ngai, W. T. E. (2019). Quality management in the 21st century enterprises: Research pathway towards Industry 4.0. International Journal of Production Economics, 207 (1), 125–129. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpe.2018.09.005

Gupta, S., Qian, X., Bhushan, B., & Luo, Z. (2019). Role of cloud ERP and big data on firm performance: A dynamic capability view theory perspective. Management Decision, 57 (8), 1857–1882. https://doi.org/10.1108/md-06-2018-0633

Guzal-Dec, D. (2016). The role of local authorities in developing pro-ecological organizational culture of the communal offices located in areas of natural value (the example of Lubelskie Voivodeship). Economics and Environment, 57 (2), 235–248.

Guzmán, V. E., Muschard, B., Gerolamo, M., Kohl, H., & Rozenfeld, H. (2020). Characteristics and skills of leadership in the context of Industry 4.0. Procedia Manufacturing, 43 (1), 543–550. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2020.02.167

Hamouche, S. (2020). COVID-19 and employees’ mental health: Stressors, moderators and agenda for organizational actions. Emerald Open Research, 2 (15), 15. https://doi.org/10.35241/emeraldopenres.13550.1

Han, X. (2020). Evolution of research topics in LIS between 1996 and 2019: An analysis based on latent Dirichlet allocation topic model. Scientometrics, 125 (3), 2561–2595. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-020-03721-0

Hermann, M., Pentek, T., & Otto, B. (2016, January). Design principles for Industrie 4.0 scenarios. 2016 49th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS) , 3928–3937. https://doi.org/10.1109/hicss.2016.488

Hofstede, G. (1998). Identifying organizational subcultures: An empirical approach. Journal of Management Studies, 35 (1 January 1998), 0022–2380.

Hofstede, G. (2001). Culture consequences: Comparing values, behaviors, institutions and organisations across nations (2nd ed.). Sage Publication Inc.

Hogan, S. J., & Coote, L. V. (2014). Organizational culture, innovation, and performance: A test of Schein’s model. Journal of Business Research, 67 (8), 1609–1621. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2013.09.007

Huang, W. W., Wei, K.-K., Watson, R. T., & Tan, B. C. Y. (2003). Supporting virtual team-building with a GSS: An empirical investigation. Decision Support Systems, 34 (4), 359–367. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0167-9236(02)00009-x

Isensee, C., Teuteberg, F., Griese, K.-M., & Topi, C. (2020). The relationship between organizational culture, sustainability, and digitalization in SMEs: A systematic review. Journal of Cleaner Production, 275 (1), 122944. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.122944

Jacob, C., Sanchez-Vazquez, A., & Ivory, C. (2020). Social, organizational, and technological factors impacting clinicians’ adoption of mobile health tools: Systematic literature review. JMIR Mhealth and Uhealth, 8 (2), e15935. https://doi.org/10.2196/15935

Johnson, A., Dey, S., Nguyen, H., Groth, M., Joyce, S., Tan, L., Glozier, N., & Harvey, S. B. (2020). A review and agenda for examining how technology-driven changes at work will impact workplace mental health and employee well-being. Australian Journal of Management, 45 (3), 402–424. https://doi.org/10.1177/0312896220922292

Kagermann, H., Wahlster, W., & Helbig, J. (2013, April). Securing the future of German manufacturing industry: Recommendations for implementing the strategic initiative Industrie 4.0. Final report of the Industrie 4.0 Working Group. Retrieved March 29, 2023, from https://www.din.de/resource/blob/76902/e8cac883f42bf28536e7e8165993f1fd/recommendations-for-implementing-industry-4-0-data.pdf

Kamble, S. S., Gunasekaran, A., & Sharma, R. (2018). Analysis of the driving and dependence power of barriers to adopt Industry 4.0 in Indian manufacturing industry. Computers in Industry, 101 , 107–119. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compind.2018.06.004

Kar, S., Yadav, M., & Panda, T. K. (2023). Inclusive organizational behaviour – The dynamic rules of building new workplaces. VINE Journal of Information and Knowledge Management Systems . https://doi.org/10.1108/vjikms-05-2022-0155

Karimi, J., & Walter, Z. (2015). The Role of Dynamic Capabilities in Responding to Digital Disruption: A Factor-Based Study of the Newspaper Industry. Journal of Management Information Systems, 32 (1), 39–81. https://doi.org/10.1080/07421222.2015.1029380

Kerber, K. W., & Buono, A. F. (2004). Leadership challenges in global virtual teams: Lessons from the field. SAM Advanced Management Journal, 69 (4), 4.

Kiel, D., Müller, J. M., Arnold, C., & Voigt, K.-I. (2017). Sustainable industrial value creation: Benefits and challenges of Industry 4.0. International Journal of Innovation Management, 21 (08), 1740015. https://doi.org/10.1142/s1363919617400151

Kim, R. Y. (2020). The impact of COVID-19 on consumers: Preparing for digital sales. IEEE Engineering Management Review, 48 (3), 212–218. https://doi.org/10.1109/EMR.2020.2990115

Kitsios, F., Kamariotou, M., & Talias, M. A. (2020). Corporate sustainability strategies and decision support methods: A bibliometric analysis. Sustainability, 12 (2), 521. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12020521

Kniffin, K. M., Narayanan, J., Anseel, F., Antonakis, J., Ashford, S. P., Bakker, A. B., Bamberger, P., Bapuji, H., Bhave, D. P., Choi, V. K., Creary, S. J., Demerouti, E., Flynn, F. J., Gelfand, M. J., Greer, L. L., Johns, G., Kesebir, S., Klein, P. G., Lee, S. Y., & Ozcelik, H. (2021). COVID-19 and the workplace: Implications, issues, and insights for future research and action. American Psychologist, 76 (1), 63–77. https://doi.org/10.1037/amp0000716

Kohnová, L., Papula, J., & Salajová, N. (2019). Internal factors supporting business and technological transformation in the context of Industry 4.0. Business: Theory and Practice, 20 , 137–145. https://doi.org/10.3846/btp.2019.13

Konttila, J., Siira, H., Kyngäs, H., Lahtinen, M., Elo, S., Kääriäinen, M., Kaakinen, P., Oikarinen, A., Yamakawa, M., Fukui, S., Utsumi, M., Higami, Y., Higuchi, A., & Mikkonen, K. (2019). Healthcare professionals’ competence in digitalisation: A systematic review. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 28 (5–6), 745–761. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.14710

Kronblad, C., Pregmark, J. E., & Berggren, R. (2023). Difficulties to digitalize: Ambidexterity challenges in law firms. Journal of Service Theory and Practice, 33 (2), 217–236. https://doi.org/10.1108/jstp-05-2022-0120

Lăzăroiu, G., Ionescu, L., Andronie, M., & Dijmărescu, I. (2020). Sustainability management and performance in the urban corporate economy: A systematic literature review. Sustainability, 12 (18), 7705. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187705

Leyva-Duarte, J. E., Chávez Martínez, J. D. J., Pinedo-de-Anda, F. J., & Niebla-Zatarain, J. C. (2019). Bibliometric analysis of organizational culture in business economics of Web of Science, 1980–2018. Nova Scientia, 11 (22), 478–500. https://doi.org/10.21640/ns.v11i22.1810

Leyva-Duarte, J. E., De la Garza Carranza, M. T., Chávez Martínez, J. D. J., Pinedo-de-Anda, F. J., Niebla Zatarain, J. C., & González Farías, J. P. (2020). Organizational culture in the hospitality industry a bibliometric analysis and systematic literature review. Independent Journal of Management & Production, 11 (4), 1140–1162. https://doi.org/10.14807/ijmp.v11i4.1089

Li, G., & Shao, Y. (2023). How do top management team characteristics affect digital orientation? Exploring the internal driving forces of firm digitalization. Technology in Society, 74 , 102293. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techsoc.2023.102293

Liao, Y., Deschamps, F., Loures, E. D. F. R., & Ramos, L. F. P. (2017). Past, present and future of Industry 4.0 - a systematic literature review and research agenda proposal. International Journal of Production Research, 55 (12), 3609–3629. https://doi.org/10.1080/00207543.2017.1308576

Luthra, S., & Mangla, S. K. (2018). Evaluating challenges to Industry 4.0 initiatives for supply chain sustainability in emerging economies. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 117 , 168–179. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psep.2018.04.018

Mandal, S., Das, P., Menon, G. V., & Amritha, R. (2023). Enablers of work from home culture: an integrated empirical framework. Benchmarking: An International Journal, 30 (4), 1231–1258. https://doi.org/10.1108/bij-08-2021-0476

Mariani, M., & Baggio, R. (2022). Big data and analytics in hospitality and tourism: A systematic literature review. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 34 (1), 231–278. https://doi.org/10.1108/ijchm-03-2021-0301

McFadden, P., Campbell, A., & Taylor, B. (2015). Resilience and burnout in child protection social work: Individual and organisational themes from a systematic literature review. British Journal of Social Work, 45 (5), 1546–1563. https://doi.org/10.1093/bjsw/bct210

Meek, V. L. (1988). Organizational culture: Origins and weaknesses. Organization Studies, 9 (4), 453–473. https://doi.org/10.1177/017084068800900401

Melitski, J., Gavin, D., & Gavin, J. (2010). Technology adoption and organizational culture in public organizations. International Journal of Organization Theory & Behavior, 13 (4), 546–568. https://doi.org/10.1108/ijotb-13-04-2010-b005

Mikos, L. (2016). Digital media platforms and the use of TV content: Binge watching and video-on-demand in Germany. Media and Communication, 4 (3), 154–161. https://doi.org/10.17645/mac.v4i3.542

Mittal, S., Khan, M. A., Romero, D., & Wuest, T. (2018). A critical review of smart manufacturing & Industry 4.0 maturity models: Implications for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Journal of Manufacturing Systems, 49 , 194–214. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmsy.2018.10.005

Mkoba, E. S., & Marnewick, C. (2022). Organisational culture attributes influencing the adoption of agile practices: A systematic literature review. Journal of Information Systems Engineering and Management, 7 (1), 11690. https://doi.org/10.55267/iadt.07.11690

Mohelska, H., & Sokolova, M. (2018). Management approaches for Industry 4.0 - The organizational culture perspective. Technological and Economic Development of Economy, 24 (6), 2225–2240. https://doi.org/10.3846/tede.2018.6397

Moher, D., Shamseer, L., Clarke, M., Ghersi, D., Liberati, A., Petticrew, M., Shekelle, P., & Stewart, L. A. (2015). Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and meta-analysis Protocols (PRISMA-P) 2015 statement. Systematic Reviews, 4 (1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1186/2046-4053-4-1

Montini, P., de Araújo Pinho, C. M., de Oliveira, R. M., Costa, I., & Napolitano, D. M. (2020). Evaluation of the relationship between lean philosophy and organizational culture: A bibliometric review [Avaliação da relação da Filosofia Lean e a Cultura Organizacional: uma revisão bibliométrica]. Research, Society and Development, 9 (11), e059119386. https://doi.org/10.33448/rsd-v9i11.938

Morgan, G. (1986). Images of an organization. Sage Publications.

Morris, J. W. (2015). Curation by code: Infomediaries and the data mining of taste. European Journal of Cultural Studies, 18 (4–5), 446–463. https://doi.org/10.1177/1367549415577387

Müller, J. M. (2019a). Assessing the barriers to Industry 4.0 implementation from a workers’ perspective. IFAC-PapersOnLine, 52 (13), 2189–2194. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ifacol.2019.11.530

Müller, J. M. (2019b). Antecedents to digital platform usage in Industry 4.0 by established manufacturers. Sustainability, 11 (4), 1121. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11041121

Munar, A. M. (2012). Social media strategies and destination management. Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, 12 (2), 101–120. https://doi.org/10.1080/15022250.2012.679047

Nascimento, D. L. M., Alencastro, V., Quelhas, O. L. G., Caiado, R. G. G., Garza-Reyes, J. A., Rocha-Lona, L., & Tortorella, G. (2019). Exploring Industry 4.0 technologies to enable circular economy practices in a manufacturing context. Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, 30 (3), 607–627. https://doi.org/10.1108/jmtm-03-2018-0071

Ngoc, Su., & D., Luc Tra, D., Thi Huynh, H. M., Nguyen, H. H. T., & O’Mahony, B. (2021). Enhancing resilience in the Covid-19 crisis: Lessons from human resource management practices in Vietnam. Current Issues in Tourism, 24 (22), 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1080/13683500.2020.1863930

Nidhi, & Arti,. (2020). Impact of organisational culture on work-life balance a bibliometric analysis and growth in research. European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 7 (8), 5308–5319.

Nimawat, D., & Gidwani, B. D. (2021). Identification of cause and effect relationships among barriers of Industry 4.0 using decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory method. Benchmarking: An International Journal, 28 (8), 2407–2431. https://doi.org/10.1108/bij-08-2020-0429

Noto, G., Marisca, C., & Barresi, G. (2023). Adapting management control to virtual teams: Evidence from a natural experiment. Qualitative Research in Accounting & Management . https://doi.org/10.1108/qram-04-2022-0066

Obrenovic, B., Du, J., Godinic, D., Tsoy, D., Khan, M. A. S., & Jakhongirov, I. (2020). Sustaining enterprise operations and productivity during the COVID-19 pandemic: “Enterprise effectiveness and sustainability model.” Sustainability, 12 (15), 5981. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12155981

Ogbonna, E. (1992). Managing organisational culture: Fantasy or reality? Human Resource Management Journal, 3 (2), 42–54. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-8583.1992.tb00309.x

O’Reilly, C. A., Chatman, J., & Caldwell, D. F. (1991). People and organizational culture: A profile comparison approach to assessing person-organization fit. Academy of Management Journal, 34 (3), 487–516. https://doi.org/10.2307/256404

O’Reilly, C. A., Caldwell, D. F., Chatman, J. A., & Doerr, B. (2014). The promise and problems of organizational culture. Group & Organization Management, 39 (6), 595–625. https://doi.org/10.1177/1059601114550713

Özkazanç-Pan, B., & Pullen, A. (2020). Gendered labour and work, even in pandemic times. Gender, Work & Organization, 27 (5), 675–676. https://doi.org/10.1111/gwao.12516

Pacchini, A. P. T., Lucato, W. C., Facchini, F., & Mummolo, G. (2019). The degree of readiness for the implementation of Industry 4.0. Computers in Industry, 113 , 103125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compind.2019.103125

Page, M. J., McKenzie, J. E., Bossuyt, P. M., Boutron, I., Hoffmann, T. C., Mulrow, C. D., Shamseer, L., Tetzlaff, J. M., Akl, E. A., Brennan, S. E., Chou, R., Glanville, J., Grimshaw, J. M., Hróbjartsson, A., Lalu, M. M., Li, T., Loder, E. W., Mayo-Wilson, E., McDonald, S., & McGuinness, L. A. (2021). The PRISMA 2020 statement: An updated guideline for reporting systematic reviews. British Medical Journal, 372 (71), n71. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.n71

Pagliosa, M., Tortorella, G., & Ferreira, J. C. E. (2019). Industry 4.0 and lean manufacturing. Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, 32 (5), 543–569. https://doi.org/10.1108/jmtm-12-2018-0446

Parry, E., & Battista, V. (2019). The impact of emerging technologies on work: a review of the evidence and implications for the human resource function. Emerald Open Research, 1 , 5. https://doi.org/10.12688/emeraldopenres.12907.1

Peukert, C. (2019). The next wave of digital technological change and the cultural industries. Journal of Cultural Economics, 43 (2), 189–210. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10824-018-9336-2

Piccarozzi, M., Aquilani, B., & Gatti, C. (2018). Industry 4.0 in management studies: A systematic literature review. Sustainability, 10 (10), 1–24, 3821. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10103821

Polyanska, A., Zapukhliak, I., & Diuk, O. (2019). Culture of organization in conditions of changes as an ability of efficient transformations: The case of gas transportation companies in Ukraine. Oeconomia Copernicana, 10 (3), 561–580. https://doi.org/10.24136/oc.2019.027

Powell, A., Piccoli, G., & Ives, B. (2004). Virtual teams: A review of current literature and directions for future research. ACM SIGMIS Database, 35 (1), 6–36. https://doi.org/10.1145/968464.968467

Priyanto, P., Murwaningsari, E., & Augustine, Y. (2023). Exploring the relationship between robotic process automation, digital business strategy and competitive advantage in banking industry. Journal of System and Management Sciences, 13 (3), 290–305. https://doi.org/10.33168/JSMS.2023.0320

Quinn, R. E., & Rohrbaugh, J. (1983). A spatial model of effectiveness criteria: Towards a competing values approach to organizational analysis. Management Science, 29 (3), 363–377. https://doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.29.3.363

Quinn, R. E., & Spreitzer, G. M. (1991). The psychometrics of the competing values culture instrument and an analysis of the impact of organizational culture on quality of life. Research in Organizational Change and Development, 5 , 115–142.

Raharjo, T., & Purwandari, B. (2020). Agile project management challenges and mapping solutions. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Software Engineering and Information Management , 123–129. https://doi.org/10.1145/3378936.3378949

Raj, A., Dwivedi, G., Sharma, A., de Sousa, Lopes, Jabbour, A. B., & Rajak, S. (2020). Barriers to the adoption of Industry 4.0 technologies in the manufacturing sector: An inter-country comparative perspective. International Journal of Production Economics, 224 (1), 107546. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpe.2019.107546

Ravasi, D., & Schultz, M. (2006). Responding to organizational identity threats: Exploring the role of organizational culture. Academy of Management Journal, 49 (3), 433–458. https://doi.org/10.5465/amj.2006.21794663

Reinhardt, I. C., Oliveira, D. J. C., & Ring, D. D. T. (2020). Current perspectives on the development of Industry 4.0 in the pharmaceutical sector. Journal of Industrial Information Integration, 18 , 100131. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jii.2020.100131

Reis, N. R., Ferreira, M. P., Santos, J. C., & Serra, F. R. (2013). A bibliometric study of the cultural models in international business research [Um estudo bibliométrico dos modelos culturais na pesquisa em negócios internacionais]. BASE - Revista De Administração E Contabilidade Da Unisinos, 10 (4), 340–354. https://doi.org/10.4013/base.2013.104.04

Reyes-Santiago, M., & d. R., Sánchez-Medina, P. S., & Díaz-Pichardo, R. (2017). Eco-innovation and organizational culture in the hotel industry. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 65 , 71–80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhm.2017.06.001

Rossini, M., Cifone, F. D., Kassem, B., Costa, F., & Portioli-Staudacher, A. (2021). Being lean: How to shape digital transformation in the manufacturing sector. Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, 32 (9), 239–259. https://doi.org/10.1108/jmtm-12-2020-0467

Sá, M. J., & Serpa, S. (2020). The COVID-19 pandemic as an opportunity to foster the sustainable development of teaching in higher education. Sustainability, 12 (20), 1–16, 8525. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12208525

Sahoo, P., Saraf, P. K., & Uchil, R. (2022). Identification of critical success factors for leveraging Industry 4.0 technology and research agenda: A systematic literature review using PRISMA protocol. Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration . https://doi.org/10.1108/apjba-03-2022-0105

Santos, R. C., & Martinho, J. L. (2020). An Industry 4.0 maturity model proposal. Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, 31 (5), 1023–1043. https://doi.org/10.1108/jmtm-09-2018-0284

Schein, E. H. (1985). Organizational Culture and Leadership. Jossey-Bass Publishers.

Schein, E. H. (1992). Organizational Culture and Leadership. Jossey-Bass Publishers.

Schneider, W. (2018). Psychosocial ramifications of digitalization [Psychosoziale Folgen der Digitalisierung]. Psychotherapeut, 63 (4), 291–300. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00278-017-0186-8

Schueber, M. (2009). Understanding organisational culture in a development NGO in Nepal by applying academic theory to witnessed organisational behaviour. Omertaa: Journal for Applied Anthropology. Retrieved April 4, 2023, from https://www.omertaa.org/archive/omertaa0050.pdf

Schumacher, A., Erol, S., & Sihn, W. (2016a). Strategic Guidance Towards Industry 4.0 - A Three-Stage Process Model. In D. Dimitrov & T. Oosthuizen (Eds.), Proceedings of the International Conference on Competitive Manufacturing - Resource Efficiency for Global Competitiveness (pp. 495–501).

Schumacher, A., Erol, S., & Sihn, W. (2016b). A maturity model for assessing Industry 4.0 readiness and maturity of manufacturing enterprises. Procedia CIRP, 52 (1), 161–166. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2016.07.040

Schwab, K. (2015). The Fourth Industrial Revolution: What it means and how to respond. Retrieved 11 June 2023, from https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/2015-12-12/fourth-industrial-revolution

Senior, B. (1997). Organisational Change. Pitman Publishing.

Shardeo, V., Patil, A., & Madaan, J. (2020). Critical success factors for blockchain technology adoption in freight transportation using fuzzy ANP - modified TISM approach. International Journal of Information Technology & Decision Making, 19 (6), 1549–1580. https://doi.org/10.1142/s0219622020500376

Sharma, G. M., Pandiya, B., Anand, I.M., Oberai, H., & Chauhan, S. (2022). Virtual team leadership: A Bibliometric Analysis. Res Militaris , 12 (6). Retrieved March 14, 2023, from https://resmilitaris.net/index.php/resmilitaris/article/view/3184

Sheppard, B. (2020). A guide to thriving in the post-COVID-19 workplace. Retrieved 9 June 2023, from https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/05/workers-thrive-covid-19-skills

Sievert, C., & Shirley, K. (2014). LDAvis: A method for visualizing and interpreting topics. In J. Chuang, S. Green, M. Hearst, J. Heer, & P. Koehn (Eds.), Proceedings of the Workshop on Interactive Language Learning, Visualization, and Interfaces (pp. 63–70). Association for Computational Linguistics. https://doi.org/10.3115/v1/W14-3110

Silverzweig, S., & Allen, R. F. (1976). Changing the corporate culture. Sloan Management Review, 17 , 33–49.

Sindakis, S., Kitsios, F., Aggarwal, S., & Kamariotou, M. (2022). Entrepreneurial strategies and family firm culture in the Arab world: A systematic literature review. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 29 (7), 994–1016. https://doi.org/10.1108/jsbed-03-2022-0143

Singer-Velush, N., Sherman, K., & Anderson, E. (2020). Microsoft analyzed data on its newly remote workforce. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved June 3, 2023, from https://hbr.org/2020/07/microsoft-analyzeddata-on-its-newly-remote-workforce

Smircich, L. (1983). Concepts of culture and organizational analysis. Administrative Science Quarterly, 28 (3), 339–358.

Sony, M., Antony, J., & Douglas, J. A. (2020). Essential ingredients for the implementation of Quality 4.0. The TQM Journal, 32 (4), 779–793. https://doi.org/10.1108/tqm-12-2019-0275

Sony, M., & Naik, S. (2020). Industry 4.0 integration with socio-technical systems theory: A systematic review and proposed theoretical model. Technology in Society, 61 , 101248. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techsoc.2020.101248

Spicer, A. (2020). Organizational culture and COVID-19. Journal of Management Studies, 57 (8), 1737–1740. https://doi.org/10.1111/joms.12625

Spreitzer, G. M., Cameron, L., & Garrett, L. (2017). Alternative work arrangements: Two images of the new world of work. Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior, 4 (1), 473–499. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-orgpsych-032516-113332

Streimikiene, D., Mikalauskiene, A., Digriene, L., & Kyriakopoulos, G. (2021). Assessment of the role of a leader in shaping sustainable organizational culture. Amfiteatru Economic, 23 (57), 486–503. https://doi.org/10.24818/EA/2021/57/483

Suárez-Guerrero, C., Lloret-Catalá, C., & Mengual-Andrés, S. (2016). Teachers’ perceptions of the digital transformation of the classroom through the use of tablets: A study in Spain. Comunicar, 24 (49), 81–89. https://doi.org/10.3916/c49-2016-08

Sung, W., & Kim, C. (2021). A study on the effect of change management on organizational innovation: Focusing on the mediating effect of  members’ innovative behavior. Sustainability, 13 (4), 2079. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13042079

Tasleem, M., Khan, N., & Nisar, A. (2019). Impact of technology management on corporate sustainability performance. International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, 36 (9), 1574–1599. https://doi.org/10.1108/ijqrm-01-2018-0017

Teichert, R. (2019). Digital transformation maturity: A systematic review of literature. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, 67 (6), 1673–1687. https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201967061673

Teravainen, V., Suominen, A., & Kahkonen, K. (2017). Positioning organizational culture studies between the construction industry and other industries. In M. Buser, G. Lindahl, & C. Räisänen (Eds.), 9th Nordic Conference on Construction Economics and Organization (pp. 428–441).

Tessarini Junior, G., & Saltorato, P. (2021). Workforce agility: A systematic literature review and a research agenda proposal. Innovar, 31 (81), 155–167. https://doi.org/10.15446/innovar.v31n81.95582

Theurer, C. P., Tumasjan, A., & Welpe, I. M. (2018). Contextual work design and employee innovative work behavior: When does autonomy matter? PLoS ONE, 13 (10), e0204089. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0204089

Trenerry, B., Chng, S., Wang, Y., Suhaila, Z. S., Lim, S. S., Lu, H. Y., & Oh, P. H. (2021). Preparing workplaces for digital transformation: An integrative review and framework of multi-level factors. Frontiers in Psychology, 12 . https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.620766

Troise, C., Corvello, V., Ghobadian, A., & O’Regan, N. (2022). How can SMEs successfully navigate VUCA environment: The role of agility in the digital transformation era. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 174 , 121227. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2021.121227

Tronvoll, B., Sklyar, A., Sörhammar, D., & Kowalkowski, C. (2020). Transformational shifts through digital servitization. Industrial Marketing Management . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indmarman.2020.02.005

Ulas, D. (2019). Digital transformation process and SMEs. Procedia Computer Science, 158 (1), 662–671. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2019.09.101

Ungerman, O., Dedkova, J., & Gurinova, K. (2018). The impact of marketing innovation on the competitiveness of enterprises in the context of Industry 4.0. Journal of Competitiveness, 10 (2), 132–148. https://doi.org/10.7441/joc.2018.02.09

Vallejo, M. C. (2011). A model to study the organizational culture of the family firm. Small Business Economics, 36 , 47–64.

van Dijck, J. (2013). The culture of connectivity. A critical history of social media. Oxford Academic . https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199970773.001.0001

van Eck, N. J., & Waltman, L. (2010). Software survey: VOSviewer, a computer program for bibliometric mapping. Scientometrics, 84 (2), 523–538. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-009-0146-3

van Nunen, K., Li, J., Reniers, G., & Ponnet, K. (2018). Bibliometric analysis of safety culture research. Safety Science, 108 , 248–258. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2017.08.011

Veile, J. W., Kiel, D., Müller, J. M., & Voigt, K.-I. (2020). Lessons learned from Industry 4.0 implementation in the German manufacturing industry. Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, 31 (5), 977–997. https://doi.org/10.1108/jmtm-08-2018-0270

Verhoef, P. C., Broekhuizen, T., Bart, Y., Bhattacharya, A., Qi Dong, J., Fabian, N., & Haenlein, M. (2021). Digital transformation: A multidisciplinary reflection and research agenda. Journal of Business Research, 122 , 889–901. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2019.09.022

Wang, S., Wan, J., Li, D., & Zhang, C. (2016). Implementing smart factory of Industrie 4.0: An outlook. International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks, 12 (1), 3159805. https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/3159805

Wiggins, M. W., Auton, J., Bayl-Smith, P., & Carrigan, A. (2020). Optimising the future of technology in organisations: A human factors perspective. Australian Journal of Management, 45 (3), 449–467. https://doi.org/10.1177/0312896220918915

Xu, L. D., Xu, E. L., & Li, L. (2018). Industry 4.0: State of the art and future trends. International Journal of Production Research, 56 (8), 2941–2962. https://doi.org/10.1080/00207543.2018.1444806

Yang, E., Kim, Y., & Hong, S. (2023). Does working from home work? Experience of working from home and the value of hybrid workplace post-COVID-19. Journal of Corporate Real Estate, 25 (1), 50–76. https://doi.org/10.1108/jcre-04-2021-0015

Yeh, Y., Lai, S., & Ho, C. (2006). Knowledge management enablers: A case study. Industrial Management & Data Systems, 106 (6), 793–810. https://doi.org/10.1108/02635570610671489

Yun, J. J., Zhao, X., Jung, K., & Yigitcanlar, T. (2020). The culture for open innovation dynamics. Sustainability, 12 (12), 5076. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12125076

Zeng, K., & Luo, X. (2013). Impact of ownership type and firm size on organizational culture and on the organizational culture effectiveness linkage. Journal of Business Economics and Management, 14 (Supplement 1), 96–111. https://doi.org/10.3846/16111699.2012.754373

Zhen, Z., Yousaf, Z., Radulescu, M., & Yasir, M. (2021). Nexus of digital organizational culture, capabilities, organizational readiness, and innovation: Investigation of SMEs operating in the digital economy. Sustainability, 13 (2), 720. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020720

Zhou, W., Luo, D., Fang, H., Gou, X., & Jin, C. (2020). Bibliometric overview and retrospective analysis of fund performance research between 1966 and 2019. Economic Research-Ekonomska Istraživanja, 33 (1), 1510–1537. https://doi.org/10.1080/1331677x.2020.1755879

Žižek, S. Š, Mulej, M., & Potočnik, A. (2021). The sustainable socially responsible society: Well-Being Society 6.0. Sustainability, 13 (16), 9186. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13169186

Download references

Open access funding provided by The Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republic in cooperation with Centre for Scientific and Technical Information of the Slovak Republic This paper was funded by Faculty of Management, Comenius University Bratislava, Slovakia, and supported by the project VEGA 1/0614/23 Preparedness of companies for the challenges associated with Industry 4.0 in terms of business processes and business process management.

Author information

Authors and affiliations.

Faculty of Management, Comenius University Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovakia

Tobias Reisberger, Philip Reisberger, Lukáš Copuš & Peter Madzík

Faculty of Management Science and Informatics, University of Žilina, Žilina, Slovakia

Lukáš Falát

You can also search for this author in PubMed   Google Scholar

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Tobias Reisberger .

Additional information

Publisher's note.

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ .

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Reisberger, T., Reisberger, P., Copuš, L. et al. The Linkage Between Digital Transformation and Organizational Culture: Novel Machine Learning Literature Review Based on Latent Dirichlet Allocation. J Knowl Econ (2024). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13132-024-02027-3

Download citation

Received : 14 August 2023

Accepted : 17 April 2024

Published : 21 May 2024

DOI : https://doi.org/10.1007/s13132-024-02027-3

Share this article

Anyone you share the following link with will be able to read this content:

Sorry, a shareable link is not currently available for this article.

Provided by the Springer Nature SharedIt content-sharing initiative

  • Organizational culture
  • Digital transformation
  • Industry 4.0
  • Machine learning
  • Latent Dirichlet allocation
  • Literature review
  • Find a journal
  • Publish with us
  • Track your research


  1. list of research topics

    topics for english literature research papers

  2. ⚡ Interesting research topics for english. 100 Best Technology Research

    topics for english literature research papers

  3. 100+ Topics for Your Perfect English Literature Paper

    topics for english literature research papers

  4. Literature Research Paper Topics Complete Guide

    topics for english literature research papers

  5. 💐 Research paper ideas for college english. 75 Best Literature Research

    topics for english literature research papers

  6. Gratis Voorbeeld Literair onderzoek Essay

    topics for english literature research papers


  1. Important Essay Topics

  2. Research Topics for PhD in English Literature

  3. 50 Topics for BA English Project / B.A. / M.A. / English Literature Project Titles

  4. Great research topics for English literature: thesis topics for English literature

  5. Research Paper Writing for ELT and English Literature

  6. English solved model paper 2024 exam B.A. 1st semester english literature


  1. 100+ Excellent Literature Research Paper Topics

    Students have many topics to choose from when it comes to British literature essay topics. Here are some of the best literature topics from the works of British authors. Discuss Victorian England's picture with the works of Charles Dickens in mind. Discuss the theme of Orphans with the Oliver Twist character in mind.

  2. English Literature Research Paper Topics

    100 English Literature Research Paper Topics. Diving into English literature is like embarking on a journey through time and culture. From ancient ballads to modernist narratives, it offers a vast panorama of themes, styles, and societal reflections. Below is a comprehensive list of English literature research paper topics spanning across ...

  3. 250 Literature Research Paper Topic: Literary Ideas for You

    Here is a list of English literature research paper topics for your perfect essay! Gender representation during medieval English literature. Colonialism's effects on British literary works during the 18th century. Influence of British writers on modern literature. The role of nature in 18th-century British novels.

  4. Literature Research Paper Topics

    In a literature research paper, one can delve into numerous facets of this intricate art form, leading to an extensive range of topics for exploration. Literature comes in various forms, including novels, short stories, plays, and poems. Each of these forms has unique characteristics, providing ample research paper topics.

  5. 1000 Literature Thesis Topics and Ideas

    This page provides a comprehensive list of literature thesis topics, offering a valuable resource for students tasked with writing a thesis in the field of literature.Designed to cater to a wide array of literary interests and academic inquiries, the topics are organized into 25 diverse categories, ranging from African American Literature to Young Adult Literature.

  6. 100 Best Literature Research Topics- Fresh Perspectives on Literature

    Gothic literature's influence on Mary Shelley's Frankenstein. Imperialism in Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness. Symbolism in William Golding's Lord of the Flies. Nature's Role in William Wordsworth's Poetry. Social Class in George Eliot's Middlemarch. Supernatural Elements in Bram Stoker's Dracula.

  7. Research Topics in English Literature

    Ideas for Writing English Papers. Research topics on English literature initially start off broad and then narrow down and you come up with your thesis. Using any of the research topics listed (gender, comparisons, historical background, politics, and religion) can take you almost anywhere. Choose your general topic based on the literature ...

  8. Top 300 Engaging Literature Research Paper Topics

    Top 20 Research Paper Topics On Environmental Literature. Ecocriticism: Exploring Nature in Literature. Environmental Activism in Literary Works. Wilderness and the American Imagination in Literature. Climate Change Narratives in Environmental Literature. Nature Writing and the Natural World in Literature. Urban Ecology in Literary Works.

  9. Top 150 Literature Research Paper Topics For A Brilliant Essay

    Create an outline. Point out the most important facts in the body of your essay. Choose only reliable and up-to-date sources. Create a paper in a proper voice and tone. Complete the paper with a fitting conclusion. Make your paper look solid. Avoid any grammar, spelling, and punctuation mistakes, as well as typos.

  10. Literature Topics and Research

    A comparison/contrast of the choices different authors or characters make in a work. A reading of a work based on an outside philosophical perspective (Ex. how would a Freudian read Hamlet ?) A study of the sources or historical events that occasioned a particular work (Ex. comparing G.B. Shaw's Pygmalion with the original Greek myth of ...

  11. Best Literature Research Paper Topics [with Tips]

    British Literary Research Topics. English literature has a great variety of themes to explore. That is why it is confusing for many students to come up with interesting British literary research topics. Thus, our team offers you unique and engaging English literature research paper ideas which you can use directly for writing or inspiration:

  12. 26640 PDFs

    Explore the latest full-text research PDFs, articles, conference papers, preprints and more on ENGLISH LITERATURE. Find methods information, sources, references or conduct a literature review on ...

  13. 75 Best Literature Research Paper Topic Ideas

    Through the exceptional examples we intent on sharing below, you will know how to stay on topic writing a research literature paper with ease. Stay with me. English British Literature Research Paper Topic Ideas. A review of the character of Lady Macbeth in the works of William Shakespeare; Typical characters dominant in World War 1 and II books

  14. Explore the Lists of Amazing Literary Research Paper Topics

    Click to land on the great lists of unique and interesting Literary research paper topics for impressing your professor and scoring high. +1 213 318 4345. [email protected]. Our Writers; Blog; Services. Medical Research Paper ... Literary Research Paper Topics Related to English Literature. Pick a topic from this list and brace yourself for an ...

  15. 221 Literary Research Paper Topics To Inspire You

    Here are some literature topics that you can start with: Evaluate the methods of teaching English literature. Investigate modern Indian literature in English translation. Evaluate women writers and the survey of English literature. Investigate the impact of the Bible on English literature.

  16. 113 Great Research Paper Topics

    113 Great Research Paper Topics. One of the hardest parts of writing a research paper can be just finding a good topic to write about. Fortunately we've done the hard work for you and have compiled a list of 113 interesting research paper topics. They've been organized into ten categories and cover a wide range of subjects so you can easily ...

  17. 25 Literature Research Paper Topics

    25 Interesting Literature Topics in English. The American Dream in literature. Religion and literature. The works of Hemingway. The "stream of consciousness" style of literature. Artificial languages in literature. Mythology as literature. Modern literature. Why "Harry Potter" became so popular?

  18. British Literature Research Paper Topics

    British literature research paper topics are vast and diverse, reflecting the rich tapestry of England's literary heritage. This article unfolds as a comprehensive guide, offering students an expansive list of potential topics spanning various eras and genres intrinsic to British literature. Delving into the cultural and historical ...

  19. How to Write a Literature Review

    Examples of literature reviews. Step 1 - Search for relevant literature. Step 2 - Evaluate and select sources. Step 3 - Identify themes, debates, and gaps. Step 4 - Outline your literature review's structure. Step 5 - Write your literature review.

  20. How to write a Research Paper

    So, writing a research paper in the field of English literature becomes easy if arguments are strong, in a sequence and wisely crafted. Step 1: Choose the topic of your research paper: This is one of the most vital parts. Choosing a topic is a crucial choice to make and it has to be taken seriously. You have to choose the area of your interest ...

  21. Romantic Literature Essay Topics and Thesis Ideas

    Romantic novels you might be familiar with are Frankenstein (Mary Shelley), Ivanhoe (Sir Walter Scott), Nightmare Abbey (Thomas Love Peacock), and Pride and Prejudice and Sense and Sensibility, both by Jane Austen. If you've been assigned to write an essay pertaining to English romanticism, I'm offering you some romantic literature essay topics ...

  22. Shodhganga@INFLIBNET: Department of English Literature

    The Shodhganga@INFLIBNET Centre provides a platform for research students to deposit their Ph.D. theses and make it available to the entire scholarly community in open access. ... 14 English Literature; 8 English; 3 Kamala Das; 2 Anita Desai; 2 Lawrence Durrell; 2 novels; 2 Shashi Deshpande; 2 W B Yeats; 2 William Faulkner. next > Year ...

  23. Visualizing Research Trends in English Language Teaching (ELT) From

    The body of literature on English Language Teaching (ELT) research is increasing, but there is a paucity of bibliometric studies in this field. ... etc. At the beginning of the twentieth century, language teaching had become a hot topic in educational research and development ... which was reported to be 13.67 citations/per year. The paper ...

  24. American Literature Research Paper Topics

    100 American Literature Research Paper Topics. American literature, a vast and diverse field, encompasses a range of themes, styles, and epochs. From the colonial tales of the early settlers to the modern narratives of the 21st century, the U.S. literary canvas is as broad as the country's history. This comprehensive list offers a variety of ...

  25. Education Sciences

    Graduate admissions committees in Europe have a challenging task of selecting students from an increasingly large pool of candidates with diverse application files. Graduate standardized testing can ease the comparison of application files. The purpose of this study was to examine whether the Graduate Record Examinations (GRE) is predictive of several dimensions of graduate success on English ...

  26. The Linkage Between Digital Transformation and ...

    It demonstrates a machine learning-supported method for identifying and segmenting the current state of this research field. The literature was identified from the Scopus database through a search query. The analyzed amount of papers (3065) was published in 1619 sources (journals, proceedings, books, etc.) with various research impacts.

  27. Missing in action: A bibliometric analysis of military research in the

    DOI: 10.1097/TA.0000000000004376 Corpus ID: 269790649; Missing in action: A bibliometric analysis of military research in the medical literature since 1950. @article{Lile2024MissingIA, title={Missing in action: A bibliometric analysis of military research in the medical literature since 1950.}, author={Deacon Lile and Alon Bergman and James Rolfing and Rhonda J Allard and Thomas A. Davis and ...