Protocol registries (IANA)

The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) functionsThe global coordination of the DNS Root, IP addressing, and other Internet protocol resources is performed as

IANA is responsible for coordinating some of the key elements that keep the Internet running smoothly. The Internet is renowned for being a worldwide network free from central coordination. But there is a technical need for key parts of the Internet to be globally coordinated. IANA undertakes this coordination role.

IANA allocates and maintains unique codes and numbering systems (parameters) used in the IETF technical standards.

IANA activities can be broadly grouped into three categories:

  • Domain Names Management of the DNS Root, the .int and .arpa domains, and an IDN practices resources
  • Number Resources Coordination of the global pool of IP and AS numbers, primarily providing them to Regional Internet Registries.
  • Protocol Assignments Internet protocols’ numbering systems are managed in conjunction with standards bodies.

IANA one of the Internet's oldest institutions, dating back to the 1970s. Today the services are provided by Public Technical Identifiers , a purpose-built organization for providing the IANA functions to the community. PTI is an affiliate of ICANN .

Accessing IANA-maintained information

Iana protocol parameter assignments.

  • Status of IETF Internet-Drafts in IANA Queue
  • IANA Statistics for IETF-related Requests

IANA Time Zone Database

In addition to the other information, IANA maintains the Time Zone Database (often called tz or zoneinfo) contains code and data that represent the history of local time for many representative locations around the globe. It is updated periodically to reflect changes made by political bodies to time zone boundaries, UTC offsets, and daylight-saving rules. Information it contains is used in various Internet standards developed in the IETF. Its management procedure is documented in BCP 175: Procedures for Maintaining the Time Zone Database .

IANA Time Zone Database ( Copy of IANA Time Zone Database maintained by the IETF Secretariat)

reserved internet assigned numbers authority

  • Chat with a consultant

Reserved ranges for private IP addresses

To view all the content available to you here, use the green Log in button at the top of this page to log into the Knowledge Base .

Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) has reserved certain IP addresses as private addresses for use with internal websites or intranets. These are also referred to as RFC 1918 addresses. These addresses are not routable on the public internet, but are meant for devices that reside behind a router or other Network Address Translation (NAT) device or proxy server . Private IP addresses are used either to hide systems from the public internet or to provide an additional range of addresses to organizations that do not have sufficient public IP addresses to distribute on their network. Organizations can use these numbers to assign internal IP addresses without having to worry about an IP address conflict or having to obtain a new block of IP addresses.

If you connect to the internet as a home user with a residential router, you will typically benefit from this arrangement. Although you may be paying for only one IP address through your internet service provider (ISP), you can have unlimited devices connected to the internet. Using a private IP address will make your computer invisible to certain types of network attacks; however, you will not be able to easily establish your computer as a server.

At Indiana University, private IP addresses are used for several purposes:

  • For users who have not registered their computers with the DHCP service, the network assigns internal addresses so they have enough connectivity to reach the DHCP registration web page.
  • For computers that do not need internet connectivity, such as printers, print servers, and local file servers, private addresses allow them to communicate with computers on the IU campus network or remote computers connected to VPN , but not be vulnerable to attacks from the internet.
  • For servers such as backup or database servers that need to communicate only with locally connected servers, usually in the same rack, which then communicate with the outside world, private addresses allow server-to-server communication over a dedicated, private network. These private networks are not accessible even to other computers on the IU network. This kind of network is sometimes referred to as a back-net because it is used for communication between front-end and back-end servers.

It is very important that private addresses used within an organization do not conflict with each other. Since back-nets are available only to the locally connected servers, not to any other computers on campus, the private IP addresses used for two different back-nets can be the same, but they cannot conflict with other private IP addresses on campus.

Related documents

This is document aijr in the Knowledge Base. Last modified on 2022-02-24 12:56:45 .

logo

  • About the NRO
  • NRO Executive Council
  • Regional Internet Registries
  • Address Supporting Organization
  • Accountability
  • Operational Accountability
  • ASO and ICANN Accountability
  • RIR Accountability
  • Internet Governance
  • IP Address Space Management

PTI and the IANA Functions

  • Technical Coordination
  • Regional Policy
  • Global Policy
  • Document Archive
  • RIR Statistics
  • NRO Presentations
  • List of Country Codes and RIRs ordered by Country Code
  • List of Country Codes in the AFRINIC Region
  • List of Country Codes in the APNIC Region
  • List of Country Codes in the ARIN Region
  • List of Country Codes in the LACNIC Region
  • List of Country Codes in the RIPE NCC Region
  • RIR Accountability Q&A

Sub-Navigation

  • IANA Stewardship Transition Archive

The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority ( IANA ) functions are a set of administrative tasks critical to ensuring the global coordination of the DNS root zone, IP addressing and protocol parameters. The IANA functions are performed by Public Technical Identifiers ( PTI ) under contracts and sub-contracts with the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ( ICANN) .

As part of the IANA functions, PTI allocates IP address space from the pool of unallocated addresses to the RIRs according to their needs and in line with current global numbering policy . PTI also maintains a registry of the IP address blocks and Autonomous System Numbers (ASNs) that have been allocated to each RIR.

  • Each RIR makes its own requests for IP addresses and ASNs based on regional needs, and the allocations are made directly to each RIR.
  • The RIRs then assign IP addresses to their members, such as Internet Service Providers (ISPs), or to National Internet Registries (NIRs).
  • IANA Service Level Agreement (SLA)

An SLA between the five RIRs and the operator of the IANA functions was signed in 2016.

The IANA Numbering Services Review Committee (IANA RC)

The IANA RC ‘s function is to advise and assist the NRO Executive Council (NRO EC) in its periodic review of the service level of the IANA Numbering Services provided to the Internet Number Community.

IANA Functions Policy

The RIR communities are responsible for developing global Internet number policy , which includes policies governing the management of the global pools of IP addresses and ASNs, as described in the ASO Memorandum of Understanding .

The IANA Oversight Transition

From 2002-2016, the IANA functions were performed by ICANN under a contract awarded by the National Telecommunications and Information Administration ( NTIA ), an agency in the United States’ Department of Commerce.

In August 2016, PTI was incorporated as an affiliate of  ICANN , and, through contracts and subcontracts with  ICANN , began performing the  IANA  functions in October 2016.  Find out more about the RIRs’ involvement in the IANA Stewardship Transition in our transition  archive .

More Information

Last modified on 18/09/2018

IANA Functions: The Basics

For the billions of devices and many thousands of networks that make up the Internet to connect with each other, they must agree upon a variety of standards, protocols, and associated protocol parameters (values or identifiers) which support that communication. For example, when you send an email with an attachment the servers used to transmit and receive the message each have an Internet protocol (IP) address. Your email address and the receiving email address each have a domain name (everything after the “@” symbol). And, a specific protocol parameter value indicates the kind of file attached so your email reader will know which program to use to open it. Behind the scenes, many other protocols and parameters ensure that email servers are located and reached, that services are mediated, and errors are detected; and, in general, that the transaction is successful.

IANA, the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority , is an administrative function of the Internet that keeps track of IP addresses, domain names, and protocol parameter identifiers that are used by Internet standards. Some of these identifiers are parameters, such as those used by Internet protocols (like TCP, ICMP or UDP) to specify functions and behaviour; some of them represent Internet addresses; and others represent domain names. Regardless of the type of identifier, the IANA function (IANA for short below) ensures that values are managed for uniqueness and made available in publicly-accessible registries so there can be no confusion.

In short, IANA is about managing and ensuring the global uniqueness of three types of Internet identifiers:

a. Protocol parameters

b. Internet Protocol (IP) addresses

c. Internet domain names

This document provides a brief and colloquial description of each of these activities and a real-world analogy to help explain it. In each case, we identify two important aspects of the activity: the source of policies, or rules, implemented by the IANA and the source of oversight of IANA’s performance of that work.

reserved internet assigned numbers authority

U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Here’s how you know

The .gov means it’s official.

Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.

The site is secure.

The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

IANA functions

The United States Departmentof Commerce's National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) remains committed to preserving a stable and secure Internet Domain Name System (DNS). Critical to the DNS is the continued performance of the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) functions. The IANA functions have historically included: (1) The coordination of the assignment of technical Internet protocol parameters; (2) the administration of certain responsibilities associated with Internet DNS root zone management; (3) the allocation of Internet numbering resources; and (4) other services related to the management of the .ARPA and .INT top-level domains. The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) performed the IANA functions, on behalf of the United States Government, through a contract with NTIA.

Related content

First semiannual report on ntia's icann activities (fy2018).

  • Read more about First SemiAnnual Report on NTIA's ICANN Activities (FY2018)

Eighth Quarterly Report on the Transition of the Stewardship of the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) Functions

NTIA provides quarterly reports on all aspects of the proposed transition of the U.S. government's stewardship role over the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) functions. NTIA's previous reports and detailed background can be found  here . This report covers activities from July 1, 2016 to October 24, 2016.1 NTIA’s contract for the stewardship of the IANA functions with the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (“ICANN”) expired as of October 1, 2016.

  • Read more about Eighth Quarterly Report on the Transition of the Stewardship of the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) Functions

Remarks of Assistant Secretary Strickling at the Internet Governance Forum Opening Session 12/06/2016

Remarks of Lawrence E. Strickling Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Communications and Information Internet Governance Forum Opening Session Guadalajara, Mexico December 6, 2016 --As Prepared for Delivery--

  • Read more about Remarks of Assistant Secretary Strickling at the Internet Governance Forum Opening Session 12/06/2016

Root Zone Database

The Root Zone Database represents the delegation details of top-level domains, including gTLDs such as .com , and country-code TLDs such as .uk . As the manager of the DNS root zone, we are responsible for coordinating these delegations in accordance with our policies and procedures .

Much of this data is also available via the WHOIS protocol at whois.iana.org .

Domain Type TLD Manager
generic American Automobile Association, Inc.
generic AARP
generic Not assigned
generic ABB Ltd
generic Abbott Laboratories, Inc.
generic AbbVie Inc.
generic Disney Enterprises, Inc.
generic Able Inc.
generic Registry Services, LLC
generic Abu Dhabi Systems and Information Centre
country-code Internet Computer Bureau Limited
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Accenture plc
generic dot Accountant Limited
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic ACO Severin Ahlmann GmbH & Co. KG
generic Not assigned
generic Dog Beach, LLC
country-code Andorra Telecom
generic Not assigned
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic ICM Registry AD LLC
country-code Telecommunications and Digital Government Regulatory Authority (TDRA)
generic Aktiebolaget Electrolux
sponsored Societe Internationale de Telecommunications Aeronautique (SITA INC USA)
generic Aetna Life Insurance Company
country-code Ministry of Communications and IT
generic Not assigned
generic Australian Football League
generic ZA Central Registry NPC trading as Registry.Africa
country-code UHSA School of Medicine
generic Fondation Aga Khan (Aga Khan Foundation)
generic Binky Moon, LLC
country-code Government of Anguilla
generic American International Group, Inc.
generic Not assigned
generic Airbus S.A.S.
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic Bharti Airtel Limited
generic Fondation Aga Khan (Aga Khan Foundation)
country-code Electronic and Postal Communications Authority - AKEP
generic Not assigned
generic Alibaba Group Holding Limited
generic Alibaba Group Holding Limited
generic Allfinanz Deutsche Vermögensberatung Aktiengesellschaft
generic Allstate Fire and Casualty Insurance Company
generic Ally Financial Inc.
generic REGION GRAND EST
generic ALSTOM
country-code "Internet Society" Non-governmental Organization
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic American Express Travel Related Services Company, Inc.
generic AmFam, Inc.
generic American Express Travel Related Services Company, Inc.
generic AmFam, Inc.
generic Amica Mutual Insurance Company
generic Gemeente Amsterdam
country-code Not assigned
generic Campus IP LLC
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic QIHOO 360 TECHNOLOGY CO. LTD.
generic Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited
country-code Ministry of Telecommunications and Information Technologies (MTTI)
generic Yahoo Inc.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic Apple Inc.
country-code Antarctica Network Information Centre Limited
generic Aquarelle.com
country-code Presidencia de la Nación , Secretaría Legal y Técnica
generic League of Arab States
generic Aramco Services Company
generic Identity Digital Limited
generic Dog Beach, LLC
infrastructure Internet Architecture Board (IAB)
generic UK Creative Ideas Limited
generic Association Relative à la Télévision Européenne G.E.I.E.
country-code AS Domain Registry
generic Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.
sponsored DotAsia Organisation Ltd.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
country-code nic.at GmbH
generic The Gap, Inc.
generic Dog Beach, LLC
country-code .au Domain Administration (auDA)
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic AUDI Aktiengesellschaft
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic Australian Postal Corporation
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic Not assigned
country-code SETAR
generic AWS Registry LLC
country-code Ålands landskapsregering
generic AXA Group Operations SAS
country-code IntraNS
generic Microsoft Corporation
country-code Universtiy Telinformatic Centre (UTIC)
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic Baidu, Inc.
generic Citigroup Inc.
generic Not assigned
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic fTLD Registry Services, LLC
generic Punto 2012 Sociedad Anonima Promotora de Inversion de Capital Variable
generic Municipi de Barcelona
generic Barclays Bank PLC
generic Barclays Bank PLC
generic Gallo Vineyards, Inc.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic MLB Advanced Media DH, LLC
generic Fédération Internationale de Basketball (FIBA)
generic Werkhaus GmbH
generic Bayern Connect GmbH
country-code Ministry of Innovation, Science and Smart Technology
generic British Broadcasting Corporation
generic BB&T Corporation
generic BANCO BILBAO VIZCAYA ARGENTARIA, S.A.
generic The Boston Consulting Group, Inc.
generic Municipi de Barcelona
country-code Posts and Telecommunications Division
country-code DNS Belgium vzw/asbl
generic Beats Electronics, LLC
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic Registry Services, LLC
generic Bentley Motors Limited
generic dotBERLIN GmbH & Co. KG
generic BestTLD Pty Ltd
generic BBY Solutions, Inc.
generic Identity Digital Limited
country-code Autorité de Régulation des Communications Electroniques et des Postes (ARCEP)
country-code Register.BG
country-code Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (TRA)
generic Bharti Enterprises (Holding) Private Limited
country-code Centre National de l'Informatique
generic American Bible Society
generic dot Bid Limited
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Microsoft Corporation
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Identity Digital Limited
generic-restricted Registry Services, LLC
country-code Autorité de Régulation des Communications Electroniques et de la Poste du Bénin (ARCEP BENIN)
country-code Not assigned
generic Identity Digital Limited
generic Registry Services, LLC
generic Not assigned
generic Dish DBS Corporation
generic Knock Knock WHOIS There, LLC
generic Bloomberg IP Holdings LLC
generic Identity Digital Limited
country-code Registry General Department, Ministry of Home Affairs
generic Bristol-Myers Squibb Company
generic Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft
country-code Authority for Info-communications Technology Industry of Brunei Darussalam (AITI)
generic Not assigned
generic BNP Paribas
country-code Agencia para el Desarrollo de la Información de la Sociedad en Bolivia
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH
generic Bank of America Corporation
generic Núcleo de Informação e Coordenação do Ponto BR - NIC.br
generic Shortdot SA
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic Booking.com B.V.
generic Not assigned
generic Robert Bosch GMBH
generic Bostik SA
generic Registry Services, LLC
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Intercap Registry Inc.
country-code Not assigned
country-code Comite Gestor da Internet no Brasil
generic Banco Bradesco S.A.
generic Bridgestone Corporation
generic Celebrate Broadway, Inc.
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic Brother Industries, Ltd.
generic DNS.be vzw
country-code University of The Bahamas
country-code Ministry of Information and Communications
generic Not assigned
generic Not assigned
generic Plan Bee LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Amazon Registry Services, INC
generic DOTSTRATEGY CO.
country-code Norid A/S
country-code Botswana Communications Regulatory Authority (BOCRA)
country-code Belarusian Cloud Technologies LLC
country-code University of Belize
generic Association www.bzh
country-code Canadian Internet Registration Authority (CIRA) Autorité Canadienne pour les enregistrements Internet (ACEI)
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic PVH gTLD Holdings LLC
generic CAM Connecting SARL
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Not assigned
generic Canon Inc.
generic ZA Central Registry NPC trading as ZA Central Registry
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Capital One Financial Corporation
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic Caravan International, Inc.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic dotCareer LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic Not assigned
generic Registry Services, LLC
generic Digity, LLC
generic Not assigned
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
sponsored Fundacio puntCAT
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Pontificium Consilium de Comunicationibus Socialibus (PCCS) (Pontifical Council for Social Communication)
generic COMMONWEALTH BANK OF AUSTRALIA
generic The Christian Broadcasting Network, Inc.
generic CBRE, Inc.
generic Not assigned
country-code eNIC Cocos (Keeling) Islands Pty. Ltd. d/b/a Island Internet Services
country-code Office Congolais des Postes et Télécommunications - OCPT
generic Not assigned
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic European Organization for Nuclear Research ("CERN")
country-code Societe Centrafricaine de Telecommunications (SOCATEL)
generic CFA Institute
generic Shortdot SA
country-code Interpoint Switzerland
country-code SWITCH The Swiss Education & Research Network
generic Chanel International B.V.
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic Public Interest Registry (PIR)
generic JPMorgan Chase Bank, National Association
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic CHINTAI Corporation
generic Not assigned
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic Not assigned
generic Binky Moon, LLC
country-code Autorité de Régulation des Télécommunications/TIC de Côte d’lvoire (ARTCI)
generic Hotel Cipriani Srl
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic Cisco Technology, Inc.
generic Citadel Domain LLC
generic Citigroup Inc.
generic CITIC Group Corporation
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Not assigned
country-code Telecom Cook Islands Ltd.
country-code NIC Chile (University of Chile)
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Internet Naming Co.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic The Estée Lauder Companies Inc.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic ARUBA PEC S.p.A.
generic Registry Services, LLC
generic Club Méditerranée S.A.
country-code Agence Nationale des Technologies de l'Information et de la Communication (ANTIC)
country-code China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC)
country-code Ministry of Information and Communications Technologies (MinTIC)
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic dotKoeln GmbH
generic VeriSign Global Registry Services
generic Not assigned
generic COMMONWEALTH BANK OF AUSTRALIA
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Registry Services, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic VeriSign, Inc.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Registry Services, LLC
generic Not assigned
generic Binky Moon, LLC
sponsored DotCooperation LLC
generic Collectivité de Corse
generic Internet Naming Co.
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Registry Services, LLC
generic American Institute of Certified Public Accountants
country-code National Academy of Sciences Academia Nacional de Ciencias
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic DotCooperation, LLC
generic dot Cricket Limited
generic Crown Equipment Corporation
generic Federated Co-operatives Limited
generic Viking River Cruises (Bermuda) Ltd.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Not assigned
country-code CENIAInternet Industria y San Jose Capitolio Nacional
generic SCHMIDT GROUPE S.A.S.
country-code Agência Reguladora Multissectorial da Economia (ARME)
country-code University of Curacao
country-code Christmas Island Domain Administration Limited
country-code University of Cyprus
generic Nominet UK
generic Shortdot SA
country-code CZ.NIC, z.s.p.o
generic Dabur India Limited
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic Dish DBS Corporation
generic dot Date Limited
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD.
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic Registry Services, LLC
country-code DENIC eG
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic Intercap Registry Inc.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Dell Inc.
generic Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu
generic Delta Air Lines, Inc.
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic Emergency Back-End Registry Operator Program - ICANN
generic Registry Services, LLC
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic Deutsche Post AG
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Discover Financial Services
generic Dish DBS Corporation
generic Internet Naming Co.
country-code Djibouti Telecom S.A
country-code Dansk Internet Forum
country-code DotDM Corporation
generic Dai Nippon Printing Co., Ltd.
country-code Pontificia Universidad Catolica Madre y Maestra Recinto Santo Tomas de Aquino
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Not assigned
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Not assigned
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Not assigned
generic Dish DBS Corporation
generic dot Support Limited
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic Dish DBS Corporation
generic Dubai Smart Government Department
generic Not assigned
generic The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
generic Not assigned
generic DuPont Specialty Products USA, LLC
generic ZA Central Registry NPC trading as ZA Central Registry
generic Deutsche Vermögensberatung Aktiengesellschaft DVAG
generic DISH Technologies L.L.C.
country-code CERIST
generic Interlink Systems Innovation Institute K.K.
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
country-code ECUADORDOMAIN S.A.
generic Big Room Inc.
generic EDEKA Verband kaufmännischer Genossenschaften e.V.
sponsored EDUCAUSE
generic Binky Moon, LLC
country-code Eesti Interneti Sihtasutus (EIS)
country-code Egyptian Universities Network (EUN) Supreme Council of Universities
country-code Not assigned
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Merck KGaA
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Not assigned
generic Seiko Epson Corporation
generic Binky Moon, LLC
country-code Eritrea Telecommunication Services Corporation (EriTel)
generic Telefonaktiebolaget L M Ericsson
generic ERNI Group Holding AG
country-code Red.es
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Not assigned
country-code Ethio telecom
generic Not assigned
country-code EURid vzw/asbl
generic European Broadcasting Union (EBU)
generic Puntueus Fundazioa
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Not assigned
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Extra Space Storage LLC
generic Fage International S.A.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic FairWinds Partners, LLC
generic dot Faith Limited
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic ZDNS International Limited
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Farmers Insurance Exchange
generic Registry Services, LLC
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic Federal Express Corporation
generic Top Level Spectrum, Inc.
generic Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V.
generic Ferrero Trading Lux S.A.
country-code Finnish Transport and Communications Agency Traficom
generic Not assigned
generic Fidelity Brokerage Services LLC
generic Rogers Communications Canada Inc.
generic Motion Picture Domain Registry Pty Ltd
generic Núcleo de Informação e Coordenação do Ponto BR - NIC.br
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic Bridgestone Licensing Services, Inc.
generic Firmdale Holdings Limited
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Registry Services, LLC
generic Registry Services, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
country-code The University of the South Pacific IT Services
country-code Falkland Islands Government
generic Flickr, Inc.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic FLIR Systems, Inc.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic Not assigned
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
country-code FSM Telecommunications Corporation
country-code FO Council
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic Internet Naming Co.
generic Not assigned
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Ford Motor Company
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic Fegistry, LLC
generic Public Interest Registry (PIR)
generic FOX Registry, LLC
country-code Association Française pour le Nommage Internet en Coopération (A.F.N.I.C.)
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic Fresenius Immobilien-Verwaltungs-GmbH
generic FRLregistry B.V.
generic OP3FT
generic Not assigned
generic Frontier Communications Corporation
generic Frontier Communications Corporation
generic Fujitsu Limited
generic Not assigned
generic Radix Technologies Inc.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
country-code Agence Nationale des Infrastructures Numériques et des Fréquences (ANINF)
generic Asociación puntoGAL
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Gallo Vineyards, Inc.
generic Gallup, Inc.
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic The Gap, Inc.
generic Registry Services, LLC
generic Registry Services, LLC
country-code Reserved Domain - IANA
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
country-code The National Telecommunications Regulatory Commission (NTRC)
generic Joint Stock Company "Navigation-information systems"
country-code Caucasus Online LLC
generic GEA Group Aktiengesellschaft
generic Combell nv
generic Resorts World Inc. Pte. Ltd.
generic Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.
country-code CANAL+ TELECOM
country-code Island Networks Ltd.
generic GMO Internet, Inc.
country-code Network Computer Systems Limited
country-code Sapphire Networks
generic Uniregistry, Corp.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Public Interest Registry (PIR)
generic Public Interest Registry (PIR)
country-code TELE Greenland A/S
generic Not assigned
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic Identity Digital Limited
generic Globo Comunicação e Participações S.A
country-code GM-NIC
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic GMO Internet, Inc.
generic 1&1 Mail & Media GmbH
country-code Centre National des Sciences Halieutiques de Boussoura
generic Go Daddy East, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic YODOBASHI CAMERA CO.,LTD.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic NTT Resonant Inc.
generic Not assigned
generic The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic Republican State Leadership Committee, Inc.
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
sponsored Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency
country-code Networking Technologies Group
country-code GETESA
country-code ICS-FORTH GR
generic Grainger Registry Services, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Identity Digital Limited
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
country-code Government of South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands (GSGSSI)
country-code Universidad del Valle de Guatemala
country-code University of Guam
generic Not assigned
generic Guccio Gucci S.p.a.
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
country-code Autoridade Reguladora Nacional - Tecnologias de Informação e Comunicação da Guiné-Bissau
country-code University of Guyana
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic Hamburg Top-Level-Domain GmbH
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic HBO Registry Services, Inc.
generic HOUSING DEVELOPMENT FINANCE CORPORATION LIMITED
generic HDFC Bank Limited
generic Registry Services, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Innovation Service Ltd
generic City of Helsinki
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic Hermes International
generic Not assigned
generic Dot Hip Hop, LLC
generic Hisamitsu Pharmaceutical Co.,Inc.
generic Hitachi, Ltd.
generic Internet Naming Co.
country-code Hong Kong Internet Registration Corporation Ltd.
generic PCCW-HKT DataCom Services Limited
country-code HM Domain Registry
country-code Red de Desarrollo Sostenible Honduras
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Home Depot Product Authority, LLC
generic The TJX Companies, Inc.
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic The TJX Companies, Inc.
generic Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
generic Not assigned
generic Registry Services, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Radix Technologies Inc.
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic Not assigned
generic Booking.com B.V.
generic Microsoft Corporation
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
country-code CARNet - Croatian Academic and Research Network
generic HSBC Global Services (UK) Limited
country-code Consortium FDS/RDDH
generic Not assigned
country-code Council of Hungarian Internet Providers (CHIP)
generic Hughes Satellite Systems Corporation
generic Hyatt GTLD, L.L.C.
generic Hyundai Motor Company
generic International Business Machines Corporation
generic Industrial and Commercial Bank of China Limited
generic IntercontinentalExchange, Inc.
generic Shortdot SA
country-code Perkumpulan Pengelola Nama Domain Internet Indonesia (PANDI)
country-code University College Dublin Computing Services Computer Centre
generic IEEE Global LLC
generic ifm electronic gmbh
generic Not assigned
generic Ikano S.A.
country-code The Israel Internet Association (RA)
country-code Isle of Man Government
generic Fondation Aga Khan (Aga Khan Foundation)
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Dog Beach, LLC
country-code National Internet Exchange of India
generic Intercap Registry Inc.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD.
generic Identity Digital Limited
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic Registry Services, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic fTLD Registry Services LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
sponsored Internet Assigned Numbers Authority
generic Not assigned
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Intuit Administrative Services, Inc.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
country-code Internet Computer Bureau Limited
generic Ipiranga Produtos de Petroleo S.A.
country-code Communications and Media Commission (CMC)
country-code Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences
generic Binky Moon, LLC
country-code ISNIC - Internet Iceland ltd.
generic Not assigned
generic Fondation Aga Khan (Aga Khan Foundation)
generic Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality
generic Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality
country-code IIT - CNR
generic Itau Unibanco Holding S.A.
generic ITV Services Limited
generic Not assigned
generic Not assigned
generic Jaguar Land Rover Ltd
generic Oracle Corporation
generic JCB Co., Ltd.
generic Not assigned
country-code Island Networks (Jersey) Ltd.
generic FCA US LLC.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Reliance Industries Limited
generic Not assigned
generic Jones Lang LaSalle Incorporated
country-code University of West Indies
generic Matrix IP LLC
generic Johnson & Johnson Services, Inc.
country-code Ministry of Digital Economy and Entrepreneurship (MoDEE)
sponsored Employ Media LLC
generic ZA Central Registry NPC trading as ZA Central Registry
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
country-code Japan Registry Services Co., Ltd.
generic JPMorgan Chase Bank, National Association
generic Japan Registry Services Co., Ltd.
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic JUNIPER NETWORKS, INC.
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic KDDI CORPORATION
country-code Kenya Network Information Center (KeNIC)
generic Kerry Trading Co. Limited
generic Kerry Trading Co. Limited
generic Kerry Trading Co. Limited
generic Kuwait Finance House
country-code AsiaInfo Telecommunication Enterprise
country-code Telecommunication Regulator of Cambodia (TRC)
country-code Ministry of Information, Communications and Transport (MICT)
generic KIA MOTORS CORPORATION
generic DotKids Foundation Limited
generic Identity Digital Limited
generic Not assigned
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic DOT KIWI LIMITED
country-code Comores Telecom
country-code Ministry of Finance, Sustainable Development Information & Technology
generic dotKoeln GmbH
generic Komatsu Ltd.
generic Kosher Marketing Assets LLC
country-code Star Joint Venture Company
generic KPMG International Cooperative (KPMG International Genossenschaft)
generic Koninklijke KPN N.V.
country-code Korea Internet & Security Agency (KISA)
generic KRG Department of Information Technology
generic KredTLD Pty Ltd
generic Kerry Trading Co. Limited
country-code Communications and Information Technology Regulatory Authority
country-code Utility Regulation and Competition Office (OfReg)
generic Academic Institution: Kyoto Jyoho Gakuen
country-code Association of IT Companies of Kazakhstan
country-code Lao National Internet Center (LANIC), Ministry of Technology and Communications
generic Fundación Bancaria Caixa d'Estalvis i Pensions de Barcelona, "la Caixa"
generic Not assigned
generic Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A.
generic The Estée Lauder Companies Inc.
generic LANCASTER
generic Not assigned
generic Not assigned
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Jaguar Land Rover Ltd
generic LANXESS Corporation
generic Jones Lang LaSalle Incorporated
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic Dish DBS Corporation
generic La Trobe University
generic Registry Services, LLC
generic Dog Beach, LLC
country-code Internet Society Lebanon
country-code University of Puerto Rico
generic IRI Domain Management, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic A.C.D. LEC Association des Centres Distributeurs Edouard Leclerc
generic LeFrak Organization, Inc.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic LEGO Juris A/S
generic TOYOTA MOTOR CORPORATION
generic Identity Digital Limited
country-code SWITCH The Swiss Education & Research Network
generic Not assigned
generic Schwarz Domains und Services GmbH & Co. KG
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic American Council of Life Insurers
generic Internet Naming Co.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic Eli Lilly and Company
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Ford Motor Company
generic Not assigned
generic Nova Registry Ltd.
generic Lipsy Ltd
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic Internet Naming Co.
generic Not assigned
country-code Council for Information Technology LK Domain Registrar
generic Identity Digital Limited
generic Intercap Registry Inc.
generic dot Loan Limited
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Orange Domains LLC
generic Locus Analytics LLC
generic Not assigned
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic Dot London Domains Limited
generic Lotte Holdings Co., Ltd.
generic Identity Digital Limited
generic Waterford Limited
generic LPL Holdings, Inc.
generic LPL Holdings, Inc.
country-code Data Technology Solutions, Inc.
country-code Lesotho Network Information Centre Proprietary (LSNIC)
country-code Kaunas University of Technology
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic InterNetX Corp.
country-code RESTENA
generic H. Lundbeck A/S
generic Not assigned
generic Registry Services, LLC
generic Luxury Partners LLC
country-code University of Latvia Institute of Mathematics and Computer Science Department of Network Solutions (DNS)
country-code General Post and Telecommunication Company
country-code Agence Nationale de Réglementation des Télécommunications (ANRT)
generic Not assigned
generic Comunidad de Madrid
generic Mutuelle Assurance Instituteur France (MAIF)
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic MAN SE
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic PUNTO FA S.L.
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic Marriott Worldwide Corporation
generic The TJX Companies, Inc.
generic Not assigned
generic Mattel Sites, Inc.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
country-code Direction des Plateformes et des Ressources Numériques
generic Not assigned
generic Not assigned
generic McKinsey Holdings, Inc.
country-code IP Serviciul Tehnologia Informatiei si Securitate Cibernetica
country-code Government of Montenegro
generic Medistry LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic The Crown in right of the State of Victoria, represented by its Department of State Development, Business and Innovation
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic Exclusive Registry Limited
generic Dot Menu Registry LLC
generic Not assigned
generic MSD Registry Holdings, Inc.
generic Not assigned
country-code Not assigned
country-code NIC-MG (Network Information Center Madagascar)
country-code Office of the Cabinet
generic Registry Services, LLC
generic Microsoft Corporation
sponsored DoD Network Information Center
generic Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft
generic Intuit Administrative Services, Inc.
generic Massachusetts Institute of Technology
generic Mitsubishi Corporation
country-code Macedonian Academic Research Network Skopje
country-code Agence des Technologies de l’Information et de la Communication
generic MLB Advanced Media DH, LLC
generic The Canadian Real Estate Association
country-code Ministry of Transport and Communications
generic MMA IARD
country-code Datacom Co., Ltd.
country-code Macao Post and Telecommunications Bureau (CTT)
generic Identity Digital Limited
generic Dish DBS Corporation
generic Not assigned
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic Interlink Systems Innovation Institute K.K.
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic Monash University
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic Not assigned
generic Not assigned
generic IRI Domain Management, LLC ("Applicant")
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic Foundation for Assistance for Internet Technologies and Infrastructure Development (FAITID)
generic Motorola Trademark Holdings, LLC
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Not assigned
country-code Saipan Datacom, Inc.
country-code CANAL+ TELECOM
country-code Université de Nouakchott Al Aasriya
country-code MNI Networks Ltd.
generic MSD Registry Holdings, Inc.
country-code NIC (Malta)
generic MTN Dubai Limited
generic Not assigned
generic MTR Corporation Limited
country-code Internet Direct Ltd
sponsored Museum Domain Management Association
generic DotMusic Limited
generic Not assigned
generic Not assigned
country-code Dhiraagu Pvt. Ltd. (DHIVEHINET)
country-code Malawi Sustainable Development Network Programme (Malawi SDNP)
country-code NIC-Mexico ITESM - Campus Monterrey
country-code MYNIC Berhad
country-code Centro de Informatica de Universidade Eduardo Mondlane
country-code Namibian Network Information Center
generic National Australia Bank Limited
generic Not assigned
generic GMO Registry, Inc.
generic-restricted VeriSign Information Services, Inc.
generic Not assigned
generic Not assigned
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic NBA REGISTRY, LLC
country-code Office des Postes et Telecommunications
country-code SONITEL
generic NEC Corporation
generic VeriSign Global Registry Services
generic COMMONWEALTH BANK OF AUSTRALIA
generic Netflix, Inc.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic NeuStar, Inc.
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic Not assigned
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic Next plc
generic Next plc
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
country-code Norfolk Island Data Services
generic NFL Reg Ops LLC
country-code Nigeria Internet Registration Association
generic Public Interest Registry
generic Japan Broadcasting Corporation (NHK)
country-code Universidad Nacional del Ingernieria Centro de Computo
generic DWANGO Co., Ltd.
generic NIKE, Inc.
generic NIKON CORPORATION
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD.
generic Nippon Life Insurance Company
country-code SIDN (Stichting Internet Domeinregistratie Nederland)
country-code Norid A/S
generic Nokia Corporation
generic Not assigned
generic Symantec Corporation
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic Emergency Back-End Registry Operator Program - ICANN
generic Starbucks (HK) Limited
country-code Mercantile Communications Pvt. Ltd.
country-code CENPAC NET
generic NRA Holdings Company, INC.
generic Minds + Machines GmbH
generic NIPPON TELEGRAPH AND TELEPHONE CORPORATION
country-code The IUSN Foundation
generic The City of New York by and through the New York City Department of Information Technology & Telecommunications
country-code InternetNZ
generic OBI Group Holding SE & Co. KGaA
generic Fegistry, LLC
generic Not assigned
generic Microsoft Corporation
generic BRregistry, Inc.
generic Competrol (Luxembourg) Sarl
generic Competrol (Luxembourg) Sarl
generic Not assigned
generic Dish DBS Corporation
country-code Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (TRA)
generic The Swatch Group Ltd
generic One.com A/S
generic Public Interest Registry
generic iRegistry GmbH
generic Radix Technologies Inc.
generic Not assigned
generic INFIBEAM AVENUES LIMITED
generic American Express Travel Related Services Company, Inc.
generic Oracle Corporation
generic Orange Brand Services Limited
generic Public Interest Registry (PIR)
generic Identity Digital Limited
generic Not assigned
generic The Estée Lauder Companies Inc.
generic Osaka Registry Co., Ltd.
generic Otsuka Holdings Co., Ltd.
generic Dish DBS Corporation
generic OVH SAS
country-code Universidad Tecnologica de Panama
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic Not assigned
generic Panasonic Corporation
generic Not assigned
generic City of Paris
generic Emergency Back-End Registry Operator Program - ICANN
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Blue Sky Registry Limited
generic Not assigned
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic PCCW Enterprises Limited
country-code Red Cientifica Peruana
generic Identity Digital Limited
country-code Gouvernement de la Polynésie française
generic Pfizer Inc.
country-code PNG DNS Administration Vice Chancellors Office The Papua New Guinea University of Technology
country-code PH Domain Foundation
generic National Association of Boards of Pharmacy
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic Koninklijke Philips N.V.
generic Dish DBS Corporation
generic Registry Services, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic PhysBiz Pty Ltd
generic Not assigned
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic Pictet Europe S.A.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Top Level Spectrum, Inc.
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic Ping Registry Provider, Inc.
generic Identity Digital Limited
generic Pioneer Corporation
generic Binky Moon, LLC
country-code PKNIC
country-code Research and Academic Computer Network
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic Sony Computer Entertainment Inc.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
country-code Association Française pour le Nommage Internet en Coopération (A.F.N.I.C.)
country-code Pitcairn Island Administration
generic PNC Domain Co., LLC
generic Deutsche Vermögensberatung Aktiengesellschaft DVAG
generic Identity Digital Limited
generic Politie Nederland
generic ICM Registry PN LLC
sponsored Universal Postal Union
country-code Gauss Research Laboratory Inc.
generic Prudential Financial, Inc.
generic Praxi S.p.A.
generic Radix Technologies Inc.
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic-restricted Identity Digital Limited
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic Progressive Casualty Insurance Company
generic Identity Digital Limited
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Digital Property Infrastructure Limited
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic Prudential Financial, Inc.
generic Prudential Financial, Inc.
country-code Ministry Of Telecommunications & Information Technology, Government Computer Center.
country-code Associação DNS.PT
generic Dog Beach, LLC
country-code Micronesia Investment and Development Corporation
generic PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP
country-code NIC-PY
country-code Communications Regulatory Authority
generic DOTQPON LLC.
generic PointQuébec Inc
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic Not assigned
generic Premier Registry Limited
generic European Broadcasting Union (EBU)
generic Not assigned
country-code Association Française pour le Nommage Internet en Coopération (A.F.N.I.C.)
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic dotRealEstate LLC
generic Real Estate Domains LLC
generic Internet Naming Co.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Identity Digital Limited
generic Redstone Haute Couture Co., Ltd.
generic Travelers TLD, LLC
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts, Inc.
generic Reliance Industries Limited
generic ZDNS International Limited
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic Punto 2012 Sociedad Anonima Promotora de Inversion de Capital Variable
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic dot Review Limited
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic Robert Bosch GMBH
generic iRegistry GmbH
generic Pacific Century Asset Management (HK) Limited
generic Ricoh Company, Ltd.
generic Not assigned
generic Reliance Industries Limited
generic Empresa Municipal de Informática SA - IPLANRIO
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic Not assigned
country-code National Institute for R&D in Informatics
generic Not assigned
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic Registry Services, LLC
generic Rogers Communications Canada Inc.
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
country-code Serbian National Internet Domain Registry (RNIDS)
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
country-code Coordination Center for TLD RU
generic World Rugby Strategic Developments Limited
generic dotSaarland GmbH
generic Binky Moon, LLC
country-code Rwanda Internet Community and Technology Alliance (RICTA) Ltd
generic RWE AG
generic BRregistry, Inc.
country-code Communications, Space and Technology Commission
generic dotSaarland GmbH
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic Safety Registry Services, LLC.
generic SAKURA internet Inc.
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.
generic SAMSUNG SDS CO., LTD
generic Sandvik AB
generic Sandvik AB
generic Sanofi
generic SAP AG
generic Not assigned
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Research IP LLC
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic Saxo Bank A/S
country-code Solomon Telekom Company Limited
generic STATE BANK OF INDIA
generic Shortdot SA
country-code VCS Pty Ltd
generic Not assigned
generic The Siam Commercial Bank Public Company Limited ("SCB")
generic Schaeffler Technologies AG & Co. KG
generic SCHMIDT GROUPE S.A.S.
generic Scholarships.com, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Schwarz Domains und Services GmbH & Co. KG
generic dot Science Limited
generic Not assigned
generic Not assigned
generic Dot Scot Registry Limited
country-code Sudan Internet Society
country-code The Internet Infrastructure Foundation
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic SEAT, S.A. (Sociedad Unipersonal)
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic Seek Limited
generic Registry Services, LLC
generic Sener Ingeniería y Sistemas, S.A.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Not assigned
generic Seven West Media Ltd
generic SEW-EURODRIVE GmbH & Co KG
generic ICM Registry SX LLC
generic Internet Naming Co.
generic Societe Francaise du Radiotelephone - SFR
country-code Singapore Network Information Centre (SGNIC) Pte Ltd
country-code Government of St. Helena
generic Shangri-La International Hotel Management Limited
generic Sharp Corporation
generic Not assigned
generic Shell Information Technology International Inc
generic Emergency Back-End Registry Operator Program - ICANN
generic Identity Digital Limited
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic GMO Registry, Inc.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic QIHOO 360 TECHNOLOGY CO. LTD.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Not assigned
generic Not assigned
country-code Academic and Research Network of Slovenia (ARNES)
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic Sina Corporation
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Radix Technologies Inc.
country-code Norid A/S
country-code SK-NIC, a.s.
generic Identity Digital Limited
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic Sky International AG
generic Microsoft Corporation
country-code Sierratel
generic DISH Technologies L.L.C.
country-code Telecom Italia San Marino S.p.A.
generic Smart Communications, Inc. (SMART)
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
country-code Universite Cheikh Anta Diop
generic Société Nationale SNCF
country-code Ministry of Post and Telecommunications
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic SoftBank Group Corp.
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic Sohu.com Limited
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic Sony Corporation
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic Asia Spa and Wellness Promotion Council Limited
generic Radix Technologies Inc.
generic Not assigned
generic SportAccord
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic Not assigned
country-code Telesur
generic InterNetX Corp.
generic Not assigned
country-code National Communication Authority (NCA)
country-code Tecnisys
generic STADA Arzneimittel AG
generic Staples, Inc.
generic Star India Private Limited
generic Not assigned
generic STATE BANK OF INDIA
generic State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Company
generic Not assigned
generic Saudi Telecom Company
generic Saudi Telecom Company
generic Stockholms kommun
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic Radix Technologies Inc.
generic dot Stream Limited
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic Registry Services, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
country-code Russian Institute for Development of Public Networks (ROSNIIROS)
generic Vox Populi Registry Ltd.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Registry Services, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic SUZUKI MOTOR CORPORATION
country-code SVNet
generic The Swatch Group Ltd
generic Not assigned
generic Swiss Confederation
country-code SX Registry SA B.V.
country-code National Agency for Network Services (NANS)
generic State of New South Wales, Department of Premier and Cabinet
generic Not assigned
generic Binky Moon, LLC
country-code University of Swaziland Department of Computer Science
generic Tabcorp Holdings Limited
generic Taipei City Government
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic Alibaba Group Holding Limited
generic Target Domain Holdings, LLC
generic Tata Motors Ltd
generic Limited Liability Company "Coordination Center of Regional Domain of Tatarstan Republic"
generic Registry Services, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
country-code Melrex TC
generic Emergency Back-End Registry Operator Program - ICANN
country-code l'Agence de Développement des Technologies de l'Information et de la Communication (ADETIC)
generic TDK Corporation
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Radix Technologies Inc.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
sponsored Telnames Ltd.
generic Not assigned
generic Not assigned
generic Temasek Holdings (Private) Limited
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Limited
country-code Association Française pour le Nommage Internet en Coopération (A.F.N.I.C.)
country-code Autorité de Régulation des Communications Electroniques et des Postes (ARCEP)
country-code Thai Network Information Center Foundation
generic Home Depot Product Authority, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic Teachers Insurance and Annuity Association of America
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Not assigned
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic punkt Tirol GmbH
country-code Information Technology Center
generic The TJX Companies, Inc.
generic The TJX Companies, Inc.
country-code Telecommunication Tokelau Corporation (Teletok)
generic The TJX Companies, Inc.
country-code Autoridade Nacional de Comunicações
country-code TM Domain Registry Ltd
generic Alibaba Group Holding Limited
country-code Agence Tunisienne d'Internet
country-code Government of the Kingdom of Tonga H.R.H. Crown Prince Tupouto'a c/o Consulate of Tonga
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic GMO Registry, Inc.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic .TOP Registry
generic Toray Industries, Inc.
generic TOSHIBA Corporation
generic TotalEnergies SE
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic TOYOTA MOTOR CORPORATION
generic Binky Moon, LLC
country-code Not assigned
country-code Bilgi Teknolojileri ve İletişim Kurumu (BTK)
generic Elite Registry Limited
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
sponsored Dog Beach, LLC
generic Not assigned
generic Travelers TLD, LLC
generic Travelers TLD, LLC
generic Internet Naming Co.
generic Travelers TLD, LLC
country-code University of the West Indies Faculty of Engineering
generic Latin American Telecom LLC
generic TUI AG
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
country-code Ministry of Justice, Communications and Foreign Affairs
generic T V SUNDRAM IYENGAR & SONS PRIVATE LIMITED
country-code Taiwan Network Information Center (TWNIC)
country-code Tanzania Communications Regulatory Authority
country-code Hostmaster Ltd.
generic National Australia Bank Limited
generic UBS AG
generic Not assigned
country-code Uganda Online Ltd.
country-code Nominet UK
country-code Not assigned
generic China United Network Communications Corporation Limited
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Radix Technologies Inc.
generic UBN INTERNET LTDA.
generic UPS Market Driver, Inc.
country-code Registry Services, LLC
country-code SeCIU - Universidad de la Republica
country-code Single Integrator for Creation and Support of State Information Systems UZINFOCOM
country-code Holy See - Vatican City State
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic D3 Registry LLC
generic The Vanguard Group, Inc.
country-code Ministry of Telecommunications, Science, Technology and Industry
country-code Comisión Nacional de Telecomunicaciones (CONATEL)
generic Dot Vegas, Inc.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic VeriSign, Inc.
generic tldbox GmbH
generic Dog Beach, LLC
country-code Telecommunications Regulatory Commission of the Virgin Islands
country-code Virgin Islands Public Telecommunications System, Inc.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Dog Beach, LLC
generic VIENNA INSURANCE GROUP AG Wiener Versicherung Gruppe
generic Viking River Cruises (Bermuda) Ltd.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Registry Services, LLC
generic Virgin Enterprises Limited
generic Visa Worldwide Pte. Limited
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Not assigned
generic Not assigned
generic Saudi Telecom Company
generic Telefonica Brasil S.A.
generic DNS.be vzw
country-code Viet Nam Internet Network Information Center (VNNIC)
generic Registry Services, LLC
generic Not assigned
generic Volvo Holding Sverige Aktiebolag
generic Monolith Registry LLC
generic Valuetainment Corp.
generic Monolith Registry LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
country-code Telecommunications Radiocommunications and Broadcasting Regulator (TRBR)
generic Not assigned
generic Nominet UK
generic Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.
generic Sandvik AB
generic Zodiac Wang Limited
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic Not assigned
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Identity Digital Limited
generic International Business Machines Corporation
generic International Business Machines Corporation
generic dot Webcam Limited
generic Saint-Gobain Weber SA
generic Radix Technologies Inc.
generic Emergency Back-End Registry Operator Program - ICANN
generic Registry Services, LLC
generic Sina Corporation
generic Weir Group IP Limited
country-code Association Française pour le Nommage Internet en Coopération (A.F.N.I.C.)
generic Who's Who Registry
generic punkt.wien GmbH
generic Registry Services, LLC
generic William Hill Organization Limited
generic First Registry Limited
generic Microsoft Corporation
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic The TJX Companies, Inc.
generic William Morris Endeavor Entertainment, LLC
generic Wolters Kluwer N.V.
generic Woodside Petroleum Limited
generic Registry Services, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
country-code Government of Samoa Ministry of Foreign Affairs & Trade
generic World Trade Centers Association, Inc.
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Microsoft Corporation
generic Xerox DNHC LLC
generic Not assigned
generic QIHOO 360 TECHNOLOGY CO. LTD.
generic Elegant Leader Limited
test Not assigned
generic VeriSign Sarl
test Not assigned
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic Guangzhou YU Wei Information Technology Co., Ltd.
country-code National Internet eXchange of India
generic Excellent First Limited
generic Eagle Horizon Limited
generic TLD REGISTRY LIMITED
country-code KISA (Korea Internet & Security Agency)
country-code National Internet eXchange of India
generic Not assigned
generic VeriSign Sarl
generic VeriSign Sarl
country-code National Internet eXchange of India
country-code National Internet Exchange of India
generic Zodiac Gemini Ltd
country-code The Israel Internet Association (RA)
generic Helium TLDs Ltd
country-code Posts and Telecommunications Division
generic China Organizational Name Administration Center
generic China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC)
generic Shangri-La International Hotel Management Limited
generic Global Website TLD Asia Limited
generic Identity Digital Limited
generic Tycoon Treasure Limited
generic Foundation for Assistance for Internet Technologies and Infrastructure Development (FAITID)
test Not assigned
country-code Association of IT Companies of Kazakhstan
generic Pontificium Consilium de Comunicationibus Socialibus (PCCS) (Pontifical Council for Social Communication)
generic CORE Association
generic CORE Association
generic China United Network Communications Corporation Limited
country-code Serbian National Internet Domain Registry (RNIDS)
country-code Imena.BG AD
country-code Belarusian Cloud Technologies LLC
generic VeriSign Sarl
generic RISE VICTORY LIMITED
generic Sina Corporation
test Not assigned
generic Temasek Holdings (Private) Limited
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic Public Interest Registry
generic VeriSign Sarl
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic SAMSUNG SDS CO., LTD
country-code Singapore Network Information Centre (SGNIC) Pte Ltd
generic Internet DotTrademark Organisation Limited
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Zodiac Aquarius Limited
generic The Foundation for Network Initiatives “The Smart Internet”
country-code Macedonian Academic Research Network Skopje
test Not assigned
country-code EURid vzw
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic Guangzhou YU Wei Information and Technology Co.,Ltd
generic Not assigned
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic VeriSign Sarl
generic TLD REGISTRY LIMITED
generic CITIC Group Corporation
country-code China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC)
country-code China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC)
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
country-code National Internet Exchange of India
country-code LK Domain Registry
generic PCCW Enterprises Limited
generic Nawang Heli(Xiamen) Network Service Co., LTD.
test Not assigned
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
country-code National Internet Exchange of India
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
country-code National Internet eXchange of India
country-code National Internet Exchange of India
country-code National Internet eXchange of India
test Not assigned
test Not assigned
generic Zodiac Taurus Ltd.
generic Public Interest Registry
generic Internet DotTrademark Organisation Limited
generic China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC)
generic VeriSign Sarl
country-code Ukrainian Network Information Centre (UANIC), Inc.
country-code Hong Kong Internet Registration Corporation Ltd.
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic Not assigned
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
test Not assigned
generic Koninklijke Philips N.V.
test Not assigned
country-code Taiwan Network Information Center (TWNIC)
country-code Taiwan Network Information Center (TWNIC)
generic Not assigned
generic Beijing RITT-Net Technology Development Co., Ltd
country-code Datacom Co.,Ltd
country-code CERIST
country-code Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (TRA)
generic Aramco Services Company
country-code Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM)
generic Competrol (Luxembourg) Sarl
generic Not assigned
country-code Telecommunications and Digital Government Regulatory Authority (TDRA)
generic CORE Association
country-code Université de Nouakchott Al Aasriya
country-code National Telecommunication Corporation
country-code Ministry of Digital Economy and Entrepreneurship (MoDEE)
generic Not assigned
country-code National Internet eXchange of India
country-code National Internet Exchange of India
country-code Agence Nationale de Réglementation des Télécommunications (ANRT)
generic Abu Dhabi Systems and Information Centre
country-code Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (TRA)
country-code Communications, Space and Technology Commission
country-code National Internet eXchange of India
generic Pontificium Consilium de Comunicationibus Socialibus (PCCS) (Pontifical Council for Social Communication)
country-code Sudan Internet Society
generic Emergency Back-End Registry Operator Program - ICANN
country-code Communications and Media Commission (CMC)
country-code MYNIC Berhad
country-code Macao Post and Telecommunications Bureau (CTT)
generic VeriSign Sarl
generic Net-Chinese Co., Ltd.
generic International Domain Registry Pty. Ltd.
generic Kuwait Finance House
generic League of Arab States
country-code Information Technologies Development Center (ITDC)
generic Public Interest Registry
generic Public Interest Registry
generic Stable Tone Limited
country-code Thai Network Information Center Foundation
country-code National Agency for Network Services (NANS)
generic Jiang Yu Liang Cai Technology Company Limited
generic Rusnames Limited
country-code Coordination Center for TLD RU
generic Not assigned
country-code Agence Tunisienne d'Internet
generic VeriSign Sarl
country-code Lao National Internet Center (LANIC), Ministry of Technology and Communications
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
country-code EURid vzw
country-code ICS-FORTH GR
generic Stable Tone Limited
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
country-code National Internet eXchange of India
country-code National Internet Exchange of India
generic KNET Co., Ltd
generic VeriSign Sarl
generic VeriSign Sarl
generic Pontificium Consilium de Comunicationibus Socialibus (PCCS) (Pontifical Council for Social Communication)
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Deutsche Vermögensberatung Aktiengesellschaft DVAG
generic Deutsche Vermögensberatung Aktiengesellschaft DVAG
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Beijing Tele-info Technology Co., Ltd.
generic Kerry Trading Co. Limited
generic Kerry Trading Co. Limited
country-code National Telecommunication Regulatory Authority - NTRA
country-code Communications Regulatory Authority
generic Guangzhou YU Wei Information Technology Co., Ltd.
country-code LK Domain Registry
country-code National Internet Exchange of India
country-code "Internet Society" Non-governmental Organization
country-code Singapore Network Information Centre (SGNIC) Pte Ltd
country-code Ministry of Telecom & Information Technology (MTIT)
test Not assigned
generic China Organizational Name Administration Center
generic Not assigned
sponsored ICM Registry LLC
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic XYZ.COM LLC
generic Yahoo Inc.
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic Yandex Europe B.V.
country-code TeleYemen
generic YODOBASHI CAMERA CO.,LTD.
generic Registry Services, LLC
generic GMO Registry, Inc.
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
country-code Association Française pour le Nommage Internet en Coopération (A.F.N.I.C.)
generic QIHOO 360 TECHNOLOGY CO. LTD.
country-code ZA Domain Name Authority
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic Industria de Diseño Textil, S.A. (INDITEX, S.A.)
generic Amazon Registry Services, Inc.
generic Charleston Road Registry Inc.
generic Not assigned
country-code Zambia Information and Communications Technology Authority (ZICTA)
generic Binky Moon, LLC
generic Kanton Zürich (Canton of Zurich)
country-code Postal and Telecommunications Regulatory Authority of Zimbabwe (POTRAZ)

IMAGES

  1. What Is IANA? The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority

    reserved internet assigned numbers authority

  2. PPT

    reserved internet assigned numbers authority

  3. What is the meaning of the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)? [Audio Explainer]

    reserved internet assigned numbers authority

  4. Definition IANA: Internet Assigned Numbers Authority

    reserved internet assigned numbers authority

  5. What Is IANA? The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority

    reserved internet assigned numbers authority

  6. Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)

    reserved internet assigned numbers authority

VIDEO

  1. Root KSK Ceremony 51

  2. Plan Your Migration To The IPv6 Standard

  3. Root KSK Ceremony 50

  4. Root KSK Ceremony 53: Day 2

  5. Root KSK Ceremony 52

  6. How to Find the Best Route

COMMENTS

  1. Internet Assigned Numbers Authority

    Internet Assigned Numbers Authority. The global coordination of the DNS Root, IP addressing, and other Internet protocol resources is performed as the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) functions. Learn more. Domain Names. Management of the DNS Root Zone (assignments of ccTLDs and gTLDs) along with other functions such as the .int and ...

  2. IANA-managed Reserved Domains

    IANA-managed Reserved Domains. Certain domains are set aside, and nominally registered to "IANA", for specific policy or technical purposes. Example domains. As described in RFC 2606 and RFC 6761, a number of domains such as example.com and example.org are maintained for documentation purposes. These domains may be used as illustrative ...

  3. Private Enterprise Numbers (PENs)

    Last. Reference. RFC 9371. Registration Procedure. First Come First Served. Description. Private Enterprise Numbers are identifiers that can be used in SNMP configurations, in LDAP configurations, and wherever the use of an ASN.1 object identifier (OID) is appropriate. The PEN prefix is 1.3.6.1.4.1. Registration Forms.

  4. Internet Assigned Numbers Authority

    The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is a standards organization that oversees global IP address allocation, autonomous system number allocation, root zone management in the Domain Name System (DNS), media types, and other Internet Protocol-related symbols and Internet numbers.. Currently it is a function of ICANN, a nonprofit private American corporation established in 1998 ...

  5. IETF

    The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) functionsThe global coordination of the DNS Root, IP addressing, and other Internet protocol resources is performed as. IANA is responsible for coordinating some of the key elements that keep the Internet running smoothly. The Internet is renowned for being a worldwide network free from central ...

  6. PDF ICANN Internet Assigned Numbers Authority Functions Fact Sheet

    Fact Sheet. Department of Commerce. The IANA functions include the allocation and maintenance of the unique codes and numbering systems that are used in the technical standards ("protocols") that drive the Internet. ICANN's IANA department operates and maintains a number of key aspects of the DNS, including the processing of root zone ...

  7. Do you know IANA?

    IANA is an acronym: Internet Assigned Numbers Authority. Internet pioneer Jon Postel led IANA until 1998, the year he died, out of the University of Southern California. Today IANA is a 10-person department within ICANN. So what does the IANA department do? The day-to-day job of the IANA staff includes: The IANA staff does this by receiving and ...

  8. Reserved ranges for private IP addresses

    Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) has reserved certain IP addresses as private addresses for use with internal websites or intranets. These are also referred to as RFC 1918 addresses. These addresses are not routable on the public internet, but are meant for devices that reside behind a router or other Network Address Translation (NAT) device or proxy server.

  9. Reserved IP addresses

    Reserved IP addresses. In the Internet addressing architecture, the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) and the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) have reserved various Internet Protocol (IP) addresses for special purposes. [1]

  10. PTI and the IANA Functions

    PTI and the IANA Functions. The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority functions are a set of administrative tasks critical to ensuring the global coordination of the DNS root zone, IP addressing and protocol parameters.The IANA functions are performed by Public Technical Identifiers under contracts and sub-contracts with the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN).

  11. Number Resources

    We are responsible for global coordination of the Internet Protocol addressing systems, as well as the Autonomous System Numbers used for routing Internet traffic. Currently there are two types of Internet Protocol (IP) addresses in active use: IP version 4 (IPv4) and IP version 6 (IPv6). IPv4 was initially deployed on 1 January 1983 and is ...

  12. IANA Functions: The Basics

    IANA, the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority, is an administrative function of the Internet that keeps track of IP addresses, domain names, and protocol parameter identifiers that are used by Internet standards. Some of these identifiers are parameters, such as those used by Internet protocols (like TCP, ICMP or UDP) to specify functions and ...

  13. RFC 6335: Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA ...

    RFC 6335 Service Name and Port Number Procedures August 2011 Port numbers are the original and most widely used means for application and service identification on the Internet. Ports are 16-bit numbers, and the combination of source and destination port numbers together with the IP addresses of the communicating end systems uniquely identifies a session of a given transport protocol.

  14. What is Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)?

    For the Internet, there is a single, worldwide "allocation" process for this, and it begins with an organization—the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority, or IANA. IANA, based in the United States, is an Internet-specific organization that gives out (assigns and allocates) IP addresses in a systematic, organized and consistent manner that ...

  15. Welcome to ICANN!

    In more technical terms, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ( ICANN) helps coordinate the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority ( IANA) functions, which are key technical services critical to the continued operations of the Internet's underlying address book, the Domain Name System ( DNS ). The IANA functions include: (1) the ...

  16. Internet Assigned Numbers Authority: Definition, Examples

    Definition The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is an organizational unit under the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). Its primary function is to oversee the global coordination of the Internet's system of unique identifiers, including the distribution of IP addresses and domain names. It also manages protocol parameters used in various internet […]

  17. Everything you need to know about IANA

    The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority has an important administrative role. It is responsible for assigning the unique names and numbering systems that are used according to the technical standards of the internet and form the basis for addressing websites. Although the internet is not a centrally managed network, some core elements do need to be coordinated globally.

  18. Domain Name Services

    Domain Name Services. We operate and maintain a number of key aspects of the DNS, including the root zone, and the .int and .arpa domains. The root is the upper-most part of the DNS hierarchy, and involves delegating administrative responsibility of "top-level domains", which are the last segment of a domain name, such as .com, .uk and .nz.

  19. Q and A on IANA Stewardship Transition

    The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) functions are a set of interdependent technical functions that enable the efficient operation of the Internet domain name system. The three primary IANA functions include (1) the coordination of the assignment of technical Internet protocol parameters; (2) the processing of change requests to the ...

  20. IANA functions

    The United States Departmentof Commerce's National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) remains committed to preserving a stable and secure Internet Domain Name System (DNS). Critical to the DNS is the continued performance of the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) functions. The IANA functions have historically included: (1) The coordination of the assignment of ...

  21. Protocol Registries

    Protocol Registries. Protocol parameter registries represent the authoritative record of many of the codes and numbers contained in a variety of Internet protocols. We maintain these records in compliance with the associated technical standards and allocation policies, and we provide this service in coordination with the Internet Engineering ...

  22. What Is IANA? The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority

    IANA, or the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority, is an organization responsible for the assignment of numbering systems and unique names that form the backbone of the global internet. IANA effectively manages registries that deal with three categories of Internet identifiers: IP addressing (Internet Protocol addresses) DNS (Domain Name System ...

  23. Internet Assigned Numbers Authority

    Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) stands as a pivotal organization that oversees critical elements of the internet's infrastructure, particularly regarding the allocation of unique identifiers and protocols. In the context of cybersecurity, IANA holds the responsibility of managing various internet parameters, ensuring their effective utilization and adherence to established standards.

  24. Root Zone Database

    The Root Zone Database represents the delegation details of top-level domains, including gTLDs such as .com, and country-code TLDs such as .uk. As the manager of the DNS root zone, we are responsible for coordinating these delegations in accordance with our policies and procedures. Much of this data is also available via the WHOIS protocol at ...