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School Life Balance , Tips for Online Students

12 Best Tips to Balance School and Work

how to manage time with school and work

Updated: June 19, 2024

Published: December 12, 2019


Learning how to balance school and work is exactly that — a balancing act. Choosing to further your education at college requires both dedication and perseverance. This is especially true when you have to hold down a job. You’ll have to find ways to get schoolwork done and tend to your work responsibilities, all the while avoiding burnout.

For some students, you will also have to take care of your family. It’s very clear that with all the different aspects of life, finding alone time and time for friends is also necessary.

That’s why learning how to balance college and work is a strong skill to hone as early as possible in your academic career. There are a variety of ways to achieve doing so.

Let’s take a look at some strategies and ideas.

To-Do List

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Tips for finding balance, 1. learn time management.

Perhaps the most important tool, which may seem obvious, is learning time management . Time management is defined as the “ability to use one’s time effectively or productively,” and for the most, it’s easier said than done. That’s because many people fall into the habit of procrastination, or putting off what has to be done for later.

Responsibilities like school and work are hard to prioritize when fun alternatives exist, but once you manage your time, you will be able to alleviate stress and be more successful.

Some useful tools for time management include:

  • Update Your Schedule: You don’t have to have a type A personality to learn how to schedule your time. Start by leveraging a digital calendar or buying a planner to divide up your time in advance of your week. That way, you can schedule your time in to get the things you need to do and then also make time for fun activities like socializing, sports, hobbies, and more. Keep it up-to-date so that you don’t miss anything important and can plan ahead.
  • Break Up Your Tasks: When you have a lot of tasks to get done, try to break up your to-do list into smaller and more approachable bits of activity. For example, if you have to read four chapters of a textbook for a test, read two chapters a day for two days, or one chapter a day for four days. Do whatever it takes to make tasks more approachable so that you limit procrastination and reduce feelings of being overwhelmed.

2. Do What You Enjoy

While it’s not always possible or financially feasible, you should try to find a job that you actually enjoy. Although this is not always in your control, train yourself to see the good in whatever job you do so that you can approach work with a positive mindset.

Love What You Study

In the same way, you should learn about things that you are interested in learning about. More often than not, you have the opportunity to major in and study what you actually like. If you’re not pressured by family to major in a particular field of study, choose what you are interested in so that learning piques your curiosity rather than squanders it.

3. Communicate

Although it seems intuitive, many people forget to take this step. If you are a student who has a job, be sure you tell your boss that you are in school. Most business owners and managers will be accommodating to this situation and help you to create a schedule that works best for your school time, too. Additionally, they may even be willing to provide you with time off during exams or big projects.

Depending on the type of school you attend, you can also create a flexible schedule around your job. This is especially doable if you attend an online school like the University of the People, where everything happens online. As such, you can study whenever and wherever you choose, which makes it easier to hold down a job while you learn.

4. Support Circle

One of the most important things to remember, especially when you inevitably feel overwhelmed, is that you are not alone. A lot of people are in the same situation as you, balancing work and school. By connecting with people who are in the same boat, you can learn tips and tricks from your peers.

Ask For Help

Additionally, by having a support circle, you can lean on people for help when you need it and offer help when you have the time and energy to do so.

5. Use Time Wisely

Going hand in hand with time management is learning tips and tricks to maximize the use of your time. This can happen in several ways, including finding jobs and schools that are near where you live (or online). That way, you can cut out the time it takes to commute which can add up to a lot of extra hours in a week.

Additionally, when you cook meals, cook extra on purpose so you can save some for the rest of the week. This tactic is known as meal prepping.

Furthermore, when you set time limits on social media, you will be able to allocate the time wasted to completing more important tasks, like studying. There are tools on most phones that can help you set application limits and refocus your time. You need to know your limits and trust your abilities when you are using your time wisely.

Importantly, listen to your body and mind and know when you need to take a break and hit reset to avoid burning out.

Leverage Your Natural Tendencies

Get to know yourself. If you tend to be a night owl and have most of your energy at night, then dedicate that time to learning material that is more challenging. If you’re a morning person, get up early and knock off tasks from your to-do list. Spend the time that you’re most productive working on the most challenging work, or subjects that require extra energy and effort.

6. To-Do List

A really simple strategy to master your time is to create and use a to-do list. Oftentimes, you can forget a task because you didn’t write it down. You can reduce feelings of the stress of having to remember everything when you write down what you have to do.

When you are writing down things you have to get done, you can also create a distraction to-do list. This is done by writing down things that are causing you to lose your focus when you are working on a task. When you take a break, you can revisit your distraction to-do list and go through each line item. This tactic helps to keep you focused.

There are optimal ways to structure a to-do list, and this includes organizing it in numerical order based on priority. Your priorities likely constantly shift, so be sure you keep your to-do list up-to-date. For school tasks, a simple method for prioritization is to base the list off of the nearest deadlines.

7. Procrastinate Productively

Procrastination is bound to happen, but you can procrastinate strategically. If you don’t want to perform a specific task at a specific time, try another one that you have to get done.

For example, if you are not feeling focused enough to get reading done, cross something else off your list by cleaning or organizing.

Our moods and the time of day is bound to affect our concentration levels, so it’s okay to not feel ready to do something you have to do. But, rather than wasting time, shift your focus to another necessary to-do on your list.

On the opposite end of the spectrum is working ahead. If you have the extra time and energy to get something done, even if it’s very early in the timeline, this will free up time in your future. It can also help to alleviate stress during your busy weeks. Whenever possible, working ahead is like buying extra time for your future self.

8. Overlapping

Whether your job is directly related to your school or not at all, try to find the places in which work and school overlap. In these cases, you can apply one skill to another area of your life and reap the benefits.

For example, if you work in a marketing department, you can use the skills you learn for presentations and communication to study better and/or create more interesting school projects.

9. Take Breaks

Burnout is a side effect of chronic stress related to school or work. It is characterized by exhaustion, cynicism, and feelings of reduced ability to function. In order to avoid or reduce such feelings, you should know how to take effective breaks.

Make Time for Yourself

You can schedule breaks into your weekly planner or use techniques where you focus for 25 minutes straight and then break for 5-10 minutes — this is known as the Pomodoro Technique. When you take a break, do something you like or go for a walk. Try to let your brain rest and reset before jumping back into work.

When you don’t have to get anything done, spend time doing things that you enjoy and removing your mind for work and school. Whether that involves pampering yourself at a spa, going on a hike, reading, being with friends, etc.m you need to take time for yourself.

If you are tired, it’s hard to be productive and have good energy for anything. When you sleep, you give your body and brain the time it needs to recuperate. That’s why sleep is so important. It also helps to regulate your hormones and body functioning. Of course, there will be times when you are not getting 6-8 hours of sleep per night, but it should be your goal. If you properly manage your time and make the most out of your hours of productivity, you should be able to get to sleep at a decent hour and then wake up early to get to work the next day!

11. Your Work and Study Space

Your environment is of utmost importance when you study. You want to be sure that you set yourself up in a comfortable setting with everything you need to be productive. From ensuring you have food and water, to adequate lighting and distraction-less work space, these considerations will play a big role in your ability to stay focused.

12. Remember Your Goals

When the going gets tough, it’s especially important to remember why you started and remember your goals. It may help to write these down somewhere you can see them, like a whiteboard or on a post-it on your mirror for extra motivation.

Celebrate Small Wins

Consider setting up a positive feedback loop through the form of rewards for yourself. When you complete an assignment or get positive feedback from work, take the time to celebrate these wins by doing something you love.

High School and Part-Time Work

If you’re still in high school and you have a part-time job, the aforementioned tips can help you, too.

However, as a high school student, you may need to rely more on support from your family. Talk about your schedule with your family and ask for their advice. Also, consider starting with less hours per week until you get into a flow and can be sure that you can balance both work and school. If you feel you are able to take on more work, talk to your boss about adding more hours to your schedule.

The good thing about working part-time during high school is not only that you will be on your way to financial independence, but you will also be honing skills like time management and responsibility that will help you when you start college.

Online Opportunities

Working and going to school takes dedication, perseverance, time management, and importantly, a positive attitude. Although it’s a challenge to balance both, there are online universities that can make this balancing act easier to manage.

The University of the People offers a place where students can earn their degree in four subjects on their own time. Students can choose to major in Computer Science, Business Administration, Health Science or Education. With online education, you have the power to choose when and where you study.

In fact, 98% of our enrolled students also work while attending school. Therefore, you will be able to lean on the support of peers who understand your situation and can help share effective strategies for balancing school and work.

Agenda book to schedule time

The Choice is Yours

However, you decide to balance school and work is up to you. From setting a schedule in advance to asking for help, you are capable of managing all your responsibilities! By practicing a positive mindset and using your time wisely, you will set yourself up for success in all aspects of your life.

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Time Management for Working Students

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  • Procrastination

At a Glance

If you are working and going to school, time management will be key to making sure you can meet your goals as an employee and a student.

Students who are also doing work at a job—either to put themselves through college or because they’re going back to school after entering the workforce—often find it hard to juggle everything they need to do in a day.

Time management is key if you’re a working student. It can feel overwhelming, but there are some practical steps you can take to balance your school and work responsibilities.

Let’s talk about time management for students who are also working, including some tips for achieving your goals.

Before you can start planning to get things done, you need a clear idea of what you need to do. You also need to have a sense of the order in which you should tackle the tasks you need to complete.

Start by making a list of everything that needs to be done. Be prepared for it to be long and intimidating at first—but don’t worry, we’ll organize it and break it down later.

Look at the list and note any items that have a due date. For example, is there training at work you have to finish by the end of the month? Do you have a research paper due next Tuesday?

Put the tasks that need to be done soonest at the top. Once you’ve got all the high-priority items in place, look at the items that don’t have a firm “due date” but more of a suggested timeline.

For example, you may not have to get laundry done on a certain day, but you want clean sheets once a week. You may not need to go to the grocery store on Monday, but you will need to get groceries by the end of the week.

Do you have some lower-priority items left over? For example, maybe a hobby or a novel you’d like to get back to? Keep them on a side list that you can skim and fit in when you have time.

Be Ready to Say No

If you’ve got a full list of things to do and many of them are top priorities, keep in mind that you may not be able to take on anything else. If someone asks you to do something or an opportunity comes up, be prepared to say no—or at least “not right now.”

Make a Schedule

Probably the first  time management  tip anyone would give you is to make a schedule and stick to it. Why? It works! It seems obvious and simple, but a schedule is one of the most straightforward ways to manage your time.

When you think about the day ahead but don’t make concrete plans, you risk forgetting something, misplacing your priorities, or getting so overwhelmed by your to-do list that you just do nothing. Don’t underestimate the power of having a schedule to guide you through your busy days. Order is key for managing time, and a schedule helps get your life in order.

Start by writing out your day in 30-minute chunks. First, fill in all the events that are not flexible, like class times and work. Think about your priority items and fit them in first.

When those times are marked, you’ll be able to see what other time is available for other tasks like studying and taking care of responsibilities at home (here’s where you can work on laundry day and grocery shopping).

Use Downtime to Recharge

When you're planning your time, remember that you also need  time to unwind and relax , maybe by watching an episode of your favorite show or taking a  long bath.  Making time to decompress and de-stress is important to  avoid burnout .

You'll also have to accept that sometimes your downtime may have to be cut short. You only have so many hours in a day. When you’re overly stressed, you may want to lean more heavily into self-care—but instead of using it to shore up your reserves, you’re turning to it as an escape.

For example, if you’ve been working and studying all day, reading a chapter or two of a book for fun as you get ready for bed would be making time for self-care. On the other hand, if you binge-watch an entire season of your favorite show because you’re too overwhelmed to start writing a paper you’ve been putting off for a week, that’s avoidance.

You don’t have to take an “all-or-nothing” approach. You just need to balance the restorative power of stress-relieving activities with meeting your responsibilities.

Taking a short break can help you refocus. When you come back to your work, you might even be more productive. But resisting the urge to always choose a “fun” pursuit over the more challenging things you need to do requires self-discipline.

Being able to balance work, play, and rest is key to achieving your goals, but it takes practice and honesty. You need to tune into your needs but also be real with yourself about whether a break will help you or if it’s just a way for you to justify not doing something you don’t want to do.

Try Not to Procrastinate

Whether you’re putting off writing a research paper or doing a required (but boring) training for work, procrastination is something that even the most motivated and well-organized people do.

When you’re thinking about all the things you have to do, maybe you tend to see every single step along the way. Not surprisingly, it all starts to look like too much, and you get overwhelmed and just do nothing. Then, as you start thinking about all the stuff you have to do that you’re not doing, the anxiety sets in.

But instead of getting started on the task, you just keep putting it off. And then you feel guilty. Maybe you even start doing other things that aren’t even on your big to-do list just to feel like you’re doing something. To relieve the guilt you feel about putting a task off, you do other stuff (like household chores) to make it seem like you are accomplishing something.

Sound familiar? Procrastination  might be common, but it’s not helpful. It can make it harder to manage your time effectively.

If you feel procrastination seeping in, you'll have to get real with yourself about the consequences of it. While it might feel better in the moment to free yourself from a task, you’re just making the “later” pile bigger. The truth is, if you’ve broken up a big goal into smaller tasks, the time it takes you to “do the thing” is often much shorter than you think. Once you've started, you’ll feel relief at getting it done.

It can also help to think more creatively about the task. For example, does the order of your to-do list matter? Could you shake up some tasks so there’s a little more variety? For example, could you do a few work tasks first, then do some coursework, then do some chores?

If you’ve got a laptop, tablet, and/or smartphone, you’ve already got a lot of tools to help you manage your time. There are apps and programs for everything—from scheduling and setting goals and reminders to enforcing productivity and reducing procrastination.

Here are just a few examples of tools you can use:

  • Calendars are built into just about any device and can even sync between all your devices. You can track assignment due dates and study sessions and set up notifications and reminders. If you prefer writing things down, a physical desk calendar or planner can still have a digital counterpart—just scan the month or take a photo so you always have it on hand.
  • Timers can be a big help if you tend to either stare at the clock and wish it would move faster or get so wrapped up in something that hours pass and it feels like seconds. Setting a timer can help you make sure you’re staying on track to finish a task in the time you have, as well as make sure that you’re taking breaks.
  • You can download programs, browser extensions, and apps that make it harder to procrastinate. For example, you may want to block social media for a set amount of time when you need to work. That way, even if you can’t resist the urge to check (or just are in the habit of doing it mindlessly), you’re prevented from engaging with the time-suck.
  • Journals and apps that help you track progress can help you stay motivated and give you a visual sense of how close you are to meeting your goals. It’s also a place where you can vent, work through the stressful feelings you’re having, and possibly even uncover some triggers and trends. You might be able to adjust your time management strategy based on what you learn about yourself.

Aeon B, Faber A, Panaccio A. Does time management work? A meta-analysis .  PLoS One . 2021;16(1):e0245066. Published 2021 Jan 11. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0245066

Hamid A, Eissa MA. The effectiveness of time management strategies instruction on students’ academic time management and academic self efficacy .  Online Submission . 2015;4(1):43-50.

McGraw Center for Teaching and Learning. Principles of effective time management for balance, well-being, and success .

Maslach C, Leiter MP.  Understanding the burnout experience: recent research and its implications for psychiatry.   World Psychiatry . 2016;15(2):103–111. doi:10.1002/wps.20311

Boniwell I, Osin E, Sircova A. Introducing time perspective coaching: A new approach to improve time management and enhance well-being. International Journal of Evidence Based Coaching and Mentoring . 2014 Aug;12(2):24.

Rozental A, Forsström D, Hussoon A, Klingsieck KB. Procrastination among university students: differentiating severe cases in need of support from less severe cases .  Front Psychol . 2022;13:783570. Published 2022 Mar 15. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2022.783570

By Ann Logsdon Ann Logsdon is a school psychologist specializing in helping parents and teachers support students with a range of educational and developmental disabilities.

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  • How to Balance Life, Work, and School

A coffee mug and a pen on a napkin that shows words related to work life balance.

How to Balance Life, Work, and School: A Guide for Busy College Students

Working full-time takes a significant portion of your week, added to the time and stresses of home and family responsibilities. If you're thinking about going back to school as a means to change or advance in your current one, the burden increases.

The U.S. Department of Education reported in 2017 that 43% of all full-time undergraduate students and 81% of part-time students were employed while enrolled. Graduate students have it harder, according to a study cited in The Atlantic . It says 76% of graduate students work at least 30 hours a week. Nearly 20% of these students have children.

If this is you, you’re probably wondering: "Where will I find the time for college, a job, my family, and a life?" The answers lie in planning and organization. You can create a work-school-life balance that helps you maintain a healthy life and positive relationships.

>> Read Health and Wellness Guide for Busy College Students

The following 8 steps can help you plan for a healthy and happy work-school-life balance.

1. Consider an Online Program

Earning a degree online offers the convenience of studying from practically anywhere at times that make sense with your schedule. For example, ask your employer whether you’re allowed to tackle coursework during your lunch break. Or, wake up an hour earlier each day to focus that time on assignments. 

With a little time management, you can complete your studies without missing the important things happening at the office and home.

>> Read Classroom vs. Online Education: Which One Is Better for You?

2. Build a Support Network

Going back to school while working full-time is a big decision. Before you register for classes, have a serious conversation with your family, mentor, friends, and manager. Ensure you have a support network that can help you through this next phase of your professional journey. 

An employer who understands your goals may help you arrange a flexible work schedule. Your partner, extended family, or close friends can pitch in to help you with housework, children, and other obligations when you are studying.

When you start classes, build a network there, too. Keep an open dialogue with your instructors and connect with other students. Also, take advantage of school resources that can help you in your journey.

3. Schedule Time Off for Studying

Don't be a hero when it comes to managing course requirements, work, and personal obligations. As soon as you get your course syllabus, evaluate how much time you will need to prepare for important exams or assignments. Schedule time away from work so you can study.

Experiment to find the best times for you to study and to find how often you need breaks. Also, figure out the best place for you to focus where all your materials are accessible.

Here are more ideas for making the most of study time:

  • Dedicate each study session to a single subject
  • Have a study goal for each session
  • Plan to study when you’re most alert, whenever that is

4. Manage Your Time Wisely

Every minute counts. Do you usually sleep in on the weekend? Give up that luxury and use the time for classes. Enjoy binge-watching the latest new series on Netflix? Do a half binge instead; the show will still be there next week. Spend some of that time getting coursework done. 

Here are a few more ideas for prioritizing your time as a college student :

  • Break up large tasks into smaller components
  • Keep an up-to-date schedule
  • Make a weekly to-do list
  • Plan time for relaxation and seeing family or friends
  • Set deadlines for yourself

Remember the goal you're working towarda promising future and greater opportunity. Once you've attained your goal, you will be able to take more time for other activities.

5. Minimize Distractions in Your Home Environment

The flexibility of online learning allows you to be at home with your family rather than commuting and sitting in a classroom. Nonetheless, you are still attending college, even if you aren't physically going anywhere. Make a space for yourself where you can concentrate. Ensure your family understands that your study space is sacred. You need a place without distractions, so you can focus and learn.

Also, remember that minimizing distractions isn't just about preparing the right space for your studies . You also need to ensure you've limited all desktop and mobile distractions. Close social media platforms and messenger apps. Don't check your texts or email until you've finished studying.

Here are some more tips to relieve distractions:

  • Don’t fret what about what you’re not doing
  • Stay focused on the task at hand
  • Don’t let work intrude on school, and don’t let school intrude on work

6. Access Your Online Classroom Regularly

When you take an online class, you may be tempted to take it a little easy. Maybe you don't log in to your classroom very often. If you let too much time lapse between checking in to the student portal, your next visit may leave you feeling overwhelmed. 

By checking in regularly, you’ll be less likely to miss an assignment. You’ll also have a chance to discover resources and tools that can help you complete assignments and continue your progress.

7. Don't Wait Until the Last Minute

You've got a busy life, and it's going to be even busier when you start working toward a degree. Don't let other things get in the way of your education. If you don't prioritize school, you will end up waiting until the last minute. If you manage your time well, you will be able to manage professional and personal concerns that may arise. 

To that end, plan ahead to avoid the stress and anxiety of trying to beat a last-minute deadline. Take time to revise and edit your work, which will also lead to a better finished product.

8. Take Time for Self-Care

Your basic needs often get lost when you're balancing work, school, and home. Ignoring your physical and mental health can have serious consequences. Try to find ways to take care of your health while you pursue your degree. Among the things you can do to help yourself are:

  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Get enough sleep
  • Practice positive self-talk
  • Relax through massage, meditation, or breathing exercises
  • Take a walk

If you need it, don’t hesitate to ask for extra help from friends or family.

Balancing Life, Work, and School is Possible

Do you have concerns about work-school-life balance? Request more information today, and learn how an online program with Purdue Global can help you grow your opportunities.

About the Author

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33 Best Time Management Tips For Work and Study

Don’t let time just pass you by. Try these 33 time management tips to maximize your productivity and transform your work day.

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There are only eight hours in the day, but time flies faster than you think. Distractions can throw us for a loop and make us unproductive. In fact, a recent study shows only 12% of employees are fully productive at work. How can you improve your productivity in the office?

Coming in with expert tips in our video below is Jenny Blake. Jenny is an author and podcaster who loves to help teams move from fiction to flow. Her third book, Free Time: Lose the Busywork, Love Your Business , is about creating opportunity by freeing up time.

What Are Time Management Strategies?

Time management strategies are techniques you employ to maximize your productivity and use your time as wisely as possible. Time management tips can transform your workday and make you a better employee.

The strategy you use can be as simple as writing down your to-do list and allotting time for each task. For example, say you work in sales. Today, you have four things to do:

  • Make sales calls
  • Have lunch with a client
  • Attend a meeting with fellow sales associates
  • Work on your presentation

Time management is handy when you put them in order and give each task an estimated time.

If you implemented time management, your schedule might look something like this:

  • 9 AM-11 AM: make sales calls
  • 11 AM-12 PM: have lunch with a client
  • 12 PM-2 PM: sales associate meeting
  • 2 PM-5 PM: work on the presentation

Why Are Time Management Skills Important?

Time management skills are vital at work, home, and every other facet of your life. Managing your time shows you have organizational skills and helps you feel like you have more control over your life.

 Implementing time management skills makes you accomplish more work during the day and helps you relax once the day is over. You’ll feel successful and more confident in yourself.

33 Tips for Effective Time Management

Everyone has a different way of being their most productive self, so find the time management tips that work for you. These strategies are effective at work, home, and other places you need to implement them.

#1 Day theme

Remember when your school had themed days during the week? You can apply the same to your work schedule. Assign a theme for each day to know what you need to do.

Use Jack Dorsey—former CEO of Twitter—as an example. Dorsey simultaneously ran Twitter and Square and assigned a theme for each day. For example, Tuesdays are for products and engineering, and Thursdays are for partnerships and developers.

Action Step: Find recurring themes and implement them in your schedule by day. For example, Mondays and Wednesdays are for sales calls. Tuesdays and Thursdays are for product development. Friday is for reflection and goal-setting.

#2 Combine complementary tasks

This time management tip may seem contradictory to what we just said. However, bear with us—there are ways to multitask and still be productive at each assignment. Combine complementary tasks, meaning you can do both simultaneously without compromising quality.

These tasks typically require minimal mental focus, so it won’t overwhelm you to do multiple things together. You can even combine complementary jobs in your home life. For example, say two of your goals today are to listen to an episode of your favorite podcast and walk for 45 minutes on the treadmill. Having a pair of headphones and an app for podcasts means you can do both.

Is there a TED talk you’ve been meaning to watch? Play it on your phone while you cook dinner. Has a coworker been asking you to hang out and talk? Ask them to join you on your mid-day walk and complete two tasks simultaneously.

Action Step: List your daily tasks and find the ones that don’t require intense focus. Combine the complementary to-do list items and see how much more work you complete. You feel more accomplished when you check stuff off the to-do list.

#3 Find your golden hour

Most Americans start work early and end their day in the late afternoon. However, only some have their most productive hour at 9 AM. You may be more of a night owl who does their best work after sunset.

If you’re on a nine-to-five shift, your boss might not let you work at midnight. However, there is value in finding your finest hour—this time during the day is when you do your best work.

When are you most productive? Many find these time blocks to be the most conducive to their workflow:

  • Early AM: Some people like to get up with the chickens. You can get more done and feel more accomplished while the clock still says morning. For example, you can go to the gym, do laundry, or get started on work before you normally would.
  • Late AM: Some of us aren’t morning people. We need our morning coffee and time to ease into work. You may work better in the late morning when you’ve had time to get in the groove and acclimate yourself with emails, project updates, and research.
  • Nighttime: Then there are the night owls. Some people work best when the sun goes down because their energy peaks later in the day. Writers often find themselves doing their best work at night when they’re less stressed and more creative.
Action Step: Find the most productive time for yourself during the day. Use this segment to complete your best work.

#4 Set SMART goals

Most people have goals in life they want to achieve. You may say, “I want to increase my sales numbers.” In their personal lives, some people say, “I want to lose weight.” These aspirations are admirable but harder to achieve if they don’t contain specifics.

That’s where specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and timely (SMART) goals come into play. Here’s what each word means:

  • Specific: Each goal has a particular metric. For example, “I want to lose five pounds.”
  • Measurable: The goals are measurable by numbers. For example, “Each day, I will run one mile.”
  • Achievable: Your goals should be realistic. For example, “I want to raise my sales by 5% this quarter.” Achievable goals boost your confidence compared to tougher, discouraging standards.
  • Relevant: The goal should be relevant to your work or personal life. For example, if you work in construction, set a goal to earn a certificate related to your field.
  • Timely: The goal should have a specific beginning and deadline. Having a deadline creates urgency. For example, “I want to read three books in 30 days, starting today.”
Action Step: Find a goal you want to achieve at work or home and use the SMART method to motivate yourself to complete it. After satisfying one goal, continue with others in your work and personal life.

#5 Make a calendar

Studies show your retina transmits data at 10 million bits per second, nearly as fast as an ethernet cable. Use this idea with your workflow and create a calendar.

Color code your calendar and block off time segments for each task you need to complete. For example, office workers can use blue for meetings, green for phone calls, yellow for administrative duties, and red for presentation work.

Action Step: Go to your physical or digital calendar and create time blocks for next week’s duties. When the week is over, see if it manages your workflow better. A calendar makes your schedule tangible.

#6 Create time blocks

Listing your activities for the day or week promotes organization, but you can take it further. Create time blocks in your daily schedule to allot a specific amount of time for each task. Time blocking gives you power over your plans.

For example, say you’re a real estate agent with an eight-hour workday. Two hours are for researching listings. Block off two hours for property showings. The last four hours are for inspecting and staging your listed homes. Creating time slots for each task keeps your mind on track and reduces procrastination.

Action Step: Create time blocks for your work calendar. You’ll see how it divides your time wisely and empowers your time management skills.

#7 Avoid time confetti

Imagine you’ve planned your day down to the minute, but phone calls, urgent emails, and surprise meetings interrupt your day. Suddenly, your workflow becomes the victim of time confetti. This term refers to a day splintered by interruptions that mess up your workflow.

Confetti typically brings a positive connotation, but you’ll want to avoid it. Blake fights time confetti by scheduling do-not-schedule (DNS) blocks into her calendar. For example, her DNS blocks indicate she doesn’t have meetings on Mondays or Fridays. Planning DNS blocks gives you more control over your workflow.

Action Step : Make a DNS block in your calendar for the times you need to be the most productive and have zero interruptions. Give them titles like: Deep work Focus time Productivity window DNS slots are excellent for deterring your coworkers from interrupting your schedule. Only make exceptions if the task seems pressing enough to interrupt your blocks

#8 Turn off notifications

Ask yourself an important question—how often do notifications take you away from your current task? Your coworker’s email with Hawaiian vacation pictures is tempting to click on, but it can wait.

Action Step: Go to your work email and turn off notifications. Do the same for Slack, Microsoft Teams, and other instant messaging apps for work. Do you use social media on your computer or phone? Turn off notifications for them, too.

#9 Use email management tools

The inbox can quickly become cluttered and dysfunctional, but one way to clean up your email is to use management tools. These features automatically sort your inbox and disperse emails into your chosen categories.

For example, start with inbox rules. Inbox rules create a hierarchy of importance, allowing you to sort out the most pertinent emails. For example, emails from your clients could be the most important, boss emails are on the second tier, and coworker emails can fall into the third tier.

A helpful tool with emails is autoresponse. This feature allows you to have a response ready for any email from a particular sender or at a specific time. Many people use autoresponse when they go on vacation. For example, you may email a coworker only to receive a response saying, “I’m out of the office right now and won’t return until [insert date].”

 Autoresponse is an excellent tool for time management and getting into deep work. For example, you can set one up during your finest hours. If you have a two-hour block for this session, create an autoresponse saying, “My schedule is busy until [insert time]. When I have an opening, I’ll try to respond to your email.”

Action Step: Create filters that sort your emails, reducing the manual labor of scouring your inbox. These time management tips for work will lower the number of distractions while on your workflow.

#10 Train the system, then the person

Time is of the essence. We love our coworkers, but you don’t have the time to repeat yourself after giving directions on something. In this case, train the system and then the person.

Blake uses Airbnb as an example. Hosts will document everything guests need to know before staying in the house. If tenants read the guide, they’ll learn how to use the washing machine and find the Wi-Fi password. If not for the guide, Airbnb hosts would get numerous calls and emails from distraught guests asking why they can’t do laundry.

Action step : Create a frequently asked questions (FAQ) document and allow your colleagues to access it. When asked a question, tell your coworkers to refer to this document and see you have already answered the question. Add new questions if you see them arise frequently.  Pro tip: Use programs like TextExpander for shortcuts. You can type a few letters and create an entire text block, saving you time and hassle from recalling the exact instructions. 

#11 Don’t push the river

Rivers flow naturally without any disturbance. Pushing them can get you into more trouble than you care for. This metaphor is applicable to your professional and personal lives. Don’t force things if they are beyond your control, and don’t try to change course if something happens naturally. 

Blake discusses this metaphor in her book. She says everyone has a natural workflow and must stay true to themselves. Pushing the river leads to over-exertion and working harder, not smarter.

In her interview with SOP, Blake gives an excellent example. When she records a podcast, Blake says it’s best to write the intro on the same day while it’s fresh on her mind. Waiting a week or two later causes friction because you’re not in the same mindset as you were when recording. Your day might not have planned for caption writing, but it feels natural to do it that day to get the best caption possible.

Action Step: Slightly readjust your time to make room for agenda items when they feel natural. Say you’re a journalist who recorded an interview on Tuesday. You need to pull the most important quotes you’ll use, but that task isn’t on the schedule until Thursday. Why not do it now? Take advantage of the interview being fresh on your mind.

#12 Pair distractions together

Getting into deep work can be challenging if you constantly turn it on and off. When crafting your schedule, assign low-capacity tasks back to back.

For example, say you have two meetings, each expected to last an hour. One meeting is at 9 AM., and the other is at 11 AM. An hour between sessions might not be enough time to delve into deep work. Instead, push the first meeting back or move the second meeting up. Having back-to-back meetings organizes your daily schedule and optimizes for deep work.

Action Step: Find the distractions during your day and put them close to each other. Your day should include deep work sessions without distractions.

#13 Reframe Mondays

Some see Monday as the worst day of the week. In fact, 58% of Americans 1 say Monday is their least favorite day. Despite these feelings, there’s a way you can reframe the beginning of the work week and make it work in your favor.

Reshape your view of Monday and see it as a symbol for your week. Use Monday morning as your most productive time of the week. You feel rested from the weekend and are ready to start the week anew.

Action Step: Schedule long deep work sessions on Monday to promote productivity and start your week on a high note. Save the meetings for Tuesday through Thursday to get the best results from yourself.

#14 Automate small tasks

At work, you can take advantage of technology to automate particular tasks. For example, try document summarization software, such as QuillBot or TLDR This.

These tools summarize long texts, deliver key points, and highlight important sections. Using AI-like document summarization cuts down the time necessary for reading large amounts of text.

Action Step: Find menial tasks and automate them. For example, HR departments can automate payments to reduce the burden during paycheck time. Do you need to make social media posts? Use a content management system to schedule posts.

#15 Mitigate stress wisely

Stress is a common theme among employees. A 2022 American Psychological Association report showed three in five workers 2 have experienced adverse impacts of work-related anxiety.

If you feel stressed , talk to a trusted coworker or supervisor about your struggles to see if there are any mitigation measures. Many people use journaling or exercise as outlets for their problems. Mitigating stress is a thoughtful time management strategy because it helps you focus during deep work sessions.

Action Step: Find the best stress reducer for you and incorporate 30 minutes to an hour into your daily schedule. If your week is busy, find time on specific days. Stress relief is critical to time management.

#16 Exercise

The Center for Disease Control says you should get 150 minutes 3 of moderate movement weekly. Choose your favorite form of exercise and incorporate it into your weekly schedule. It could be running, frisbee golf, swimming, or anything that gets you moving.

How does exercise tie in with time management? It’s a terrific stress reliever. Using part of your day for movement relaxes you, taking your mind off work and personal life for a while. Afterward, you feel rejuvenated.

Action Step: Find at least two days of the week when you have openings. Use these times to incorporate 30 minutes of physical activity.

#17 Use Sunday for planning

The Sunday scaries are real, but you can’t eliminate Monday unless a holiday like Labor Day is coming up. So, how can you thwart the anxiety?

One of the best time management tips is to use Sunday for planning. On Sunday evening, plan your week both in work and personal life. Do you have any meetings? Are you going out for dinner on any night? Visualizing your week makes everything feel less intimidating.

Action Step: Use a planner to organize your week on Sunday night. Take 20 to 30 minutes to write down everything you need to do during the week.

#18 Plan at the workday’s end

Life comes at you fast. Some things may come unexpectedly, positive or negative. These events may interfere with your previously planned schedule, but you can still make it work.

 When you approach the end of your workday, plan for the next day by adding to your planner. On Monday, your boss may request a meeting at 10 AM on Tuesday. Your friend wants to take you out for dinner on Tuesday evening. These events come unexpectedly, but you can use your time management strategies wisely to account for them.

Action Step: Whether you’re excited or anxious, keep a level head when the unexpected happens. Remaining calm will help you focus and stay able to manage your time.

#19 Eat the frog

Mark Twain once said if you eat a live frog at the beginning of your day, that will be the worst thing you have to do. His words may sound odd, but Twain has a point here.

The frogs are the most pressing tasks in your schedule. If you complete them in the morning, the rest of your day will feel much less stressful.

Say you have a big presentation on Thursday. Try to schedule it for first thing in the morning. Once the presentation ends, you can rest easier knowing the job is complete.

Action Step: Find each day’s frog and schedule it for the first hour. Some frogs—like a business lunch—are out of your control because they’re typically in the middle of the day. If necessary, rank your frogs in order of importance and use that hierarchy to determine your schedule.

#20 Use the Pomodoro technique

The Pomodoro technique calls for working in 25-minute increments followed by a five-minute break. Four sessions equal two hours of deep work. After two hours have passed, take a 30-minute break.

It’s best for those who work in short sprints and is an excellent way to break up time and conserve energy throughout the day. It also allows you a short window to complete shallow tasks like checking email or social media.

Action Step: Try the Pomodoro technique next time you’re in the office. Use the 25-minute sessions and see how it affects your ability to do deep work.

#21 Try the Eisenhower matrix

The Eisenhower matrix comes from the 34th president of the United States. He used the urgent-important matrix strategy to decide how to approach his days. The method includes the following hierarchy:

  • Urgent-important: The most pressing tasks of your day go here. The urgent and important items may include a performance review with your boss or a product presentation.
  • Urgent-less important: This category is for tasks you need to complete, but somebody else can handle them. Delegate these tasks to a coworker. For example, you could ask an assistant to respond to emails and client requests.
  • Important-less urgent: Some items on your agenda may be important, but you can schedule them for later. For example, your colleague’s birthday is next week, and you want to get them a present. The day is important, but you can wait a couple more days.
  • Less important-less urgent: The last category is for less important and less urgent tasks. You want to do them, but they’re a low priority. Examples may include cleaning your inbox or reading the newspaper.
Action Step: Use the Eisenhower matrix when scheduling your day. What items are most important? What can you delegate?

•       Performance review
•       Product presentation

•       Getting presents for coworkers
•       Increase network on LinkedIn

•       Delegated tasks, i.e., phone calls
•       Non-urgent meetings

•         Reading the newspaper
•         Cleaning your inbox

#22 Implement the ABCDE method

Author Brian Tracy developed the ABCDE technique as an easy way to implement time management strategies. The idea here is simple—list the tasks you must complete in a day or week and label them A through E.

A is the most important, and E is the least important. The ABCDE method effectively creates a hierarchy and determines the order in which you do these tasks.

Action Step: Employ the ABCDE method this week to determine each task’s importance. This strategy helps you decipher the highest priority on your schedule and what can wait.

#23 Try the Pareto analysis

Imagine looking into your closet and seeing 100 shirts. How many do you wear? The Pareto analysis says you likely wear 20% of your shirts 80% of the time. The same logic applies at work. In a one-hour meeting, 80% of the decisions come in 20% of the allotted time.

In your workflow, 20% of your daily activities result in 80% of the value you do. You can call these tasks your frogs because they’ll take the longest time and create the most value. Completing your top 20% of activities increases the value of your productivity.

Action Step: When outlining your schedule, ask yourself if each task you write down contributes to your top 20% of value or the bottom 80%.

#24 Follow Parkinson’s law

Estimating time for activities can be complex. A task you could do in an hour turns into two because that’s what your schedule says, but imagine reducing the time limit to 30 minutes. Parkinson’s law says you can get it done.

Historian Cyril Northcote Parkinson says your tasks expand to fill the time you allot for them. Do you need a month to work on your presentation? Parkinson’s law says you can finish it in a week if you designate the time on your schedule.

Action Step: After creating your weekly schedule, identify spots on the itinerary where you can follow Parkinson’s law. Shortening the timeline creates urgency and makes you a more efficient employee.

#25 Get things done

In 2001, author David Allen published Getting Things Done: The Art of Stress-Free Productivity . Allen’s book created the Get Things Done (GTD) method—a popular strategy for deciding how to divide your attention if you have a cluttered mind. Allen’s GTD principles include:

  • Capturing: Brainstorm the tasks you need to complete this week. Capture each item and put it on your list. It could be as big as an industry conference or a grocery store trip.
  • Clarification: When you have your tasks, how will you complete them? Use actionable steps for each item. For example, your grocery store trip requires planning meals, writing down ingredients, traveling to the store, and purchasing food.
  • Organization: Some jobs will have a set date, but you’ll need to spread out others throughout the week. When will you make sales calls? When will you have the coworker lunch you’ve been discussing?
  • Review: You must review and adjust your schedule throughout the week. For example, your conference call could move from Tuesday to Thursday. Your yoga instructor canceled class on Tuesday, giving you an open hour. Take time to revise your list.
  • Engagement: Identify the most important tasks and do those first. Do you need to research for a book you’re writing? Start with that task because it’s the most critical to your success.
Action Step: Employ the GTD method to lower your daily stress levels. Using it helps you determine what you want to do this week and adjust accordingly.

#26 Use the two-minute rule

Procrastination often gets the best of us. How can you defeat the delay? Author James Clear says to use the two-minute rule. Clear says if you can do the task in two minutes, you should do it immediately. Spending two minutes doing something now can save you 30 minutes down the line when you really need it. Clear uses the two-minute rule to encourage you to build good habits.

For example, take two minutes on Friday to clear your inbox. Doing this task once a week will save you time later when your inbox is full and needs cleaning. Also, take two minutes to reply to emails only requiring a simple response. Answering to emails now prevents a backlog of requests in your inbox.

Action Step :  Find tasks that require little attention and take care of them today. Does a document need quick edits? Take two minutes to change it. Do you need to confirm a meeting time? Make the call now because it will take two minutes or less.

#27 Try the 18-minute approach

 The days can quickly feel long with so many meetings, phone calls, emails, and more. Sometimes, you need a moment to relax and put things in perspective. That’s what Peter Bregman suggests doing with his 18 minutes approach.

In 18 Minutes , Bregman recommends three daily strategies to keep yourself focused throughout the day. If you have an eight-hour workday, you should:

  • In the morning: Bregman suggests using each morning to think about how to make the day successful. Make a calendar from your to-do list items.
  • Every hour: When you start work, you may become sidetracked. Bregman says to take one minute every hour to take a deep breath. Ask yourself if you were productive in the previous hour. Use each elapsed hour as motivation to keep working hard.
  • In the evening: Take five minutes each evening to review your day. Reflect on your achievements to see what could have gone better. Did you impress your boss with today’s presentation? Did you miss out on closing a sale? Think about each side and how you can build moving forward.
Action Step: Use the 18-minute approach each day this week as a time management strategy. Use the one-minute breaks to refocus and the five-minute morning and evening sessions for reflection.

#28 Abide by the law of three

Good things come in threes, which applies to your time management strategies. The idea here is three activities account for 90% of the value of your business.

The law of three calls for writing down three goals you want to accomplish each day, week, month, and year. For example, what three things could I do today to contribute the most value to my job? These tasks might include securing a new client or developing a product idea.

Action Step: Use this law to make your three most significant contributions today, this week, month, and year. Focus on them the most to see how they impact your career.

#29 Employ the pickle jar theory

Imagine you’re at the beach with a pickle jar. You fill it with sand, pebbles, and rocks. Each item represents a different part of your daily time management. Prioritize your schedule based on the rocks and pebbles. Sand can fit if the other tasks are complete.

  • Rocks: The rocks are your most vital tasks. Today may be the deadline for a project you’re working on. If you don’t handle the rocks, you’re in trouble.
  • Pebbles: The pebbles are secondary duties. They’re vital to your workday, but you can delegate them. For example, you may need to make phone calls or social media posts.
  • Sand: The sand resembles less critical tasks in your day, such as lunch with a coworker or time spent scrolling on social media.
Action Step: Use the pickle jar theory at work this week to create a hierarchy of tasks. Complete the jobs to see how productive your day is.

#30 Learn the 10/90 rule

The 10/90 rule says you should spend 10% of the time allotted for a task planning and organizing as much as possible. Then 90% is for completing the actual activity.

The objective is to save time on any project you work on. Planning brings clarity and direction to your work. You’ll be much more productive knowing what you need to get done.

Action Step: Try the 10/90 rule this week for your most important task. You’ll see how planning and outlining benefit your success and time management.

#31 Try the rapid planning method

Tony Robbins created the rapid planning method (RPM) to ask what you want and your purpose. This technique calls for four steps:

  • Capturing: The first step in RPM is to capture. You must capture what’s causing your stress by writing down what you need to accomplish. Write a list of five to nine duties essential to your job.
  • Chunking: Next, you’ll need to divide each task into chunks. Your daily duties may fall into business or personal desires, so split them into categories. For example, your business chunks could propose five project ideas this month, and your personal chunks could be to cook dinner more than you order takeout in a week.
  • Charting: Charting involves writing down your goals into three sections—action plan, result, and purpose. For example, your desired result is three new clients this month. Your action plan to get there is to increase your cold calls and do in-person visits. What’s your purpose? It’s to grow yourself as a salesperson.
Action Step: Try the RPM method as an organizational tactic. Use the chunks to see your priorities in your personal and business life.

#32 Practice the ALPEN method

The ALPEN method comes from German economist Lothar J. Seiwert. German words comprise the ALPEN acronym, so here are the letters laid out:

  • A: The first step is writing down your highest priorities. These could be finishing a project or delivering a presentation to shareholders.
  • L: The second step calls for estimating how long it takes to complete the tasks. Write down a reasonable but efficient amount of time to complete each duty. For example, two jobs require two-hour blocks, and four others require one-hour blocks.
  • P: Here, you’ll need to account for buffer time. Distractions will likely occur, so incorporate a buffer time of 20% longer than you need. For example, a two-hour task should get about 24 minutes of extra time if necessary.
  • E: Step four is for determining priorities. You have a set of 10 tasks, so sort through and decide which ones are most important. Can you delegate any of them?
  • N: The final step is examining the success of your time estimates. Did you need more time for the presentation, or did your meeting end up shorter than expected?
Action Step: Use the ALPEN method this week for your to-do list. This time management strategy is highly effective for improving your skills in estimating time and executing tasks. You’ll find more time in your schedule for other priorities.

#33 Apply the salami slice method

One task may seem daunting because it’s so large. How do you know where to begin? You divide it into slices. A large hunk of salami may seem too much to eat, but dividing it into small pieces is less intimidating. The same idea applies to time management.

Imagine you’re a scientist working on a study. The process could take months or years, and it feels overwhelming. However, if you slice it like salami, it becomes less intimidating. Your salami slices could look like this:

  • Forming a hypothesis
  • Doing background research
  • Conducting surveys or observations
  • Analyzing data
  • Drawing conclusions
Action Step: Examine the biggest project on your plate and use the salami slice method to cut each step into slices. Approach each chunk like it’s a project on its own—you’ll feel accomplished checking off each box along the way.

Time Management Takeaways

You have the right skills to do a good job, but improved time management tips for work can take you to the next level. Using one of these time management strategies may initially feel odd. Still, you’ll increase your productivity as you ingrain them into your routine.

Why do you need time management skills?

Time management is crucial in numerous facets of your life. Work, school, caring for children, fitness, and other aspects require time management strategies for balance. Better time management leads to these crucial benefits:

  • Better workflow: The primary benefit of time management is improving your workflow. Finding your best times for productivity means you’re in the zone and ready to tackle your tasks.
  • More energy: Time management is also about energy management. Hour one is typically more productive than hour eight. Use time management strategies to allocate your energy throughout the day better.
  • Less stress: Time management tips combat stress. Effectively working makes you feel less stressed and better about your work.
  • Work-life balance: Balancing your work and home is critical—especially if you work remotely. Time management helps you leave work at work and focus on your personal life at home.
  • Effective work: Time management increases the amount of work you complete and its effectiveness. Your product is much better when you’re doing deep work because your mind is clear of distractions.
  • Deadline success: No matter your industry, deadlines are crucial. Time management skills ensure you can meet any deadline because you know how to manage your time wisely.
  • Higher confidence: Time management leads to higher confidence. You feel accomplished and fulfilled when you complete work on time and effectively.
  • Professional success: Others will notice your excellent work and time management skills. It’s a great way to impress your boss and advance your career.

Check out this article with 14 unique productivity tips if you want to boost your time management skills and improve your productivity. 

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How to Balance Work & School: 7 Strategies

Student seated at table using laptop and taking notes

  • 25 Apr 2023

Managing personal and professional commitments while furthering your education can be difficult as a working professional. It requires balancing your coursework with job- and family-related responsibilities.

Fortunately, there are strategies to do it successfully. Here are seven to consider.

Access your free e-book today.

7 Strategies for Balancing Work and Study

1. take an online course.

You can pursue an abundance of learning opportunities as a working professional . While your employer may offer benefits like tuition reimbursement , the time commitment of attending classes can be challenging to manage.

Online courses help solve this problem and offer several benefits , including:

  • Flexible learning options
  • Affordability
  • Networking opportunities
  • Skills development

Online learning's flexibility is a major draw. The skills you obtain can help you get ahead at work without committing to full-time study.

Online courses come in two formats:

  • Synchronous: You join a virtual classroom with other participants simultaneously—like an in-person class—with lessons focused on discussions and group activities.
  • Asynchronous: You learn at your own pace with lectures and assignments available at any time. You may also have the opportunity to connect with fellow learners through platforms like the Harvard Business School Online Community .

When balancing education with work, asynchronous courses can provide flexibility that synchronous courses can't.

Related: 9 Tips for Taking an Online Course While Working Full-Time

2. Schedule Effectively

School and work require a lot of time and energy, but balancing them is possible. Effective scheduling is vital.

Prioritizing tasks based on urgency is one of the most effective methods to ensure timeliness. List all the tasks you must accomplish for each commitment, then break them into small, manageable chunks.

You can proactively stay on top of your workload by familiarizing yourself with your course’s syllabus, which outlines its objectives, topics, grading criteria, policies, and deadlines. Knowing what's expected of you can help you prioritize and schedule your assignments in advance.

3. Manage Your Time Well

Managing your time can help you stay on top of work and school while still having a life outside of them. Here are tips for managing your time effectively:

  • Avoid procrastinating: Complete assignments before they’re due instead of waiting until the last minute. This is particularly important if you work full time. The last thing you want is to stress about deadlines after work.
  • Own your work: Most online courses’ workloads and academic rigor are similar to in-person options. Take an active role in your work and be responsible for your progress.
  • Establish a dedicated study space: Create an environment conducive to your learning.
  • Remove distractions: Avoiding distractions is particularly important with a full-time job because your time is limited. Try not to multitask since it can negatively affect productivity .

Time management can be challenging, but it’s essential to balancing work and school.

4. Communicate with Your Employer

Openly communicating with your employer can enable them to better understand your needs and how to help you achieve your goals.

Your employer may also be able to assist in determining how much work you can realistically handle while enrolled in school. If your employer offers flexible working hours, adjust your schedule as needed, such as when you have exams or need extra time to complete assignments.

5. Stay Organized

Staying organized is key to balancing work and school. Tracking tasks and deadlines via a planner, calendar, or list can ensure that all your responsibilities are completed by their deadlines. Account for study time as well to avoid cramming at the last minute for an exam or assignment.

Being organized also means managing your materials. Make sure all class notes and important documents are backed up and stored somewhere easily accessible.

6. Practice Self-Care

It’s crucial to preserve your mental health and find time for self-care when juggling your commitments. Here are tips for maintaining a healthy balance when working and studying:

  • Create a schedule: In addition to work and school, fit personal time into your daily routine to prevent burnout. Relaxing and pursuing enjoyable activities can help you maintain your overall well-being and spend time with friends and family.
  • Use your time wisely: Overworking is detrimental to mental and physical health , so take short, regular breaks throughout your workday.
  • Establish boundaries: Set boundaries for how much time you're willing to spend on work and school to stay focused, lower your stress levels, and avoid working too hard.
  • Get enough sleep: Staying up late to study or finish work can negatively impact your focus and productivity. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, adults need at least seven hours of sleep each night to function properly.
  • Set realistic goals: Setting achievable goals that don't put too much strain on your time and energy levels can enhance your motivation. For example, finishing a paper before the weekend is more achievable than completing a semester-long project a few weeks early.

By pursuing self-care, you can stay organized, productive, and healthy.

7. Know When to Stop

The biggest barrier to work-life balance is perfectionism . While it's important to ensure the quality of your work and assignments doesn't suffer, you must also know when to stop a task and move on.

Overfocusing on assignments can result in burnout. Be realistic about what you can accomplish and complete tasks at a reasonable pace, rather than trying to do too much in too little time.

A Guide to Advancing Your Career with Essentials Business Skills | Access Your Free E-Book | Download Now

Finding Success at Work and in School

With careful planning and preparation, you can successfully balance work and school. When selecting a course, it’s critical to find one that aligns with your job responsibilities, career goals, and personal interests.

Enrolling in an online course specifically designed to accommodate working professionals can go a long way toward striking an effective balance. For example, HBS Online's certificate courses are designed to help you obtain valuable in-demand skills while growing your career.

Are you ready to find the right online course for your career goals? Explore our online course catalog and download our free guide on how to advance your career with essential business skills .

how to manage time with school and work

About the Author

How Students Balance Full-Time Work and School

Returning to school has its challenges. Here we explore how students balance it all.

Earning a degree is one way to get on a path toward a more gratifying career. But it presents a dilemma for those who need to maintain full-time employment. A job is necessary to pay for school (and life), but school may demand some of the time you typically dedicate to work.

In this Article:

The Challenge

  • Pros and Cons of Working While Attending School

Advice from Alumni

Balancing work and school is a common problem. In a New York Times Opinion column, grad student and writer Rainesford Stauffer detailed the challenges she’s encountered throughout her college career as someone who has always had to work for a living.

“Collegiate life became an impossible riddle. Which should I quit, the thing that would advance my personhood and career prospects or the thing that enabled me to pay for it?” wrote Stauffer.

The writer funded her undergraduate degree with a combination of student loans and work. But she was surprised when her graduate school professors weren’t more understanding of her need to maintain a job, which sometimes meant missing seminars, workshops, and office hours.

“By working, am I missing opportunities to enhance my education? Undoubtedly. But the truth that gets stuck in my throat every time someone encourages me to leave my job is that my work actually enables my learning. If I hope to complete my education, I can’t ignore paying for it,” wrote Stauffer.

Loans can ease the burden of paying for college, But many are hesitant to live on borrowed money, particularly if they have dependents. Scholarships, even full rides, still leave most students with housing and other costs to bear.

A report by Georgetown University titled Learning While Earning: The New Normal illustrates the problem of college accessibility for people who can’t pay for college outright.

Study Shows Pros and Cons of Working While Attending School

Statistics show that access to higher education is further complicated for those with families or obligations outside of work and school, which often tighten financial and time constraints.

The Georgetown research indicated that a significant proportion of working students with dependents are living below the poverty line. That includes 66 percent of employed learners aged 16 to 29, and 39 percent of those aged 30 to 54.

And though those who remain employed while attending school tend to take out less in student loans, they certainly don’t graduate debt-free. Among students with more than $50,000 in student debt, 22 percent did not work during college, compared to 14 percent of working learners. Still, more than 40 percent from both cohorts have student loan debt.

These statistics underscore the need for many people to maintain full-time employment while they attend school, either to help pay tuition or simply to keep themselves afloat.

The upshot is that after graduating, working learners in most fields are more likely to move into a managerial or professional position than those who only worked or attended school without a job, according to the Georgetown report.

Plus, research from the Pew Research Center shows that the earning potential of people age 24 to 34 with a bachelor’s degree has risen 13 percent since 1984, while the average income of those with master’s degrees has increased by 23 percent.

The numbers show a degree is worth it, but that doesn’t negate the personal struggles and financial hardships that students often have to endure just to afford the cost of living while going to school.

Harvard Extension School’s graduate and undergraduate programs are designed for part-time, non-residential learners, so we see our fair share of people with families and careers in full swing who want to pursue their next chapter without disrupting their lives.

We asked some of them how they do it, and here’s what they had to say.

I took one course at a time. We tend to want immediate results from our invested efforts. The more courses you take, the earlier you will graduate. I had to learn that for someone in my position, with a full-time job and two children, I had to take one course at a time.
I was able to balance my studies with work/family/exercise by multi-tasking. … Anywhere there was overlap with work and school, I would try and use that to my benefit.
My determination in earning a degree from Harvard Extension School drove me to meet all my obligations for my education and career. It took a number of sleepless nights and long hours of hard work. … I also give a lot of credit to my amazing circle of family and friends who have supported me.
I scheduled my class and study time into my calendar each week and then stuck with the plan. I treated time with my family as sacrosanct, and that motivated me to do my school work during the scheduled school work times and to stay focused.
Look at all of the courses offered at HES and design a personalized curriculum to get the most of what you want out of the experience.For example, I was granted some exemptions to study entrepreneurship and organizational behavior.
Organization and having realistic expectations is key (for you and all around you). The support of my loved ones was incredible, and the empathy of the people I work with was always so motivational. … Random acts of kindness go a long way in this process, and a vacation does too!
Sticking to a schedule allowed me to balance my work and school life. I found that if I scheduled time to study and made a commitment to get that work done, then I finished all my work on time.

Have questions? Get in touch with our Enrollment Services team

Want to learn more? Get information on our academic programs

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The Surprising Reason We Don’t Keep Our Resolutions (and How to Overcome It)

Harvard Graduate School of Education professors Robert Kegan and Lisa Laskow Lahey offer a four step process for overcoming obstacles and achieving lasting change.

Harvard Division of Continuing Education

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20 Effective Time Management Strategies and Tools for Students

Teachers can use these too!

Time Management Strategies including Pomodoro technique and timeboxing

One of the most important life skills for anyone to master is time management. Keeping track of everything that we have to do and carving out the time to get it all done can be a real struggle. Try these time management strategies and techniques, plus find helpful tools for staying on track.

General Time Management Strategies

Time management techniques, time management tools.

These time management strategies work for everyone, helping you set goals and prioritize, then set a schedule to get things done.

Visualize the big picture

2-page bullet journal spread showing a year-at-a-glance layout

Use a calendar of some type to lay out all your big-picture goals for a year, month, or week. Include major projects and assignments, as well as school and personal events. This is your place to get an overview of everything that’s on your plate. Keep items to broad descriptions: “History Project” or “Spring Play Opening Night.” You’ll get into the details next.

Break it down

Comic with first panel showing a person with tasks separated in smaller tasks, and the second panel showing a giant rock labeled

The next step is to take major projects and assignments and break them down into smaller, more manageable parts. This is an incredibly effective way to overcome that feeling of “I’ll never get this all done!” It also prevents procrastinating on an entire project until the very last minute. Set smaller, more manageable goals with their own due dates in advance of a complete project or event.

For example, imagine your big-picture calendar says “History Project Due Feb. 23.” Breaking that down could look like this:

  • Choose topic and presentation method: Jan. 9
  • Initial research: Jan. 10-30
  • Presentation outline: Jan. 31
  • Write presentation script: Feb. 1-5
  • Create visual aids: Feb. 6-12
  • Rehearse presentation: Feb. 13
  • Fine-tune presentation: Feb 14-16
  • Final rehearsals: Feb. 17
  • Give history presentation: Feb. 23

At first, this method might feel a little overwhelming, because it may make you feel like there’s too much to get done. But as you use it, you’ll see how it can actually make you feel more prepared and in control, and make your time easier to manage.

Determine priorities

Sometimes it’s simply true: You don’t have enough time in a day to get all the things done that you’d like to. That’s where setting priorities becomes vital. In the “Time Management Techniques” section below, you’ll find several different ideas for determining the priority of different items on your lists.

Once you’ve figured out which items are the most important, try a color-coding system to indicate which items get a higher priority. This will help you identify at a glance what you need to do now and what can wait until another day.

Make daily to-do lists

Simple task list in a bullet journal with scheduled items and to-do items in columns

Make it a habit to start each day by creating a to-do list. (Not a morning person? You can do this the night before too.) Include high-priority items, as well as things you’d like to do but may not have to complete. Throughout the day, as you complete an item, revisit your list and check it off. It’s incredibly satisfying to cross things off, and checking in with your list a few times a day ensures you don’t forget important things.

Limit multitasking

Today’s world places a lot of value on multitasking (doing several things at once). But when you’re doing multiple things at the same time, you’re probably not doing any of them well. So keep your multitasking to a minimum. When it’s time to work on something, set your focus to that particular thing. Other stuff can wait.

But some multitasking is OK. For instance, you might throw your clothes in the washing machine, then work on your math homework while waiting for them to be ready for the dryer. Later on, you could fold and put away the laundry while practicing conjugating Spanish verbs out loud. This type of multitasking works because the physical tasks are ones that don’t require much concentration, leaving your brain free for academic subjects.

On the other hand, avoid something like trying to listen to a podcast for your history class while also doing your math homework. Your attention won’t be fully on each, and your learning will suffer.

Remove distractions

Comic showing a student trying to study amidst a variety of distractions

Some people are capable of deep focus no matter what’s going on around them. Most of us, though, need to find ways to remove distractions when it’s time to get down to work. Here are some examples to try:

  • Turn off your phone, or set it to alert you only in case of emergencies.
  • Wear noise-cancelling headphones or earplugs to block out distracting sounds. A white-noise machine or app can help with this too.
  • Close miscellaneous tabs in your web browser (like social media or news sites), and use only the tabs you need for your work.
  • Go into a quiet room and shut the door. Ask friends and family not to disturb you.
  • Check your to-do list before you start to make sure you’re on track. Then, clear your mind of other projects or tasks, and focus on what’s at hand.

Do an end-of-day review

At the end of each day, sit down with your to-do list. Was there anything you didn’t get to? Move it to another day. Did you feel too rushed today? Think about how you might make tomorrow run a bit more smoothly. Where do you stand in terms of your big-picture goals? Take a few minutes to adjust any plans accordingly.

Try a time audit

It’s OK if you don’t get to everything on your list every day. But if you find that there’s never enough time to get things done, you might benefit from a time audit. Over the period of a week or two, write down exactly how you spend your time, hour by hour. Then, look it over and see if you can identify problem areas. You might need to cut down on some optional activities and give that time to high-priority items instead. Learn how to do a time audit here.

The time management strategies we’ve talked about so far are general ways to stay on track and get stuff done. But there are multiple ways to approach some of these strategies, especially when it comes to actually settling down to work. Check out these popular time management techniques and choose one or more that seem right for you.

Eisenhower Decision Matrix

Eisenhower's four part matrix for determining the priority of tasks

President Eisenhower developed this matrix and used it to help him prioritize his tasks. He looked at each item to evaluate it by importance and urgency, then broke them into four categories:

  • Do First: These are urgent, important tasks with high priority.
  • Schedule: These are important tasks that aren’t quite as urgent.
  • Delegate: You may be able to delegate less important but still urgent tasks to someone else.
  • Don’t Do: These non-urgent, unimportant items can be eliminated entirely or postponed indefinitely.

Here are some possible student examples for each category:

  • Do First: Homework that’s due tomorrow takes top priority, as might doing laundry if you’re out of clean clothes.
  • Schedule: Set aside time (see Time Blocking) for smaller parts of long-term projects, such as research time or writing an outline. That could be today or one day in the near future.
  • Delegate: Students aren’t always able to delegate their tasks, but they can ask for help. For example, if your schedule is incredibly tight, you could ask your dad if he’d be willing to throw your clothes in the dryer when the washer is done.
  • Don’t Do: These are often bad habits you need to break, like surfing the web aimlessly instead of working, or texting your friends for hours instead of doing your chores.

Find out much more about the Eisenhower Matrix and how to use it for time management strategies here.

ABCDE Method

ABCDE method of prioritizing tasks, from Must-Do (A) to Eliminate (E)

This is another time management strategy for prioritizing the tasks at hand. Assign each item a letter:

  • A: Highest priority
  • B: Should do soon, if not today
  • C: Could do, but no serious consequences if not done
  • D: Delegate or ask for help
  • E: Eliminate from your list

This is very similar to the Eisenhower Matrix, with a little more flexibility around should-dos and could-dos. Learn more about the ABCDE method here.

Most Difficult First (Eat That Frog)

Eat That Frog: Choose the hardest task, the one you're most likely to procrastinate, and do it first

This method is based on a quote often attributed to Mark Twain: “If it’s your job to eat a frog, it’s best to do it first thing in the morning. And If it’s your job to eat two frogs, it’s best to eat the biggest one first.”

In other words, don’t put off the biggest, hardest tasks. Get them out of the way first. Then, everything else you have to do will seem easy in comparison.

For some people, though, this concept can be counterproductive. If you’re already feeling overwhelmed, tackling something extremely difficult can be too much and cause you to shut down entirely. In that case, it’s just fine to choose smaller, simpler items. The key is to make progress, one step at a time.

Pomodoro Technique

Graphic explanation of the Pomodoro technique method of time management

The Pomodoro Technique is a simple time management method: You work for 25 minutes at a time, then take a 5-minute break to rest and recharge. Simply set a timer for 25 minutes, and focus on one single task until it goes off. Then, you can spend 5 minutes stretching, resting your eyes, or checking your social media feeds. When the 5 minutes are up, set the timer for another 25 minutes, and get back to work. If you do four 25-minute sessions in a row, take a longer break afterwards. Learn more about the Pomodoro Technique here.

Clockify app screen showing times for work and break

If 25 minutes seems too short and you’d like a little more uninterrupted time, try Flowtime instead. This stretches out both the work and break time proportionally. If you work for 25-50 minutes, take an 8-minute break. For 50-90 minutes, you get a 10-minute break. And if you’ve been at it for more than 90 minutes, take 15 minutes to recharge. Learn about Flowtime here.

Explanation of a timebox, a type of time management tool

Parkinson’s Law says that work will always expand to fill the amount of time available. Timeboxing seeks to shrink tasks back to the size they truly need to be. When you timebox, you set a specific amount of time for a task and complete it within that time.

In other words, you might look over your study planner and decide that you need one hour for tonight’s geometry and chemistry assignments, plus you’d like to spend another hour working on your English essay.

Set a timer and work on your geometry and chemistry for an hour, with no other distractions. When the timer goes off, reassess and adjust your goals as needed. Since you have to finish that homework tonight, you’ll probably need to add more time if you’re not finished.

Your English essay isn’t due for two weeks, though, so if you’ve boxed out one hour for working on it today, that’s all you need to do. Set a timer, determine your goals for day, and get to work. When the timer goes off, you’re done for today.

Here’s more on timeboxing.

Time Blocking

A calendar showing an example of time blocking for a student's week

This method is similar to timeboxing, but it involves setting blocks of time aside on your calendar for specific tasks. For example, you might block out 4 p.m. to 5 p.m. each day for daily homework, 5 p.m. to 6 p.m. for working on your biology research paper, and 7 p.m. to 7:30 p.m. for piano practice. Some people like to start each day by blocking time out on their calendar, figuring out how they’ll make the most of their time. Find out more about time blocking here.

Page layout from Five Star academic planner, with a smartphone displaying the Five Star Study App

Once you’ve selected some time management strategies to try, you’ll find plenty of tools to help make them work. Check out these top time management tools for students, from planners to timers and beyond.

Student Planners

Traditional paper planners come in a variety of styles, with some made especially for students. The most important thing is to choose one you’ll actually use, and keep it on hand at all times. See our selection of the top student planners here.

Planner Apps

Planner apps and online calendars are nice because you have access to them everywhere you go. For students, we really like:

  • My Study Life

See more details on each of these here, plus more options.

Study Planners

Study planners are specific to academics, and they are a simple way to keep track of both short-term and long-term assignments, projects, and more. Check out these free printable options:

  • Develop Good Habits: Study Planner
  • Alex Marie: Weekly Assignments Due
  • Sophia Lee: Homework Planner Pack

Time Management Apps

Planner apps are a good start, but other time management apps can help you stay on track by eliminating distractions or setting time limits. Here are a few to try:

  • Pomofocus : A free online 25–5 timer with the ability to add a task list for each work segment
  • Rize : An AI productivity coach that uses time tracking to improve your focus and build better work habits
  • Forest : Eliminate distractions, stay on task, and grow a digital forest to celebrate your achievements

Bullet Journal

Bullet journaling has a lot of benefits, and some page setups are especially good for time management:

  • Daily Schedule
  • Project Planner
  • Study Tracker

Check out our big roundup of bullet journal ideas here.

What time management strategies do your students find most effective? Come share your thoughts and ask for advice in the We Are Teachers HELPLINE group on Facebook .

Plus, ultimate study skills guide: tips, tricks, and strategies for every grade ..

Find helpful time management strategies for kids and teens like the Pomodoro Technique, plus tools like time management apps and planners.

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6 Tips and Tricks to Manage School and a Full-Time Job

how to manage time with school and work

Trying to figure out how to get your school and work life together? Don’t worry. You’re not alone. Managing school can be tough on its own. But throw a job (or two) in there and you may find yourself drowning in a sea of stress. Over the past three years, I’ve made mistakes and learned […]

Trying to figure out how to get your school and work life together? Don’t worry. You’re not alone.

Managing school can be tough on its own. But throw a job (or two) in there and you may find yourself drowning in a sea of stress. Over the past three years, I’ve made mistakes and learned from them. Now I have some new habits that helped me manage both work and school. To help you take advantage of your time and keep your stress levels low, I’ve compiled my best tips! 

Stay Organized

While this tip may seem like an obvious one, it can be challenging for someone to learn how to keep everything in check. Before university, I never would have guessed that an Accordion File Folder would be my best friend. To stay organized for school, I purchased a five-section expanding file folder. And, let me tell you, it’s the best thing I ever bought! I dedicate each section to a different class. Each section includes the following:

Class Syllabus

Assignment guidelines and rubrics, citation guide specified by the professor.

This structure keeps you organized because everything is located in one place. Ergo, you don’t have to scramble to find things last minute. Did I mention that  Accordion File Folders are super cheap? I purchased mine from Amazon for just $13 and it arrived the next day! Not a bad price for a life-saving product. 

Keep a Calendar

How I ever survived without a calendar, I honestly have no idea! At the start of each semester, I input all assignment deadlines and midterms into my calendar. And add my work schedule as I receive it. My preferred calendar is Google Calendar. For starters, you can colour code each event. I have a different colour for each type (ex. red for work, blue for personal). This hack helps me stay on top of things.

Also, Google Calendar can set reminders. I set reminders for each of my assignments—when I think I should start them or when they should be completed. Lastly, you can view your calendar on all devices and share it with other people! I find this necessary because I can see my schedule on my phone when I’m out and about. Or I can share it with my parents, so they know when I’ll be home.

I used to be someone who thought that keeping a calendar and planning were the same thing, and boy was I wrong! A calendar keeps everything in one place. However, planning allows you to organize each day so you can manage your time. My favourite planner is the Hourly planner by Recollections (a fantastic dupe for an Erin Condren planner!). For those of you who don’t have a planner addiction as I do, the Erin Condren Life Planner is the queen of all planners.  The issue is that fancier Life Planners can cost up to USD 75 before taxes, shipping, and duties. Thankfully, the Recollections planners look almost identical and only cost CAD 19. 

Additionally, I prefer an hourly planner because I feel like I make the most of my day. I begin planning when I wake up, have classes or work, and assignments that need to be completed. Work your schedule around what you think you can handle and it will make a world of difference! Recollections planners can be found at Michaels (online and in-store)! 

Get a Head Start in School

While syllabus week can be all fun and games, I prefer to get a head start on class readings and assignment drafts. To be successful, you need to work smarter rather than harder. Start jotting down ideas for assignments at the beginning of the semester and make a rough outline throughout the term. When the assignment deadline surfaces, you already have part of your paper done instead of cramming 2,000 words into one night.

I scan the outlines provided by professors and assess when to begin my assignments. Generally, I aim to have assignments done a week in advance. This allows time to review and reach out to professors with last minute questions. The key to remaining sane throughout the year is to stay on top of things and work on assignments as soon as you can! 

One of the most important tips I could ever recommend would be to set aside downtime for yourself. I’ll admit it, sometimes I feel guilty when I take some ‘Me Time’. But if you’re all work and no play, you will burn out quickly. My favourite way to spend alone time is to take a nice bath and read a book, or catch up on my favourite series! The Subtle Art of Not Giving a F*ck by Mark Manson may sound a tad aggressive, but this book teaches you not to worry or stress the small things you have no control over. It has positively changed my outlook on life.

A benefit of reading while in the bath is giving your body a break from your computer screen. A nice soak is relaxing and can help you get a good night’s sleep because they calm your body’s nervous system. So, when you’re feeling stressed, take a bath or pick up a hobby. You need to take care of yourself if you want to stay healthy and energized!

If you’re going to add some life to your bath, take a look at my favourite bath products from Lush:  

Milky Bath Bubble Bar – (one of my new favs!) This product adds lots of frothy and moisturizing bubbles to your bath! 

Big Blue Bath Bomb – (an oldie but a goodie!) This smells incredible and eases sore muscles you get from sitting at a desk all day.

Get Some Sleep

Lastly, but certainly not least, you need to ensure you’re getting proper sleep . If you’re only averaging a few hours every night, you won’t be able to give 100% to your work and schooling. Before you head to bed, shut down all electronics and relax. Take a bath or read a book before bed—whatever eases you to sleep.

Getting 8 hours of sleep is crucial. It will keep you energized for your busy schedule the next day. I use a fitness tracker to help me sleep. Most fitness trackers can monitor your sleep in addition to reminding you at night when it’s time to start winding down. I find this extremely useful because I often lose track of time and go to bed later than I should.

Additionally, sleep tracking is used to determine whether you sleep well. The tracker (or associated app) will show you a chart that represents how you slept. The chart shows you how long you spent in the following categories:

Use these categories to determine whether or not you should incorporate a nap into your day. Because I lead an active lifestyle, I have invested in my fitness tracker and Fitbit. If you’re someone who would only wear a tracker at night, there are more affordable trackers out there. Amazon has some great choices, including the Aneken Smart Bracelet . 

These tips will help you in your present-day school struggles and future endeavours. Life is hard enough, so utilize tips that will help you succeed. With that said, I’m going to shut down and run myself a bath before I settle into bed. After all, I have a big day of planning tomorrow.

*Opinions expressed are those of the author, and not necessarily those of Student Life Network or their partners.

how to manage time with school and work

Serena Madden

Serena is a fourth-year Legal Studies student, focusing her studies on Information and Privacy Law. She loves to travel and has an extreme Iced Coffee addiction.

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11 ways to work full time and study full time simultaneously.

how to manage time with school and work

Trying to work part-time while going to school full-time can be quite the challenge. You’re trying to juggle classes, homework, work, your social life and the battle to stay on top of it all.

Is it possible to work full-time and study full-time? Sounds crazy right? Like a recipe for complete, flaming burnout, followed by dropping out of school. Only crazy people would try to work and study full-time.

Believe it or not, many people have very successfully attended school and held down a full-time job. These people are not crazy. They have friends and a social life and even families. They didn’t burn out or go off the deep end.

So how did they do it? Did they discover some method of slowing time which allowed them to move between locations rapidly?

They were just very smart and disciplined. They used some very specific methods.

You can do it too if you so desire. Here are 11 methods for working and studying full-time simultaneously without going completely crazy.

Method #1: Focus on the Endgame

This isn’t a method so much as an important reminder. When you’re studying and working full-time, things are going to get crazy. You’ll feel overwhelmed at times and wonder why you chose to do both simultaneously. You may even find yourself wanting to quit your job, school or both.

In those moments, you need to remember the end game. You’re working and studying simultaneously so you can so you can offset some of the student loans. Or because you’re supporting your family while also getting a degree. Or because you love your job and want to still go to school.

Keep these reasons in the front of your mind when things get rough. Take a breather and remember your big, “Why?”

Method #2: Improve Your Reading Speed

Perhaps the greatest challenge when studying and working full time is keeping up with all the reading. It’s not uncommon to be loaded down with hundreds of pages each week, and with time at a premium it’s tricky to get it all done.

One specific technique is to improve your reading speed. Most people don’t realize that they read quite slowly and have much room for improvement. By implementing a few simple techniques , you can dramatically increase both your speed and comprehension.

Method #3: Utilize Vacation Periods

Depending on your job, you may get longer vacation periods such as during the summer or the holidays. This is especially true if you work as a teacher.

Take advantage of these breaks to get more studying done than normal or to even get ahead. Some colleges even offer accelerated courses during vacation periods or between semesters. Taking these accelerated courses allows you to get credits at a much more rapid pace.

Method #4: Carefully Break Up Your Reading/Studying

One of the biggest challenges of working and studying full time is managing the heavy study load. You need to carefully plan out when and how you’re going to study. One powerful method for managing your study load is to systematically break up your reading and studying into carefully proportioned periods.

For example, if you have 200 pages to read in two weeks, calculate how many study hours you will have available in the next two weeks. If you have ten hours available, you must read at least 20 pages per hour to complete your assignment. If you can’t read that fast, you’ll need to budget more study time in your schedule.

Breaking up your reading/studying into small, manageable chunks keeps you out of panic mode when you’re forced to read hundreds of pages at a time.

Method #5: Take Full Advantage of Your Commute

Unless you work from home, you probably have a commute to work. Most adults have at least a 20 minute commute, with some driving much longer. Your commute time is perfect for getting some studying done. Some simple ways to do this are:

  • Put study materials on flash cards review them when you come to stoplights (NOT WHILE DRIVING!).
  • Download audio versions of your textbooks and listen to them as you drive.
  • If you’re studying a subject that’s audio heavy, such as a language, record yourself saying your vocab words along with the definition. Then listen as you drive.
  • Record your lectures using your smartphone and then listen as you drive. You can listen at 1.5x speed to get through the information more quickly.

Don’t waste your commute. It’s time that usually is filled with talk radio or music, which isn’t bad, but doesn’t help you in your pursuit of a degree.

Method #6: Maximize Every Spare Minute

There are numerous times throughout the day when you have spares minutes. When you’re waiting at the doctor’s office, standing in line at the grocery store or waiting to pick up your child from school. These moments can easily be turned into micro study sessions.

Some simple ways to do that are:

  • Carry flash cards with you everywhere. If you don’t want to carry them around, snap photos of them with your smartphone and use those to study.
  • Utilize your smartphone. For example, if you’re a medical student, put anatomy photos on your phone.
  • Download any relevant apps that can help you study.
  • Find YouTube videos and watch them on your smartphone.

Don’t underestimate the power of small moments. A few minutes here and there quickly adds up to hours.

Method #7: Multitask During “Non-Brain” Activities

Trying to multitask while you’re studying is a bad idea. It’s difficult, if not impossible, to focus on two things at once. However, there are many “non-brain” activities you do throughout your day, such as cooking, working out, bathroom breaks (seriously) or yard work.

Use these activities to get in extra study time. Keep a stack of flashcards near the bathroom. Listen to audio lectures while at the gym. Work on term memorization while cooking dinner.

To the point above, small moments add up. If you can’t find large, uninterrupted blocks of study time, pile small moments on top of each other.

Method #8: Choose Your Sacrifice

In order to successfully work and study full-time, you’re going to have to make some sacrifices. Each day, consider making one sacrifice that will help you achieve your goal. Choose to give up something that will affect you and not others.

For example, instead of watching an hour of television, use that time to study. Instead of spending 40 minutes on social media, spend 40 minutes reviewing study terms. Don’t give up things like family time or a workout since those are critical to a healthy work-life balance. Rather, give up the things that only affect you.

Method #9: Plan a Strategic Study Day

To avoid becoming overly stressed before big tests, plan a strategic study day. If possible, take a day off work to go over all the material that will be covered on the test. If you can’t take a day off work, use a Saturday to study.

Taking at least one strategic study day before a test will significantly lower your stress levels as well as prepare you to succeed.

Method #10: Utilize Proven Productivity Methods

The key to succeeding while working and studying full time is productivity. You must learn the art of being productive in the time you have. To that end, consider studying some proven productivity methods, such as:

  • Getting Things Done (GTD) .
  • Stephen Covey .
  • The Eisenhower Matrix .

You don’t have to read a book to get a feel for these productivity methods. There are plenty of free videos and articles that can guide you.

Method #11: Keep Your Manager in the Loop

Unless you happen to be your own boss, you’ll need to keep your manager updated on your study schedule. Most managers will be supportive of your efforts as long as you keep them up to date on your comings and goings.

Make sure to tell your boss:

  • If you need any particular times off for study.
  • If you’ll be coming in early or late to make up for time off.
  • If there will be any possible disruptions to your work schedule.

Method #12: Consider Online Courses

Online courses can be ideal for someone trying to work and study full time. You don’t have to commute to a campus and you can usually watch lectures at your own convenience as long as you complete all assignments on time.

Online courses offer the flexibility that many traditional campuses don’t and can make it much easier to balance work and study.

Do Two Things At Once

Undoubtedly, it will be challenging to work and study full time, but it can be done. It requires strategic use of your time, dedication and sacrifice, but if you’re willing to make the effort, you can succeed.

As noted at the beginning, keep the endgame in mind. It’s hard work, but the results are wonderful.

Degree programs at PGS are a great option especially for someone trying to balance a very busy schedule. Time management becomes easier when you choose when to be in class and complete assignments. With PGS degree programs, working full time and studying full time becomes that much easier.

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Mike Ward (M.Div.) previously served at Cornerstone University as director of enrollment and community development.

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Time Management for Students Juggling Work, Life, and School

Time Management for Students Juggling Work, Life, and School

Whether you attend school part- or full-time, balancing college with work, family, and other commitments requires a tremendous amount of effort and planning. Time can feel scarce when you’re juggling so many commitments. Here are our tips for managing your time wisely so that you can improve your productivity and achieve your goals with less stress.

Use a planner

how to manage time with school and work

Prioritize your tasks

Competing obligations means you’ll need to prioritize certain projects over others. When looking at your calendar for the month or week, first pursue tasks that are most important and have the fastest-approaching deadlines. Next, schedule items that are either important or urgent but not both. Finally, tasks that are neither significant nor pressing should be last on your to-do list.

how to manage time with school and work

On a day-to-day basis, you’ll need to determine what works best for you. Some people prefer to take on their most challenging, high-effort tasks at the beginning of their day. Others reserve deep-concentration projects for those hours when they know they will be least interrupted and most focused. Try taking notes for a week on how effectively you worked on projects and when you worked on them; you’ll discover your productivity peaks and valleys and can schedule future tasks accordingly.

Think small

As you look ahead on your calendar and convert due dates to to-do lists, break down longer-term and bigger projects into smaller tasks. For example, you can divide that paper into separate chunks of time for brainstorming, researching, outlining, drafting, revising, and editing. Reducing a major assignment to its components can make it much more manageable, allowing you to feel confident as you check off individual tasks rather than spending time on stressing about how big the project feels.

Schedule breaks

how to manage time with school and work

Practice, practice, practice

New meetings, unexpected work shifts, and surprise events inevitably require shuffling our calendars and to-do lists. But as with nutrition and fitness, going off track for a day or two shouldn’t mean abandoning your schedule completely. Forgive yourself, remember that life often gets in the way, and keep moving forward. 

By practicing time management, you’ll reduce stress, create habits valued by employers, and improve your ability to achieve your goals. You’ll also find that you have more time to enjoy downtime without experiencing guilt over things left undone. And achieving that work–school–life balance is key to your success. Good luck!

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8 Time Management Tips for Students

Don't let a hectic schedule get the better of you with these time management tips.

Lian Parsons

College can be a stressful time for many students and time management can be one of the most crucial — but tricky — skills to master.

Attending classes, studying for exams, making friends, and taking time to relax and decompress can quickly fill up your schedule. If you often find yourself wishing there were more hours in the day, this guide will offer time management tips for students so you can accomplish what you need to get done, have fun with your friends, and gain back some valuable time for yourself. 

1. Create a Calendar

Don’t be caught by surprise by an important paper due two days from now or a dinner with your family the same night you planned for a group study session. Create a calendar for yourself with all your upcoming deadlines, exams, social events, and other time commitments well in advance so you can see what’s coming up. 

Keep your calendar in a place where you can see it every day, such as in your planner or on your wall above your desk. If you prefer a digital calendar, check it first thing every day to keep those important events fresh and top-of-mind. For greater efficiency, make sure you can integrate it with your other tools, such as your email.

Digital calendar options include: 

  • Google Calendar 
  • Outlook Calendar
  • Fantastical

2. Set Reminders

After you’ve created your calendar, give yourself periodic reminders to stay on track such as to complete a study guide in advance or schedule a meeting for a group project. Knowing deadlines is important; however, staying on top of the micro tasks involved in meeting those deadlines is just as important. You can set an alarm on your phone, write it down in a physical planner, or add an alert to your digital calendar. The reminders will help to prevent things from slipping through the cracks during particularly hectic days.

Make sure you’ve allotted enough time to study for that big test or write that final paper. Time management is all about setting yourself up for success in advance and giving yourself the tools to accomplish tasks with confidence. 

Read our blogs, Your Guide to Conquering College Coursework and Top 10 Study Tips to Study Like a Harvard Student , for more suggestions.

3. Build a Personalized Schedule

Each person’s day-to-day is different and unique to them, so make sure your schedule works for you. Once you’ve accounted for consistent commitments such as classes or your shifts at work, add in study sessions, extracurriculars, chores and errands, and social engagements.

Consider your personal rhythm. If you typically start your day energized, plan to study or accomplish chores then. If you fall into an afternoon slump, give yourself that time to take a guilt-free TV break or see friends.

Having a schedule that works for you will help maximize your time. Plus, knowing exactly when your laundry day is or when your intramural volleyball practice is every week will help you avoid trying to cram everything in one day (or running out of clean socks!)

Explore summer college courses.

4. Use Tools That Work For You

Just like your calendar and schedule, the tools you use to keep you organized should be the right fit for you. Some students prefer physical planners and paper, while some prefer going totally digital. Your calendar can help you with long-term planning, but most of these tools are best for prioritizing from day to day.

Explore what best suits your needs with some of the following suggestions:

Planners can help you keep track of long-term deadlines, such as important essay deadlines, upcoming exams, and appointments and meetings. They often provide a monthly overview each month, as well as day-to-day planning sections, so you can stay ahead. 

  • Papier – Offers a 20% student discount 

If your schedule is jam-packed and you have trouble figuring out what to do and when, scheduling day by day—and sometimes even hour by hour—can help you slot in everything you need to do with less stress.

  • Structured app

Note Taking

From class to study sessions to errands, keeping track of everything can feel overwhelming. Keeping everything in one place, whether on the go or at your desk, can help keep you organized.

  • Bullet journals

5. Prioritize

Sometimes there really is too much to do with too little time. In these instances, take just a few minutes to evaluate your priorities. Consider which deadlines are most urgent, as well as how much energy you have. 

If you are able to complete simple tasks first, try getting them out of the way before moving on to tasks that require a lot of focus. This can help to alleviate some of the pressure by checking a couple things off your to-do list without getting bogged down too early.

If you are struggling to fit everything in your schedule, consider what you can postpone or what you can simply say no to. Your friends will likely understand if you have to meet them for coffee another time in order to get in a final library session before a challenging exam. 

6. Make Time to Have Fun — And For Yourself

Time management isn’t just about getting work done. It’s also about ensuring that you can put yourself and your mental wellbeing first. Consistently including time for yourself in your schedule helps to keep your mental health and your life in balance. It can also be helpful to have things to look forward to when going through stressful periods.  

Whether it’s going for a bike ride along the river, spending time with your friends and family, or simply sleeping in on a Sunday, knowing you have space to relax and do things you enjoy can provide better peace of mind. 

7. Find Support 

Preparation and organization can sometimes only get you so far. Luckily, you have plenty of people rooting for your success. Keep yourself and your classmates on task by finding an accountability partner or study buddies. Remind your roommates when you need extra space to work on a paper. 

Your school’s academic resource center is also there to support you and point you in the right direction if you need additional help. Getting—and staying—organized is a collaborative effort and no one can do it on their own. 

8. Be Realistic and Flexible 

Sometimes unforeseen circumstances will come up or you simply may not be able to get to everything you set out to do in a given day. Be patient with yourself when things don’t go exactly to plan. When building your calendar, schedule, and priorities list, be realistic about what you can accomplish and include buffer time if you’re unsure. This can help to reduce obstacles and potential friction.

Time management isn’t just about sticking to a rigid schedule—it’s also about giving yourself space for change.

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About the Author

Lian Parsons is a Boston-based writer and journalist. She is currently a digital content producer at Harvard’s Division of Continuing Education. Her bylines can be found at the Harvard Gazette, Boston Art Review, Radcliffe Magazine, Experience Magazine, and iPondr.

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10 Tangible Tips to Balance Working Full-Time and Going to College

By Jess Scherman on 10/29/2018

10 Tangible Tips to Balance Working Full-Time and Going to College

The notion that attending college is some leisurely stroll through four(-ish) years where students’ only concerns are completing coursework and figuring out what fun things they’ll do on the weekend is changing rapidly. While that description might still fit the experience of many students, the truth is that a sizeable portion of college students need to work full-time to make ends meet.

Economic restrictions can be a huge deterrent for college hopefuls—particularly when the student has a family to support and/or and full-time job to maintain. When the hurdle that stands between you and your career dreams is a degree, however, many find ways to make it happen regardless of the factors working against them.

If you’re unwilling to let anything block you from achieving your career and educational goals, the best thing you can do is learn from those who have walked the path before you. That’s why we canvassed a number of working professionals who experienced the pressures of working full-time while in school. Take a look at their can’t-miss tips.

10 Ways to conquer working full-time while in college

There’s no two ways around it—splitting your attention between the demands of a full-time job and a college education isn’t ideal. But that doesn’t mean it can’t be done. One thing we learned after speaking to our panel of experts is that working full-time while earning a degree is possible if you take the necessary steps to set yourself up for success. So let’s make some lemonade out of these lemons and take a look at the 10 tips they’re sure will help you.

1. Create a designated study workspace

One way you can ensure you remain productive throughout your schooling is to create a space in your home that can help foster optimum learning .

“Learning spaces should be clean and organized, ideally decorated with warm paint colors and comfortable seating areas,” explains Elizabeth Malson, president of Amslee Institute . “A desk (or kitchen table) and chair is a must for healthy body positioning for writing and working on a computer.”

Malson also suggests that incorporating elements like a bulletin board you can populate with important deadlines, inspiring photos or encouraging quotes can assist in creating a mindful environment that is tailored to your personal goals and motivators.

2. Prioritize organization

When you wear a lot of different hats, it can be easy to lose track of some of the moving pieces from the varying responsibilities you have to juggle. This is where organization can play a crucial role, suggests Candess Zona-Mendola, editor of . “You need to know where everything is,” she says. “Put things away where they belong. Charge your laptop and cell phone every night. Keep your supplies well stocked, so you don’t need to stop what you’re doing to [replenish].”

If you haven’t previously utilized planners, now might be the time to buy one. “Planners are extremely useful, but are not used enough—especially for someone managing full-time work and school,” maintains Amanda Raimondi, lifestyle expert and writer for Grapevine . “Most planners divide up the day by hour, making it so easy to make time for homework and studying.”

3. Become a master of your time

Time is never more precious than when you’re balancing the responsibilities of working full-time and earning a degree. “When you choose to go back to college and have a career, you have chosen ‘the path of greatest resistance,’ and your time is at a premium,” explains Scott Vail , owner of C4 Communications.

To succeed within high-stress circumstances like these, he urges students to be purposeful of how they spend their time. “You must schedule everything—class time, study time, recreation—if you want to be successful over the long haul,” Vail adds.

Even if procrastinating has been your tendency in the past, Zona-Mendola advises to avoid it at all costs if you’re also balancing full-time work. “Get stuff done right away. Have a whole semester to write a paper? Start writing it as soon as you know enough about the subject, whether it’s the first week or halfway through. Turn it in right away. The professor will be happy about it,” she says.

4. Leverage your natural tendencies

Malson believes that one of the greatest services a student can do for themselves is to truly get to know their habits as a learner and learn how to use them to their advantage as they work toward earning a degree.

“If you are a planner, make sure you allocate blocks to complete the program work during the time of day that fits your schedule,” she offers as an example. “If you are a night owl or a morning person, plan to use this to your advantage, knowing what hours you are most alert.” Planning to study from nine to 11 at night after a long day of work may work for some, Malson elaborates, but it won’t be productive for others.

5. Take care of yourself

Zona-Mendola worked as a full-time paralegal while working toward her Bachelor’s degree and Paralegal degree simultaneously, and she had a hard time prioritizing self-care when she was in the thick of it all. “I went many nights without sleeping and lived on energy drinks. I would also forget to eat,” she recalls. “Don’t be like me. I wore myself down and got sick often.”

Something as simple as getting a good night’s sleep can make all the difference amidst your flurry of day-to-day responsibilities. “Even though you have a million and one things to do, you need sleep,” Raimondi urges. “When your body sleeps, it repairs itself and gets you ready for the next day. Lack of sleep makes it harder to focus and be productive.” She also recommends scheduling even just an hour a day to destress by reading a book or watching an episode of one of your favorite Netflix shows.

“You may think it’s a waste of time, but having a break every now and then will actually make you more efficient in your daily tasks,” explains Alayna Pehrson, content management specialist for Best Company . “You will have a healthier lifestyle and mindset as you work and go to school. Without this time, you risk getting burnt out and overly exhausted.”

6. Communicate, communicate, communicate

Competent communication skills seems to top nearly every list of tips to be successful in just about any realm. But when it comes to balancing college and full-time work, communication truly is key. “Having an open communication system with your managers and professors can help you,” Pehrson offers. “Make sure you and your professors and managers are all on the same page. More often than not, they will want to help you when you are feeling overwhelmed with your workload.”

Communicating effectively will only help you in the long run. “Your communication skills will pay dividends when you are working and going to school,” Vail maintains, highlighting the importance not only of communicating with managers and professors, but also with family members and close friends whose interactions with you will be impacted during this busy time.

7. Don’t be afraid to ask for help

The first time consultant, speaker and author Masudi Stolard pursued a degree, it took him 16 years and three different universities to complete it. After shifting his mindset, refocusing his goals and learning how to study properly, he was able to later earn his MBA in just two years.

One of the most pivotal changes he made was learning to ask for help when he was struggling academically. “I can’t tell you the number of times I had to swallow my ego, swallow my pride and get additional help from a tutor or through a study lab,” Stolard recalls.

Tutoring services can be an invaluable tool for college students. Through the use of tutors, Stolard was able to better grasp the concepts his professors were teaching in class, and he even discovered a few shortcuts related to his subject matter that he wouldn’t have known had he not sought help.

8. Trust in your abilities

Another element Stolard views as crucial to a successful college experience while working full-time is consistently choosing to believe in yourself. If you doubt your abilities, he says, you’re more likely to burn out.

“Trust in yourself enough to believe you can balance both work and your education,” Stolard encourages. “Trust that you are aware that both are equally important. Trust the decision you made to move forward with both responsibilities is the right one.” He adds that being intentional about keeping your family and close friends tuned into the benefits that await you upon graduation can help them offer you some extra encouragement along the way.

9. Celebrate small wins

Even as you focus on the major doors that could open for you professionally after earning your degree, don’t forget to celebrate all of your small achievements along the way. “Getting to the degree can be a monumental (and time consuming) accomplishment. Stop focusing on the big victories, like completing an entire semester, and instead start to string together small wins, like getting an ‘A’ on your test,” Vail explains.

“Celebrate turning your paper in on time. Celebrate making it through a tough week or month,” he adds, explaining that when we set the bar for our expectations of success too high, we are more likely to quit when the going gets rough.

10. Remember your long-term goals

“This, too, will end,” Zona-Mendola urges, nodding toward that all too common instinct to throw in the proverbial towel when it feels as if this stressful chapter of your life will never end.

“In the moments when you feel like giving up or giving in, remember that this lifestyle isn’t forever,” she adds. When she looks back at her long few years in college while working at her full-time job, she knows how tired she was and can recall the weight of the sacrifices she had to make at the time. But what she remembers most prominently is how hard she worked to achieve a goal—one that was pivotal on her personal road to success.

Power through the adversity now, Zona-Mendola recommends, so you can reap the numerous benefits that await.

Can you balance working full-time while in college?

The idea of maintaining a full-time job while putting so much valuable energy toward earning a degree seems daunting to many. While it certainly won’t be easy to accomplish, it can be an inevitable necessity for those who hope to move their careers forward through the empowerment of higher education.

Heed the advice of the many accomplished professionals who have walked these steps before you as you prepare to transition into life as a working student, and striking the right balance may become easier than you had anticipated.

As you journey toward enrolling in a degree program, you’ll want to be sure you’re selecting a program that best fits your needs and your busy schedule. Take the first step in narrowing your options by determining the type of program you’re looking for. You can learn more by visiting our article, “ Online vs. Traditional Education: What You Need to Know .”

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About the author

Jess Scherman

Jess is a Content Specialist at Collegis Education. She researches and writes articles on behalf of Rasmussen University to help empower students to achieve their career dreams through higher education.


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What we know about CrowdStrike’s update fail that’s causing global outages and travel chaos

Person looking at monitors with overlaid Crowdstrike and Microsoft Windows logos (Image Credits: Bryce Durbin / TechCrunch)

A faulty software update issued by security giant CrowdStrike has resulted in a massive overnight outage that’s affected Windows computers around the world , disrupting businesses, airports, train stations, banks, broadcasters and the healthcare sector.

CrowdStrike said the outage was not caused by a cyberattack, but was the result of a “defect” in a software update for its flagship security product, Falcon Sensor. The defect caused any Windows computers that Falcon is installed on to crash without fully loading.

“The issue has been identified, isolated and a fix has been deployed,” said CrowdStrike in a statement on Friday . Some businesses and organizations are beginning to recover, but many expect the outages to drag on into the weekend or next week given the complexity of the fix. CrowdStrike CEO George Kurtz told NBC News that it may take “some time for some systems that just automatically won’t recover.” In a later tweet , Kurtz apologized for the disruption.

Here’s everything you need to know about the outages.

What happened?

Late Thursday into Friday, reports began to emerge of IT problems wherein Windows computers were getting stuck with the infamous “blue screen of death” — a bright blue error screen with a message that displays when Windows encounters a critical failure, crashes or cannot load.

The outages were first noticed in Australia early on Friday, and reports quickly came in from the rest of Asia and Europe as the regions began their day, as well as the United States.

Within a short time, CrowdStrike confirmed that a software update for Falcon had malfunctioned and was causing Windows computers that had the software installed to crash. Falcon lets CrowdStrike remotely analyze and check for malicious threats and malware on installed computers.

At around the same time, Microsoft reported a significant outage at one of its most used Azure cloud regions covering much of the central United States. A spokesperson for Microsoft told TechCrunch that its outage was unrelated to CrowdStrike’s incident .

Around Friday noon (Eastern time), Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella posted on X saying the company is aware of the CrowdStrike botched update and is “working closely with CrowdStrike and across the industry to provide customers technical guidance and support to safely bring their systems back online.”

What is CrowdStrike and what does Falcon Sensor do?

CrowdStrike, founded in 2011, has quickly grown into a cybersecurity giant. Today the company provides software and services to 29,000 corporate customers, including around half of Fortune 500 companies, 43 out of 50 U.S. states and eight out of the top 10 tech firms, according to its website .

The company’s cybersecurity software, Falcon, is used by enterprises to manage security on millions of computers around the world. These businesses include large corporations, hospitals, transportation hubs and government departments. Most consumer devices do not run Falcon and are unaffected by this outage.

One of the company’s biggest recent claims to fame was when it caught a group of Russian government hackers breaking into the Democratic National Committee ahead of the 2016 U.S. presidential election. CrowdStrike is also known for using memorable animal-themed names for the hacking groups it tracks based on their nationality, such as: Fancy Bear , believed to be part of Russia’s General Staff Main Intelligence Directorate, or GRU; Cozy Bear , believed to be part of Russia’s Foreign Intelligence Service, or SVR; Gothic Panda , believed to be a Chinese government group; and Charming Kitten , believed to be an Iranian state-backed group. The company even makes action figures to represent these groups, which it sells as swag .

CrowdStrike is so big it’s one of the sponsors of the Mercedes F1 team , and this year even aired a Super Bowl ad — a first for a cybersecurity company. 

Who are the outages affecting?

Practically anyone who during their everyday life interacts with a computer system running software from CrowdStrike is affected, even if the computer isn’t theirs. 

These devices include the cash registers at grocery stores, departure boards at airports and train stations, school computers, your work-issued laptops and desktops, airport check-in systems, airlines’ own ticketing and scheduling platforms, healthcare networks and many more. Because CrowdStrike’s software is so ubiquitous, the outages are causing chaos around the world in a variety of ways. A single affected Windows computer in a fleet of systems could be enough to disrupt the network. 

TechCrunch reporters around the world are seeing and experiencing outages, including at points of travel, doctors’ offices and online. Early on Friday, the Federal Aviation Administration put in effect a ground stop, effectively grounding flights across the United States, citing the disruption. It looks like so far the national Amtrak rail network is functioning as normal. 

What is the U.S. government doing so far?

Given that the problem stems from a company, there isn’t much that the U.S. federal government can do. According to a pool report, President Biden was briefed on the CrowdStrike outage, and “his team is in touch with CrowdStrike and impacted entities.” That’s in large part because the federal government is a customer of CrowdStrike and also affected.

Several federal agencies are affected by the incident, including the Department of Education , and Social Security Administration, which said Friday that it closed its offices as a result of the outage.

The pool report said Biden’s team is “engaged across the interagency to get sector by sector updates throughout the day and is standing by to provide assistance as needed.” 

In a separate tweet, Homeland Security said it was working with its U.S. cybersecurity agency CISA, CrowdStrike and Microsoft — as well as its federal, state, local and critical infrastructure partners — to “fully assess and address system outages.”

There will no doubt be questions for CrowdStrike (and to some extent Microsoft, whose unrelated outage also caused disruption overnight for its customers) from government and congressional investigators. 

For now, the immediate focus will be on the recovery of affected systems.

How do affected customers fix their Windows computers?

The major problem here is that CrowdStrike’s Falcon Sensor software malfunctioned, causing Windows machines to crash, and there’s no easy way to fix that. 

So far, CrowdStrike has issued a patch, and it has also detailed a workaround that could help affected systems function normally until it has a permanent solution. One option is for users to “reboot the [affected computer] to give it an opportunity to download the reverted channel file,” referring to the fixed file.

In a message to users , CrowdStrike detailed a few steps customers can take, one of which requires physical access to an affected system to remove the defective file. CrowdStrike says users should boot the computer into Safe Mode or Windows Recovery Environment, navigate to the CrowdStrike directory, and delete the faulty file “C-00000291*.sys.”

The wider problem with having to fix the file manually could be a major headache for companies and organizations with large numbers of computers, or Windows-powered servers in datacenters or locations that might be in another region, or an entirely different country.

CISA warns that malicious actors are ‘taking advantage’ of the outage

In a statement on Friday, CISA attributed the outages to the faulty CrowdStrike update and that the issue was not due to a cyberattack. CISA said that it was “working closely with CrowdStrike and federal, state, local, tribal and territorial partners, as well as critical infrastructure and international partners to assess impacts and support remediation efforts.”

CISA did note, however, that it has “observed threat actors taking advantage of this incident for phishing and other malicious activity.” The cybersecurity agency did not provide more specifics, but warned organizations to stay vigilant.

Malicious actors can and will exploit confusion and chaos to carry out cyberattacks on their own. Rachel Tobac, a social engineering expert and founder of cybersecurity firm SocialProof Security, said in a series of posts on X to “verify people are who they say they are before taking sensitive actions.”

“Criminals will attempt to use this IT outage to pretend to be IT to you or you to IT to steal access, passwords, codes, etc.,” Tobac said.

What do we know about misinformation so far?

It’s easy to understand why some might have thought that this outage was a cyberattack. Sudden outages, blue screens at airports, office computers filled with error messages, and chaos and confusion. As you might expect, a fair amount of misinformation is already flying around , even as social media sites incorrectly flag trending topics like “cyberattack.”

Remember to check official sources of news and information, and if something seems too good to be true, it might just well be.

TechCrunch will keep this report updated throughout the day.

TechCrunch’s Ram Iyer contributed reporting.

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Working with researchers, four companies used a data-driven approach to balance who was doing the office housework and who was getting promotion-making assignments.

The gender and racial disparity in access to high-profile, career-enhancing work has been widely overlooked. Research across industries has shown that 81% to 85% of white men report fair access to desirable assignments, while that number falls to 50% for women of color. At the same time, women tend to be burdened with more non-promotable “office housework,” such as scheduling meetings, cleaning up, or being the peacemaker. The authors ran bias training workshops and fair distribution strategies in four companies, leading to noticeable improvements in the equitable allocation of both office housework and high-profile assignments.

Lack of access to high-profile work — the kind that sets you up for promotion and leadership opportunities — is a key reason people leave their organization. The costs of employee attrition are well-known and expensive — up to twice an employee’s annual salary.

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  • Rachel M. Korn is the research director at Equality Action Center, University of California College of the Law, San Francisco.
  • Asma Ghani is the lead research scientist at Equality Action Center, University of California College of the Law, San Francisco. She is a social psychologist with research expertise in intersectionality — examining how multiple identities and systems of oppression overlap to create multilayered inequity and how best to mitigate that inequity.
  • Joan C. Williams is a Sullivan Professor of Law at University of California College of the Law, San Francisco and the founding director of Equality Action Center. An expert on social inequality, she is the author of 12 books, including Bias Interrupted: Creating Inclusion for Real and for Good (Harvard Business Review Press, 2021) and White Working Class: Overcoming Class Cluelessness in America (Harvard Business Review Press, 2019). To learn about her evidence-based, metrics-driven approach to eradicating implicit bias in the workplace, visit .

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J.D. Vance went to Yale Law School. Here's what to know about his time there.

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Sen. J.D. Vance is former President Donald Trump's vice presidential pick for the 2024 election, as Trump announced on Truth Social on Monday, the same day the Republican National Convention kicked off.

Trump passed over established GOP politicians like Sen. Marco Rubio of Florida and Gov. Doug Burgum of North Dakota for the relatively young Senate newcomer, 39-year-old Vance.

While he is the junior senator from Ohio now, Vance graduated from Yale Law School in New Haven, Connecticut. Here's a little more about his time there.

When did J.D. Vance go to Yale?

Vance attended Yale Law School from 2010 to 2013 after graduating from Ohio State University with a degree in political science and philosophy.

He would go on to write and publish the best-selling memoir  "Hillbilly Elegy"  in 2016, later becoming the junior senator of the state of Ohio, where he grew up.

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Yes, a large part of his memoir is about his time at Yale Law.

According to Vance, he received a generous financial aid package to the prestigious law school due to his disadvantaged economic background.

Vance wrote in his memoir that he did appreciate his education at Yale Law and the people he met there. However, he said he felt the class disparity between him and the others at the school, explaining that many students came from middle class upbringings, whereas he came from a poor family with a parent struggling with substance use.

What did J.D. Vance do while at Yale Law School?

Vance met his wife Usha Chilukuri during their time at Yale Law and later got married in 2014.

According to his memoir, Vance became an editor of the Yale Law Journal , an accolade achieved by former Secretary of Labor  Robert Reich , former National Security Advisor John Bolton and other notable individuals.

Vance had author, corporate lawyer and John M. Duff, Jr. Professor of Law Amy Chau as one of his law professors. She would give him some sage advice regarding clerkships and career opportunities.

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Social anxiety disorder is an intense, persistent fear of being watched and judged by others. This fear can affect work, school, and other daily activities. It can even make it hard to make and keep friends. The good news is social anxiety disorder is treatable. Learn more about the symptoms of social anxiety disorder and how to find help.

What is social anxiety disorder?

Social anxiety disorder is a common type of anxiety disorder. A person with social anxiety disorder feels symptoms of anxiety or fear in situations where they may be scrutinized, evaluated, or judged by others, such as speaking in public, meeting new people, dating, being on a job interview, answering a question in class, or having to talk to a cashier in a store. Doing everyday things, such as eating or drinking in front of others or using a public restroom, also may cause anxiety or fear due to concerns about being humiliated, judged, and rejected.

The fear that people with social anxiety disorder have in social situations is so intense that they feel it is beyond their control. For some people, this fear may get in the way of going to work, attending school, or doing everyday things. Other people may be able to accomplish these activities but experience a great deal of fear or anxiety when they do. People with social anxiety disorder may worry about engaging in social situations for weeks before they happen. Sometimes, they end up avoiding places or events that cause distress or generate feelings of embarrassment.

Some people with the disorder do not have anxiety related to social interactions but have it during performances instead. They feel symptoms of anxiety in situations such as giving a speech, competing in a sports game, or playing a musical instrument on stage.

Social anxiety disorder usually starts during late childhood and may resemble extreme shyness or avoidance of situations or social interactions. It occurs more frequently in females than in males, and this gender difference is more pronounced in adolescents and young adults. Without treatment, social anxiety disorder can last for many years, or even a lifetime.

What are the signs and symptoms of social anxiety disorder?

When having to perform in front of or be around others, people with social anxiety disorder may:

  • Blush, sweat, or tremble.
  • Have a rapid heart rate.
  • Feel their “mind going blank,” or feel sick to their stomach.
  • Have a rigid body posture, or speak with an overly soft voice.
  • Find it difficult to make eye contact, be around people they don’t know, or talk to people in social situations, even when they want to.
  • Feel self-consciousness or fear that people will judge them negatively.
  • Avoid places where there are other people.

What causes social anxiety disorder?

Risk for social anxiety disorder may run in families, but no one knows for sure why some family members have it while others don’t. Researchers have found that several parts of the brain are involved in fear and anxiety and that genetics influences how these areas function. By studying how the brain and body interact in people with social anxiety disorder, researchers may be able to create more targeted treatments. In addition, researchers are looking at the ways stress and environmental factors play a role in the disorder.

How is social anxiety disorder treated?

If you’re concerned you may have symptoms of social anxiety disorder, talk to a health care provider. After discussing your history, a health care provider may conduct a physical exam to ensure that an unrelated physical problem is not causing your symptoms. A health care provider may refer you to a mental health professional, such as a psychiatrist, psychologist, or clinical social worker. The first step to effective treatment is to get a diagnosis, usually from a mental health professional.

Social anxiety disorder is generally treated with psychotherapy (sometimes called “talk therapy”), medication, or both. Speak with a health care provider about the best treatment for you.


Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), a research-supported type of psychotherapy, is commonly used to treat social anxiety disorder. CBT teaches you different ways of thinking, behaving, and reacting to situations to help you feel less anxious and fearful. CBT also can help you learn and practice social skills, which is very important for treating social anxiety disorder. CBT has been well studied and is the gold standard for psychotherapy.

Exposure therapy is a CBT method that focuses on progressively confronting the fears underlying an anxiety disorder to help you engage in activities you have been avoiding. Exposure therapy is sometimes used along with relaxation exercises. CBT delivered in a group therapy format also can offer unique benefits for social anxiety disorder.

Another treatment option for social anxiety disorder is acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT). ACT takes a different approach than CBT to negative thoughts and uses strategies such as mindfulness and goal setting to reduce your discomfort and anxiety. Compared to CBT, ACT is a newer form of psychotherapy treatment, so less data are available on its effectiveness. However, different therapies work for different types of people, so it can be helpful to discuss what form of therapy may be right for you with a mental health professional.

For more information on psychotherapy, visit the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) psychotherapies webpage .

Health care providers may prescribe medication to treat social anxiety disorder. Different types of medication can be effective in treating this disorder, including:

  • Antidepressants, such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs)
  • Beta-blockers
  • Anti-anxiety medications, such as benzodiazepines

SSRI and SNRI antidepressants are commonly used to treat depression, but they also can help treat the symptoms of social anxiety disorder. They may take several weeks to start working. Antidepressants may also cause side effects, such as headaches, nausea, or difficulty sleeping. These side effects are usually not severe, especially if the dose starts off low and is increased slowly over time. Talk to your health care provider about any side effects that you may experience.

Beta-blockers can help control some of the physical symptoms of social anxiety disorder, such as rapid heart rate, sweating, and tremors. Beta-blockers are commonly the medication of choice for the “performance anxiety” type of social anxiety disorder.

Benzodiazepines, which are anti-anxiety sedative medications, are powerful and begin working right away to reduce anxious feelings. These medications can be very effective in rapidly decreasing anxiety, but some people build up a tolerance to them and need higher and higher doses to get the same effect. Some people even become dependent on them. Therefore, a health care provider may prescribe them only for brief periods of time if you need them.

Both psychotherapy and medication can take some time to work. Many people try more than one medication before finding the best one for them. A health care provider can work with you to find the best medication, dose, and duration of treatment for you. People with social anxiety disorder usually obtain the best results with a combination of medication and CBT or other psychotherapies.

For basic information about these and other mental health medications, visit NIMH’s Mental Health Medications webpage . Visit the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) website  for the latest warnings, patient medication guides, and information on newly approved medications. 

Support Groups

Many people with social anxiety find support groups helpful. In a group of people who all have social anxiety disorder, you can receive unbiased, honest feedback about how others in the group see you. This way, you can learn that your thoughts about judgment and rejection are not true or are distorted. You also can learn how others with social anxiety disorder approach and overcome the fear of social situations.

Support groups are available both in person and online. However, any advice you receive from a support group member should be used cautiously and does not replace treatment recommendations from a health care provider.

Both psychotherapy and medication can take some time to work. A healthy lifestyle also can help combat anxiety. Make sure to get enough sleep and exercise, eat a healthy diet, and turn to family and friends who you trust for support. To learn more ways to take care of your mental health, visit NIMH’s Caring for Your Mental Health webpage .

How can I support myself and others with social anxiety disorder?

Educate yourself.

A good way to help yourself or a loved one who may be struggling with social anxiety disorder is to seek information. Research the warning signs, learn about treatment options, and keep up to date with current research.


If you are experiencing social anxiety disorder symptoms, have an honest conversation about how you’re feeling with someone you trust. If you think that a friend or family member may be struggling with social anxiety disorder, set aside a time to talk with them to express your concern and reassure them of your support.

Know When to Seek Help

If your anxiety, or the anxiety of a loved one, starts to cause problems in everyday life—such as avoiding social situations at school, at work, or with friends and family—it’s time to seek professional help. Talk to a health care provider about your mental health.

Are there clinical trials studying social anxiety disorder?

NIMH supports a wide range of research, including clinical trials that look at new ways to prevent, detect, or treat diseases and conditions—including social anxiety disorder. Although individuals may benefit from being part of a clinical trial, participants should be aware that the primary purpose of a clinical trial is to gain new scientific knowledge so that others may be better helped in the future.

Researchers at NIMH and around the country conduct clinical trials with patients and healthy volunteers. Talk to a health care provider about clinical trials, their benefits and risks, and whether one is right for you. For more information, visit NIMH's clinical trials webpage .

Finding Help

Behavioral health treatment services locator.

This online resource, provided by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), helps you locate mental health treatment facilities and programs. Find a facility in your state by searching SAMHSA’s online Behavioral Health Treatment Services Locator  . For additional resources, visit NIMH's Help for Mental Illnesses webpage .

Talking to a Health Care Provider About Your Mental Health

Communicating well with a health care provider can improve your care and help you both make good choices about your health. Find tips to help prepare for and get the most out of your visit at Taking Control of Your Mental Health: Tips for Talking With Your Health Care Provider . For additional resources, including questions to ask a provider, visit the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality website  .

If you or someone you know is in immediate distress or is thinking about hurting themselves, call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline toll-free at 1-800-273-TALK (8255). You also can text the Crisis Text Line (HELLO to 741741) or use the Lifeline Chat on the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline website   .

The information in this publication is in the public domain and may be reused or copied without permission. However, you may not reuse or copy images. Please cite the National Institute of Mental Health as the source. Read our copyright policy to learn more about our guidelines for reusing NIMH content.

For More Information

MedlinePlus  (National Library of Medicine) ( en español  )  ( en español  )

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES  National Institutes of Health NIH Publication No. 22-MH-8083 Revised 2022

Nursing aide turned sniper: Thomas Crooks' mysterious plot to kill Trump

how to manage time with school and work

BUTLER, Pa. – Donald Trump and would-be assassin Thomas Crooks started on their violent collision course long before the former president's political rally ended in gunshots and death.

Crooks, 20, was a one-time registered Republican, a nursing home worker with no criminal record, shy in school, and living in a decent middle-class neighborhood in suburban Pennsylvania with his parents. Trump, 78, was eyeing Crooks' state as a key battleground – but not in the way that anyone envisioned on Saturday.

Riding high on polls showing that he's got a strong chance of toppling President Joe Biden, the former president had been campaigning for reelection in swing states, and Pennsylvania is a key prize. Trump won the state in 2016 but lost it four years later.

And on July 3, Trump's campaign announced he would hold a rally at the Butler Farm Show grounds, about 30 miles north of Pittsburgh.

"Pennsylvania has been ravaged by monumental surges in violent crime as a direct result of Biden’s and Democrats’ pro-criminal policies," Trump's campaign said in announcing the event, noting that when he's elected, he'll "re-establish law and order in Pennsylvania!"

The Saturday attack on Trump turned the heated rhetoric of the 2024 presidential campaign freshly violent. Authorities said bullets fired from Crooks' AR-15 style rifle about 150 yards away grazed Trump's ear, killed a rally attendee as he dove to protect his family, and critically wounded two others. Secret Service agents killed Crooks moments later.

Attack planned well in advance

Investigators are still seeking Crooks' motive – despite his Republican leanings, he had donated recently to a progressive voter-turnout campaign in 2021 – but indicated he'd planned the attack well in advance.

The shooting marks the first assassination attempt against a former or current U.S. president since President Ronald Reagan was injured in a March 1981 shooting at a Washington, D.C., hotel. 

There are many questions about why Crooks turned into a would-be presidential assassin, firing indiscriminately into hordes of political supporters.

FBI special agent Kevin Rojek said on a call with media that law enforcement located "a suspicious device" when they searched Crooks' vehicle and that it's being analyzed at the FBI crime lab.

"As far as the actions of the shooter immediately prior to the event and any interaction that he may have had with law enforcement, we're still trying to flesh out those details now," Rojek said.

None of Crooks' shocked neighbors or high school classmates described him as violent or that he in any way signaled he was intent on harming Trump. Sunday morning, reporters and curious locals swarmed the leafy streets of the home where Crooks lived with his parents in Bethel Park, about 50 miles from the shooting scene.

Those who knew him described a quiet young man who often walked to work at a nearby nursing home. One classmate said he was bullied and often ate alone in high school.

Sunday morning, neighbor Cathy Caplan, 45, extended her morning walk about a quarter mile to glimpse what was happening outside Crooks’ home.“It came on the morning news and I was like ‘I know that street,’” said Caplan, who works for the local school district. "It feels like something out of a movie.”

Dietary aide turned deadly killer

Authorities say they are examining Crooks' phone, social media and online activity for motivation. They said he carried no identification and his body had to be identified via DNA and biometric confirmation.

Although no possible motive has yet been released, Crooks nevertheless embodies the achingly familiar profile of an American mass shooter: a young white man, isolated from peers and armed with a high-powered rifle. His attack was one of at least 59 shootings in the United States on Saturday, according to the Gun Violence Archive.

According to records and online posts of the ceremony, Crooks graduated from Bethel Park High School, about 42 miles from Butler County, on June 3, 2022. That same day, Trump met briefly with investigators at his Mar-a-Lago club in Florida as they examined whether he improperly took classified documents with him when he left the White House.

A classmate remembered Crooks as a frequent target of bullies. Kids picked on him for wearing camouflage to class and his quiet demeanor, Jason Kohler, 21, said. Crooks usually ate lunch alone, Kohler said.

Crooks worked as a dietary aide at the Bethel Park Skilled Nursing and Rehabilitation, less than a mile from his home. In a statement provided to USA TODAY on Sunday, Marcie Grimm, the facility's administrator, said she was "shocked and saddened to learn of his involvement."

Neighbor Dean Sierka, 52, has known Crooks and his parents for years. The families live a few doors apart on a winding suburban street, and Sierka’s daughter, who attended elementary, middle and high school with Crooks, remembers him as quiet and shy. Sierka said they saw Crooks at least once a week, often when he was walking to the nursing home from his parents' three-bedroom brick house.

"You wouldn’t have expected this," Sierka said. "The parents and the family are all really nice people."

"It's crazy," he added.

Secret Service role: Did they do enough?

Founded in 1865, the Secret Service is supposed to stop this kind of attack, and dozens of agents were present Saturday. As the former president and presumptive Republican presidential nominee, Trump's public appearances are managed by the Secret Service, which works with local law enforcement to develop security plans and crowd-management protocols.

In the days before the event, the agency's experts would have scouted the location, identified security vulnerabilities, and designed a perimeter to keep Trump and rally attendees safe. Congress and the Secret Service are now investigating how Crooks was able to get so close to the former president, and several witnesses reported seeing him in the area with the gun before Trump took the stage.

As the event doors opened at 1 p.m., the temperature was already pushing close to 90, and ticketed attendees oozed through metal detectors run by members of the Secret Service's uniformed division. Similar to airport security screenings, rallygoers emptied their pockets to prove they weren't carrying guns or other weapons.

Media reports indicate the Secret Service had in place, as usual, a counter-sniper team scanning the surrounding area for threats.

In an exclusive interview, former Secret Service Director Julia Pierson told USA TODAY that maintaining such a sniper security perimeter is part of the agency's responsibility for safeguarding protectees like Trump from harm. She said agents typically consider 1,000 yards to be the minimum safe distance for sniper attacks.

The Secret Service has confirmed that it is investigating how Crooks got so close to Trump, who took the stage shortly after 6 p.m. Officials say Crooks' rifle was legally obtained but have not yet released specifics.

Outside the venue at that time, Greg Smith says he tried desperately to get the attention of police. He told the BBC that he and his friends saw a man crawling along a roof overlooking the rally. Other witnesses said they also saw a man atop the American Glass Research building outside the official event security perimeter, well within the range of a 5.56 rifle bullet.

"We noticed the guy bear-crawling up the roof of the building beside us, 50 feet away from us," Smith told the BBC. "He had a rifle, we could clearly see him with a rifle."

Smith told the BBC that the Secret Service eventually saw him and his friends pointing at the man on the roof.

"I'm thinking to myself, why is Trump still speaking, why have they not pulled him off the stage?" Smith said. "Next thing you know, five shots rang out."

From his nearby deck, Trump supporter Pat English watched as the former president took the stage to Lee Greenwood's "God Bless the U.S.A.," and attendees raised their cell phones to record.

English had taken his grandson to see the rally earlier but left when it got too hot. From his deck, they listened as Trump began speaking at 6:05 p.m., backed by a crown of red-hatted MAGA supporters waving "fire Joe Biden" signs.

And then gunfire began.

Boom, boom, boom

"I heard a 'boom, boom, boom' and then screams,” English said Sunday. "I could see people running and the police run in."

Trump was saying the word "happened" as the first pop rang out. He reached up to grab his ear as two more shots echoed, and the crowd behind him – and Trump himself – ducked. Plainclothes Secret Service agents piled atop the president as a fusillade of shots rang out, apparently the Secret Service killing Crooks.

The crowd screamed, and the venue's sound system picked up the agents atop Trump planning to move the former president to safety. One yelled, "shooter's down. Let's move, let's move."

The agents then helped Trump back to his feet as they shielded him on all sides.

The sound system then picked up Trump's voice: "Wait, wait," he said, before turning to the audience and triumphantly raising his fist to yell "fight, fight" as the crowd cheered, blood streaming down his face.

By 6:14 p.m. Trump's motorcade was racing from the scene, and in a later statement, Trump's campaign said he was checked out at a local medical facility.

"I was shot with a bullet that pierced the upper part of my right ear," Trump said in a statement. "I knew immediately that something was wrong in that I heard a whizzing sound, shots, and immediately felt the bullet ripping through the skin. Much bleeding took place, so I realized then what was happening."

Firefighter 'hero' gunned down

Outside of the Butler Township Administration Office Sunday afternoon, Pennsylvania Gov. Josh Shapiro identified the rally attendee killed by Crooks as Corey Comperatore, a firefighter, father of two and longtime Trump supporter.

“Corey died a hero,” Shapiro said. “Corey dove on his family to protect them last night at this rally. Corey was the very best of us. May his memory be a blessing.”

Two other Pennsylvanians are still undergoing treatment for their injuries, Shapiro said.

Pennsylvania State Police identified two wounded attendees David Dutch, 57, of New Kensington, and James Copenhaver, 74, of Moon Township. Both are hospitalized and listed in stable condition. Shapiro said he spoke with the family of one victim and received a message from the other.

Biden spoke briefly with Trump on Saturday night, and the president condemned the assassination attempt as “sick.” He said there’s no place for political violence in the U.S. and called on Americans to unite together to condemn it.

But earlier in the week, Biden told campaign donors in a private phone call it was time to stop talking about his own disastrous presidential debate performance and start targeting Trump instead.

"I have one job and that's to beat Donald Trump," Biden said. "We're done talking about the (June 27) debate. It's time to put Trump in the bullseye."

Republicans across the country have used similar language to attack their opponents over the years, and political scientists say violent rhetoric used worldwide almost invariably leads to physical violence.

On Sunday, someone parked a truck-mounted electronic billboard at the gates to the Butler Farm Show grounds reading "Democrats attempted assassination," along with a picture of Trump clutching an American flag, his face overlaid with a bullseye crosshairs.

Authorities say they have not yet determined a motive for Crooks' attack. But in a statement, Trump declared the shooting an act of evil and thanked God for preventing the unthinkable.

"We will fear not, but instead remain resilient in our faith and defiant in the face of wickedness," Trump said.

And he said he'd be back on the campaign trail for the Republican National Convention in Milwaukee, which starts Monday.

"Based on yesterday’s terrible events, I was going to delay my trip to Wisconsin, and the Republican National Convention, by two days," Trump said on his Truth Social account Sunday, "but have just decided that I cannot allow a 'shooter,' or potential assassin, to force change to scheduling, or anything else."

Contributing: David Jackson, Aysha Bagchi, Christopher Cann, Bryce Buyakie, Emily Le Coz, Josh Meyer, USA TODAY Network

How the assassination attempt unfolded : Graphics, maps, audio analysis show what happened

Mass IT outage: here's a list of companies and operations affected

  • A huge global IT outage is disrupting flights, banks, retailers, and media outlets.
  • The widespread disruptions have been linked to an issue with the cybersecurity firm CrowdStrike.
  • Operations affected include airlines in the US and Europe, supermarkets, and some 911 lines.

Insider Today

A mass IT outage has hit flights, banks, retailers, and media outlets around the world.

The issues appear to be linked to the cybersecurity firm CrowdStrike .

Microsoft also acknowledged the issue in an X update early Friday, writing, "Our services are still seeing continuous improvements while we continue to take mitigation actions."

Here are some of the companies and operations affected.

Numerous airlines grounded flights early Friday morning, including the big three US carriers: United Airlines, Delta Air Lines, and American Airlines. In statements, they all cited technology issues.

Delta and American had both canceled their ground stops by 7 a.m. ET.

A United spokesperson told Business Insider that it was holding all aircraft at their departure airports while it works to restore systems. "Flights already airborne are continuing to their destinations," they added.

American has blamed the issues on CrowdStrike, saying they were because of a "technical issue with Crowdstrike that is impacting multiple carriers," according to BBC News.

The budget airlines Frontier, Allegiant, and Spirit also issued ground stops which were later canceled.

Frontier's was issued on Thursday night. "Flight operations are currently being impacted by a major Microsoft technical outage," it said in a statement.

Spirit said it was unable to rebook affected customers because of the outage.

Disruption also extended to Europe. The continent's largest airline, Ryanair, advised passengers to arrive early as the outage caused "disruption across the network."

KLM also said it had to "largely suspend operations" as the outage made "flight handling impossible."

British Airways, Wizz Air, Turkish Airlines, Eurowings, Lufthansa, and Qantas were also among those who said they were affected.

According to a Facebook post from Alaska State Troopers , emergency lines in the state are also affected.

The post said: "Due to a nationwide technology-related outage, many 911 and non-emergency call centers are not working correctly across the State of Alaska."

"We appreciate your patience and will update you when we know more," the statement added.

The major UK airports Heathrow, Gatwick, and Luton have reported issues, with some warning of delays and disruption.

Related stories

An X post from Gatwick Express , a train service for the airport, said the company was unable to access driver diagrams at certain locations, "leading to potential short-notice cancelations, particularly on the Thameslink and Great Northern networks."

A spokesperson for Belfast International Airport confirmed to BI that whiteboards were being used to handwrite flight information before systems were later restored. Whiteboards were also used at Singapore Changi Airport.

Hospitals and doctors' surgeries

Several hospitals and doctors' practices appear to have been affected by the outage.

In the UK, the NHS' EMIS system, which doctors use to book appointments, view patient notes, order prescriptions, and make referrals, appears to be having issues .

A spokesperson for the NHS told BI in a statement: "The NHS is aware of a global IT outage and an issue with EMIS, an appointment and patient record system, which is causing disruption in the majority of GP practices."

They said that long-standing measures were in place to manage disruption and that there was no known impact on 999 or emergency services, so people should use these services as normal.

"Patients should attend appointments unless told otherwise and only contact their GP if it's urgent, and otherwise please use 111 online or call 111," they added.

Two German hospitals canceled elective operations scheduled for Friday, Reuters reported.

NYCT Subway

Commuters in New York City and DC may also face delays Friday morning.

In an X post, the NYCT subway said: "Train arrival information is unavailable for A/B/C/D/E/F/G/J/M/N/Q/R/Z/Rockaway Park Shuttle/Franklin Av Shuttle due to a worldwide technical outage. Train service is unaffected."

The post said the tech outage also impacted Subway officials' ability to see train locations.


Sky News also appears to have been hit by the outage. The UK news channel has been showing archive footage and briefly displaying an error message.

The news site appears to be up and running at the time of writing.

London Stock Exchange

The London Stock Exchange's website was also experiencing issues.

"RNS news service is currently experiencing a third-party global technical issue, preventing news from being published on ," the company said in a statement.

"Technical teams are working to restore the service. Other services across the group, including London Stock Exchange, continue to operate as normal," it continued.

Retailers and fast-food giants

Bloomberg reported that McDonald's Japan suspended about a third of its stores in the country on Friday. The issue was with the stores' cash registers, the report said.

The grocery-store chain Woolworths told BI that some stores had "been impacted as a result of the global IT issue." All but six stores were open for business, but some had fewer functioning checkouts.

Delivery delays

FedEx and UPS are warning of delivery delays because of the outage.

In a statement on the company's website , FedEx said it was experiencing "substantial disruptions throughout our networks due to a global IT outage experienced by a third-party software vendor." The company said parcels due to be delivered on Friday might face delays.

A UPS spokesperson told BI that it continues to operate effectively but there may be some service delays due to third-party outage "impacting some UPS computer systems in the U.S. and Europe."

Some US state driver services are down

Drivers in some states are unable to access services because of the outage.

Georgia's Department of Driver Services posted on X that "due to the global Microsoft/Crowdstrike outage, DDS services are unavailable at this time."

Tennessee's Department of Safety and Homeland Security said some Driver Services Centers may not be able to process transactions, according to a post on X.

North Carolina's Department of Motor Vehicles driver license and plate agencies are also impacted and unable to assist customers, according to a CNN report.

Bloomberg reported that at the Ocean Park Marriott in Hong Kong, staff were using pen and paper to check guests in and said the outage was affecting their systems globally.

Marriott International later told CNN in a statement that "certain hotel systems" have been affected.

"We are actively working with our vendors to resolve issues that have impacted certain hotel systems," the company said in a statement to the publication. "We apologize for any inconvenience that guests may experience."

how to manage time with school and work

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    Reshape your view of Monday and see it as a symbol for your week. Use Monday morning as your most productive time of the week. You feel rested from the weekend and are ready to start the week anew. Action Step: Schedule long deep work sessions on Monday to promote productivity and start your week on a high note.

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    Lastly, but certainly not least, you need to ensure you're getting proper sleep. If you're only averaging a few hours every night, you won't be able to give 100% to your work and schooling. Before you head to bed, shut down all electronics and relax. Take a bath or read a book before bed—whatever eases you to sleep.

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    Time management is just one key to reducing stress, getting more done, and achieving balance as an adult learner. Whether you attend school part- or full-time, balancing college with work, family, and other commitments requires a tremendous amount of effort and planning. Time can feel scarce when you're juggling so many commitments.

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    How to balance work and school. Here are seven steps you can take to more effectively balance work and school: 1. Plan your work and class schedule. To balance work and school, you can plan your schedule so that there's no overlap and a minimal amount of time is being wasted. Start by researching when classes are being offered and try to ...

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    3. Build a Personalized Schedule. Each person's day-to-day is different and unique to them, so make sure your schedule works for you. Once you've accounted for consistent commitments such as classes or your shifts at work, add in study sessions, extracurriculars, chores and errands, and social engagements.

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    5. Create a dedicated study time. One of the most important time management tips for high school students is to set up a time devoted only to studying or homework. Shut off your phone. Respond to calls or texts only when your work is finished. Texting or engaging online during this time is distracting. 6.

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  21. Tips for Working Full Time and Going to School

    Develop a Time-Management System. Graduate students working full time need a system to keep their complicated schedules in order. This involves maintaining a calendar that tracks what they need to do and when projects are due for work, school, and home. The calendar should break down tasks daily, weekly, and monthly.

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  29. Nursing aide turned sniper: Thomas Crooks plot to kill Donald Trump

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  30. Mass IT Outage: List of Companies and Operations Affected

    You can opt-out at any time by visiting our Preferences page or by clicking "unsubscribe" at the bottom of the email. ... They said that long-standing measures were in place to manage disruption ...