How to Write a Small Business Financial Plan

Stairs leading up to a dollar sign. Represents creating a financial plan to achieve profitability.

Noah Parsons

3 min. read

Updated January 3, 2024

Creating a financial plan is often the most intimidating part of writing a business plan. It’s also one of the most vital. Businesses with well-structured and accurate financial statements in place are more prepared to pitch to investors, receive funding, and achieve long-term success.

Thankfully, you don’t need an accounting degree to successfully put your budget and forecasts together. Here is everything you need to include in your financial plan along with optional performance metrics, specifics for funding, and free templates.

  • Key components of a financial plan

A sound financial plan is made up of six key components that help you easily track and forecast your business financials. They include your:

Sales forecast

What do you expect to sell in a given period? Segment and organize your sales projections with a personalized sales forecast based on your business type.

Subscription sales forecast

While not too different from traditional sales forecasts—there are a few specific terms and calculations you’ll need to know when forecasting sales for a subscription-based business.

Expense budget

Create, review, and revise your expense budget to keep your business on track and more easily predict future expenses.

How to forecast personnel costs

How much do your current, and future, employees’ pay, taxes, and benefits cost your business? Find out by forecasting your personnel costs.

Profit and loss forecast

Track how you make money and how much you spend by listing all of your revenue streams and expenses in your profit and loss statement.

Cash flow forecast

Manage and create projections for the inflow and outflow of cash by building a cash flow statement and forecast.

Balance sheet

Need a snapshot of your business’s financial position? Keep an eye on your assets, liabilities, and equity within the balance sheet.

What to include if you plan to pursue funding

Do you plan to pursue any form of funding or financing? If the answer is yes, then there are a few additional pieces of information that you’ll need to include as part of your financial plan.

Highlight any risks and assumptions

Every entrepreneur takes risks with the biggest being assumptions and guesses about the future. Just be sure to track and address these unknowns in your plan early on.

Plan your exit strategy

Investors will want to know your long-term plans as a business owner. While you don’t need to have all the details, it’s worth taking the time to think through how you eventually plan to leave your business.

  • Financial ratios and metrics

With all of your financial statements and forecasts in place, you have all the numbers needed to calculate insightful financial ratios. While these metrics are entirely optional to include in your plan, having them easily accessible can be valuable for tracking your performance and overall financial situation.

Common business ratios

Unsure of which business ratios you should be using? Check out this list of key financial ratios that bankers, financial analysts, and investors will want to see.

Break-even analysis

Do you want to know when you’ll become profitable? Find out how much you need to sell to offset your production costs by conducting a break-even analysis.

How to calculate ROI

How much could a business decision be worth? Evaluate the efficiency or profitability by calculating the potential return on investment (ROI).

  • Financial plan templates and tools

Download and use these free financial templates and calculators to easily create your own financial plan.

how to make a financial plan in business plan

Sales forecast template

Download a free detailed sales forecast spreadsheet, with built-in formulas, to easily estimate your first full year of monthly sales.

Download Template

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Accurate and easy financial forecasting

Get a full financial picture of your business with LivePlan's simple financial management tools.

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Content Author: Noah Parsons

Noah is the COO at Palo Alto Software, makers of the online business plan app LivePlan. He started his career at Yahoo! and then helped start the user review site Epinions.com. From there he started a software distribution business in the UK before coming to Palo Alto Software to run the marketing and product teams.

how to make a financial plan in business plan

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How to Develop a Small Business Financial Plan

By Andy Marker | April 29, 2022

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Financial planning is critical for any successful small business, but the process can be complicated. To help you get started, we’ve created a step-by-step guide and rounded up top tips from experts.

Included on this page, you’ll find what to include in a financial plan , steps to develop one , and a downloadable starter kit .

What Is a Small Business Financial Plan?

A small business financial plan is an outline of the financial status of your business, including income statements, balance sheets, and cash flow information. A financial plan can help guide a small business toward sustainable growth.

Craig Hewitt

Financial plans can aid in business goal setting and metrics tracking, as well as provide proof of profitable ideas. Craig Hewitt, Founder of Castos , shares that “creating a financial plan will show you if your business ideas are sustainable. A financial plan will show you where your business stands and help you make better decisions about resource allocation. It will also help you plan growth, survive cash flow shortages, and pitch to investors.”

Why Is It Important for a Small Business to Have a Financial Plan?

All small businesses should create a financial plan. This allows you to assess your business’s financial needs, recognize areas of opportunity, and project your growth over time. A strong financial plan is also a bonus for potential investors.

Mark Daoust

Mark Daoust , the President and CEO of Quiet Light Brokerage, Inc., explains why a financial plan is important for small businesses: “It can sometimes be difficult for business owners to evaluate their own progress, especially when starting a new company. A financial plan can be helpful in showing increased revenues, cash flow growth, and overall profit in quantifiable data. It's very encouraging for small business owners who are often working long hours and dealing with so many stressful decisions to know that they are on the right track.”

To learn more about other important considerations for a small business, peruse our list of free startup plan, budget, and cost templates .

What Does a Small Business Financial Plan Include?

All small businesses should include an income statement, a balance sheet, and a cash flow statement in their financial plan. You may also include other documents, such as personnel plans, break-even points, and sales forecasts, depending on the business and industry.

Ahmet Yuzbasioglu

  • Balance Sheet: A balance sheet determines the difference between your liabilities and assets to determine your equity. “A balance sheet is a snapshot of a business’s financial position at a particular moment in time,” says Yüzbaşıoğlu. “It adds up everything your business owns and subtracts all debts — the difference reflects the net worth of the business, also referred to as equity .” Yüzbaşıoğlu explains that this statement consists of three parts: assets, liabilities, and equity. “Assets include your money in the bank, accounts receivable, inventories, and more. Liabilities can include your accounts payables, credit card balances, and loan repayments, for example. Equity for most small businesses is just the owner’s equity, but it could also include investors’ shares, retained earnings, or stock proceeds,” he says.
  • Cash Flow Statement: A cash flow statement shows where the money is coming from and where it is going. For existing businesses, this will include bank statements that list deposits and expenditures. A new business may not have much cash flow information, but it can include all startup costs and funding sources. “A cash flow statement shows how much cash is generated and used during a given period of time. It documents all the money flowing in and out of your business,” explains Yüzbaşıoğlu.
  • Break-Even Analysis: A break-even analysis is a projection of how long it will take you to recoup your investments, such as expenses from startup costs or ongoing projects. In order to perform this analysis, Yüzbaşıoğlu explains, “You need to know the difference between fixed costs and variable costs. Fixed costs are the expenses that stay the same, regardless of how much you sell or don't sell. For example, expenses such as rent, wages, and accounting fees are typically fixed. Variable costs are the expenses that change in accordance with production or sales volume. “In other words, [a break-even analysis] determines the units of products or services you need to sell at least to cover your production costs. Generally, to calculate the break-even point in business, divide fixed costs by the gross profit margin. This produces a dollar figure that a company needs to break even,” Yüzbaşıoğlu shares.
  • Personnel Plan: A personnel plan is an outline of various positions or departments that states what they do, why they are necessary, and how much they cost. This document is generally more useful for large businesses, or those that find themselves spending a large percentage of their budget on labor.
  • Sales Forecast: A sales forecast can help determine how many sales and how much money you expect to make in a given time period. To learn more about various methods of predicting these figures, check out our guide to sales forecasting .

How to Write a Small Business Financial Plan

Writing a financial plan begins with collecting financial information from your small business. Create income statements, balance sheets, and cash flow statements, and any other documents you need using that information. Then share those documents with relevant stakeholders.

“Creating a financial plan is key to any business and essential for success: It provides protection and an opportunity to grow,” says Yüzbaşıoğlu. “You can use [the financial plan] to make better-informed decisions about things like resource allocation on future projects and to help shape the success of your company.”

1. Create a Plan

Create a strategic business plan that includes your business strategy and goals, and define their financial impact. Your financial plan will inform decisions for every aspect of your business, so it is important to know what is important and what is at stake.

2. Gather Financial Information

Collect all of the available financial information about your business. Organize bank statements, loan information, sales numbers, inventory costs, payroll information, and any other income and expenses your business has incurred. If you have not already started to do so, regularly record all of this information and store it in an easily accessible place.

3. Create an Income Statement

Your income statement should display revenue, expenses, and profit for a given time period. Your revenue minus your expenses equals your profit or loss. Many businesses create a new statement yearly or quarterly, but small businesses with less cash flow may benefit from creating statements for shorter time frames.

Income Statement

4. Create a Balance Sheet

Your balance sheet is a snapshot of your business’s financial status at a particular moment in time. You should update it on the same schedule as your income statement. To determine your equity, calculate all of your assets minus your liabilities.

Balance Sheet

5. Create a Cash Flow Statement

As mentioned above, the cash flow statement shows all past and projected cash flow for your business. “Your cash flow statement needs to cover three sections: operating activities, investing activities, and financing activities,” suggests Hewitt. “Operating activities are the movement of cash from the sale or purchase of goods or services. Investing activities are the sale or purchase of long-term assets. Financing activities are transactions with creditors and investments.”

Cash Flow

6. Create Other Documents as Needed

Depending on the age, size, and industry of your business, you may find it useful to include these other documents in your financial plan as well.

Breakeven Point

  • Sales Forecast: Your sales forecast should reference sales numbers from your past to estimate sales numbers for your future. Sales forecasts may be more useful for established companies with historical numbers to compare to, but small businesses can use forecasts to set goals and break records month over month. “To make future financial projections, start with a sales forecast,” says Yüzbaşıoğlu. “Project your sales over the course of 12 months. After projecting sales, calculate your cost of sales (also called cost of goods or direct costs). This will let you calculate gross margin. Gross margin is sales less the cost of sales, and it's a useful number for comparing with different standard industry ratios.”

7. Save the Plan for Reference and Share as Needed

The most important part of a financial plan is sharing it with stakeholders. You can also use much of the same information in your financial plan to create a budget for your small business.

Janet Patterson

Additionally, be sure to conduct regular reviews, as things will inevitably change. “My best tip for small businesses when creating a financial plan is to schedule reviews. Once you have your plan in place, it is essential that you review it often and compare how well the strategy fits with the actual monthly expenses. This will help you adjust your plan accordingly and prepare for the year ahead,” suggests Janet Patterson, Loan and Finance Expert at  Highway Title Loans.

Small Business Financial Plan Example

Small Business Financial Plan Dashboard Template

Download Small Business Financial Plan Example Microsoft Excel | Google Sheets

Here is an example of what a completed small business financial plan dashboard might look like. Once you have completed your income statement, balance sheet, and cash flow statements, use a template to create visual graphs to display the information to make it easier to read and share. In this example, this small business plots its income and cash flow statements quarterly, but you may find it valuable to update yours more often.

Small Business Financial Plan Starter Kit

Download Small Business Financial Plan Starter Kit

We’ve created this small business financial plan starter kit to help you get organized and complete your financial plan. In this kit, you will find a fully customizable income statement template, a balance sheet template, a cash flow statement template, and a dashboard template to display results. We have also included templates for break-even analysis, a personnel plan, and sales forecasts to meet your ongoing financial planning needs.

Small Business Income Statement Template 

Small Business Income Statement Template

Download Small Business Income Statement Template Microsoft Excel | Google Sheets

Use this small business income statement template to input your income information and track your growth over time. This template is filled to track by the year, but you can also track by months or quarters. The template is fully customizable to suit your business needs.

Small Business Balance Sheet Template 

Small Business Balance Sheet Template

Download Small Business Balance Sheet Template Microsoft Excel | Google Sheets

This customizable balance sheet template was created with small businesses in mind. Use it to create a snapshot of your company’s assets, liabilities, and equity quarter over quarter. 

Small Business Cash Flow Statement Template 

Small Business Cash Flow Template

Download Small Business Cash Flow Template Microsoft Excel | Google Sheets

Use this customizable cash flow statement template to stay organized when documenting your cash flow. Note the time frame and input all of your financial data in the appropriate cell. With this information, the template will automatically generate your total cash payments, net cash change, and ending cash position.

Break-Even Analysis Template 

Break Even Analysis Template

Download Break-Even Analysis Template Microsoft Excel | Google Sheets

This powerful template can help you determine the point at which you will break even on product investment. Input the sale price of the product, as well as its various associated costs, and this template will display the number of units needed to break even on your initial costs.

Personnel Plan Template  

Personnel Plan Template

Download Personnel Plan Template Microsoft Excel | Google Sheets

Use this simple personnel plan template to help organize and define the monetary cost of the various roles or departments within your company. This template will generate a labor cost total that you can use to compare roles and determine whether you need to make cuts or identify areas for growth.

Sales Forecast Template

Sales Forecast Template

Download Sales Forecast Template Microsoft Excel | Google Sheets

Use this customizable template to forecast your sales month over month and determine the percentage changes. You can use this template to set goals and track sales history as well.

Small Business Financial Plan Dashboard Template

Small Business Financial Plan Dashboard Template

Download Small Business Financial Plan Dashboard Template Microsoft Excel | Google Sheets

This dashboard template provides a visual example of a small business financial plan. It presents the information from your income statement, balance sheet, and cash flow statement in a graphical form that is easy to read and share.

Tips for Completing a Financial Plan for a Small Business

You can simplify the development of your small business financial plan in many ways, from outlining your goals to considering where you may need help. We’ve outlined a few tips from our experts below:

Jesse Thé

  • Outline Your Business Goals: Before you create a financial plan, outline your business goals. This will help you determine where money is being well spent to achieve those goals and where it may not be. “Before applying for financing or investment, list the expected business goals for the next three to five years. You can ask a certified public accountant for help in this regard,” says Thé. The U.S. Small Business Administration or a local small business development center can also help you to understand the local market and important factors for business success. For more help, check out our quick how-to guide on writing a business plan .
  • Make Sure You Have the Right Permits and Insurance: One of the best ways to keep your financial plan on track is to anticipate large expenditures. Double- and triple-check that you have the permits and insurances you need so that you do not incur any fines or surprise expenses down the line. “If you own your own business, you're no longer able to count on your employer for your insurance needs. It's important to have a plan for how you're going to pay for this additional expense and make sure that you know what specific insurance you need to cover your business,” suggests Daost.
  • Separate Personal Goals from Business Goals: Be as unbiased as possible when creating and laying out your business’s financial goals. Your financial and prestige goals as a business owner may be loftier than what your business can currently achieve in the present. Inflating sales forecasts or income numbers will only come back to bite you in the end.
  • Consider Hiring Help: You don’t know what you don’t know, but fortunately, many financial experts are ready to help you. “Hiring financial advisors can help you make sound financial decisions for your business and create a financial roadmap to follow. Many businesses fail in the first few years due to poor planning, which leads to costly mistakes. Having a financial advisor can help keep your business alive, make a profit, and thrive,” says Hewitt.
  • Include Less Obvious Expenses: No income or expense is too small to consider — it all matters when you are creating your financial plan. “I wish I had known that you’re supposed to incorporate anticipated internal hidden expenses in the plan as well,” Patterson shares. “I formulated my first financial plan myself and didn’t have enough knowledge back then. Hence, I missed out on essential expenses, like office maintenance, that are less common.”

Do Small Business Owners Need a Financial Planner?

Not all small business owners need a designated financial planner, but you should understand the documents and information that make up a financial plan. If you do not hire an advisor, you must be informed about your own finances.

Small business owners tend to wear many hats, but Powell says, “it depends on the organization of the owner and their experience with the financial side of operating businesses.” Hiring a financial advisor can take some tasks off your plate and save you time to focus on the many other details that need your attention. Financial planners are experts in their field and may have more intimate knowledge of market trends and changing tax information that can end up saving you money in the long run. 

Yüzbaşıoğlu adds, “Small business owners can greatly benefit from working with a financial advisor. A successful small business often requires more than just the skills of an entrepreneur; a financial advisor can help the company effectively manage risks and maximize opportunities.”

For more examples of the tasks a financial planner might be able to help with, check through our list of free financial planning templates .

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6 Elements of a Successful Financial Plan for a Small Business

Table of contents.

how to make a financial plan in business plan

Many small businesses lack a full financial plan, even though evidence shows that it is essential to the long-term success and growth of any business. 

For example, a study in the New England Journal of Entrepreneurship found that entrepreneurs with a business plan are more successful than those without one. If you’re not sure how to get started, read on to learn the six key elements of a successful small business financial plan.

What is a business financial plan, and why is it important? 

A business financial plan is an overview of a business’s financial situation and a forward-looking projection for growth. A business financial plan typically has six parts: sales forecasting, expense outlay, a statement of financial position, a cash flow projection, a break-even analysis and an operations plan.

A good financial plan helps you manage cash flow and accounts for months when revenue might be lower than expected. It also helps you budget for daily and monthly expenses and plan for taxes each year.

Importantly, a financial plan helps you focus on the long-term growth of your business. That way, you don’t get so caught up in the day-to-day activities that you lose sight of your goals. Focusing on the long-term vision helps you prioritize your financial resources. 

Financial plans should be created annually at the beginning of the fiscal year as a collaboration of finance, HR, sales and operations leaders.

The 6 components of a successful financial plan for business

1. sales forecasting.

You should have an estimate of your sales revenue for every month, quarter and year. Identifying any patterns in your sales cycles helps you better understand your business, and this knowledge is invaluable as you plan marketing initiatives and growth strategies . 

For instance, a seasonal business can aim to improve sales in the off-season to eventually become a year-round venture. Another business might become better prepared by understanding how upticks and downturns in business relate to factors such as the weather or the economy.

Sales forecasting is also the foundation for setting company growth goals. For instance, you could aim to improve your sales by 10 percent over each previous period.

2. Expense outlay

A full expense plan includes regular expenses, expected future expenses and associated expenses. Regular expenses are the current ongoing costs of your business, including operational costs such as rent, utilities and payroll. 

Regular expenses relate to standard business activities that occur each year, such as conference attendance, advertising and marketing, and the office holiday party. It’s a good idea to distinguish essential expenses from expenses that can be reduced or eliminated if needed.

Expected future expenses are known future costs, such as tax rate increases, minimum wage increases or maintenance needs. Generally, a part of the budget should also be allocated to unexpected future expenses, such as damage to your business caused by fire, flood or other unexpected disasters. Planning for future expenses ensures your business is financially prepared via budget reduction, increases in sales or financial assistance.

Associated expenses are the estimated costs of various initiatives, such as acquiring and training new hires, opening a new store or expanding delivery to a new territory. An accurate estimate of associated expenses helps you properly manage growth and prevents your business from exceeding your cost capabilities. 

As with expected future expenses, understanding how much capital is required to accomplish various growth goals helps you make the right decision about financing options.

3. Statement of financial position (assets and liabilities)

Assets and liabilities are the foundation of your business’s balance sheet and the primary determinants of your business’s net worth. Tracking both allows you to maximize your business’s potential value. 

Small businesses frequently undervalue their assets (such as machinery, property or inventory) and fail to properly account for outstanding bills. Your balance sheet offers a more complete view of your business’s health than a profit-and-loss statement or a cash flow report. 

A profit-and-loss statement shows how the business performed over a specific time period, while a balance sheet shows the financial position of the business on any given day.

4. Cash flow projection

You should be able to predict your cash flow on a monthly, quarterly and annual basis. Projecting cash flow for the full year allows you to get ahead of any financial struggles or challenges. 

It can also help you identify a cash flow problem before it hurts your business. You can set the most appropriate payment terms, such as how much you charge upfront or how many days after invoicing you expect payment .

A cash flow projection gives you a clear look at how much money is expected to be left at the end of each month so you can plan a possible expansion or other investments. It also helps you budget, such as by spending less one month for the anticipated cash needs of another month.

5. Break-even analysis

A break-even analysis evaluates fixed costs relative to the profit earned by each additional unit you produce and sell. This analysis is essential to understanding your business’s revenue and potential costs versus profits of expansion or growth of your output. 

Having your expenses fully fleshed out, as described above, makes your break-even analysis more accurate and useful. A break-even analysis is also the best way to determine your pricing.

In addition, a break-even analysis can tell you how many units you need to sell at various prices to cover your costs. You should aim to set a price that gives you a comfortable margin over your expenses while allowing your business to remain competitive.

6. Operations plan

To run your business as efficiently as possible, craft a detailed overview of your operational needs. Understanding what roles are required for you to operate your business at various volumes of output, how much output or work each employee can handle, and the costs of each stage of your supply chain will aid you in making informed decisions for your business’s growth and efficiency.

It’s important to tightly control expenses, such as payroll or supply chain costs, relative to growth. An operations plan can also make it easier to determine if there is room to optimize your operations or supply chain via automation, new technology or superior supply chain vendors.

For this reason, it is imperative for a business owner to conduct due diligence and become knowledgeable about merchant services before acquiring an account. Once the owner signs a contract, it cannot be changed, unless the business owner breaks the contract and acquires a new account with a new merchant services provider. 

Tips on writing a business financial plan

Business owners should create a financial plan annually to ensure they have a clear and accurate picture of their business’s finances and a realistic view for future growth or expansion. A financial plan helps the business’s leaders make informed decisions about purchases, debt, hiring, expense control and overall operations for the year ahead. 

A business financial plan is essential if a business owner is looking to sell their business, attract investors or enter a partnership with another business. Here are some tips for writing a business financial plan.

Review the previous year’s plan.

It’s a good idea to compare the previous year’s plan against actual performance and finances to see how accurate the previous plan and forecast were. That way, you can address any discrepancies or overlooked elements in next year’s plan.

Collaborate with other departments.

A business owner or other individual charged with creating the business financial plan should collaborate with the finance department, human resources department, sales team , operations leader, and those in charge of machinery, vehicles or other significant business tools. 

Each division should provide the necessary data about projections, value and expenses. All of these elements come together to create a comprehensive financial picture of the business.

Use available resources.

The Small Business Administration (SBA) and SCORE, the SBA’s nonprofit partner, are two excellent resources for learning about financial plans. Both can teach you the elements of a comprehensive plan and how best to work with the different departments in your business to collect the necessary information. Many websites, including business.com , and service providers, such as Intuit, offer advice on this matter. 

If you have questions or encounter challenges while creating your business financial plan, seek advice from your accountant or other small business owners in your network. Your city or state has a small business office that you can contact for help.

Several small business organizations offer free financial plan templates for small business owners. You can find templates for the financial plan components listed here via SCORE .

Business financial plan templates

Many business organizations offer free information that small business owners can use to create their financial plan. For example, the SBA’s Learning Platform offers a course on how to create a business plan. It also offers worksheets and templates to help you get started. You can seek additional help and more personalized service from your local office.

SCORE is the largest volunteer network of business mentors. It began as a group of retired executives (SCORE stands for “Service Corps of Retired Executives”) but has expanded to include business owners and executives from many industries. Advice is free and available online, and there are SBA district offices in every U.S. state. In addition to participating in group or at-home learning, you can be paired with a mentor for individualized help. 

SCORE offers templates and tips for creating a small business financial plan. SCORE is an excellent resource because it addresses different levels of experience and offers individualized help.

Other templates can be found in Microsoft Office’s template library, QuickBooks’ online resources, Shopify’s blog and other places. You can also ask your accountant for guidance, since many accountants provide financial planning services in addition to their usual tax services.

Diana Wertz contributed to the writing and research in this article.

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  • Creating a Small Business Financial Plan

how to make a financial plan in business plan

Written by True Tamplin, BSc, CEPF®

Reviewed by subject matter experts.

Updated on September 02, 2023

Are You Retirement Ready?

Table of contents, financial plan overview.

A financial plan is a comprehensive document that charts a business's monetary objectives and the strategies to achieve them. It encapsulates everything from budgeting and forecasting to investments and resource allocation.

For small businesses, a solid financial plan provides direction, helping them navigate economic challenges, capitalize on opportunities, and ensure sustainable growth.

The strength of a financial plan lies in its ability to offer a clear roadmap for businesses.

Especially for small businesses that may not have a vast reserve of resources, prioritizing financial goals and understanding where every dollar goes can be the difference between growth and stagnation.

It lends clarity, ensures informed decision-making, and sets the stage for profitability and success.

Understanding the Basics of Financial Planning for Small Businesses

Role of financial planning in business success.

Financial planning is the backbone of any successful business endeavor. It serves as a compass, guiding businesses toward profitability, stability, and growth.

With proper financial planning, businesses can anticipate potential cash shortfalls, make informed investment decisions, and ensure they have the capital needed to seize new opportunities.

For small businesses, in particular, tight financial planning can mean the difference between thriving and shuttering. Given the limited resources, it's vital to maximize every dollar and anticipate financial challenges.

Through diligent planning, small businesses can position themselves competitively, adapt to market changes, and drive consistent growth.

Core Components of a Financial Plan for Small Businesses

Every financial plan comprises several core components that, together, provide a holistic view of a business's financial health and direction. These include setting clear objectives, estimating costs , preparing financial statements , and considering sources of financing.

Each component plays a pivotal role in ensuring a thorough and actionable financial strategy .

For small businesses, these components often need a more granular approach. Given the scale of operations, even minor financial missteps can have significant repercussions.

As such, it's essential to tailor each component, ensuring they address specific challenges and opportunities that small businesses face, from initial startup costs to revenue forecasting and budgetary constraints.

Setting Clear Small Business Financial Objectives

Identifying business's short-term and long-term financial goals.

Every business venture starts with a vision. Translating this vision into actionable financial goals is the essence of effective planning.

Short-term goals could range from securing initial funding and achieving a set monthly revenue to covering startup costs. These targets, usually spanning a year or less, set the immediate direction for the business.

On the other hand, long-term financial goals delve into the broader horizon. They might encompass aspirations like expanding to new locations, diversifying product lines, or achieving a specific market share within a decade.

By segmenting goals into short-term and long-term, businesses can craft a step-by-step strategy, making the larger vision more attainable and manageable.

Understanding the Difference Between Profitability and Cash Flow

Profitability and cash flow, while closely linked, are distinct concepts in the financial realm. Profitability pertains to the ability of a business to generate a surplus after deducting all expenses.

It's a metric of success and indicates the viability of a business model . Simply put, it answers whether a business is making more than it spends.

In contrast, cash flow represents the inflow and outflow of cash within a business. A company might be profitable on paper yet struggle with cash flow if, for instance, clients delay payments or unexpected expenses arise.

For small businesses, maintaining positive cash flow is paramount. It ensures that they can cover operational costs, pay employees, and reinvest in growth, even if they're awaiting payments or navigating financial hiccups.

Estimating Small Business Startup Costs (for New Businesses)

Fixed vs variable costs.

When embarking on a new business venture, understanding costs is paramount. Fixed costs remain consistent regardless of production levels. They include expenses like rent, salaries, and insurance . These are predictable outlays that don't fluctuate with business performance.

Variable costs , conversely, change in direct proportion to production or business activity. Think of costs associated with materials for manufacturing or commission for sales .

For a startup, delineating between fixed and variable costs aids in crafting a more dynamic budget, allowing for adaptability as the business scales and evolves.

One-Time Expenditures vs Ongoing Expenses

Startups often grapple with numerous upfront costs. From purchasing equipment and setting up a workspace to initial marketing campaigns, these one-time expenditures lay the foundation for business operations.

They differ from ongoing expenses like utility bills, raw materials, or employee wages that recur monthly or annually.

For a small business owner, distinguishing between these costs is critical. One-time expenditures often demand a larger chunk of initial capital, while ongoing expenses shape the monthly and annual budget.

By categorizing them separately, businesses can strategize funding needs more effectively, ensuring they're equipped to meet both immediate and recurrent financial obligations.

Funding Sources for Small Businesses

Personal savings.

This is often the most straightforward way to fund a startup. Entrepreneurs tap into their personal savings accounts to jumpstart their business.

While this method has the benefit of not incurring debt or diluting company ownership, it intertwines the individual's personal financial security with the business's fate.

The entrepreneur must be prepared for potential losses, and there's the evident psychological strain of putting one's hard-earned money on the line.

Loans can be sourced from various institutions, from traditional banks to credit unions . They offer a substantial sum of money that can be paid back over time, usually with interest .

The main advantage of taking a loan is that the entrepreneur retains full ownership and control of the business.

However, there's the obligation of monthly repayments, which can strain a business's cash flow, especially in its early days. Additionally, securing a loan often requires collateral and a sound credit history.

Investors, including angel investors and venture capitalists , offer capital in exchange for equity or a stake in the company.

Angel investors are typically high-net-worth individuals who provide funding in the initial stages, while venture capitalists come in when there's proven business potential, often injecting larger sums. The advantage is substantial funding without the immediate pressure of repayments.

However, in exchange for their investment, they often seek a say in business decisions, which might mean compromising on some aspects of the original business vision.

Grants are essentially 'free money' often provided by government programs, non-profit organizations, or corporations to promote innovation and support businesses in specific sectors.

The primary advantage of grants is that they don't need to be repaid, nor do they dilute company ownership. However, they can be highly competitive and might come with stipulations on how the funds should be used.

Moreover, the application process can be lengthy and requires showcasing the business's potential or alignment with the specific goals or missions of the granting institution.

Funding Sources for Small Businesses

Preparing Key Financial Statements for Small Businesses

Income statement (profit & loss).

An Income Statement , often termed as the Profit & Loss statement , showcases a business's financial performance over a specific time frame. It details revenues , expenses, and ultimately, profits or losses.

By analyzing this statement, business owners can pinpoint revenue drivers, identify exorbitant costs, and understand the net result of their operations.

For small businesses, this document is instrumental in making informed decisions. For instance, if a certain product line is consistently unprofitable, it might be prudent to discontinue it. Conversely, if another segment is thriving, it might warrant further investment.

The Income Statement, thus, serves as a financial mirror, reflecting the outcomes of business strategies and decisions.

Balance Sheet

The Balance Sheet offers a snapshot of a company's assets , liabilities , and equity at a specific point in time.

Assets include everything the business owns, from physical items like equipment to intangible assets like patents .

Liabilities, on the other hand, encompass what the company owes, be it bank loans or unpaid bills.

Equity represents the owner's stake in the business, calculated as assets minus liabilities.

This statement is crucial for small businesses as it offers insights into their financial health. A robust asset base, minimal liabilities, and growing equity signify a thriving enterprise.

In contrast, mounting liabilities or dwindling assets could be red flags, signaling the need for intervention and strategy recalibration.

Cash Flow Statement

While the Income Statement reveals profitability, the Cash Flow Statement tracks the actual movement of money.

It categorizes cash flows into operating (day-to-day business), investing (buying/selling assets), and financing (loans or equity transactions) activities. This statement unveils the liquidity of a business, indicating whether it has sufficient cash to meet immediate obligations.

For small businesses, maintaining positive cash flow is often more vital than showcasing profitability.

After all, a business might be profitable on paper yet struggle if clients delay payments or unforeseen expenses emerge.

By regularly reviewing the Cash Flow Statement, small business owners can anticipate cash crunches and strategize accordingly, ensuring seamless operations irrespective of revenue cycles.

Preparing Key Financial Statements for Small Businesses

Small Business Budgeting and Expense Management

Importance of budgeting for a small business.

Budgeting is the financial blueprint for any business, detailing anticipated revenues and expenses for a forthcoming period. It's a proactive approach, enabling businesses to allocate resources efficiently, plan for investments, and prepare for potential financial challenges.

For small businesses, a meticulous budget is often the linchpin of stability, ensuring they operate within their means and avoid financial pitfalls.

Having a well-defined budget also fosters discipline. It curtails frivolous spending, emphasizes cost-efficiency, and sets clear financial boundaries.

For small businesses, where every dollar counts, a stringent budget is the gateway to financial prudence, ensuring that funds are utilized judiciously, fostering growth, and minimizing wastage.

Strategies for Reducing Costs and Optimizing Expenses

Bulk purchasing.

When businesses buy supplies in large quantities, they often benefit from discounts due to economies of scale . This can significantly reduce per-unit costs.

However, while bulk purchasing leads to immediate savings, businesses must ensure they have adequate storage and that the products won't expire or become obsolete before they're used.

Renegotiating Vendor Contracts

Regularly reviewing and renegotiating contracts with suppliers or service providers can lead to better terms and lower costs. This might involve exploring volume discounts, longer payment terms, or even bartering services.

Building strong relationships with vendors often paves the way for such negotiations.

Adopting Energy-Saving Measures

Simple changes, like switching to LED lighting or investing in energy-efficient appliances, can lead to long-term savings in utility bills. Moreover, energy conservation not only reduces costs but also minimizes the environmental footprint, which can enhance the business's reputation.

Embracing Technology

Modern software and technology can streamline business processes. Automation tools can handle repetitive tasks, reducing labor costs.

Meanwhile, data analytics tools can provide insights into customer preferences and behavior, ensuring that marketing budgets are used effectively and target the right audience.

Streamlining Operations

Regularly reviewing and refining business processes can eliminate redundancies and improve efficiency. This might mean merging roles, cutting down on unnecessary meetings, or simplifying supply chains. A leaner operation often translates to reduced expenses.

Outsourcing Non-core Tasks

Instead of maintaining an in-house team for every function, businesses can outsource tasks that aren't central to their operations.

For instance, functions like accounting , IT support, or digital marketing can be outsourced to specialized agencies, often leading to cost savings and access to expert skills.

Cultivating a Culture of Frugality

Encouraging employees to adopt a cost-conscious mindset can lead to collective savings. This can be fostered through incentives, regular training, or even simple practices like recycling and reusing office supplies.

When everyone in the organization is attuned to the importance of cost savings, the cumulative effect can be substantial.

Strategies for Reducing Costs and Optimizing Expenses in a Small Business

Forecasting Small Business Revenue and Cash Flow

Techniques for predicting future sales in a small business, past sales data analysis.

Historical sales data is a foundational element in any forecasting effort. By reviewing previous sales figures, businesses can identify patterns, understand seasonal fluctuations, and recognize the effects of past initiatives.

This information offers a baseline upon which to build future projections, accounting for known recurring variables in the business cycle .

Market Research

Understanding the larger market dynamics is crucial for accurate forecasting. This involves tracking industry trends, monitoring shifts in consumer behavior, and being aware of potential market disruptions.

For instance, a sudden technological advancement can change consumer preferences or regulatory changes might impact an industry.

Local Trend Analysis

For small businesses, localized insights can be especially impactful. Observing local competitors, understanding regional consumer preferences, or noting shifts in the local economy can offer precise data points.

These granular details, when integrated into a larger forecasting model, can enhance prediction accuracy.

Customer Feedback

Direct feedback from customers is an invaluable source of insights. Surveys, focus groups, or even informal chats can reveal customer sentiments, preferences, and potential future purchasing behavior.

For instance, if a majority of loyal customers express interest in a new product or service, it can be indicative of future sales potential.

Moving Averages

This technique involves analyzing a series of data points (like monthly sales) by creating averages from different subsets of the full data set.

For yearly forecasting, a 12-month moving average can be used to smooth out short-term fluctuations and highlight longer-term trends or cycles.

Regression Analysis

Regression analysis is a statistical tool used to identify relationships between variables. In sales forecasting, it can help understand how different factors (like marketing spend, seasonal variations, or competitor actions) relate to sales figures.

Once these relationships are understood, businesses can predict future sales based on planned actions or expected external events.

Techniques for Predicting Future Sales in a Small Business

Understanding the Cash Cycle of Business

The cash cycle encompasses the time it takes for a business to convert resource investments, often in the form of inventory, back into cash.

This involves the processes of purchasing inventory, selling it, and subsequently collecting payment. A shorter cycle implies quicker cash turnarounds, which are vital for liquidity.

For small businesses, a firm grasp of the cash cycle can aid in managing cash flow more effectively.

By identifying bottlenecks or delays, businesses can strategize to expedite processes. This might involve renegotiating payment terms with suppliers, offering discounts for prompt customer payments, or optimizing inventory levels to prevent overstocking.

Ultimately, understanding and optimizing the cash cycle ensures that a business remains liquid and agile.

Preparing for Seasonality and Unexpected Changes

Seasonality affects many businesses, from the ice cream vendor witnessing summer surges to the retailer bracing for holiday shopping frenzies.

By analyzing historical data and market trends, businesses can prepare for these cyclical shifts, ensuring they stock up, staff appropriately, and market effectively.

Small businesses, often operating on tighter margins , need to be especially vigilant. Beyond seasonality, they must also brace for unexpected changes – a local construction project obstructing store access, a sudden competitor emergence, or unforeseen regulatory changes.

Building a financial buffer, diversifying product or service lines, and maintaining flexible operational strategies can equip small businesses to weather these unforeseen challenges with resilience.

Securing Small Business Financing and Capital

Role of debt and equity financing.

When businesses seek external funding, they often grapple with the debt vs. equity conundrum. Debt financing involves borrowing money, typically via loans. While it doesn't dilute ownership, it necessitates regular interest payments, potentially impacting cash flow.

Equity financing, on the other hand, entails selling a stake in the business to investors. It might not demand regular repayments, but it dilutes ownership and might influence business decisions.

Small businesses must weigh these options carefully. While loans offer a structured repayment plan and retained control, they might strain finances if the business hits a rough patch.

Equity financing, although relinquishing some control, might bring aboard strategic partners, offering expertise and networks in addition to funds.

The optimal choice hinges on the business's financial health, growth aspirations, and the founder's comfort with sharing control.

Choosing Between Different Types of Loans

A staple in the lending arena, term loans offer businesses a fixed amount of capital that is paid back over a specified period with interest. They're often used for significant one-time expenses, such as purchasing machinery, real estate , or even business expansion.

With predictable monthly payments, businesses can plan their budgets accordingly. However, they might require collateral and a robust credit history for approval.

Lines of Credit

Unlike term loans that provide funds in a lump sum, a line of credit grants businesses access to a pool of funds up to a certain limit.

Businesses can draw from this line as needed, only paying interest on the amount they use. This makes it a versatile tool, especially for managing cash flow fluctuations or unexpected expenses. It serves as a financial safety net, ready for use whenever required.

As the name suggests, microloans are smaller loans designed to cater to businesses that might not need substantial amounts of capital. They're particularly beneficial for startups, businesses with limited credit histories, or those in need of a quick, small financial boost.

Since they are of a smaller denomination, the approval process might be more lenient than traditional loans.

Peer-To-Peer Lending

A contemporary twist to the traditional lending model, peer-to-peer (P2P) platforms connect borrowers directly with individual lenders or investor groups.

This direct model often translates to quicker approvals and competitive interest rates as the overheads of traditional banking structures are removed. With technology at its core, P2P lending can offer a more user-friendly, streamlined process.

However, creditworthiness still plays a pivotal role in determining interest rates and loan amounts.

Crowdfunding and Alternative Financing Options

In an increasingly digital age, crowdfunding platforms like Kickstarter or Indiegogo have emerged as viable financing avenues.

These platforms enable businesses to raise small amounts from a large number of people, often in exchange for product discounts, early access, or other perks. This not only secures funds but also validates the business idea and fosters a community of supporters.

Other alternatives include invoice financing, where businesses get an advance on pending invoices, or merchant cash advances tailored for businesses with significant credit card sales.

Each financing mode offers unique advantages and constraints. Small businesses must meticulously evaluate their financial landscape, growth trajectories, and risk appetite to harness the most suitable option.

Small Business Tax Planning and Management

Basic tax obligations for small businesses.

Navigating the maze of taxation can be daunting, especially for small businesses. Yet, understanding and fulfilling tax obligations is crucial.

Depending on the business structure—whether sole proprietorship , partnership , LLC , or corporation—different tax rules apply. For instance, while corporations are taxed on their earnings, sole proprietors report business income and expenses on their personal tax returns.

In addition to income taxes, small businesses may also be responsible for employment taxes if they have employees. This covers Social Security , Medicare , federal unemployment, and sometimes state-specific taxes.

There might also be sales taxes, property taxes, or special state-specific levies to consider.

Consistently maintaining accurate financial records, being aware of filing deadlines, and setting aside funds for tax obligations are essential practices to avoid penalties and ensure compliance.

Advantages of Tax Planning and Potential Deductions

Tax planning is the strategic approach to minimizing tax liability through the best use of available allowances, deductions, exclusions, and breaks.

For small businesses, effective tax planning can lead to significant savings.

This might involve strategies like deferring income to a later tax year, choosing the optimal time to purchase equipment, or taking advantage of specific credits available to businesses in certain sectors or regions.

Several potential deductions can reduce taxable income for small businesses. These include expenses like rent, utilities, business travel, employee wages, and even certain meals.

By keeping abreast of tax law changes and actively seeking out eligible deductions, small businesses can optimize their financial landscape, ensuring they're not paying more in taxes than necessary.

Importance of Hiring a Tax Professional or Accountant

While it's feasible for small business owners to manage their taxes, the intricate nuances of tax laws make it beneficial to consult professionals.

An experienced accountant or tax consultant can not only ensure compliance but can proactively recommend strategies to reduce tax liability.

They can guide businesses on issues like whether to classify someone as an employee or a contractor, how to structure the business for optimal taxation, or when to make certain capital investments.

Beyond just annual tax filing, these professionals offer year-round counsel, helping businesses maintain clean financial records, stay updated on tax law changes, and plan for future financial moves.

The investment in professional advice often pays dividends , saving businesses from costly mistakes, penalties, or missed financial opportunities.

Regularly Reviewing and Adjusting the Small Business Financial Plan

Setting checkpoints and milestones.

Like any strategic blueprint, a financial plan isn't static. It serves as a guiding framework but should be flexible enough to adapt to evolving business realities.

Setting regular checkpoints— quarterly , half-yearly, or annually—can help businesses assess whether they're on track to meet their financial objectives.

Milestones, such as reaching a specific sales target, launching a new product, or expanding into a new market, offer tangible markers of progress. Celebrating these victories can bolster morale, while any shortfalls can serve as lessons, prompting strategy tweaks. F

or small businesses, where agility is an asset, regularly revisiting the financial plan ensures that the business remains aligned with its overarching financial goals while being responsive to the dynamic marketplace.

Using Financial Ratios to Monitor Business Health

Financial ratios offer a distilled snapshot of a business's health. Ratios like the current ratio ( current assets divided by current liabilities ) can shed light on liquidity, indicating whether a business can meet short-term obligations.

The debt-to-equity ratio , contrasting borrowed funds with owner's equity, offers insights into the business's leverage and potential financial risk.

Profit margin , depicting profitability relative to sales, can highlight operational efficiency. By consistently monitoring these and other pertinent ratios, small businesses can glean actionable insights, understanding their financial strengths and areas needing attention.

In a realm where early intervention can stave off major financial setbacks, these ratios serve as vital diagnostic tools, guiding informed decision-making.

Pivoting Strategies Based on Financial Performance

In the ever-evolving world of business, flexibility is paramount. If financial reviews indicate that certain strategies aren't yielding anticipated results, it might be time to pivot.

This could involve tweaking product offerings, revising pricing strategies, targeting a different customer segment, or even overhauling the business model.

For small businesses, the ability to pivot can be a lifeline. It allows them to respond swiftly to market changes, customer feedback, or internal challenges.

A robust financial plan, while offering direction, should also be pliable, accommodating shifts in strategy based on real-world performance. After all, in the business arena, adaptability often spells the difference between stagnation and growth.

Creating a Small Business Financial Plan

Bottom Line

Financial foresight is integral for the stability and growth of small businesses. Effective revenue and cash flow forecasting, anchored by historical sales data and enhanced by market research, local trends, and customer feedback, ensures businesses are prepared for future demands.

With the unpredictability of the business environment, understanding the cash cycle and preparing for unforeseen challenges is essential.

As businesses contemplate external financing, the decision between debt and equity and the myriad of loan types, should be made judiciously, keeping in mind the business's health, growth aspirations, and risk appetite.

Furthermore, diligent tax planning, with professional guidance, can lead to significant financial benefits. Regular reviews using financial ratios allow businesses to gauge their performance, adapt strategies, and pivot when necessary.

Ultimately, the agility to adapt, guided by a well-structured financial plan, is pivotal for businesses to thrive in a dynamic marketplace.

Creating a Small Business Financial Plan FAQs

What is the importance of a financial plan for small businesses.

A financial plan offers a structured roadmap, guiding businesses in making informed decisions, ensuring growth, and navigating financial challenges.

How do forecasting revenue and understanding cash cycles aid in financial planning?

Forecasting provides insights into expected income, aiding in budget allocation, while understanding cash cycles ensures effective liquidity management.

What are the core components of a financial plan for small businesses?

Core components include setting objectives, estimating startup costs, preparing financial statements, budgeting, forecasting, securing financing, and tax management.

Why is tax planning vital for small businesses?

Tax planning ensures compliance, optimizes tax liabilities through available deductions, and helps businesses save money and avoid penalties.

How often should a small business review its financial plan?

Regular reviews, ideally quarterly or half-yearly, ensure alignment with business goals and allow for strategy adjustments based on real-world performance.

About the Author

True Tamplin, BSc, CEPF®

True Tamplin is a published author, public speaker, CEO of UpDigital, and founder of Finance Strategists.

True is a Certified Educator in Personal Finance (CEPF®), author of The Handy Financial Ratios Guide , a member of the Society for Advancing Business Editing and Writing, contributes to his financial education site, Finance Strategists, and has spoken to various financial communities such as the CFA Institute, as well as university students like his Alma mater, Biola University , where he received a bachelor of science in business and data analytics.

To learn more about True, visit his personal website or view his author profiles on Amazon , Nasdaq and Forbes .

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How to create a financial plan for a new business

Table of Contents

Creating a financial plan for a new business: the essential steps

Form a strategy, financial objectives, pricing and sales strategy, starting budget, create realistic projections, income projections, cash flow projections, sales forecast, outline your funding needs , plan for the unexpected, check in with your plan, financial planning for new business success , track your financial plan with a clever app.

When you start a new business, your success depends on how you handle your money. With a clear and realistic financial plan, you can prepare for the long run with strong spending decisions and earning predictions.

Your financial plan helps you develop your business’s money goals and expectations . It’s crucial in making your money work for you. 

But if you’ve never written a financial plan before, you might wonder where to start. We can help with that.   

This guide covers how to create a financial plan for a new business, including:

  • Forming a strategy 
  • Creating projections 
  • Outlining funding needs
  • Planning for the unexpected 
  • Checking in with your plan

See also : Why you need financial planning in business .

With a well-developed financial plan, you can approach your business with intention. Let’s go over what you should include and how to do so. 

Your financial strategy is the overarching force that drives your plan. It answers key questions about the why and how of your business.

Start your financial strategy by listing the main objectives for your new business finances . You might come up with short, medium, and long term objectives to guide you in the right direction. 

First, ask yourself which general goals you want to focus on, such as becoming profitable. Then, turn this goal into a specific and achievable objective. For example, you might plan to earn X sales in X months to reach profitability . 

As you write the strategy, try coming up with five to ten main objectives that are realistic for your new business. 

Your pricing strategy can impact how many sales you earn for your business. So, how might you price your products to achieve your financial objectives?

For example, you could use a:

  • Penetration pricing strategy – offering lower prices than average at the start to draw in customers 
  • Competitive pricing strategy – listing your products above, below, or level to average pricing to give them a competitive edge
  • Premium pricing strategy – setting your prices higher than normal to suggest value or exclusivity 

On top of this, consider your sales strategy or what methods you’ll use to draw in customers and earn revenue. For example, you might use a reward system to encourage return customers . 

Your starting budget is another essential part of your financial strategy. 

It outlines how much you hope to spend and earn from your business initially . To form a realistic budget, consider your business expenses and how you’ll cover them to remain operational.  

To learn more, check out our article on budgeting for starting a business . 

Projecting the outcomes of your business efforts help you plan more realistically . Plus, they can convince potential investors your business is viable, and you’re worth giving money to. 

As you start your business, you’ll want to know how much you might earn in the first month, quarter, and year . This knowledge lets you predict how much money you could take home at the end of the day. 

To learn more about this, check out our article on how to create a financial forecast for a new business . 

Your cash flow forecast can help you predict the cash entering and exiting your business over a given time . This estimate is essential to determining how you’ll cover regular expenses. 

You might also strategise how to bring in the necessary cash regularly, such as following up on late invoices or promoting cash revenue. 

A sales forecast uses market size and demand to estimate how many customers you could draw in at the start . 

Creating one for your business helps predict profitability, sales trends, and create realistic expectations.  

To learn more, read our article on how to write a sales forecast .

You’ll likely need cash to get your business going. In this section, cover how much you’ll need to start, including startup costs, operational expenses, and a cushion before profit . 

You may try self-funding your business to avoid debts or liabilities . If so, outline a savings or funding plan. For example, you might crowdfund your startup idea. 

If you need external funding, there’s a few routes you can take. You might choose to seek: 

  • A business loan – The UK government offers startup loans for businesses. You could also seek a small business loan from a bank like Barclays .
  • An investor – If you create a convincing proposal, people may invest in your company in exchange for a piece of the business. 
  • Grants – Some government grants are available for startups , which could help you avoid taking on debt.
  • Family and friends – You might want to approach people you know well with your business idea as they could invest or offer you a personal loan.

A financial plan for a new business helps you prepare for the future. Still, there are bound to be unpredictable situations. So, in this section, consider potential risks to your finances. 

Preparing for the unexpected will help you avoid irreversible consequences that can harm your business . 

For example, you might want to develop an emergency fund and business continuity plan , so you’re ready to react to potential disruptions.  

Once you complete your financial plan, be sure to monitor its success. This way, you’ll catch yourself if you start to veer off the path. Then, it’ll be easier to correct yourself or create more realistic expectations before it’s too late . 

The plan acts as a guide to your finances, so regularly referring to it and updating it will help you keep your finances in order . 

Writing a financial plan for your new business lets you get on top of your finances early on. As a result, it’ll be far easier to build a profitable business that’s prepared to grow . 

In fact, planning is essential for every part of your operations. So, next, you might want to check out our article on how to write a business plan . 

As you put your financial plan together, you’ll need tools that help you track your progress, like Countingup.

Countingup is the business account and accounting software in one app . It automates time-consuming bookkeeping admin for thousands of self-employed people across the UK. 

Save yourself hours of accounting admin so you can focus on growing your business. 

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6 Steps to Develop a Financial Plan for Your Small Business

Create a financial plan in 6 steps, 1. open a business bank account and get a tax id.

It’s difficult enough to keep track of your personal expenses, and when you mix your business income with the money in your checking account, things can quickly get out of hand.

For this reason, we recommend you open a business account before opening your business to start with a clean slate. Then, apply for your Employee Identification Number (EIN), a.k.a., your business tax ID or ITIN. If you forget while operating as a corporation or partnership, you can get into a lot of trouble with the government.

2. Identify your funding sources

The second steps of your financial plan is identifying your funding sources. You’re going to need money to finance your startup, but what’s the best way to find it? There are actually multiple ways to finance your small business , and it depends on your personal style and how much money you’re currently worth. Here are a few popular ways entrepreneurs fund their startups:

  • Self-Financing – This can be risky, but there are multiple ways to accomplish your financial goals on your own. Whether you tap into your money market accounts, make use of credit cards, or take out a bank loan, almost any aspiring entrepreneur can find a way to finance their business themselves.
  • Friends & Family – Many entrepreneurs run into bad luck when trying to go it alone – let’s face it, life happens, and that savings account can suddenly empty out after an emergency. So, it’s not a bad idea to ask close friends and family for their help. In fact, you wouldn’t be alone; 68 percent of SMB owners have tapped into their immediate network to obtain funds. Just be confident it’ll work out, or else your personal relationships could suffer significantly.
  • Venture Capital – VC firms invest directly in companies that are first starting out in exchange for equity stakes. If you choose this option, keep in mind that the competition in this market is high, and they tend to pick those companies that show the most growth potential.
  • Small Business Administration Loans – These are commonly utilized loans that are offered by qualifying banks, nonprofit lenders, and credit unions. One popular loan is the 7(a) Loan Program, which offered an average of $337,730 per loan in 2012.

The above are just four ways to finance your business in its early stages.

3. Calculate expenses

What is the real cost of starting or operating a business ? Total expenses can be easily underestimated at the beginning of a business, so make sure to itemize every single thing you might need to invest in when you first start out – after all, this can be revised later as your business finds its footing. Here are just a few of the expenses you’ll want to consider for your startup:

  • Office equipment
  • Office supplies
  • Rent/Deposit
  • Web and logo design
  • Pre-opening marketing

Once you have the numbers, add these to your assets and recurring costs that keep your business going, and you will have your startup cost. You can also check out the Wall Street Journal calculator that help get you on the right track.

4. Create price points and profit margins

F igure out how much you'd like to make in profits. Once you decide how much you'd like to make in profits, you'll have to create a price point for your product that covers the expenses incurred in making the product and gives you the profit margin you're looking for. Not sure how to price your products or services? Follow these simple tips . And don't forget to add taxes to the equation for an accurate number.

5. Build a budget

  Building a budget is the most essential step in creating your financial plan. Take a look at the expenses such as product equipment, utilities and other services you pay for in order to maintain the business. Insurance and rent are major expenses for many businesses as well. Keep the budget in an Excel or Google spreadsheet, and factor in other items such as savings and an emergency fund. As a business owner, you really don't know what to expect: in the beginning stages, you may spend more money than you might have anticipated. For this reason, it's really good to have a financial cushion to make sure that the business is covered. 

6. Factor in advertising and promotion

Advertising and promotion are essential for growing your company. Because of this, it's so crucial for a small business to allocated a budget to cover marketing expenses . Most small business owners underestimate the power of a marketing budget to run the right ads and get in front of the right people. Thankfully, sites like Facebook and Instagram have excellent advertising programs that aren't nearly as expensive as creating a TV commercial. They work in the favor of the startup companies. However, it's still important to know that you'll get much farther as a company if there is a specified monetary amount to cover effective advertising and marketing campaigns.  In the end, you have to plan for where you want to go. It's important to factor in sustainability and growth for the company. Once you do this, you'll have an easier time focusing on outsourcing, product creation, and customer engagement. Before you know it, your small business will be making big financial moves.

Alex Briggs is a contributing author for Wages & Benham .

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How To Create Financial Projections for Your Business

Learn how to anticipate your business’s financial performance

how to make a financial plan in business plan

  • Understanding Financial Projections & Forecasting

Why Forecasting Is Critical for Your Business

Key financial statements for forecasting, how to create your financial projections, frequently asked questions (faqs).

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Just like a weather forecast lets you know that wearing closed-toe shoes will be important for that afternoon downpour later, a good financial forecast allows you to better anticipate financial highs and lows for your business.

Neglecting to compile financial projections for your business may signal to investors that you’re unprepared for the future, which may cause you to lose out on funding opportunities.

Read on to learn more about financial projections, how to compile and use them in a business plan, and why they can be crucial for every business owner.

Key Takeaways

  • Financial forecasting is a projection of your business's future revenues and expenses based on comparative data analysis, industry research, and more.
  • Financial projections are a valuable tool for entrepreneurs as they offer insight into a business's ability to generate profit, increase cash flow, and repay debts, which can be attractive to investors.
  • Some of the key components to include in a financial projection include a sales projection, break-even analysis, and pro forma balance sheet and income statement.
  • A financial projection can not only attract investors, but helps business owners anticipate fixed costs, find a break-even point, and prepare for the unexpected.

Understanding Financial Projections and Forecasting

Financial forecasting is an educated estimate of future revenues and expenses that involves comparative analysis to get a snapshot of what could happen in your business’s future.

This process helps in making predictions about future business performance based on current financial information, industry trends, and economic conditions. Financial forecasting also helps businesses make decisions about investments, financing sources, inventory management, cost control strategies, and even whether to move into another market.

Developing both short- and mid-term projections is usually necessary to help you determine immediate production and personnel needs as well as future resource requirements for raw materials, equipment, and machinery.

Financial projections are a valuable tool for entrepreneurs as they offer insight into a business's ability to generate profit, increase cash flow, and repay debts. They can also be used to make informed decisions about the business’s plans. Creating an accurate, adaptive financial projection for your business offers many benefits, including:

  • Attracting investors and convincing them to fund your business
  • Anticipating problems before they arise
  • Visualizing your small-business objectives and budgets
  • Demonstrating how you will repay small-business loans
  • Planning for more significant business expenses
  • Showing business growth potential
  • Helping with proper pricing and production planning

Financial forecasting is essentially predicting the revenue and expenses for a business venture. Whether your business is new or established, forecasting can play a vital role in helping you plan for the future and budget your funds.

Creating financial projections may be a necessary exercise for many businesses, particularly those that do not have sufficient cash flow or need to rely on customer credit to maintain operations. Compiling financial information, knowing your market, and understanding what your potential investors are looking for can enable you to make intelligent decisions about your assets and resources.

The income statement, balance sheet, and statement of cash flow are three key financial reports needed for forecasting that can also provide analysts with crucial information about a business's financial health. Here is a closer look at each.

Income Statement

An income statement, also known as a profit and loss statement or P&L, is a financial document that provides an overview of an organization's revenues, expenses, and net income.

Balance Sheet

The balance sheet is a snapshot of the business's assets and liabilities at a certain point in time. Sometimes referred to as the “financial portrait” of a business, the balance sheet provides an overview of how much money the business has, what it owes, and its net worth.

The assets side of the balance sheet includes what the business owns as well as future ownership items. The other side of the sheet includes liabilities and equity, which represent what it owes or what others owe to the business.

A balance sheet that shows hypothetical calculations and future financial projections is also referred to as a “pro forma” balance sheet.

Cash Flow Statement

A cash flow statement monitors the business’s inflows and outflows—both cash and non-cash. Cash flow is the business’s projected earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization ( EBITDA ) minus capital investments.

Here's how to compile your financial projections and fit the results into the three above statements.

A financial projections spreadsheet for your business should include these metrics and figures:

  • Sales forecast
  • Balance sheet
  • Operating expenses
  • Payroll expenses (if applicable)
  • Amortization and depreciation
  • Cash flow statement
  • Income statement
  • Cost of goods sold (COGS)
  • Break-even analysis

Here are key steps to account for creating your financial projections.

Projecting Sales

The first step for a financial forecast starts with projecting your business’s sales, which are typically derived from past revenue as well as industry research. These projections allow businesses to understand what their risks are and how much they will need in terms of staffing, resources, and funding.

Sales forecasts also enable businesses to decide on important levels such as product variety, price points, and inventory capacity.

Income Statement Calculations

A projected income statement shows how much you expect in revenue and profit—as well as your estimated expenses and losses—over a specific time in the future. Like a standard income statement, elements on a projection include revenue, COGS, and expenses that you’ll calculate to determine figures such as the business’s gross profit margin and net income.

If you’re developing a hypothetical, or pro forma, income statement, you can use historical data from previous years’ income statements. You can also do a comparative analysis of two different income statement periods to come up with your figures.

Anticipate Fixed Costs

Fixed business costs are expenses that do not change based on the number of products sold. The best way to anticipate fixed business costs is to research your industry and prepare a budget using actual numbers from competitors in the industry. Anticipating fixed costs ensures your business doesn’t overpay for its needs and balances out its variable costs. A few examples of fixed business costs include:

  • Rent or mortgage payments
  • Operating expenses (also called selling, general and administrative expenses or SG&A)
  • Utility bills
  • Insurance premiums

Unfortunately, it might not be possible to predict accurately how much your fixed costs will change in a year due to variables such as inflation, property, and interest rates. It’s best to slightly overestimate fixed costs just in case you need to account for these potential fluctuations.

Find Your Break-Even Point

The break-even point (BEP) is the number at which a business has the same expenses as its revenue. In other words, it occurs when your operations generate enough revenue to cover all of your business’s costs and expenses. The BEP will differ depending on the type of business, market conditions, and other factors.

To find this number, you need to determine two things: your fixed costs and variable costs. Once you have these figures, you can find your BEP using this formula:

Break-even point = fixed expenses ➗ 1 – (variable expenses ➗ sales)

The BEP is an essential consideration for any projection because it is the point at which total revenue from a project equals total cost. This makes it the point of either profit or loss.

Plan for the Unexpected

It is necessary to have the proper financial safeguards in place to prepare for any unanticipated costs. A sudden vehicle repair, a leaky roof, or broken equipment can quickly derail your budget if you aren't prepared. Cash management is a financial management plan that ensures a business has enough cash on hand to maintain operations and meet short-term obligations.

To maintain cash reserves, you can apply for overdraft protection or an overdraft line of credit. Overdraft protection can be set up by a bank or credit card business and provides short-term loans if the account balance falls below zero. On the other hand, a line of credit is an agreement with a lending institution in which they provide you with an unsecured loan at any time until your balance reaches zero again.

How do you make financial projections for startups?

Financial projections for startups can be hard to complete. Historical financial data may not be available. Find someone with financial projections experience to give insight on risks and outcomes.

Consider business forecasting, too, which incorporates assumptions about the exponential growth of your business.

Startups can also benefit from using EBITDA to get a better look at potential cash flow.

What are the benefits associated with forecasting business finances?

Forecasting can be beneficial for businesses in many ways, including:

  • Providing better understanding of your business cash flow
  • Easing the process of planning and budgeting for the future based on income
  • Improving decision-making
  • Providing valuable insight into what's in their future
  • Making decisions on how to best allocate resources for success

How many years should your financial forecast be?

Your financial forecast should either be projected over a specific time period or projected into perpetuity. There are various methods for determining how long a financial forecasting projection should go out, but many businesses use one to five years as a standard timeframe.

U.S. Small Business Administration. " Market Research and Competitive Analysis ."

Score. " Financial Projections Template ."

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How to write the financial section of a business plan

How to Write the Financial Section of a Business Plan

When you are starting a small business or a startup, you will need to make financial projections for your business.

What is Financial Plan in Business Plan?

How to write a business plan financial section, profit and loss statement.

  • Cash Flow Statement
  • Balance Sheet
  • Sales Forecast
  • Personnel Plan

Breakeven Analysis and Business Ratios

Frequently asked questions (faqs).

Financial plan in business plan helps understand the chances of your business becoming a financial success. Investors want to see a financial plan to know how much money they’ll invest and what the expected return over investment is for them.

We have briefly discussed the process of writing a financial plan in business plan. One thing that can make or break your financial plan in business plan is your honesty about numbers.

Try not to be over-optimistic. See the growth pattern of similar businesses and project closely to them. Don’t overestimate the effects of your competitive advantage.

financial plan in business plan

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A financial plan in business plan is an overview of your business financial projections.

Business plan financial projections include financial reports including Profit & Loss, cash flow statement, and balance sheet.

A financial plan will also discuss sales forecast, employees’ salaries and other expenses forecast, business breakeven analysis, and important business rations that help measure growth.

A business plan financial section is about making simple forecasts and creating a few financial reports. You don’t need to know accounting, nor is it necessary for creating financial projections.

We have outlined and simplified the process of creating a financial plan for business plan. Simply follow the process and take help from our examples and templates to write an excellent financial plan section of a business plan.

How to write a financial analysis for a business plan

Review your Business Goals and Strategic Plan

You have set business goals in your business plan. A strategic plan is how you will navigate to financial success. 

Everything in a business plan that contributes toward your business goals. Before writing financial projections, consider these goals and milestones:

  • Expansion plans 
  • Adding more people to your team 
  • Resources required to meet your business goals 
  • Cash flow needs of your business in the short and long term
  • Financing needs to meet business goals 

Create Financial Projections

 Financial projections in a business plan will include the following:

  • Profit and loss statement

Cash Flow Statement 

Sales forecast .

  • Business Ratios and Breakeven Analysis 

We will explore each in detail in the following section. By the end of the article, you will fully understand how to create financial plan in business plan. 

A profit and loss statement is the first financial report you will create when writing financial plan in business plan.

A profit and loss statement reports your business income or loss over a certain period of time.

Profit and loss statement is also known by other names including its short form i.e., P & L statement, income statement, and pro forma income statement.

A profit and loss statement includes total revenues, expenses, and costs. A P&L statement is made for different time intervals like quarterly, bi-annual and annual. It shows net income after the cost of goods sold, expenses, taxes, depreciation, and amortization.

Before creating a P&L statement for your business, you may need to look for the right format for your business structure. For example, you will need a different format for a profit and loss statement for a sole proprietorship and a different one for an LLC.

Check income statement examples to understand and create one yourself. 

Profit and Loss Statement Template

Download our free profit and loss statement templates &  examples, and make a professional income statement for financial plan in business plan. 

Parts of a Profit and Loss Statement 

Every profit and loss statement includes the following elements:

  • Total Revenues 
  • Cost of Sales or Cost of Goods Sold 
  • Gross Margin 

Depending on the business type, a P&L statement may include insurance, taxes, depreciation, and amortization. Make sure to include a forecast for all heads in financial plan in business plan.

Calculate Operating Income 

Start your profit and loss statement by calculating operating income; use this formula. 

Gross Margin – Operating Expenses = Operating Income

Typically, operating income is equal to EBITDA (earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization). 

Operating income is also called the gross profit and it does not deduce taxes or other accounting adjustments from the income.

Calculate Net Income 

Use this formula to calculate net income. 

Operating Income – (Interest + Taxes + Depreciation + Amortization Expenses) = Net Income

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A cash flow statement is typically prepared every month. You can create monthly and quarterly cash flow statement in financial plan in business plan.

A cash flow statement informs about the cash your business brought income, the cash it paid out, and how much is still available with the bank.

A cash flow statement gives an understanding of your income sources and expenses. When you forecast your financial reports, a cash flow statement will show your expected income sources and expenses.

A cash flow statement will help potential lenders and investors understand how you plan to make money. It provides reliable data about cash in and cash out. Keep it realistic and in line with the industry number for the most part. An exception may be an innovation or a breakthrough you bring to the market.

Your profit and cash flow are not the same. It is possible to have a cashless, profitable business or a business in loss with plenty of cash. A good cash flow helps you keep your business open and turn things around.

A cash flow statement also reflects your behavior with money. It shows if you spend on spur of the moment or think strategically. When creating a cash flow statement in a business plan, you will need to understand two basic concepts of accounting; cash accounting and accrual accounting.

Professional Business Templates for Small Businesses

Check our extensive library of business templates for small businesses and make use of the templates and examples in writing your business plan.

Difference between Cash and Accrual Accounting 

The difference between cash and accrual accounting is Accrual accounting records revenues/income and expenses when they occur while cash accounting records income/revenue and expenses when the money actually changes hands. 

You will need to decide if you will use cash accounting or accrual accounting. However, the final choice will depend on your business type and product. 

For example, you are selling tickets to a show or you are taking preorders for your new product. Under cash accounting, you will record all income now and expenses when you have actually shipped the product or organized the show. 

However, with accrual accounting, you will record both income and expenses when you have shipped the product or held the show. 

Here, cash accounting will show the months with cash abundance as profitable and the months of spending, like shipping of the products of event organization, as a loss. It is hard to see a pattern and get actionable insight with cash accounting. 

It is a good time to decide about the accounting method you will use when you are writing a financial plan in business plan. 

Check with your accounting consultant and discuss accrual and cash accounting to select the one most suitable for your business.

Balance Sheet 

A balance sheet is a summary of the financial position of your business. 

A balance sheet includes assets, liabilities, and equity. A balance sheet is based on this formula and it is always equal on both sides of the equation. 

Assets = Liabilities + Equity

Here, Assets include your inventory, cash at hand and bank, property, vehicles, accounts receivables, etc. Liabilities are debts, loans and account payables. Equity includes shares proceeds, retained earnings, and owner’s money. 

Download Balance Sheet Template from WiseBusinessPlan and make a balance sheet easy. 

A sales forecast is your projection about the sales you will make in a certain time. Investors and lenders will be interested in seeing your sales forecast. They will estimate your chances of meeting the forecast and projections. 

Keep your sales forecast consistent with the financial reports like the cash flow statement and profit & loss statement.

How To Make A Sales Forecast For A Business Plan?

First, decide the period for the sales forecast, like one month or a quarter. Then, do the following steps to make a sales forecast for that period. 

  • List goods or services your business sells
  • Forecast sales for each product or service 
  • Set per unit price for your goods or services 
  • Find sales volume by multiplying units sold with unit price 
  • Calculate the cost of goods sold 
  • Multiply the cost of goods sold by the number of units sold, this is your total cost 
  • Take the total cost amount from the total sales amount

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Personnel Plan 

A personnel plan shows the costs and value of the employees you will hire. 

Very small businesses, startups, or solopreneurs may not need a personnel plan but any business with employees, or plans to hire employees, will need this. 

Forecast the cost of each employee and the value they will provide. You don’t need to discuss everything about employees, just do a short cost-benefit analysis for each position or employee.

Breakeven analysis tells you the number of sales you need to bring in to cover all of your business expenses. 

Use this formula to calculate the breakeven point for your business. 

Break-Even Point (units) = Fixed Costs /  (Sales price per unit – Variable costs per unit) 

Business ratios are like signals for your business. You can quickly spot a growth or fall with a ratio. Some business ratios also help you see business health. 

You are not required to include business ratio forecasts however, it is good to know about them when writing a business plan. 

Here are some of the most used business ratios.

  • Gross margin
  • Return on sales
  • Return on assets
  • Return on investment
  • Debt-to-equity
  • Current ratio
  • Working capital
  • gross margin
  •  return on investment (ROI)
  • Debt-to-equity.

Use Financial Plan as a Tool for Business Management

One mistake that most people make is thinking that building a business plan is a one time thing. 

Your business plan and your financial projections can help you measure your business growth. You can use these numbers as a yard stick to see if you are meeting your projections or not. 

Here is how you can your business plan as a management tool for your business. 

Schedule monthly and quarterly business review meetings. Compare your actual data for that period with your forecast data and see how you are moving towards your business goals. Adjust your forecast or projections with the help of actual data to keep your growth trajectory in the right direction.

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The financial section of a business plan should include key financial statements such as the income statement, balance sheet, and cash flow statement. It should also provide details on projected sales, expenses, and profitability, along with any assumptions or financial ratios used.

Forecasting sales and revenue involves analyzing market research, understanding your target audience, and considering factors such as pricing, competition, and marketing strategies. Utilize historical data, industry benchmarks, and realistic growth assumptions to estimate future sales figures.

In addition to sales and revenue projections, the financial section should include projected expenses, such as operational costs, marketing expenses, and overheads. It should also outline anticipated profits, cash flow projections, and return on investment (ROI) calculations.

Yes, including a break-even analysis is important as it helps determine the point at which your business will start generating profits. It identifies the sales volume needed to cover all expenses and provides insights into the viability of your business.

Supporting documents may include historical financial statements, tax returns, cash flow statements, balance sheets, and any other relevant financial records. Additionally, include details about any loans, investments, or funding sources that contribute to the financial projections.

Loving the information on this web site, you have done great job on the content.

I thought of the same thing before reading this blog that a business plan is a one-time thing but now I know that a business plan and financial projections can really help you measure business growth. Let me just change my stance from now onward.

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What is Financial planning in a business plan

Finance plan example

If one is new to the field of business and entrepreneurship, then Finance is unquestionably the vital section of the business plan. Even if your ideas and innovations are important what matters the most at the end of the day is the marketing strategies and how much your vision can help in making an earning. Hence it is vital to explain your start-up with good figures which are done with the help of accurate numbers included in the business plans and briefing about it in such a way that genuinely makes your business more attractive and profitable to the investors.

What is a business plan? 

In simple words, it is a guide for the company to achieve its goal. It is a written document that describes in detail how a business, especially a start-up , what are its objectives or how it is about to achieve its goal. This can be considered as a roadmap to success with detailed plans and budgets saying how they will be achieved. It lays a road map from marketing, financial and operating point of view as well.

Business plans are documents which are vital papers used to attract investors even before the company has shown a proven record. They do this by giving a vision to the investor and trying to convince them that their business idea is worth investing for.  From that, there comes a firm assurance and hence the business idea is sound and has every chance of success. For any newcomer, preparing a business plan is an important first step. It is this rigid milestone that will help the entry towards the path of success.

When you are about to begin a new venture, a business plan gives you a clear idea which in turn can determine whether your business idea is viable or not; that is, there is no point in business if there aren’t any chances of earning. A business plan is also a good way for companies to maintain a regular track.

We can also describe the business plan as a living document that you can use to prove two sources as it shows that one’s dreams are no longer just a dream but can be made into a viable reality. In the majority of cases, the main barrier in commencing a business is the fact that they don’t have enough money to be in the business or to start the business they wish to begin. In the case of start-ups, a ready business plan is essential to show potential investors how the proposed business can bring profit.

What is Financial Plan ?

In the world of start-ups, the importance of perfect business planning is beyond explanation. Plan length of business is different for different businesses. As mentioned no two businesses have the same sort of plans but they all have the same elements from which financial planning can be considered as a vital key in the making of a business plan.

A company financial plan is a document containing the current money situation and long-term goals of an individual as well as the strategies for achieving the goals. A financial plan can be done independently or with the help of a specialist who is a certified financial planner where he will have a deep evaluation of the person’s current financial state and, future goals and expectations.

It gives you a clear picture of current finances and how it can be utilized to achieve your goals. This is also a process which will reduce the amount of stress about money and help you to set a long-term goal. It is very important as it shows how to make use of your assets in an orderly manner.

The main purpose of financial planning is that it helps you to make strong business decisions about what are the resources that the company requires and what are the strategies that the company needs to be successful. It helps to obtain necessary financing, thus helping it grow.

Financial Planning can be explained with six steps:-

1. Setting up of Financial Goals:-

 The secret of a successful business is setting up proper financial goals.

2. Track your Money:-

Since the financial plan is a guide for good business flow,  having an accurate idea about your savings or pay-downs is helpful to develop medium and long term plans.

3. Emergency expenses:-

Collecting cash for emergency expenses is the bedrock of the financial plan. 

4. Investing your savings:-

 Investing isn’t always meant for the rich alone. Building credit is another way to shock proof of your budget.

  5. Have a check of high-interest debt:-

Sometimes it happens that the interest rates most of the time, we end up repaying 2 or 3 times what we have actually borrowed. Paying down the ‘toxic’ high-interest debt like title loans, rent-to-own payment, credit card balances etc. are the crucial steps in any financial plan.

6. Setting up of a moat:-

It is essential to build a moat to protect you and your family from financial setbacks.  Financial moats can be improved by:-

  • Retirement accounts should be increased
  • Padding your emergency fund until you earn a constant profit.
  • By using insurance so that a sudden illness or accident can alter you thus, ensuring financial stability.

Financial planning is at the heart of all successful business ventures. As mentioned earlier, it consists of details of statement and financial projections, forming the overall core of your business plan. Financial planning is supposed to be completed within a year and revised monthly for better results. In addition to impressing  your investors that you are serious and knowledgeable with the business the financial  planning allows them to evaluate :

•The short and long term prospects 

• Profit potential 

•Your company’s  weakness as well as strengths

•Opportunities and challenges 

•What type of financing  can make your business successful  

For a strong financial plan,  there should be careful calculations and reliable numbers. If you are starting a new business then your financial plan should consist of:- 

• Start-up costs

•Cash flow projection 

•Projected Balance sheet 

•Balance and income statement (if it isn’t a new business)

•Break-even analysis

Start-up Costs

If you are about to start a business, first you are supposed to determine start-up costs. They are the first time expenditures that you have to spend before opening your business. It includes all costs such as furniture, supplies, equipment, renovations, license permits and incorporation fees; if necessary.

Cash flow projections  

All the business activities, large or small depends on cash. Cash flow projections show the expected amount of money that you can earn in a business along with what will be spent on expenses It is the cash that you expect from sales.

Projection of cash flow projections

The first is to calculate how much revenue you expect to generate from the sales every month. For that:

  • consider the best and worst.
  • reach to the clients who can  repay loan on a regular-schedule basis 
  • set a credit policy .
  • which bills should be delayed and what to be paid. The projections must be completed on an ongoing basis.

Income statements 

It shows your actual business expenses and revenues, the difference between the net profit over some time it sometimes often referred to as profit and loss statement or an operating statement.

From a regular check-in, the projected income statement (at least every three months) can help you identify an emerging problem in your business.

Balance Sheets

It is a snapshot record which contains all the details of what your business assets (owns) are or on as well as its liabilities (owes). Assets can be money, property,  vehicle, inventory etc. The projected balance sheet is what predicts the net worth of your business over a specific period in future. It should be from at least one year to three years into the future

Break-even Analysis

It is a useful tool which calculates at what point your company will be able to make a profit . This is where the total costs equal total revenues. It is based on three factors:- Selling price, fixed cost and variable cost.

  Methods Of Financing for Businesses

After you have completed financial statement, projections and calculations, you will have a clear idea on how to finance your business.

The two main financings are:- 

  • Equity Financing

The financing in which you and your partner put the money or raise from the investor’s for the business.

Equity financing is not a debt or loan, but the investors just share the profits or losses.

2. Debt  Financing 

With your equity capital, you are now in a position to approach lenders for a business loan.  It is the money you borrow for business. Unlike equity financing, it should be repaid with interest over a specific period. The lenders won’t be getting the profit however, they must be repaid-with interest no matter whether the business is in profit or loss. The potential lenders include banks, credit unions , private investors, trust companies etc.

In the end, financial planning is a crucial step in mapping out a company’s financial future. In that sense, it is financial planning which gives clarity to your business plan and thus to one’s life!

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  • What is financial planning? 

6 steps to create a financial plan

Benefits of financial planning.

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Financial planning basics: How to create a financial plan

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  • Financial planning is a practice that helps you track and manage your money with the purpose of reaching your financial goals.
  • Create a strong financial plan by setting goals, tracking cash flow, budgeting, investing, and paying down debt. 
  • A CFA or CFP can assist you in creating a personalized financial plan.

Insider Today

Life may be full of twists and turns, but a strong financial plan can help you stay on track toward reaching your goals. From paying off your student loans to buying a house, a comprehensive individualized plan is the best way to go. 

Financial planning is a broad and encompassing practice that aids you and your family in better managing your money and preparing for potential risks. No matter what your current financial situation is, a solid financial plan offers guidance and insight beneficial to all households.

Read about our picks for the best financial advisors here.

What is financial planning? 

Financial planning is essential to achieving long-term and short-term financial goals, while also preparing you for potential future risks and obligations. No two financial plans are the same. Your plan should accurately reflect your own financial needs, goals, and best course of action. 

"The purpose of a financial plan is to help clients — whether it be an individual, family, or business — achieve their financial goals and objectives by creating a structured roadmap for managing their finances effectively," says Chloe Wohlforth, CFP, Partner at Angeles Wealth Management . "A well-crafted financial plan considers a person's current financial situation, future financial goals, and risk tolerance."

Financial plans often address retirement savings, wealth-building strategies, emergency savings plans, tax optimization strategies, college funds, and debt consolidation .

To create a comprehensive plan, you'll need to thoroughly evaluate your current financial situation, such as household income and debt (including car payments, loans, and credit card debt). Most plans tend to involve budgeting, saving, and routine investing. 

You can craft a financial plan yourself or enlist professional assistance. Search for the best online financial advisors or planners, or look for in-person advisors.

"Financial advisors can help you create a financial plan by understanding your goals, values and risk tolerance, and then building a customized path that they can guide you along to enrich your life to its fullest potential," says Jordan Gilberti, CFP and senior lead planner at Facet.

Financial planning isn't as hard as you might think. Here are six steps you can take to create your own financial plan. 

1. Set financial goals

The first step in creating a strong financial plan is identifying your goals. Whether by yourself or with a partner, you should know what you're aiming for. 

"Set your goals and priorities by envisioning a future for yourself over the short, medium, and long term, and what you would like to achieve financially," says Gilberti. "Get yourself organized by gathering all relevant financial documents, including your investment accounts, insurance policies, debts, and other assets."

You can start by asking yourself: What do you want to achieve in five years? How about in 10 or 20 years? Are you looking to buy a house? Have kids? Plan a huge trip? 

Financial planning should feel intentional, and you can more easily draw motivation from clear, obtainable objectives. Consider at least three goals with the following information: 

  • How much will it cost? If you're looking to save for a house or pay off student debt, for example, you should have a number you're aiming for. For instance, how much will it cost to buy a house and how much are you needing to save to make it happen?
  • What is my deadline? Once you know how much you need to save, you'll need to set a realistic timeline. For example, how long do you think it will take to save up for a down payment on a house? 
  • Where should I store the funds? While you can store all your funds in the same bank account, you may want to separate your funds into different savings accounts or brokerage accounts. 

2. Track your finances

What's coming in and what's going out? Before you can start responsibly budgeting, review your cash flow to reveal more ways to save. While some expenses — like rent or gas — are mandatory expenses, you may uncover nonessential charges that are draining your funds.

"The best way to budget is to ask for help. Often clients don't budget because they don't know where to begin. An advisor can help you think about your expenses in different categories. What is discretionary, what is non-discretionary? What is an expense that might be costly now, but only for a fixed amount of time?" says Wohlforth.

Once you have a grasp on your spending habits, you can budget. A beginner-friendly method of budgeting is the 50/30/20 rule , which is suitable for both consistent and irregular-income households. Basically, this plan is a rule of thumb that designates 50% of your income to mandatory expenses, 30% to wants, and 20% to debt or savings.

But keep in mind that everyone's financial situation is unique and the 50/30/20 budget plan won't be suitable for everyone. 

3. Create an emergency fund

Part of establishing a realistic budget is setting aside cash in case of emergencies.

"An emergency fund is typically a savings account that serves as a safety net from unforeseen financial difficulties that you may face throughout your life," Gilberti says. "Examples may include a job loss, disability, home appliance breaking, and more."

Emergencies are unexpected, so having the extra funds on hand can help you pay for medical emergencies and other sudden bills. An emergency budget may also protect you against racking up credit card debt and interest. 

Check out Insider's picks for the best budgeting apps

4. Reduce and manage debt

Reducing and managing debt is a crucial step in financial planning. Even if you're storing a good chunk of cash in a savings or brokerage account, high-interest debt will weigh you down. The longer your debt accumulates interest, the more money you'll lose in the long run. 

You may want to pay down expenses like credit card balances, student loans , and car payments sooner rather than later. You may want to include regular debt payments in your budget plan. 

5. Diversify your investment portfolio

One of the best ways to save for future financial goals and build wealth is through investing. While investing can be risky, a diverse portfolio of stocks, bonds, ETFs, and alternative investments can significantly lower the risk. There are plenty of beginner-friendly online brokerages, robo-advisors, and investing platforms.

The best investing apps for beginners and the best online brokerages for beginners are low-cost and best for passive traders. These sites also allow you to customize your investing portfolio based on your financial goals, risk tolerance, and time horizon.

Automatic investing platforms like SoFi Invest , Fidelity Go , and Wealthfront are also ideal for new investors. Robo-advisors are a flexible and accessible way for hands-off traders to buy and sell assets. 

6. Plan for retirement

A retirement account is one type of investing account. Early retirement may even be one of your long-term financial goals. The best retirement plan for you depends on your individual situation. 

One of the easiest ways to start savings for retirement is through an employee-sponsored retirement plan like a 401(k) , 403(b) , or SEP IRA . These are tax-advantaged accounts that collect a portion of your salary. Some plans, like most 401(k)s, may offer to match an employee's contributions up to a certain percentage. 

In order to grow your account faster, find out how much your employer matches and contribute enough to reach the maximum contribution amount.  In 2023, you can contribute up to $22,500 if you're under 50 years old (people age 50 or older can add an additional $7,500), but keep in mind that you can't withdraw funds until you're 59 1/2. 

Another option is an individual retirement account (IRA), which functions similarly to a 401(k) but it is not sponsored by an employer. IRAs are also tax-advantaged accounts and are often more flexible. In 2023, you can contribute up to $6,500 if you're under 50 (up to $7,500 if you're 50 or older). You also can't withdraw until you're at least 59 1/2. 

A well-thought-out plan not only helps you meet your financial goals but will also map out an accessible course of action based on your individual circumstances. Not only can you better your understanding of your own finances, but you can also focus on reaching important steps. Plus, you're more likely to reach your goals faster. 

While it may be stressful in the beginning, having a clear insight into your income and spending can reduce future stress and financial worry. The more you understand your own financial needs, the more realistic your expectations about the future.

You may also be better prepared for emergencies, like disability or financial trouble. Routinely contributing to an emergency fund is a great way to reduce financial stress and prevent your savings from being drained if trouble arises. 

Financial planning frequently asked questions (FAQs)

Financial planning means that an individual(s) tracks cash flow, budgets expenses, saves for retirement, pays down/manages debt, and invests funds in order to reach long and short-term financial goals. It's a personalized plan based on individual values, risk tolerances, and time horizons.

An example of financial planning may look like a young couple with dual income devising a plan to buy a home in five years based on their current cash flow. In order to reach this goal, the couple establishes a reasonable budget based on necessary monthly expenses (including debt payments), consistent monthly income, and what's left over to save. They develop a plan to pay down their high-interest credit card debt first. Then they open a high-yield savings account and put savings for their down payment into this account, while also contributing to an emergency fund in case any unexpected expenses come up in the next five years.

You can start financial planning by determining your financial goals and tracking your cash flow. If you're struggling to start, you can reach out to a financial planner, financial advisor, or financial consultant for help. 

How to start financial planning

Everyone can benefit from financial planning, no matter what your current financial situation is. A plan can lay out the steps you need to take to reach your long and short-term goals. Whether it's early retirement, buying a house, savings up for a wedding or creating a college fund , a personalized financial plan can help you get there. 

You can start planning by setting goals, tracking your cash flow, budgeting, paying down debt , investing in a diversified investment portfolio, and saving for retirement.

But remember that financial plans aren't static. You'll need to consistently reevaluate your plan in order to make sure it reflects your current situation and goals. 

"While you should be constantly monitoring and adjusting your plan as your life changes, some typical triggers for an update in your financial plan may include a change in income/employment, change in marital status, birth of a child, receiving an inheritance, and much more," says Gilberti. 

If you're having trouble getting started, a certified financial advisor or financial planner can guide you through the process. You can find a financial advisor through online reviews or by talking with friends and family. 

Editorial Note: Any opinions, analyses, reviews, or recommendations expressed in this article are the author’s alone, and have not been reviewed, approved, or otherwise endorsed by any card issuer. Read our editorial standards .

Please note: While the offers mentioned above are accurate at the time of publication, they're subject to change at any time and may have changed, or may no longer be available.

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Watch: A financial planner reveals an important money lesson young people can learn from the rich

how to make a financial plan in business plan

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Financial plan

It is good to know in advance whether your business is going to be profitable. A financial plan can help you make things clearer for yourself. Also when you applying for a loan, your bank or financier will want to see you financial plan.

The financial plan

A financial plan is a useful tool for determining whether your business idea is viable. It will demonstrate the costs and what is needed to finance them. And it is useful for convincing financiers to lend you money, and therefore forms the basis for your financial pitch.

Creating a financial plan does not have to be complicated. Base it on your business plan and keep it simple. Targeted market research and a sound marketing plan should be part of your business plan. These will help you create a solid basis for your figures.

It is important that you work out as much of your financial plan as possible yourself. Discussing it with an expert, such as your accountant, can also help you prepare for the next step – approaching financiers or investors for money.

What should a financial plan include?

A financial plan consists of 5 budgets that detail the minimum requirements for starting your business, the investments you will need to make and how you plan to finance them. This allows you to determine whether your business idea is viable. What turnover do you expect to generate? And will your business be profitable, or not? It also forces you to examine cash flow and whether you will have enough money each month. Answering all these questions in your business plan is the key to your success.

Investment budget

Your investment budget should include a list of the investments you will need to start your business and those that can wait until a later stage. This is an indicator of the minimum amount of money you will need to get started.

Financial budget

Your financial budget should detail how you intend to finance your investment budget. Options include personal capital (equity capital) or loans, e.g. from a bank (borrowed capital), or even a combination of the two.

Operating budget

Your operating budget should show that your business is profitable. This will allow you to estimate your turnover. You can then analyse the costs to keep your business running. Combining these, you can determine whether you will make a profit or a loss.

Cash flow budget

Income and expenditure can fluctuate greatly over a year. Your cash flow forecast should include all income and expenditure over a given period, e.g. per month or per quarter. This will highlight when you will have surplus cash and when you will need extra funds.

Personal expense budget

Determine how much money do you need to cover your expenses. Then base your financial plan on your personal situation. That will be your personal budget. This involves calculating how much money you will need for you and your family, how much you will have to pay in tax and what your operational costs will be. This allows you to work out your minimum turnover to make ends meet.

SME financing institution Qredits has free tools , including templates for a business plan and financial plan.

What do financiers look for?

Financiers look at both 'hard' and 'soft' factors when they analyse a credit application. Hard factors relate directly to your business and the basis upon which you plan to build it. Soft factors relate to you and your qualities as a business owner.

Prepare your finance application . That includes a pitch and a good presentation that demonstrates you have familiarised yourself with the financier's use of language and information requirements. Financiers will examine your application based on the following points:

  • Business owner assessment. Who is the credit applicant?
  • Business owner's qualities and experience
  • Quality of the business plan and its financial basis
  • Company history, e.g. turnover, gross profit, cash flow, etc.
  • Industry or sector. What trends and developments exist within this sector or industry?
  • Type of loan. Loan size and duration
  • Purpose. What will the lended money be used for?
  • Strict budget and financial obligations. Do you have a clear picture of the revenues required to meet both your financial obligations – business and personal alike?
  • Cost structure. Do you have a clear picture of your business's costs?
  • Repayment capacity. Will you be able to meet your repayment obligations without jeopardising your business?
  • Return potential. Do you have a clear picture for your business's future growth?
  • Financial structure
  • Personal expenditure
  • Market analysis by an independent body
  • Market research and industry information
  • Security. What security can you offer to ensure that you'll be able to repay your financier?

How to write a financial plan

When using the financial plan to convince investors to finance your company, this is where you make your first impression. Prepare a good presentation that demonstrates you have familiarised yourself with the financier's use of language and information requirements. Start with an intro, use tables and visuals and also think of the graphic design.

  • Use your own equity to finance the business as well, if you can, as this will help convince financiers and other parties.
  • Negotiate the terms and conditions of your financing package. Repayment terms can be just as important as the financing package itself.
  • Improve your chances of success by supporting your application with a pitch.
  • Determine what financing options exist.

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How Fast Should Your Company Really Grow?

  • Gary P. Pisano

how to make a financial plan in business plan

Growth—in revenues and profits—is the yardstick by which the competitive fitness and health of organizations is measured. Consistent profitable growth is thus a near universal goal for leaders—and an elusive one.

To achieve that goal, companies need a growth strategy that encompasses three related sets of decisions: how fast to grow, where to seek new sources of demand, and how to develop the financial, human, and organizational capabilities needed to grow. This article offers a framework for examining the critical interdependencies of those decisions in the context of a company’s overall business strategy, its capabilities and culture, and external market dynamics.

Why leaders should take a strategic perspective

Idea in Brief

The problem.

Sustained profitable growth is a nearly universal corporate goal, but it is an elusive one. Empirical research suggests that when inflation is taken into account, most companies barely grow at all.

While external factors play a role, most companies’ growth problems are self-inflicted: Too many firms approach growth in a highly reactive, opportunistic manner.

The Solution

To grow profitably over the long term, companies need a strategy that addresses three key decisions: how fast to grow (rate of growth); where to seek new sources of demand (direction of growth); and how to amass the resources needed to grow (method of growth).

Perhaps no issue attracts more senior leadership attention than growth does. And for good reason. Growth—in revenues and profits—is the yardstick by which we tend to measure the competitive fitness and health of companies and determine the quality and compensation of its management. Analysts, investors, and boards pepper CEOs about growth prospects to get insight into stock prices. Employees are attracted to faster-growing companies because they offer better opportunities for advancement, higher pay, and greater job security. Suppliers prefer faster-growing customers because working with them improves their own growth prospects. Given the choice, most companies and their stakeholders would choose faster growth over slower growth.

Five elements can move you beyond episodic success.

  • Gary P. Pisano is the Harry E. Figgie Jr. Professor of Business Administration at Harvard Business School and the author of Creative Construction: The DNA of Sustained Innovation (PublicAffairs, 2019).

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Sample Coffee Shop Business Plan

how to make a financial plan in business plan

Writing a business plan is a crucial step in starting a coffee shop. Not only does it provide structure and guidance for the future, but it also helps to create funding opportunities and attract potential investors. For aspiring coffee shop business owners, having access to a sample coffee shop business plan can be especially helpful in providing direction and gaining insight into how to draft their own coffee shop business plan.

Download our Ultimate Coffee Shop Business Plan Template

Having a thorough business plan in place is critical for any successful coffee shop venture. It will serve as the foundation for your operations, setting out the goals and objectives that will help guide your decisions and actions. A well-written business plan can give you clarity on realistic financial projections and help you secure financing from lenders or investors. A coffee shop business plan example can be a great resource to draw upon when creating your own plan, making sure that all the key components are included in your document.

The coffee shop business plan sample below will give you an idea of what one should look like. It is not as comprehensive and successful in raising capital for your coffee shop as Growthink’s Ultimate Coffee Shop Business Plan Template , but it can help you write a coffee shop business plan of your own.

Example – BeanBrews Corner

Table of contents, executive summary, company overview, industry analysis, customer analysis, competitive analysis, marketing plan, operations plan, management team, financial plan.

At BeanBrews Corner, we’re proud to introduce our community-focused coffee shop located in the heart of the city’s bustling downtown area. Our mission is to serve high-quality, artisanal coffee and a selection of gourmet pastries and sandwiches, catering to both the early morning rush and the leisurely afternoon crowd. Our establishment is not just about serving great coffee; it’s a place where patrons can feel at home, whether they’re grabbing a quick takeaway or settling in for a few hours of work or relaxation. With our prime location and commitment to excellence in every cup, BeanBrews Corner aims to become a beloved staple in our local community, offering a warm, welcoming atmosphere that coffee lovers will cherish.

Our journey at BeanBrews Corner has been marked by several key success factors and accomplishments. Our focus on high-quality ingredients, coupled with our staff’s expertise in coffee brewing, has allowed us to offer a distinctive selection of coffee blends and drinks that stand out in the market. Our location has also played a crucial role in our success, providing us with high foot traffic and visibility. To date, we’ve successfully fostered a loyal customer base through our exceptional service and inviting atmosphere. Additionally, our engagement with the local community through events and partnerships has strengthened our brand presence and contributed significantly to our growth.

The coffee shop industry is experiencing a period of robust growth, driven by increasing consumer demand for specialty coffee and a rising culture of coffee appreciation. This industry is characterized by its high competitiveness and the importance of location, product quality, and brand differentiation. There is a significant trend toward sustainability and ethical sourcing of coffee beans, as well as an increasing preference for unique and customizable coffee experiences. Given these trends, BeanBrews Corner is positioned to thrive by focusing on quality, sustainability, and creating a unique customer experience that resonates with the values and preferences of today’s coffee enthusiasts.

Our target customers range from busy professionals seeking a quick coffee fix to students and remote workers looking for a cozy place to spend several hours. We also cater to coffee aficionados who appreciate the art of coffee making and seek unique blends and brewing techniques. Recognizing the diverse needs of our clientele, we’ve designed our product offerings and store layout to create a welcoming environment for everyone. Our approach to customer service is tailored to make every visit memorable, ensuring that BeanBrews Corner becomes a preferred destination for a wide range of coffee lovers in our community.

Java Joe’s: A chain with a wide selection of coffee and quick service. The Grind: Known for its cozy atmosphere and strong community engagement. Café Artisan: Focuses on high-end, specialty coffee offerings.

Our competitive advantages lie in our commitment to quality, our prime location, and our strong community ties. Unlike our competitors, we balance the convenience of quick service with the experience of enjoying artisanal coffee in a welcoming environment, making us a go-to spot for a broad customer base.

Our product line includes a wide variety of artisanal coffees, gourmet pastries, and sandwiches, with a focus on quality and uniqueness. Our pricing strategy is competitive, aimed at offering value for premium products. To promote BeanBrews Corner, we leverage social media, local events, and word-of-mouth, emphasizing our community involvement and unique offerings. We plan to introduce loyalty programs and seasonal promotions to encourage repeat business and attract new customers.

At BeanBrews Corner, our daily operations are centered around ensuring excellence in every aspect of our service. This includes meticulous inventory management, strict quality control, outstanding customer service, maintaining cleanliness and hygiene, efficient order fulfillment, effective financial management, strategic staff management, proactive marketing and promotion efforts, attentive feedback collection, and responsible energy and resource management. Our operational milestones include achieving consistent customer satisfaction, expanding our product offerings, and implementing sustainable practices across all operations.

Our management team at BeanBrews Corner brings together individuals with a passion for coffee and a wealth of experience in the hospitality industry. Led by our founder, a seasoned barista and entrepreneur, our team includes experts in operations, marketing, and customer service. Together, we share a commitment to creating an unrivaled coffee experience for our customers, fostering a positive work environment for our staff, and contributing to our community’s vibrancy. Our collective expertise and dedication are the driving forces behind our success and growth.

Welcome to BeanBrews Corner, a fresh and vibrant coffee shop nestled in the heart of Charlotte, NC. As a local coffee shop, we pride ourselves on filling a much-needed gap in the area—a high-quality, local coffee experience. Our passion for coffee, combined with a commitment to our community, drives us to serve not just a drink, but an experience.

At BeanBrews Corner, our menu boasts a wide range of offerings designed to cater to diverse tastes and preferences. Our coffee beverages stand out for their quality and variety, ensuring every coffee lover finds their perfect cup with us. For those who prefer a different kind of warm comfort, our tea selection offers both classic favorites and unique blends. But we don’t stop at drinks; our pastries and bakery items are the perfect companions to our beverages, made fresh daily. For those looking for something more substantial, we offer a selection of sandwiches and snacks, ideal for a quick lunch or a leisurely afternoon treat. And for those special occasions or simply to indulge, our specialty drinks provide a unique BeanBrews Corner experience.

Our location in Charlotte, NC, is no accident. We chose this vibrant city to be close to our customers, understanding their needs and being part of the community we serve. It’s not just about serving coffee; it’s about creating a space where people can gather, share, and connect.

BeanBrews Corner’s potential for success is rooted deeply in several key factors. Our founder brings invaluable experience, having previously run a successful coffee shop. This experience guides our vision and operations, ensuring we understand the intricacies of creating a beloved coffee destination. Furthermore, our commitment to quality sets us apart; we confidently claim to make better coffee than our competition, supported by our extensive variety of coffee and tea options. This combination of experience, quality, and variety positions us uniquely in the market, ready to become a favorite among the coffee-loving community of Charlotte.

Since our founding on January 6, 2024, we’ve made significant strides as a Limited Liability Company. Our journey began with the essentials: developing a company name that resonates with our vision, designing a logo that reflects our brand, and securing a great location that meets the needs of our customers and our business. These accomplishments are just the beginning of our story—one that we are excited to continue writing with our community in Charlotte.

The Coffee Shop industry in the United States is currently a thriving market, with an estimated size of over $45 billion. This figure reflects the growing popularity of coffee culture and the increasing demand for specialty coffee beverages among consumers. With a steady increase in coffee consumption over the years, the industry is expected to continue its growth trend in the coming years.

One of the key trends in the Coffee Shop industry is the shift towards customization and personalization. Consumers are looking for unique and personalized experiences when it comes to their coffee choices, driving the demand for specialty coffee shops like BeanBrews Corner. With a focus on providing high-quality, customizable coffee options, BeanBrews Corner is well-positioned to capitalize on this trend and attract a loyal customer base in Charlotte, NC.

Furthermore, the increasing preference for convenient, on-the-go coffee options has also been a driving force in the industry. With more consumers opting for quick and efficient coffee solutions, BeanBrews Corner can leverage this trend by offering fast service and grab-and-go options for busy customers. By aligning its offerings with the current market trends, BeanBrews Corner can establish itself as a competitive player in the Coffee Shop industry in Charlotte, NC.

Below is a description of our target customers and their core needs.

Target Customers

BeanBrews Corner will target a diverse range of customers, with local residents forming the core of its clientele. These individuals, seeking convenience along with quality coffee and a comfortable space to relax or work in, will find BeanBrews Corner especially appealing. The shop will tailor its offerings to meet the preferences and needs of this group, ensuring a steady flow of patrons from the surrounding neighborhoods.

Commuters and professionals working in or near Charlotte will also constitute a significant customer segment for BeanBrews Corner. The shop will provide a quick and efficient service for those in need of a morning coffee fix or a casual meeting spot. By offering Wi-Fi and work-friendly spaces, BeanBrews Corner will cater to the demands of this busy demographic, establishing itself as a go-to spot for both convenience and quality.

Moreover, BeanBrews Corner will also attract students and young adults looking for a cozy place to study, socialize, or enjoy artisan coffee. This segment values atmosphere as much as the quality of the coffee, and thus, the shop will create a welcoming and vibrant environment. Special promotions and events aimed at this demographic will further ensure their loyalty and frequent visits.

Customer Needs

BeanBrews Corner provides high-quality coffee that meets the expectations of residents with a discerning taste. Customers can savor an array of expertly crafted beverages, ensuring that their desire for premium coffee is fully satisfied. This commitment to excellence sets the foundation for a loyal customer base that values superior taste and quality.

In addition to serving top-tier coffee, BeanBrews Corner creates a welcoming atmosphere where individuals and groups can gather, work, or relax. The shop offers comfortable seating and complimentary Wi-Fi, catering to the needs of remote workers, students, and casual meet-ups. This environment encourages customers to spend time enjoying their coffee, fostering a sense of community and belonging.

BeanBrews Corner understands the importance of convenience for its customers. The coffee shop provides options for quick service, including online ordering and a mobile app for fast pick-ups. This ensures that even the busiest customers can enjoy their favorite beverages without significant delays, meeting the modern need for efficiency and time management.

BeanBrews Corner’s competitors include the following companies:

Summit Coffee – SouthPark:

Summit Coffee – SouthPark offers a wide variety of coffee blends and specialty drinks, as well as a selection of baked goods and light bites. Their price points cater to the mid-range consumer, providing a balance between affordability and premium quality. The revenue generated by Summit Coffee – SouthPark signifies a strong presence in the Charlotte market, with growth reflecting a loyal customer base and effective marketing strategies.

Summit Coffee – SouthPark operates primarily in the SouthPark area, serving a diverse clientele that includes young professionals, families, and students. Their key strength lies in their commitment to sustainability and community involvement, which resonates well with their customer segment. However, their location, while advantageous for reaching a specific demographic, may limit their geographical reach compared to competitors with multiple outlets.

Mugs Coffee:

Mugs Coffee is known for its cozy atmosphere and a broad selection of coffee and tea options, alongside a variety of sandwiches, pastries, and vegan options. They position themselves at a competitive price point, appealing to budget-conscious consumers without compromising on quality. The revenue of Mugs Coffee suggests a steady flow of regular customers and a positive reception in the local market.

With its location in a bustling neighborhood, Mugs Coffee attracts a mix of students, freelancers, and local residents looking for a comfortable place to work or relax. One of their key strengths is the welcoming environment and free Wi-Fi, making it a popular spot for work and study. A potential weakness for Mugs Coffee is the limited seating capacity, which can deter larger groups or peak-hour customers.

Thousand Hills Coffee:

Thousand Hills Coffee prides itself on its direct trade coffee, offering a premium range of single-origin coffees and artisanal blends. Their price points are on the higher end, targeting coffee connoisseurs and those willing to pay a premium for ethically sourced beans. The revenue trends for Thousand Hills Coffee indicate a niche but growing market share, benefiting from the increasing consumer interest in sustainable and ethical consumption.

Thousand Hills Coffee serves the greater Charlotte area, with a particular focus on the upscale market segment, including professionals and ethically conscious consumers. Their key strength is their commitment to quality and ethical sourcing, which distinguishes them from competitors. However, their premium pricing and niche focus could limit their appeal to a broader audience, potentially impacting their market reach.

Competitive Advantages

At BeanBrews Corner, our commitment to quality sets us apart in the vibrant Charlotte coffee scene. We pride ourselves on making better coffee than our competition, a claim rooted in our meticulous selection of beans and our perfected brewing techniques. Our baristas are artisans, trained in the craft of coffee making, ensuring each cup exceeds our customers’ expectations. This dedication to quality is not just a promise but a reality that can be tasted in every sip. Our customers come back not just for the coffee, but for the assurance of excellence that comes with every visit.

Furthermore, our variety is unmatched. We offer an extensive range of coffee and tea varieties, catering to the diverse preferences of our community. Whether a customer seeks the comfort of a classic espresso or the adventure of trying a new, exotic blend, we have something to satisfy every palate. This extensive selection allows us to provide a unique experience for each customer, making BeanBrews Corner a destination for both coffee aficionados and casual drinkers alike. Our variety extends beyond beverages; our cozy, welcoming space is designed to suit a range of needs, from a quiet spot for studying to a comfortable venue for social gatherings.

In addition to our superior coffee and wide variety, our location offers an added advantage. Situated in a convenient spot in Charlotte, we are easily accessible to both locals and visitors, making us a popular choice for anyone in search of quality coffee in a comfortable setting. This strategic location, combined with our commitment to excellence and variety, positions BeanBrews Corner as a leading coffee shop in the area, inviting more customers to discover the unique experience we offer.

Our marketing plan, included below, details our products/services, pricing and promotions plan.

Products and Services

At BeanBrews Corner, customers can indulge in a variety of meticulously crafted coffee beverages. The coffee menu encompasses everything from the classic espresso to more contemporary concoctions, ensuring there’s something for every coffee enthusiast. With an average price point of $3 for a basic coffee to around $5 for more intricate beverages, patrons can enjoy high-quality coffee without breaking the bank.

Aside from coffee, BeanBrews Corner offers a broad selection of teas to cater to non-coffee drinkers or those simply in the mood for something different. From traditional black and green teas to herbal and fruit-infused blends, the tea selection is designed to satisfy a wide range of palates. Prices for tea beverages are generally in the range of $2 to $4, making it an affordable option for tea lovers.

Complementing the beverage options, BeanBrews Corner also boasts an assortment of pastries and bakery items. Whether customers are in the mood for a sweet treat or a savory snack, the bakery section offers fresh, daily-made options including croissants, muffins, and scones, with prices averaging between $2 and $5. These bakery items are perfect for pairing with a cup of coffee or tea.

For those seeking a more substantial meal, the coffee shop also serves a variety of sandwiches and snacks. From gourmet sandwiches to wraps and salads, there’s something to satisfy any appetite. These menu items are ideal for lunch breaks or a quick, healthy snack, with prices ranging from $5 to $8, offering both value and quality.

Last but not least, BeanBrews Corner prides itself on its specialty drinks menu, which includes a range of unique and seasonal beverages. These specialty drinks are a testament to the creativity and passion of the baristas, showcasing flavors and combinations that can’t be found elsewhere. With an average price of $4 to $6, these specialty drinks offer a unique experience for those looking to try something new and exciting.

In summary, BeanBrews Corner caters to a wide range of tastes and preferences with its extensive menu of coffee and tea beverages, pastries, sandwiches, and specialty drinks. With its focus on quality, affordability, and variety, it’s the perfect spot for anyone looking to enjoy a delicious beverage or snack in a welcoming atmosphere.

Promotions Plan

BeanBrews Corner embraces a comprehensive promotional strategy to attract a vibrant customer base. At the heart of its efforts lies a robust online marketing campaign. The coffee shop leverages social media platforms such as Instagram, Facebook, and Twitter to engage with potential customers. By posting captivating content, including high-quality images of their coffee and pastries, BeanBrews Corner will build a strong online presence. Moreover, the shop will utilize targeted ads to reach coffee enthusiasts within Charlotte, NC, ensuring that their marketing efforts resonate with the local community.

In addition to online marketing, BeanBrews Corner will implement several other promotional tactics. The coffee shop will initiate a loyalty program to encourage repeat business. Customers will accumulate points with every purchase, which they can redeem for discounts or free items. This program not only incentivizes frequent visits but also fosters a sense of belonging among customers.

Furthermore, BeanBrews Corner will harness the power of local partnerships. By collaborating with nearby businesses and community organizations, the shop will gain exposure to a broader audience. These partnerships could include coffee pop-ups at local events or offering exclusive discounts to employees of partner organizations. Such collaborations will bolster BeanBrews Corner’s visibility and reputation within the community.

Email marketing will also play a crucial role in BeanBrews Corner’s promotional efforts. By collecting email addresses both in-store and online, the shop will send out regular newsletters. These newsletters will feature new products, special promotions, and upcoming events, keeping customers informed and engaged.

To cap off its promotional strategy, BeanBrews Corner will host a grand opening event. This event will not only serve as a celebration of the shop’s launch but also as an opportunity to showcase its offerings to the community. Live music, free samples, and special deals will attract a large crowd, generating buzz and excitement around the brand.

In summary, BeanBrews Corner employs a multifaceted promotional strategy encompassing online marketing, loyalty programs, local partnerships, email marketing, and a grand opening event. By executing these tactics, BeanBrews Corner will attract and retain a loyal customer base, establishing itself as a cherished destination for coffee lovers in Charlotte, NC.

Our Operations Plan details:

  • The key day-to-day processes that our business performs to serve our customers
  • The key business milestones that our company expects to accomplish as we grow

Key Operational Processes

To ensure the success of BeanBrews Corner, there are several key day-to-day operational processes that we will perform.

  • Inventory Management: We continuously monitor our stock levels to ensure we have all necessary ingredients and supplies, such as coffee beans, milk, and paper cups. This enables us to serve our customers without delay.
  • Quality Control: Daily checks are performed on our coffee machines and grinders to maintain the highest quality of coffee. We also taste our coffee throughout the day to ensure consistency in flavor.
  • Customer Service: Our staff engages with customers in a friendly and helpful manner, taking orders accurately and providing recommendations when asked. We ensure a welcoming atmosphere for all customers.
  • Cleanliness and Hygiene: Regular cleaning schedules are maintained throughout the day to ensure the shop, including the kitchen and seating areas, is clean and hygienic. This also includes sanitizing surfaces and equipment regularly.
  • Order Fulfillment: We efficiently manage the queue and prepare orders promptly while ensuring that every coffee served meets our quality standards. This minimizes wait times and improves customer satisfaction.
  • Financial Management: Daily sales are tracked, and expenses are monitored to manage the shop’s budget effectively. This includes performing cash handling duties and preparing deposits.
  • Staff Management: We schedule staff shifts to ensure adequate coverage during peak hours and manage the workload effectively. Staff training sessions are also conducted regularly to improve service quality.
  • Marketing and Promotion: We engage with our customers on social media platforms to promote our daily specials and upcoming events. This helps in building a community around our brand and attracting new customers.
  • Feedback Collection: We encourage customers to provide feedback on their experience and suggestions for improvement. This information is used to make necessary adjustments to our service and offerings.
  • Energy and Resource Management: We implement measures to reduce energy consumption and waste, such as using energy-efficient appliances and recycling, to ensure our operations are sustainable.

BeanBrews Corner expects to complete the following milestones in the coming months in order to ensure its success:

  • Securing a Prime Location : Identify and secure a lease for a location that is visible, accessible, and situated in a high-traffic area within Charlotte, NC, to ensure a steady flow of potential customers.
  • Obtaining Permits and Licenses : Successfully navigate the local regulatory environment to obtain all necessary permits and licenses required to legally operate a coffee shop in Charlotte, NC. This includes health department permits, business licenses, and any other local requirements.
  • Building Out the Coffee Shop : Complete the interior design, purchase, and installation of all necessary equipment and furniture to create a welcoming and efficient space for customers. This also includes ensuring the space meets all health and safety standards.
  • Hiring and Training Staff : Recruit, hire, and thoroughly train a team of baristas and support staff who are passionate about coffee and customer service. This team will be crucial in creating a positive customer experience and building a loyal customer base.
  • Marketing and Promotional Activities : Implement a strategic marketing plan that includes a grand opening event, social media campaigns, and local community engagement to generate buzz and attract customers to the shop.
  • Launch Our Coffee Shop : Officially open BeanBrews Corner to the public, ensuring that all operational, staffing, and marketing elements are in place for a successful launch.
  • Establishing Supplier Relationships : Secure relationships with high-quality coffee bean suppliers, local bakeries, and other necessary vendors to ensure a consistent and premium product offering.
  • Implementing a Customer Loyalty Program : Develop and launch a loyalty program or system to encourage repeat business and build a dedicated customer base.
  • Monitoring and Adapting Operations : Regularly review operational efficiency, customer feedback, and financial performance to identify areas for improvement and adapt strategies accordingly.
  • Get to $15,000/Month in Revenue : Reach the critical financial milestone of generating $15,000 in monthly revenue, which indicates a growing customer base and operational success. This will involve continuously optimizing the menu, pricing strategies, and marketing efforts to increase sales.

BeanBrews Corner management team, which includes the following members, has the experience and expertise to successfully execute on our business plan:

Benjamin Taylor, CEO

With an impressive track record in the coffee shop industry, Benjamin Taylor brings a wealth of experience to his role as CEO of BeanBrews Corner. His previous success in running a coffee shop demonstrates his deep understanding of the business, from operations to customer satisfaction. Benjamin’s leadership skills, combined with his passion for coffee and commitment to excellence, make him uniquely qualified to lead BeanBrews Corner towards lasting success. His experience not only in managing day-to-day operations but also in strategic planning and execution, places BeanBrews Corner in capable hands.

To achieve our growth goals, BeanBrews Corner requires a strategic investment in marketing, product development, and further establishment of our community presence. This investment will support our expansion plans, including enhancing our existing location, extending our product range, and implementing innovative marketing strategies to attract a broader customer base. Our financial strategy is designed to ensure sustainable growth while maintaining our commitment to quality and community engagement.

Financial Statements

Balance sheet.

[insert balance sheet]

Income Statement

[insert income statement]

Cash Flow Statement

[insert cash flow statement]

Coffee Shop Business Plan Example PDF

Download our Coffee Shop Business Plan PDF here. This is a free coffee shop business plan example to help you get started on your own coffee shop plan.  

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Home Care Business Plan PDF Example

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  • February 19, 2024
  • Business Plan

The business plan template for a home care business

Creating a comprehensive business plan is crucial for launching and running a successful home care business. This plan serves as your roadmap, detailing your vision, operational strategies, and financial plan. It helps establish your home care business’s identity, navigate the competitive market, and secure funding for growth.

This article not only breaks down the critical components of a home care business business plan, but also provides an example of a business plan to help you craft your own.

Whether you’re an experienced entrepreneur or new to the healthcare industry, this guide, complete with a business plan example, lays the groundwork for turning your home care business concept into reality. Let’s dive in!

Our Home Care business plan is designed to address all vital elements necessary for a detailed and effective operational strategy. This plan encompasses the scope of our home care services, marketing approaches, the environment in which we operate, an analysis of our competitors, the structure of our management team, and financial projections. 

  • Executive Summary: Offers a succinct overview of the Home Care business’s unique proposition, highlighting personalized and professional in-home care services tailored for seniors, market analysis showcasing the sector’s growth and demand, management’s expertise in senior care, and a financial strategy that outlines investment opportunities and revenue expectations.
  • Services & Area Coverage: Describes the array of in-home care services, including personal care, medication management, specialized care for dementia, and emergency response, all delivered within a specified service radius to meet the unique needs of each senior.
  • Pricing: Details the pricing strategy, designed to be transparent and competitive, offering flexible options to cater to various financial situations of clients, including hourly and flat-rate packages tailored to different care needs.
  • Key Stats: Presents data underscoring the market size, growth trends, and demographics that illustrate the potential and necessity of home care services.
  • Key Trends: Highlights significant trends such as the increasing preference for aging in place, the integration of technology in care, and a shift towards personalized care.
  • Key Competitors: Analyzes the main competitors within the service area, their offerings, and how the business’s unique approach and technology set it apart.
  • SWOT Analysis: Conducts a comprehensive analysis of Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats to strategically position the business.
  • Marketing Plan: Outlines marketing strategies aimed at building brand awareness, attracting new clients, and retaining them through superior service, patient satisfaction programs, and targeted marketing efforts.
  • Timeline: Sets forth key milestones and objectives from the business setup to its launch and key growth phases.
  • Management: Highlights the experienced team leading the business, from caregiving professionals to administrative management, emphasizing their roles in ensuring high-quality care and operational success.

Financial Plan: Projects the financial outlook for the business over the next five years, detailing revenue models from various services, cost management strategies, profit margins, and expected return on investment, ensuring a clear route to financial sustainability and growth.

The business plan template for a home care business

Home Care Business Plan

Download an expert-built 30+ slides Powerpoint business plan template

Executive Summary

The Executive Summary introduces your home care business plan, offering a concise overview of your agency and its services. It should detail your market positioning, the range of home care services you offer, including personal care, nursing care, and companion services, its service area, and an outline of day-to-day operations. 

This section should also explore how your home care agency will integrate into the local community, including the number of direct competitors within the area, identifying who they are, along with your agency’s unique selling points that differentiate it from these competitors. 

Furthermore, you should include information about the management and co-founding team, detailing their roles and contributions to the agency’s success. Additionally, a summary of your financial projections, including revenue and profits over the next five years, should be presented here to provide a clear picture of your agency’s financial plan.

Make sure to cover here _ Business Overview _ Market Overview _ Management Team _ Financial Plan

Home Care Business Plan executive summary1

Dive deeper into Executive Summary

Business Overview

For a Home Care Business, the Business Overview section can be effectively divided into 2 main slides:

Services & Area Coverage

Briefly describe the range of home care services your agency offers, emphasizing the personalized and compassionate care provided to clients in the comfort of their own homes. This can include personal care services like bathing and dressing, skilled nursing care, physical therapy, and companion services such as meal preparation and light housekeeping.

Then, mention the geographic area your agency covers, highlighting the convenience and accessibility of your services to clients within this area. Explain why your service area is strategically chosen to meet the needs of your target clientele, considering factors like population demographics and the presence of community resources.

Pricing & Payment Options

Detail your pricing structure for the various home care services offered, ensuring it reflects the quality of care provided and is competitive within the market you’re targeting. Your pricing strategy should be transparent, making it easy for clients and their families to understand the cost of care.

Also,highlight any flexible payment options, insurance partnerships, or programs that can help offset the cost for clients, such as Medicaid, Medicare, or private insurance coverage. Emphasize any packages or special programs that provide added value to your clients, such as customized care plans or discounted rates for long-term services, encouraging long-term relationships and client loyalty.

Make sure to cover here _ Services & Area Coverage _ Pricing & Payment Options

how to make a financial plan in business plan

Market Overview

Industry size & growth.

In the Market Overview of your home care business plan, start by examining the size of the home care industry and its growth potential.

This analysis is crucial for understanding the market’s scope and identifying expansion opportunities, particularly in the context of an aging population and increasing preference for aging in place.

Key market trends

Proceed to discuss recent market trends, such as the growing consumer interest in personalized home care services, the use of technology to improve service delivery, and the emphasis on holistic care that encompasses physical, emotional, and social well-being.

For example, highlight the demand for services tailored to specific health conditions or preferences, alongside the rising popularity of integrated care models that coordinate across different healthcare providers.

Key competitors

Then, consider the competitive landscape, which includes a range of providers from large national chains to local independent agencies, as well as emerging tech-based care solutions.

Emphasize what makes your agency distinctive, whether it’s through exceptional caregiver training, a comprehensive range of services, or specialization in certain types of care (e.g., dementia care, post-operative care).

Make sure to cover here _ Industry size & growth _ Key market trends _ Key competitors

Home Care Business Plan market overview1

Dive deeper into Key competitors

First, conduct a SWOT analysis for the home care business, highlighting Strengths (such as compassionate and well-trained caregivers, a comprehensive range of services), Weaknesses (including potential regulatory challenges or staffing issues), Opportunities (for example, an aging population and increasing preference for home-based care), and Threats (such as changes in healthcare policies that may affect funding or reimbursement).

Marketing Plan

Next, develop a marketing strategy that outlines how to attract and retain clients through targeted outreach, informative and empathetic communication, engaging online presence, and community partnerships. Emphasize the importance of building trust with clients and their families, showcasing testimonials, and highlighting the qualifications and dedication of your caregiving team.

Finally, create a detailed timeline that outlines critical milestones for the home care agency’s launch, client acquisition efforts, service expansion, and strategic objectives, ensuring the business advances with clear direction and purpose. Include key benchmarks for assessing the quality of care, client satisfaction, and operational efficiency to continually improve and grow your agency.

Make sure to cover here _ SWOT _ Marketing Plan _ Timeline

Home Care Business Plan strategy1

Dive deeper into SWOT

Dive deeper into Marketing Plan

The Management section focuses on the home care business’s management and their direct roles in daily operations and strategic direction. This part is crucial for understanding who is responsible for making key decisions and driving the home care business towards its financial and operational goals.

For your home care business plan, list the core team members, their specific responsibilities, and how their expertise supports the business.

Home Care Business Plan management1

Financial Plan

The Financial Plan section is a comprehensive analysis of your financial projections for revenue, expenses, and profitability. It lays out your home care business’s approach to securing funding, managing cash flow, and achieving breakeven.

This section typically includes detailed forecasts for the first 5 years of operation, highlighting expected revenue, operating costs and capital expenditures.

For your home care business plan, provide a snapshot of your financial statement (profit and loss, balance sheet, cash flow statement), as well as your key assumptions (e.g. number of customers and prices, expenses, etc.).

Make sure to cover here _ Profit and Loss _ Cash Flow Statement _ Balance Sheet _ Use of Funds

Home Care Business Plan financial plan1

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New student loan repayment plan could make it easier for borrowers to become homeowners

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  • The Saving on a Valuable Education, or SAVE plan, can cut borrowers' monthly payments in half, and leave many people with a $0 bill.
  • Instead of paying 10% of your discretionary income a month toward your undergraduate student debt under the previous Revised Pay As You Earn Repayment Plan, or REPAYE, borrowers will be required to pay just 5% of their discretionary income.
  • Here's what to know.

A new, more affordable repayment plan for federal student loan borrowers may come with another advantage: It could make it easier to become a homeowner .

The Saving on a Valuable Education, or SAVE plan , can cut borrowers' monthly payments in half, and leave many people with a $0 bill. The Biden administration officially rolled out "the most affordable repayment plan yet" over the summer .

"Switching to a repayment plan that has a lower monthly payment can help a borrower qualify for a mortgage," said higher education expert Mark Kantrowitz.

Half of student loan borrowers — including 60% of millennial borrowers — who haven't yet purchased a home say their education debt is delaying them from doing so, according to a 2021 report by the National Association of Realtors.

Here's how the SAVE plan could soon change that, experts say.

Smaller payments can help prospective homebuyers

Your  debt-to-income ratio , which is usually calculated by dividing all your monthly debts by your monthly income, is a key factor in mortgage underwriting, said Christelle Bamona , a senior researcher at the Center for Responsible Lending.

"Those eligible for SAVE will experience reduced payments, which will in turn lower their debt-to-income ratio," Bamona said. Most borrowers should qualify for the SAVE plan as long as their loan is in good standing.

More from Personal Finance: 'Loud budgeting' is having a moment Gen Z, millennials want to invest — but many aren't Americans can't pay an unexpected $1,000 expense

Borrowers making payments on their student debt who enroll in SAVE could see their ratio fall somewhere between 1.5% to 3.6%, according to a new report by the Center for Responsible Lending.

Here's how that happens.

For one, the SAVE plan increases the income exempted from your payment calculation to 225% of the poverty line, from 150%. As a result, the first roughly $33,000 of your income won't be factored into your monthly obligation, up from around $23,000 on the other income-driven repayment plans. These numbers represent single individuals. More income is protected as family size increases.

Starting in July, an even bigger perk of the plan will be available.

Instead of paying 10% of your discretionary income a month toward your undergraduate student debt under the previous Revised Pay As You Earn Repayment Plan, or  REPAYE , borrowers will be required to pay just 5% of their discretionary income. The SAVE plan has replaced REPAYE.

Kantrowitz provided some examples of how much borrowers could see their bills drop.

Previously, someone who made $40,000 a year would have a monthly student loan payment of around $151. Under the SAVE plan, their payment would fall to $30.

Similarly, someone who earned $90,000 a year could see their monthly payments shrink to $238 from $568, Kantrowitz said.

How Wall Street trades student loans

In the past, most mortgage lenders assumed that a borrower's monthly student loan payment was a certain percentage of their loan balance, even if the actual payment was lower, Kantrowitz said.

Fortunately, he said, "They now base it on the actual loan payment ."

There's one catch: Many mortgage lenders won't use a $0 monthly student loan payment in their underwriting process, which the SAVE plan could leave many borrowers with. In such cases, lenders may still calculate your monthly obligation as a share of your total debt.

The Center for Responsible Lending wants to see this change.

"By not counting their monthly payments as $0 in the underwriting process, lenders are artificially inflating consumers' monthly debt obligation," Bamona said. This could potentially prevent millions of low-income Americans from getting a mortgage, she added.

Saving for a down payment may be easier under SAVE

The SAVE plan may also help more people get in financial shape to buy a house, experts say. That's because a smaller monthly payment could enable them to direct more cash to their savings, and reach their down payment goal faster.

Student loan borrowers who are first-time homebuyers may also be eligible for financial assistance , Bamona said, and should research their options.

"Grants or down-payment assistance programs may be accessible to first-time homebuyers, provided by agencies and organizations within their state or municipality," she added. Don't miss these stories from CNBC PRO:

  • Three stocks that could replace Tesla in the 'Magnificent 7'
  • Morgan Stanley hikes Nvidia price target ahead of earnings: 'AI demand continues to surge'
  • Vanguard launches two new ETFs to hit this sweet spot of tax-free fixed income
  • Berkshire Hathaway topped $600,000 a share last week, aiming at $1 trillion market value

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  1. How to Write the Financial Section of a Business Plan

    The financial section of a business plan is one of the most essential components of the plan, as you will need it if you have any hope of winning over investors or obtaining a bank loan. Even...

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    Download Now: Free Income Statement Template Creating a financial plan is often the most intimidating part of writing a business plan. It's also one of the most vital. Businesses with well-structured and accurate financial statements in place are more prepared to pitch to investors, receive funding, and achieve long-term success.

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    Key Takeaways A financial plan details a business's current standing and helps business leaders make informed decisions about future endeavors and strategies. A financial plan includes three major financial statements: the income statement, balance sheet and cash flow statement.

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    Cash Flow Statement monitors the anticipated flow of cash through the business over the covered time period. It is different from the income statement, which covers revenues and expenses but doesn't describe where cash will come from or how it will be used.

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  7. Small Business Financial Plans

    How to Develop a Small Business Financial Plan Try Smartsheet for Free By Andy Marker | April 29, 2022 Financial planning is critical for any successful small business, but the process can be complicated. To help you get started, we've created a step-by-step guide and rounded up top tips from experts.

  8. 6 Elements of a Successful Financial Plan for a Small Business

    A business financial plan typically has six parts: sales forecasting, expense outlay, a statement of financial position, a cash flow projection, a break-even analysis and an operations plan. A good financial plan helps you manage cash flow and accounts for months when revenue might be lower than expected. It also helps you budget for daily and ...

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    Include your mission statement, your product or service, and basic information about your company's leadership team, employees, and location. You should also include financial information and high-level growth plans if you plan to ask for financing.

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    Every financial plan comprises several core components that, together, provide a holistic view of a business's financial health and direction. These include setting clear objectives, estimating costs, preparing financial statements, and considering sources of financing. Each component plays a pivotal role in ensuring a thorough and actionable ...

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    Financial Analysis of a Business Plan. The financial analysis section should be based on estimates for new businesses or recent data for established businesses. It should include these elements: Balance sheet: Your assumed and anticipated business financials, including assets, liabilities, and equity. Cash-flow analysis: An overview of the cash ...

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    5. Build a budget. Building a budget is the most essential step in creating your financial plan. Take a look at the expenses such as product equipment, utilities and other services you pay for in order to maintain the business. Insurance and rent are major expenses for many businesses as well. Keep the budget in an Excel or Google spreadsheet ...

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    A financial plan in business plan is an overview of your business financial projections. Business plan financial projections include financial reports including Profit & Loss, cash flow statement, and balance sheet. A financial plan will also discuss sales forecast, employees' salaries and other expenses forecast, business breakeven analysis ...

  20. What is Financial planning in a business plan

    Financial Planning can be explained with six steps:- 1. Setting up of Financial Goals:- The secret of a successful business is setting up proper financial goals. 2. Track your Money:-

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    Introducing how to write a financial plan for your business plan in 2023.Subscribe our Finance Planning Channel - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zs5fZpGf5i4...

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    When using the financial plan to convince investors to finance your company, this is where you make your first impression. Prepare a good presentation that demonstrates you have familiarised yourself with the financier's use of language and information requirements. Start with an intro, use tables and visuals and also think of the graphic design.

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    A financial plan is a document that outlines your goals, strategies, and projections for your business. It can help you secure funding, manage cash flow, monitor performance, and plan for growth.

  25. How Fast Should Your Company Really Grow?

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  26. Sample Coffee Shop Business Plan

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    Creating a comprehensive business plan is crucial for launching and running a successful home care business. This plan serves as your roadmap, detailing your vision, operational strategies, and financial plan. It helps establish your home care business's identity, navigate the competitive market, and secure funding for growth.

  28. New student loan payment plan may help borrowers become homeowners

    The Saving on a Valuable Education, or SAVE plan, can cut borrowers' monthly payments in half, and leave many people with a $0 bill. Instead of paying 10% of your discretionary income a month ...